Supravaginal Su`pra·vag"i·nal adjective (Anat.) Situated above or outside a sheath or vaginal membrane.
Supravision Su`pra·vi"sion noun Supervision. [ Obsolete]
Supravisor Su`pra·vis"or noun A supervisor. [ Obsolete]
Supravulgar Su`pra·vul"gar adjective Being above the vulgar or common people. [ R.] Collier.
Supremacy Su·prem"a·cy noun
[ Confer French suprématie
. See Supreme
.] The state of being supreme, or in the highest station of power; highest or supreme authority or power; as, the supremacy of a king or a parliament.
The usurped power of the pope being destroyed, the crown was restored to its supremacy over spiritual men and causes. Blackstone. Oath supremacy
, an oath which acknowledges the supremacy of the sovereign in spiritual affairs, and renounced or abjures the supremacy of the pope in ecclesiastical or temporal affairs.
[ Eng.] Brande & C.
Supreme Su·preme" adjective
[ Latin supremus
, superlative of superus
that is above, upper, from super
above: confer French suprême
. See Super-
, and confer Sum
.] 1. Highest in authority; holding the highest place in authority, government, or power.
He that is the supreme King of kings. Shak. 2. Highest; greatest; most excellent or most extreme; utmost; greatist possible (sometimes in a bad sense); as, supreme love; supreme glory; supreme magnanimity; supreme folly.
Each would be supreme within its own sphere, and those spheres could not but clash. De Quincey. 3. (Botany) Situated at the highest part or point. The Supreme
, the Almighty; God.
Supremely Su·preme"ly adverb In a supreme manner.
Supremity Su·prem"i·ty noun [ Confer Late Latin supremitas .] Supremacy. [ Obsolete] Fuller.
Sur- Sur- [ French sur over, above, contr. from Latin super , supra . See Super- .] A prefix signifying over , above , beyond , upon .
Sura Su"ra noun [ Arabic , a step, a degree.] One of the sections or chapters of the Koran, which are one hundred and fourteen in number.
Suradanni Su`ra·dan"ni noun A valuable kind of wood obtained on the shores of the Demerara River in South America, much used for timbers, rails, naves and fellies of wheels, and the like.
Suraddition Sur`ad·di"tion noun [ French] Something added or appended, as to a name. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Surah Su"rah noun A soft twilled silk fabric much used for women's dresses; -- called also surah silk .
Sural Su"ral adjective [ Latin sura the calf of the leg: confer French sural .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the calf of the leg; as, the sural arteries.
Surance Sur"ance noun Assurance. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Surangular Sur·an"gu·lar adjective [ Prefix sur- + angular .] (Anat.) Above the angular bone; supra- angular; -- applied to a bone of the lower jaw in many reptiles and birds. -- noun The surangular bone.
Surbase Sur"base` noun [ Prefix sur- + base .] 1. (Architecture) A cornice, or series of moldings, on the top of the base of a pedestal, podium, etc. See Illust. of Column . 2. A board or group of moldings running round a room on a level with the tops of the chair backs. Knight.
Surbased Sur"based` adjective (Architecture) (a) Having a surbase, or molding above the base. (b) [ French surbaissé .] Having the vertical height from springing line to crown less than the half span; -- said of an arch; as, a segmental arch is surbased .
Surbate Sur·bate" transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Surbated
; present participle & verbal noun Surbating
.] [ French solbatu
, past participle , bruised (said of a horse's foot); sole
a sole (of a horse's foot) + battu
, past participle of battre
to beat.] 1. To make sore or bruise, as the feet by travel.
Lest they their fins should bruise, and surbate sore Spenser.
Their tender feet upon the stony ground.
Chalky land surbates and spoils oxen's feet. Mortimer. 2. To harass; to fatigue.
[ Obsolete] Clarendon.
Surbeat Sur·beat" transitive verb Same as Surbate . [ Obsolete]
Surbed Sur·bed" transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Surbedded
; present participle & verbal noun Surbedding
.] [ Prefix sur-
.] To set edgewise, as a stone; that is, to set it in a position different from that which it had in the quarry.
It . . . has something of a grain parallel with the horizon, and therefore should not be surbedded . Gilbert White.
Surbet Sur·bet" transitive verb Same as Surbate . [ Obsolete]
Surbet Sur·bet" adjective Surbated; bruised. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Surcease Sur·cease" noun
[ French sursis
, from sursis
, past participle of surseoir
to suspend, postpone, defer, in Old French , to delay, refrain from, forbear, Latin supersedere
is not connected with English cease
. See Supersede
.] Cessation; stop; end.
"Not desire, but its surcease
It is time that there were an end and surcease made of this immodest and deformed manner of writing. Bacon.
Surcease Sur·cease" transitive verb To cause to cease; to end.
[ Obsolete] "The waves . . . their range surceast
The nations, overawed, surceased the fight. Dryden.
Surcease Sur·cease" intransitive verb To cease. [ Obsolete]
Surceaseance Sur·cease"ance noun Cessation. [ Obsolete]
Surcharge Sur·charge" transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Surcharged
; present participle & verbal noun Surcharging
.] [ French surcharger
. See Sur-
, and Charge
, and confer Overcharge
.] 1. To overload; to overburden; to overmatch; to overcharge; as, to surcharge a beast or a ship; to surcharge a cannon.
Four charged two, and two surcharged one. Spenser.
Your head reclined, as hiding grief from view, Dryden. 2. (Law) (a) To overstock; especially, to put more cattle into, as a common, than the person has a right to do, or more than the herbage will sustain. Blackstone . (b) (Equity) To show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given. Story. Daniel.
Droops like a rose surcharged with morning dew.
Surcharge Sur·charge" noun
[ French] 1. An overcharge; an excessive load or burden; a load greater than can well be borne.
A numerous nobility causeth poverty and inconvenience in a state, for it is surcharge of expense. Bacon. 2. (Law) (a) The putting, by a commoner, of more beasts on the common than he has a right to. (b) (Equity) The showing an omission, as in an account, for which credit ought to have been given. Burrill.
Surcharge Sur·charge" transitive verb To print or write a surcharge on (a postage stamp).
Surcharge Sur·charge" noun [ French] 1. (Railroads) A charge over the usual or legal rates. 2. Something printed or written on a postage stamp to give it a new legal effect, as a new valuation, a place, a date, etc.; also (Colloq.), a stamp with a surcharge.
Surchargement Sur·charge"ment noun The act of surcharging; also, surcharge, surplus. [ Obsolete] Daniel.
Surcharger Sur·char"ger noun One who surcharges.
Surcingle Sur"cin`gle noun [ Middle English sursengle , Old French sursangle . See Sur- , and Cingle , Shingles .] 1. A belt, band, or girth which passes over a saddle, or over anything laid on a horse's back, to bind it fast. 2. (Eccl.) The girdle of a cassock, by which it is fastened round the waist.
Surcingled Sur"cin`gled adjective Bound with the surcingle.
Surcle Sur"cle noun [ Latin surculus .] A little shoot; a twig; a sucker. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Surcloy Sur"cloy transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Surcloyed ; present participle & verbal noun Surcloying .] To surfeit. [ Obsolete]
Surcoat Sur"coat` noun
[ Middle English surcote
, Old French surcote
. See Sur-
, and Coat
, and confer Overcoat
.] 1. A coat worn over the other garments; especially, the long and flowing garment of knights, worn over the armor, and frequently emblazoned with the arms of the wearer.
A long surcoat of pers upon he had.. Chaucer.
At night, or in the rain, Emerson. 2. A name given to the outer garment of either sex at different epochs of the Middle Ages.
He dons a surcoat which he doffs at morn.
Surcrew Sur"crew` noun [ From French surcroît increase, or surcrû , past participle of surcroître to overgrow.] Increase; addition; surplus. [ Obsolete] Sir H. Wotton.
Surculate Sur"cu·late transitive verb [ Latin surculatus , past participle of surculare to purne, from surculus a shoot, sprout. See Surcle .] To purne; to trim. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.
Surculation Sur`cu·la"tion noun Act of purning. [ Obsolete]
Surculose Sur"cu·lose` adjective [ CF. Latin sucrulosus woody. See Surcle .] (Botany) Producing suckers, or shoots resembling suckers.
Surd Surd adjective [ Latin surdus deaf (whence the meaning, deaf to reason, irrational), perhaps akin to English swart . Confer Sordine .] 1. Net having the sense of hearing; deaf. [ Obsolete] "A surd . . . generation." Sir T. Browne. 2. Unheard. [ Obsolete] Kenrick. 3. (Math.) Involving surds; not capable of being expressed in rational numbers; radical; irrational; as, a surd expression or quantity; a surd number. 4. (Phonetics) Uttered, as an element of speech, without tone, or proper vocal sound; voiceless; unintonated; nonvocal; atonic; whispered; aspirated; sharp; hard, as f , p , s , etc.; -- opposed to sonant . See Guide to Pronunciation , §§169, 179, 180.
Surd Surd noun (Math.) 1. A quantity which can not be expressed by rational numbers; thus, √2 is a surd . 2. (Phon.) A surd element of speech. See Surd , adjective , 4.
Surdal Surd"al adjective (Math.) Same as Surd , adjective , 3.
Surdiny Surd"i·ny noun A sardine. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.
Surdity Surd"i·ty noun [ Latin surditas .] Deafness. [ Obsolete]
Sure Sure adjective
[ Compar. Surer
; superl. Surest
.] [ Middle English sur
, Old French seür
, French sûr
, Latin securus
aside, without + cura
care. See Secure
, and confer Assure
sure.] 1. Certainly knowing and believing; confident beyond doubt; implicity trusting; unquestioning; positive.
We are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth against them which commit such things. Rom. ii. 2.
I'm sure care 's an enemy of life. Shak. 2. Certain to find or retain; as, to be sure of game; to be sure of success; to be sure of life or health. 3. Fit or worthy to be depended on; certain not to fail or disappoint expectation; unfailing; strong; permanent; enduring.
The Lord will certainly make my lord a sure house; because my lord fighteth the battles of the Lord. 1 Sam. xxv. 28.
The testimony of the Lord is sure . Ps. xix. 7.
Which put in good sure leather sacks. Chapman. 4. Betrothed; engaged to marry.
The king was sure to Dame Elizabeth Lucy, and her husband before God. Sir T. More.
I presume . . . that you had been sure as fast as faith could bind you, man and wife. Brome. 5. Free from danger; safe; secure.
Fear not; the forest is not three leagues off; Shak.
If we recover that we are sure enough.
-- To be sure
, or Be sure
, certainly; without doubt; as, Shall you do? To be sure I shall.
-- To make sure
. (a) To make certain; to secure so that there can be no failure of the purpose or object.
"A peace can not fail, provided we make sure
of Spain." Sir W. Temple. (b) To betroth.
She that's made sure to him she loves not well. Cotgrave. Syn.
-- Certain; unfailing; infallible; safe; firm; permanent; steady; stable; strong; secure; indisputable; confident; positive.
Sure Sure adverb In a sure manner; safely; certainly.
, shall be thy meed." Spenser.
'T is pleasant, sure , to see one's name in print. Byron.
Sure-footed Sure"-foot`ed adjective Not liable to stumble or fall; as, a sure-footed horse.
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