Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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T cart See under T .

T connection (Electricity) The connection of two coils diagrammatically as a letter T , chiefly used as a connection for passing transformers. When the three free ends are connected to a source of three-phase current, two-phase current may be derived from the secondary circuits. The reverse arrangement may be used to transform from two-phase. -- T"- connected , adjective

T iron See under T .

T is A common contraction of it is .

T rail See under T.

T square See under T .

T was A contraction of it was .

Ta transitive verb To take. [ Obsolete or Scot.] Cursor Mundi.

» Used by Chaucer to represent a peculiarity of the Northern dialect.

Taas noun A heap. See Tas . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Tab noun [ Etymol. uncertain.]
1. The flap or latchet of a shoe fastened with a string or a buckle.

2. A tag. See Tag , 2.

3. A loop for pulling or lifting something.

4. A border of lace or other material, worn on the inner front edge of ladies' bonnets.

5. A loose pendent part of a lady's garment; esp., one of a series of pendent squares forming an edge or border.

Tabacco noun Tobacco. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

Tabanus noun [ Latin , horsefly.] (Zoology) A genus of blood sucking flies, including the horseflies.

Tabard noun [ Middle English tabard , tabart ; confer Spanish & Portuguese tabardo , Italian tabarro , W. tabar , LGr. ..., Late Latin tabardum .] A sort of tunic or mantle formerly worn for protection from the weather. When worn over the armor it was commonly emblazoned with the arms of the wearer, and from this the name was given to the garment adopted for heralds. [ Spelt also taberd .]

In a tabard he [ the Plowman] rode upon a mare.

Tabarder noun
1. One who wears a tabard.

2. A scholar on the foundation of Queen's College, Oxford, England, whose original dress was a tabard. Nares.

Tabaret noun [ Confer Tabby .] A stout silk having satin stripes, -- used for furniture.

Tabasco sauce [ So named after Tabasco , a river and state of Mexico.] A kind of very pungent sauce made from red peppers.

Tabasheer noun [ Persian tabāshīr : confer Sanskrit tvakkshīrā , tvakshīrā .] A concretion in the joints of the bamboo, which consists largely or chiefly of pure silica. It is highly valued in the East Indies as a medicine for the cure of bilious vomitings, bloody flux, piles, and various other diseases.

Tabbinet noun [ Confer Tabby .] A fabric like poplin, with a watered surface. [ Written also tabinet .]

Tabby noun ; plural Tabbies . [ French tabis (cf. Italian tabì , Spanish & Portuguese tabí , Late Latin attabi ), from Arabic 'attābī , properly the name of a quarter of Bagdad where it was made, the quarter being named from the prince Attab , great grandson of Omeyya. Confer Tobine .]
1. A kind of waved silk, usually called watered silk , manufactured like taffeta, but thicker and stronger. The watering is given to it by calendering.

2. A mixture of lime with shells, gravel, or stones, in equal proportions, with an equal proportion of water. When dry, this becomes as hard as rock. Weale.

3. A brindled cat; hence, popularly, any cat.

4. An old maid or gossip. [ Colloq.] Byron.

Tabby adjective
1. Having a wavy or watered appearance; as, a tabby waistcoat. Pepys.

2. Brindled; diversified in color; as, a tabby cat.

Tabby moth (Zoology) , the grease moth. See under Grease .

Tabby transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tabbied ; present participle & verbal noun Tabbying .] To water; to cause to look wavy, by the process of calendering; to calender; as, to tabby silk, mohair, ribbon, etc.

Tabefaction noun [ See Tabefy .] A wasting away; a gradual losing of flesh by disease.

Tabefy transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tabefied ; present participle & verbal noun Tabefying .] [ Latin tabere to waste away + -fy : confer Latin tabefacere to melt.] To cause to waste gradually, to emaciate. [ R.] Harvey.

Tabellion noun [ Latin tabellio , from tabella a tablet, a writing, document, dim. of tabula a board: confer French tabellion . See Table .] A secretary or notary under the Roman empire; also, a similar officer in France during the old monarchy.

Taber intransitive verb Same as Tabor . Nahum ii. 7.

Taberd noun See Tabard .

Tabernacle noun [ French, from Latin tabernaculum , dim. of taberna nut. See Tabern .]
1. A slightly built or temporary habitation; especially, a tent.

Dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob.
Hebrew xi. 9.

Orange trees planted in the ground, and secured in winter with a wooden tabernacle and stoves.

2. (Jewish Antiq.) A portable structure of wooden framework covered with curtains, which was carried through the wilderness in the Israelitish exodus, as a place of sacrifice and worship. Ex. xxvi.

3. Hence, the Jewish temple; sometimes, any other place for worship. Acts xv. 16.

4. Figuratively: The human body, as the temporary abode of the soul.

Shortly I must put off this my tabernacle .
2 Pet. i. 14.

5. Any small cell, or like place, in which some holy or precious things was deposited or kept. Specifically: --

(a) The ornamental receptacle for the pyx, or for the consecrated elements, whether a part of a building or movable.

(b) A niche for the image of a saint, or for any sacred painting or sculpture.

(c) Hence, a work of art of sacred subject, having a partially architectural character, as a solid frame resting on a bracket, or the like.

(d) A tryptich for sacred imagery.

(e) A seat or stall in a choir, with its canopy.

6. (Nautical) A boxlike step for a mast with the after side open, so that the mast can be lowered to pass under bridges, etc.

Feast of Tabernacles (Jewish Antiq.) , one of the three principal festivals of the Jews, lasting seven days, during which the people dwelt in booths formed of the boughs of trees, in commemoration of the habitation of their ancestors in similar dwellings during their pilgrimage in the wilderness. -- Tabernacle work , rich canopy work like that over the head of niches, used over seats or stalls, or over sepulchral monuments. Oxf. Gloss.

Tabernacle intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tabernacled ; present participle & verbal noun Tabernacling .] To dwell or reside for a time; to be temporary housed.

He assumed our nature, and tabernacled among us in the flesh.
Dr. J. Scott.

Tabernacular adjective
1. Of or pertaining to a tabernacle, especially the Jewish tabernacle.

2. Formed in latticework; latticed. T. Warton.

3. Of or pertaining to huts or booths; hence, common; low. "Horribly tabernacular ." De Quincey.

Tabes (ta"bēz) noun [ Latin , a wasting disease.] (Medicine) Progressive emaciation of the body, accompanied with hectic fever, with no well-marked local symptoms.

Tabescent adjective [ Latin tabescens wasting, present participle of tabescere .] Withering, or wasting away.

Tabetic adjective (Medicine) Of or pertaining to tabes; of the nature of tabes; affected with tabes; tabid. -- noun One affected with tabes.

Tabid adjective [ Latin tabidus : confer French tabide . See Tabes .] (Medicine) Affected by tabes; tabetic.

In tabid persons, milk is the bset restorative.

-- Tab"id*ly , adverb -- Tab"id*ness , noun

Tabific, Tabifical adjective [ Tabes + Latin facere to make.] (Medicine) Producing tabes; wasting; tabefying.

Tabinet noun See Tabbinet . Thackeray.

Tablature noun [ Confer French tablature ancient mode of musical notation. See Table .]
1. (Paint.) A painting on a wall or ceiling; a single piece comprehended in one view, and formed according to one design; hence, a picture in general. Shaftesbury.

2. (Mus.) An ancient mode of indicating musical sounds by letters and other signs instead of by notes.

The chimes of bells are so rarely managed that I went up to that of Sir Nicholas, where I found who played all sorts of compositions from the tablature before him as if he had fingered an organ.

3. (Anat.) Division into plates or tables with intervening spaces; as, the tablature of the cranial bones.

Table noun [ French, from Latin tabula a board, tablet, a painting. Confer Tabular , Taffrail , Tavern .]
1. A smooth, flat surface, like the side of a board; a thin, flat, smooth piece of anything; a slab.

A bagnio paved with fair tables of marble.

2. A thin, flat piece of wood, stone, metal, or other material, on which anything is cut, traced, written, or painted; a tablet ; plural a memorandum book. "The names . . . written on his tables ." Chaucer.

And the Lord said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first, and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables , which thou brakest.
Ex. xxxiv. 1.

And stand there with your tables to glean
The golden sentences.
Beau. & Fl.

3. Any smooth, flat surface upon which an inscription, a drawing, or the like, may be produced. "Painted in a table plain." Spenser.

The opposite walls are painted by Rubens, which, with that other of the Infanta taking leave of Don Philip, is a most incomparable table .

St. Antony has a table that hangs up to him from a poor peasant.

4. Hence, in a great variety of applications: A condensed statement which may be comprehended by the eye in a single view; a methodical or systematic synopsis; the presentation of many items or particulars in one group; a scheme; a schedule. Specifically: --

(a) (Bibliog.) A view of the contents of a work; a statement of the principal topics discussed; an index; a syllabus; a synopsis; as, a table of contents.

(b) (Chemistry) A list of substances and their properties; especially, a list of the elementary substances with their atomic weights, densities, symbols, etc.

(c) (Machinery) Any collection and arrangement in a condensed form of many particulars or values, for ready reference, as of weights, measures, currency, specific gravities, etc.; also, a series of numbers following some law, and expressing particular values corresponding to certain other numbers on which they depend, and by means of which they are taken out for use in computations; as, tables of logarithms, sines, tangents, squares, cubes, etc.; annuity tables ; interest tables ; astronomical tables , etc.

(d) (Palmistry) The arrangement or disposition of the lines which appear on the inside of the hand.

Mistress of a fairer table
Hath not history for fable.
B. Jonson.

5. An article of furniture, consisting of a flat slab, board, or the like, having a smooth surface, fixed horizontally on legs, and used for a great variety of purposes, as in eating, writing, or working.

We may again
Give to our tables meat.

The nymph the table spread.

6. Hence, food placed on a table to be partaken of; fare; entertainment; as, to set a good table .

7. The company assembled round a table.

I drink the general joy of the whole table .

8. (Anat.) One of the two, external and internal, layers of compact bone, separated by diploë, in the walls of the cranium.

9. (Architecture) A stringcourse which includes an offset; esp., a band of stone, or the like, set where an offset is required, so as to make it decorative. See Water table .

10. (Games) (a) The board on the opposite sides of which backgammon and draughts are played. (b) One of the divisions of a backgammon board; as, to play into the right-hand table . (c) plural The games of backgammon and of draughts. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

This is the ape of form, monsieur the nice,
That, when he plays at tables , chides the dice.

11. (Glass Manuf.) A circular plate of crown glass.

A circular plate or table of about five feet diameter weighs on an average nine pounds.

12. (Jewelry) The upper flat surface of a diamond or other precious stone, the sides of which are cut in angles.

13. (Persp.) A plane surface, supposed to be transparent and perpendicular to the horizon; -- called also perspective plane .

14. (Machinery) The part of a machine tool on which the work rests and is fastened.

Bench table , Card table , Communion table , Lord's table , etc. See under Bench , Card , etc. -- Raised table (Arch. & Sculp.) , a raised or projecting member of a flat surface, large in proportion to the projection, and usually rectangular, -- especially intended to receive an inscription or the like. -- Roller table (Horology) , a flat disk on the arbor of the balance of a watch, holding the jewel which rolls in and out of the fork at the end of the lever of the escapement. -- Round table . See Dictionary of Noted Names in Fiction. -- Table anvil , a small anvil to be fastened to a table for use in making slight repairs. -- Table base . (Architecture) Same as Water table . -- Table bed , a bed in the form of a table. -- Table beer , beer for table, or for common use; small beer. -- Table bell , a small bell to be used at table for calling servants. -- Table cover , a cloth for covering a table, especially at other than mealtimes. -- Table diamond , a thin diamond cut with a flat upper surface. -- Table linen , linen tablecloth, napkins, and the like. -- Table money (Mil. or Naut.) , an allowance sometimes made to officers over and above their pay, for table expenses. -- Table rent (O. Eng. Law) , rent paid to a bishop or religious, reserved or appropriated to his table or housekeeping. Burrill. -- Table shore (Nautical) , a low, level shore. -- Table talk , conversation at table, or at meals. -- Table talker , one who talks at table. -- Table tipping , Table turning , certain movements of tables, etc., attributed by some to the agency of departed spirits, and by others to the development of latent vital or spriritual forces, but more commonly ascribed to the muscular force of persons in connection with the objects moved, or to physical force applied otherwise. -- Tables of a girder or chord (Engineering) , the upper and lower horizontal members. -- To lay on the table , in parliamentary usage, to lay, as a report, motion, etc., on the table of the presiding officer, -- that is, to postpone the consideration of, by a vote. -- To serve tables (Script.) , to provide for the poor, or to distribute provisions for their wants. Acts vi. 2. -- To turn the tables , to change the condition or fortune of contending parties; -- a metaphorical expression taken from the vicissitudes of fortune in gaming. -- Twelve tables (Rom. Antiq.) , a celebrated body of Roman laws, framed by decemvirs appointed 450 years before Christ, on the return of deputies or commissioners who had been sent to Greece to examine into foreign laws and institutions. They consisted partly of laws transcribed from the institutions of other nations, partly of such as were altered and accommodated to the manners of the Romans, partly of new provisions, and mainly, perhaps, of laws and usages under their ancient kings. Burrill.

Table transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tableed ; present participle & verbal noun Tableing .]
1. To form into a table or catalogue; to tabulate; as, to table fines.

2. To delineate, as on a table; to represent, as in a picture. [ Obsolete]

Tabled and pictured in the chambers of meditation.

3. To supply with food; to feed. [ Obsolete] Milton.

4. (Carp.) To insert, as one piece of timber into another, by alternate scores or projections from the middle, to prevent slipping; to scarf.

5. To lay or place on a table, as money. Carlyle.

6. In parliamentary usage, to lay on the table; to postpone, by a formal vote, the consideration of (a bill, motion, or the like) till called for, or indefinitely.

7. To enter upon the docket; as, to table charges against some one.

8. (Nautical) To make board hems in the skirts and bottoms of (sails) in order to strengthen them in the part attached to the boltrope.

Table intransitive verb To live at the table of another; to board; to eat. [ Obsolete] "He . . . was driven from the society of men to table with the beasts." South.

Table d'hôte (tȧ"bl' dōt`); plural Tables d'hôte . [ French, literally, table of the landlord.] A common table for guests at a hotel; an ordinary.

Table d'hôte Now, commonly, a meal, usually of several courses, in a restaurant, hotel, or the like, for which one pays a fixed price irrespective of what one orders; -- often used adjectively; as, a table-d'hôte meal.

Table work (Print.) Typesetting of tabular nmatter, or the type matter set in tabular form.

Table-land noun A broad, level, elevated area of land; a plateau.

The toppling crags of Duty scaled,
Are close upon the shining table-lands
To which our God himself is moon and sun.

Tableau noun ; plural Tableaux . [ French, dim. from Latin tabula a painting. See Table .]
1. A striking and vivid representation; a picture.

2. A representation of some scene by means of persons grouped in the proper manner, placed in appropriate postures, and remaining silent and motionless.

Tableau noun (Solitaire) The arrangement, or layout, of cards.

Tableau vivant ; plural Tableaux vivants . [ French] Same as Tableau , noun , 2.

Tablebook noun A tablet; a notebook.

Put into your tablebook whatever you judge worthy.

Tablecloth noun A cloth for covering a table, especially one with which a table is covered before the dishes, etc., are set on for meals.

Tableman noun ; plural Tablemen A man at draughts; a piece used in playing games at tables. See Table , noun , 10. [ R.] Bacon.