Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Supplyment noun A supplying or furnishing; supply. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Support transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Supported
; present participle & verbal noun Supporting
.] [ French supporter
, Latin supportare
to carry on, to convey, in Late Latin , to support, sustain; sub
under + portare
to carry. See Port
demeanor.] 1. To bear by being under; to keep from falling; to uphold; to sustain, in a literal or physical sense; to prop up; to bear the weight of; as, a pillar supports a structure; an abutment supports an arch; the trunk of a tree supports the branches. 2. To endure without being overcome, exhausted, or changed in character; to sustain; as, to support pain, distress, or misfortunes.
This fierce demeanor and his insolence Dryden. 3. To keep from failing or sinking; to solace under affictive circumstances; to assist; to encourage; to defend; as, to support the courage or spirits. 4. To assume and carry successfully, as the part of an actor; to represent or act; to sustain; as, to support the character of King Lear. 5. To furnish with the means of sustenance or livelihood; to maintain; to provide for; as, to support a family; to support the ministers of the gospel. 6. To carry on; to enable to continue; to maintain; as, to support a war or a contest; to support an argument or a debate. 7. To verify; to make good; to substantiate; to establish; to sustain; as, the testimony is not sufficient to support the charges; the evidence will not support the statements or allegations.
The patience of a god could not support .
To urge such arguments, as though they were sufficient to support and demonstrate a whole scheme of moral philosophy. J. Edwards. 8. To vindicate; to maintain; to defend successfully; as, to be able to support one's own cause. 9. To uphold by aid or countenance; to aid; to help; to back up; as, to support a friend or a party; to support the present administration.
Wherefore, bold pleasant, Shak. 10. A attend as an honorary assistant; as, a chairman supported by a vice chairman; O'Connell left the prison, supported by his two sons. Support arms (Mil.)
Darest thou support a published traitor?
, a command in the manual of arms in responce to which the piece is held vertically at the shoulder, with the hammer resting on the left forearm, which is passed horizontally across the body in front; also, the position assumed in response to this command. Syn.
-- To maintain; endure; verify; substantiate; countenance; patronize; help; back; second; succor; relieve; uphold; encourage; favor; nurture; nourish; cherish; shield; defend; protect; stay; assist; forward.
Support noun [ French] Points of support (Architecture) , the horizontal area of the solids of a building, walls, piers, and the like, as compared with the open or vacant spaces. -- Right of support (Law) , an easement or servitude by which the owner of a house has a right to rest his timber on the walls of his neighbor's house. Kent. Syn. -- Stay; prop; maintenance; subsistence; assistance; favor; countenance; encouragement; patronage; aid; help; succor; nutriment; sustenance; food.
1. The act, state, or operation of supporting, upholding, or sustaining. 2. That which upholds, sustains, or keeps from falling, as a prop, a pillar, or a foundation of any kind. 3. That which maintains or preserves from being overcome, falling, yielding, sinking, giving way, or the like; subsistence; maintenance; assistance; reënforcement; as, he gave his family a good support , the support of national credit; the assaulting column had the support of a battery.
Supportable adjective [ Confer French supportable .] Capable of being supported, maintained, or endured; endurable. -- Sup*port"a*ble*ness , noun -- Sup*port"a*bly , adverb
Supportance noun Support. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Supportation noun Maintenance; support. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. Bacon.
Supporter noun 1. One who, or that which, supports; as, oxygen is a supporter of life.
The sockets and supporters of flowers are figured. Bacon.
The saints have a . . . supporter in all their miseries. South. 2. Especially, an adherent; one who sustains, advocates, and defends; as, the supporter of a party, faction, or candidate. 3. (Shipbuilding) A knee placed under the cathead. 4. (Her.) A figure, sometimes of a man, but commonly of some animal, placed on either side of an escutcheon, and exterior to it. Usually, both supporters of an escutcheon are similar figures. 5. (Medicine) A broad band or truss for supporting the abdomen or some other part or organ.
Supportful adjective Abounding with support. [ Obsolete] Chapman.
Supportless adjective Having no support. Milton.
Supportment noun Support. [ Obsolete] Sir H. Wotton.
Supportress noun A female supporter.
You are my gracious patroness and supportress . Massinger.
Supposable adjective Capable of being supposed, or imagined to exist; as, that is not a supposable case. -- Sup*pos"a*ble*ness , noun -- Sup*pos"a*bly , adverb
Supposal noun The act of supposing; also, that which is supposed; supposition; opinion. Shak.
Interest, with a Jew, never proceeds but upon supposal , at least, of a firm and sufficient bottom. South.
Suppose transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Supposed
; present participle & verbal noun Supposing
.] [ French supposer
; prefix sub-
under + poser
to place; -- corresponding in meaning to Latin supponere
, to put under, to substitute, falsify, counterfeit. See Pose
.] 1. To represent to one's self, or state to another, not as true or real, but as if so, and with a view to some consequence or application which the reality would involve or admit of; to imagine or admit to exist, for the sake of argument or illustration; to assume to be true; as, let us suppose the earth to be the center of the system, what would be the result?
Suppose they take offence without a cause. Shak.
When we have as great assurance that a thing is, as we could possibly, supposing it were, we ought not to make any doubt of its existence. Tillotson. 2. To imagine; to believe; to receive as true.
How easy is a bush supposed a bear! Shak.
Let not my lord suppose that they have slain all the young men, the king's sons; for Amnon only is dead. 2 Sam. xiii. 32. 3. To require to exist or to be true; to imply by the laws of thought or of nature; as, purpose supposes foresight.
One falsehood always supposes another, and renders all you can say suspected. Female Quixote. 4. To put by fraud in the place of another.
[ Obsolete] Syn.
-- To imagine; believe; conclude; judge; consider; view; regard; conjecture; assume.
Suppose intransitive verb To make supposition; to think; to be of opinion. Acts ii. 15.
Suppose noun Supposition. [ Obsolete] Shak. "A base suppose that he is honest." Dryden.
Supposeer noun One who supposes.
[ French supposition
, Latin suppositio
a placing under, a substitution, from supponere
, to put under, to substitute. The word has the meaning corresponding to suppose
. See Sub-
, and Position
.] 1. The act of supposing, laying down, imagining, or considering as true or existing, what is known not to be true, or what is not proved. 2. That which is supposed; hypothesis; conjecture; surmise; opinion or belief without sufficient evidence.
This is only an infallibility upon supposition that if a thing be true, it is imposible to be false. Tillotson.
He means are in supposition . Shak.
Suppositional adjective Resting on supposition; hypothetical; conjectural; supposed. South.
[ Latin suppositicus
. See Supposition
.] 1. Fraudulently substituted for something else; not being what is purports to be; not genuine; spurious; counterfeit; as, a supposititious child; a supposititious writing. Bacon. 2. Suppositional; hypothetical.
[ R.] Woodward.
Suppositive adjective [ Confer French suppositif .] Including or implying supposition, or hypothesis; supposed. -- Sup*pos"i*tive*ly , adverb Hammond.
Suppositive noun A word denoting or implying supposition, as the words if , granting , provided , etc. Harris.
Suppositor noun (Medicine) An apparatus for the introduction of suppositories into the rectum.
; plural Suppositories
. [ Late Latin suppositorium
, from Latin suppositorius
that is placed underneath: confer French suppositoire
. See Supposition
.] (Medicine) A pill or bolus for introduction into the rectum; esp., a cylinder or cone of medicated cacao butter.
Supposure noun Supposition; hypothesis; conjecture. [ Obsolete] Hudibras.
Suppress transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Suppressed
; present participle & verbal noun Suppressing
.] [ Latin suppressus
, past participle of supprimere
to suppress; sub
under + premere
, to press. See Sub-
, and Press
.] 1. To overpower and crush; to subdue; to put down; to quell.
Every rebellion, when it is suppressed , doth make the subject weaker, and the prince stronger. Sir J. Davies. 2. To keep in; to restrain from utterance or vent; as, to suppress the voice; to suppress a smile. Sir W. Scott. 3. To retain without disclosure; to conceal; not to reveal; to prevent publication of; as, to suppress evidence; to suppress a pamphlet; to suppress the truth.
She suppresses the name, and this keeps him in a pleasing suspense. Broome. 4. To stop; to restrain; to arrest the discharges of; as, to suppress a diarrhea, or a hemorrhage. Syn.
-- To repress; restrain; put down; overthrow; overpower; overwhelm; conceal; stifle; stop; smother.
Suppressible adjective That may be suppressed.
Suppression noun [ Latin suppressio : confer French suppression .]
1. The act of suppressing, or the state of being suppressed; repression; as, the suppression of a riot, insurrection, or tumult; the suppression of truth, of reports, of evidence, and the like. 2. (Medicine) Complete stoppage of a natural secretion or excretion; as, suppression of urine; -- used in contradiction to retention , which signifies that the secretion or excretion is retained without expulsion. Quain. 3. (Gram.) Omission; as, the suppression of a word. Syn. -- Overthrow; destruction; concealment; repression; detention; retention; obstruction.
Suppressive adjective Tending to suppress; subduing; concealing.
Suppressor noun [ Latin , hider.] One who suppresses.
Supprise transitive verb To surprise. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Suppurant noun (Medicine) A suppurative.
Suppurate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Suppurated
; present participle & verbal noun Suppurating
.] [ Latin suppuratus
, past participle of suppurare
to suppurate, cause to suppurate; sub
under + pus
, matter. See Pus
.] To generate pus; as, a boil or abscess suppurates .
Suppurate transitive verb To cause to generate pus; as, to suppurate a sore. Arbuthnot.
Suppuration noun [ Latin suppuratio : confer French suppuration .]
1. The act or process of suppurating. 2. The matter produced by suppuration; pus.
Suppurative adjective [ Confer French suppuratif .] Tending to suppurate; promoting suppuration. Suppurative fever (Medicine) , pyæmia.
Suppurative noun (Medicine) A suppurative medicine.
Supputate transitive verb
[ Latin supputatus
, past participle of supputare
. See Suppute
.] To suppute.
Supputation noun [ Latin supputatio : confer French supputation .] Reckoning; account. [ Obsolete]
Suppute transitive verb [ French supputer , or Latin supputare ; sub under + putare to reckon.] To reckon; to compute; to suppose; to impute. [ Obsolete] Drayton.
[ Latin ; akin to super
. See Super-
.] Over; above; before; also, beyond; besides; -- much used as a prefix.
Supra-acromial adjective (Anat.) Situated above the acromial process of the scapula.
Supra-auricular adjective (Zoology) Situated above the ear coverts, or auriculars; -- said of certain feathers of birds. -- noun A supra-auricular feather.
Supra-axillary adjective (Botany) Growing above the axil; inserted above the axil, as a peduncle. See Suprafoliaceous .
Suprabranchial adjective (Zoology) Situated above the branchiæ; -- applied especially to the upper division of the gill cavity of bivalve mollusks.
Suprachoroid, Suprachoroidal adjective (Anat.) Situated above the choroid; - - applied to the layer of the choroid coat of the eyeball next to the sclerotic.
Supraciliary adjective (Anat.) Superciliary.
Supraclavicle noun (Anat.) A bone which usually connects the clavicle with the post-temporal in the pectorial arch of fishes.