Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913, 100,000 entries)
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Q Q (kū), the seventeenth letter of the English alphabet, has but one sound (that of k ), and is always followed by u , the two letters together being sounded like kw , except in some words in which the u is silent. See Guide to Pronunciation , § 249. Q is not found in Anglo-Saxon, cw being used instead of qu ; as in cwic , quick; cwen , queen. The name (kū) is from the French ku , which is from the Latin name of the same letter; its form is from the Latin, which derived it, through a Greek alphabet, from the Phœnician, the ultimate origin being Egyptian. Etymologically, q or qu is most nearly related to a ( ch , tch ), p , q , and wh ; as in cud, quid , Latin equ us, e c us, horse, Greek ..., whence English equ ine, hi pp ic; Latin qu od which, English wh at; Latin a qu ila, E. ea q le; E. ki tch en, Middle English ki che ne, Anglo-Saxon cycene, Latin co qu ina.
Qua Qua conj.
[ Latin , abl. of qui
who.] In so far as; in the capacity or character of; as.
It is with Shelley's biographers qua biographers that we have to deal. London Spectator.
Qua-bird Qua"-bird` noun (Zoology) The American night heron. See under Night .
Quab Quab noun [ Confer Dutch kwab eelpout, Danish quabbe , German quabbe , quappe , LG. quabbe a fat lump of flesh, and Latin capito a kind of fish with a large head, from caput the head, also English squab .] An unfledged bird; hence, something immature or unfinished. Ford.
Quab Quab intransitive verb See Quob , intransitive verb
Quacha Qua"cha noun (Zoology) The quagga.
Quack Quack intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Qvacked ; present participle & verbal noun Quacking .] [ Of imitative origin; confer Dutch kwaken , German quacken , quaken , Icelandic kvaka to twitter.] 1. To utter a sound like the cry of a duck. 2. To make vain and loud pretensions; to boast. " To quack of universal cures." Hudibras. 3. To act the part of a quack, or pretender.
Quack Quack noun 1. The cry of the duck, or a sound in imitation of it; a hoarse, quacking noise. Chaucer. 2.
[ Confer Quacksalver
.] A boastful pretender to medical skill; an empiric; an ignorant practitioner. 3. Hence, one who boastfully pretends to skill or knowledge of any kind not possessed; a charlatan.
Quacks political; quacks scientific, academical. Carlyle.
Quack Quack adjective Pertaining to or characterized by, boasting and pretension; used by quacks; pretending to cure diseases; as, a quack medicine; a quack doctor.
Quack grass Quack" grass` (Botany) See Quitch grass .
Quackery Quack"er·y noun
; plural Quackeries The acts, arts, or boastful pretensions of a quack; false pretensions to any art; empiricism. Carlyle.
Quackish Quack"ish adjective Like a quack; boasting; characterized by quackery. Burke.
Quackism Quack"ism noun Quackery. Carlyle.
Quackle Quac"kle intransitive verb & t. [ imperfect & past participle Quackled ; present participle & verbal noun Quackling .] [ Confer Querken .] To suffocate; to choke. [ Prov. Eng.]
Quacksalver Quack"sal·ver noun [ Dutch kwakzalver ; confer kwakzalven to quack or boast of one's salves. See Quack , Salve , noun ] One who boasts of his skill in medicines and salves, or of the efficacy of his prescriptions; a charlatan; a quack; a mountebank. [ Obsolete] Burton.
Quad Quad noun (Print.) A quadrat.
Quad Quad noun (Architecture) A quadrangle; hence, a prison. [ Cant or Slang]
Quad, Quade Quad, Quade adjective
[ Akin to Anglo-Saxon cwǣd
, dung, evil, German kot
, dung, Old High German quāt
.] Evil; bad; baffling; as, a quade wind.
Sooth play, quad play, as the Fleming saith. Chaucer.
Quadra Quad"ra noun
; plural Quadræ
. [ Latin , a square, the socle, a platband, a fillet.] (Architecture) (a) The plinth, or lowest member, of any pedestal, podium, water table, or the like. (b) A fillet, or listel.
Quadrable Quad"ra·ble adjective [ See Quadrate .] (Math.) That may be sqyared, or reduced to an equivalent square; -- said of a surface when the area limited by a curve can be exactly found, and expressed in a finite number of algebraic terms.
Quadragenarious Quad`ra·ge·na"ri·ous adjective [ Latin quadragenarius , from qyadrageni forty each.] Consisting of forty; forty years old.
Quadragene Quad"ra·gene noun [ Late Latin quadragena , from Latin quadrageni forty each, akin to quadraginta forty.] (R. C. Ch.) An indulgence of forty days, corresponding to the forty days of ancient canonical penance.
Quadragesima Quad`ra·ges"i·ma noun [ Latin , from quadragesimus the fortieth, from quadraginta forty; akin to quattuor four. See Four .] (Eccl.) The forty days of fast preceding Easter; Lent. Quadragesima Sunday , the first Sunday in Lent, about forty days before Easter.
Quadragesimal Quad`ra·ges"i·mal adjective [ Confer French quadragésimal .] Belonging to Lent; used in Lent; Lenten.
Quadragesimals Quad`ra·ges"i·mals noun plural Offerings formerly made to the mother church of a diocese on Mid- Lent Sunday.
Quadrangle Quad"ran`gle noun [ French, from Latin quadrangulum ; quattuor four + angulus an angle. See Four , and Angle a corner.] 1. (Geom.) A plane figure having four angles, and consequently four sides; any figure having four angles. 2. A square or quadrangular space or inclosure, such a space or court surrounded by buildings, esp. such a court in a college or public school in England.
Quadrangular Quad·ran"gu·lar adjective [ Confer French quadrangulaire .] Having four angles, and consequently four sides; tetragonal. -- Quad*ran"gu*lar*ly , adverb
Quadrans Quad"rans noun
; plural Quadrantes
. [ Latin ] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) A fourth part of the coin called an as. See 3d As, 2. 2. The fourth of a penny; a farthing. See Cur .
Quadrant Quad"rant noun [ Latin quadrans , -antis , a fourth part, a fourth of a whole, from quattuor four: confer French quadrant , cadran . See Four , and confer Cadrans .] 1. The fourth part; the quarter. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne. 2. (Geom.) The quarter of a circle, or of the circumference of a circle, an arc of 90Â°, or one subtending a right angle at the center. 3. (Anal. (Geom.) One of the four parts into which a plane is divided by the coördinate axes. The upper right-hand part is the first quadrant ; the upper left-hand part the second ; the lower left-hand part the third ; and the lower right-hand part the fourth quadrant . 4. An instrument for measuring altitudes, variously constructed and mounted for different specific uses in astronomy, surveying, gunnery, etc., consisting commonly of a graduated arc of 90Â°, with an index or vernier, and either plain or telescopic sights, and usually having a plumb line or spirit level for fixing the vertical or horizontal direction. Gunner's quadrant , an instrument consisting of a graduated limb, with a plumb line or spirit level, and an arm by which it is applied to a cannon or mortar in adjusting it to the elevation required for attaining the desired range. -- Gunter's quadrant . See Gunter's quadrant , in the Vocabulary. -- Hadley's quadrant , a hand instrument used chiefly at sea to measure the altitude of the sun or other celestial body in ascertaining the vessel's position. It consists of a frame in the form of an octant having a graduated scale upon its arc, and an index arm, or alidade pivoted at its apex. Mirrors, called the index glass and the horizon glass, are fixed one upon the index arm and the other upon one side of the frame, respectively. When the instrument is held upright, the index arm may be swung so that the index glass will reflect an image of the sun upon the horizon glass, and when the reflected image of the sun coincides, to the observer's eye, with the horizon as seen directly through an opening at the side of the horizon glass, the index shows the sun's altitude upon the scale; -- more properly, but less commonly, called an octant . -- Quadrant of altitude , an appendage of the artificial globe, consisting of a slip of brass of the length of a quadrant of one of the great circles of the globe, and graduated. It may be fitted to the meridian, and being movable round to all points of the horizon, serves as a scale in measuring altitudes, azimuths, etc.
Quadrantal Quad·ran"tal adjective [ Latin quadrantalis containing the fourth fourth part of a measure.] (Geom.) Of or pertaining to a quadrant; also, included in the fourth part of a circle; as, quadrantal space. Quadrantal triangle , a spherical triangle having one side equal to a quadrant or arc of 90Â°. -- Quadrantal versor , a versor that expresses rotation through one right angle.
Quadrantal Quad·ran"tal noun [ Latin ] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) A cubical vessel containing a Roman cubic foot, each side being a Roman square foot; -- used as a measure. 2. A cube. [ R.]
Quadrat Quad"rat noun [ French quadrat , cadrat . See Quadrate .] 1. (Print.) A block of type metal lower than the letters, -- used in spacing and in blank lines. [ Abbrev. quad.] 2. An old instrument used for taking altitudes; -- called also geometrical square , and line of shadows .
Quadrate Quad"rate adjective
[ Latin quadratus
squared, past participle of quadrare
to make four-cornered, to make square, to square, to fit, suit, from quadrus
four. See Quadrant
, and confer Quadrat
an arrow, Square
.] 1. Having four equal sides, the opposite sides parallel, and four right angles; square.
Figures, some round, some triangle, some quadrate . Foxe. 2. Produced by multiplying a number by itself; square.
and cubical numbers." Sir T. Browne. 3. Square; even; balanced; equal; exact.
[ Archaic] " A quadrate
, solid, wise man." Howell. 4. Squared; suited; correspondent.
[ Archaic] " A generical description quadrate
to both." Harvey. Quadrate bone (Anat.)
, a bone between the base of the lower jaw and the skull in most vertebrates below the mammals. In reptiles and birds it articulates the lower jaw with the skull; in mammals it is represented by the malleus or incus.
Quadrate Quad"rate noun
[ Latin quadratum
. See Quadrate
] 1. (Geom.) A plane surface with four equal sides and four right angles; a square; hence, figuratively, anything having the outline of a square.
At which command, the powers militant Milton. 2. (Astrol.) An aspect of the heavenly bodies in which they are distant from each other 90Â°, or the quarter of a circle; quartile. See the Note under Aspect , 6. 3. (Anat.) The quadrate bone.
That stood for heaven, in mighty quadrate joined.
Quadrate Quad"rate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Quadrated
; present participle & verbal noun Quadrating
.] [ See Quadrate
] To square; to agree; to suit; to correspond; -- followed by with .
The objections of these speculatists of its forms do not quadrate with their theories. Burke.
Quadrate Quad"rate transitive verb To adjust (a gun) on its carriage; also, to train (a gun) for horizontal firing.
Quadratic Quad·rat"ic adjective [ Confer French quadratique .] 1. Of or pertaining to a square, or to squares; resembling a quadrate, or square; square. 2. (Crystallog.) Tetragonal. 3. (Alg.) Pertaining to terms of the second degree; as, a quadratic equation, in which the highest power of the unknown quantity is a square.
Quadratics Quad·rat"ics noun (Alg.) That branch of algebra which treats of quadratic equations.
Quadratojugal Quad·ra`to·ju"gal adjective (Anat.) (a) Of or pertaining to the quadrate and jugal bones. (b) Of or pertaining to the quadratojugal bone. -- noun The quadratojugal bone. Quadratojugal bone (Anat.) , a bone at the base of the lower jaw in many animals.
Quadratrix Quad·ra"trix noun
; plural -trixes
, or -trices
. [ New Latin ] (Geom.) A curve made use of in the quadrature of other curves; as the quadratrix , of Dinostratus, or of Tschirnhausen.
Quadrature Quad"ra·ture noun [ Latin quadratura : confer French quadrature . See Quadrate , adjective ] 1. (Math.) The act of squaring; the finding of a square having the same area as some given curvilinear figure; as, the quadrature of a circle; the operation of finding an expression for the area of a figure bounded wholly or in part by a curved line, as by a curve, two ordinates, and the axis of abscissas. 2. A quadrate; a square. Milton. 3. (Integral Calculus) The integral used in obtaining the area bounded by a curve; hence, the definite integral of the product of any function of one variable into the differential of that variable. 4. (Astron.) The position of one heavenly body in respect to another when distant from it 90Â°, or a quarter of a circle, as the moon when at an equal distance from the points of conjunction and opposition. Quadrature of the moon (Astron.) , the position of the moon when one half of the disk is illuminated. -- Quadrature of an orbit (Astron.) , a point in an orbit which is at either extremity of the latus rectum drawn through the empty focus of the orbit.
Quadrel Quad"rel noun [ Italian quadrello , Late Latin quadrellus , from Latin quadrus square. See Quadrate , and confer Quarrel an arrow.] 1. A square piece of turf or peat. [ Prov. Eng.] 2. A square brick, tile, or the like.
Quadrennial Quad·ren"ni·al adjective [ Latin quadriennium a space of four years; quattuor four + annus year; confer Latin quadriennis . See Quadrate , and Annual .] 1. Comprising four years; as, a quadrennial period. 2. Occurring once in four years, or at the end of every four years; as, quadrennial games.
Quadrennially Quad·ren"ni·al·ly adverb Once in four years.
Quadrennium Quad·ren"ni·um noun [ New Latin See Quadrennial .] A space or period of four years.
Quadri- Quad"ri- [ Latin , from quattuor four. See Four .] A combining form meaning four , four times , fourfold ; as, quadri capsular, having four capsules.
Quadribasic Quad`ri·ba"sic adjective [ Quadri- + basic .] (Chemistry) Same as Tetrabasic .
Quadrible Quad"ri·ble adjective Quadrable. [ R.]
Quadric Quad"ric adjective (Math.) Of or pertaining to the second degree.
Quadric Quad"ric noun (a) (Alg.) A quantic of the second degree. See Quantic . (b) (Geom.) A surface whose equation in three variables is of the second degree. Spheres, spheroids, ellipsoids, paraboloids, hyperboloids, also cones and cylinders with circular bases, are quadrics.
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