Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Quaketail noun (Zoology) A wagtail.
Quakiness noun The state of being quaky; liability to quake.
Quaking adjective & noun from Quake , v. Quaking aspen (Botany)
, an American species of poplar ( Populus tremuloides ), the leaves of which tremble in the lightest breeze. It much resembles the European aspen. See Aspen .
-- Quaking bog
, a bog of forming peat so saturated with water that it shakes when trodden upon.
-- Quaking grass
. (Botany) (a) One of several grasses of the genus Briza , having slender-stalked and pendulous ovate spikelets, which quake and rattle in the wind. Briza maxima is the large quaking grass; B. media and B. minor are the smaller kinds. (b) Rattlesnake grass ( Glyceria Canadensis ).
Quakingly adverb In a quaking manner; fearfully. Sir P. Sidney.
Quaky adjective Shaky, or tremulous; quaking.
Qualifiable adjective Capable of being qualified; abatable; modifiable. Barrow.
[ Confer French qualification
. See Qualify
.] 1. The act of qualifying, or the condition of being qualified. 2. That which qualifies; any natural endowment, or any acquirement, which fits a person for a place, office, or employment, or which enables him to sustian any character with success; an enabling quality or circumstance; requisite capacity or possession.
There is no qualification for government but virtue and wisdom, actual or presumptive. Burke. 3. The act of limiting, or the state of being limited; that which qualifies by limiting; modification; restriction; hence, abatement; diminution; as, to use words without any qualification .
Qualificative noun That which qualifies, modifies, or restricts; a qualifying term or statement.
How many qualificatives , correctives, and restrictives he inserteth in this relation. Fuller.
Qualificator noun [ Late Latin ] (R. C. Ch.) An officer whose business it is to examine and prepare causes for trial in the ecclesiastical courts.
Qualified adjective 1. Fitted by accomplishments or endowments. 2. Modified; limited; as, a qualified statement. Qualified fee (Law)
, a base fee, or an estate which has a qualification annexed to it, the fee ceasing with the qualification, as a grant to A and his heirs, tenants of the manor of Dale .
-- Qualified indorsement (Law)
, an indorsement which modifies the liability of the indorser that would result from the general principles of law, but does not affect the negotiability of the instrument. Story.
-- Qualified negative (Legislation)
, a limited veto power, by which the chief executive in a constitutional government may refuse assent to bills passed by the legislative body, which bills therefore fail to become laws unless upon a reconsideration the legislature again passes them by a certain majority specified in the constitution, when they become laws without the approval of the executive.
-- Qualified property (Law)
, that which depends on temporary possession, as that in wild animals reclaimed, or as in the case of a bailment. Syn.
-- Competent; fit; adapted. -- Qualified
is most commonly used with respect to native endowments and general ability suited to the performance of a task or duty; qualified
with respect to specific acquirements and training.
Qualifiedly adverb In the way of qualification; with modification or qualification.
Qualifiedness noun The state of being qualified.
Qualifier noun One who, or that which, qualifies; that which modifies, reduces, tempers or restrains.
Qualify transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Qualified
; present participle & verbal noun Qualifying
.] [ French qualifier
, Late Latin qualificare
, from Latin qualis
how constituted, as + -ficare
(in comp.) to make. See Quality
, and -Fy
.] 1. To make such as is required; to give added or requisite qualities to; to fit, as for a place, office, occupation, or character; to furnish with the knowledge, skill, or other accomplishment necessary for a purpose; to make capable, as of an employment or privilege; to supply with legal power or capacity.
He had qualified himself for municipal office by taking the oaths to the sovereigns in possession. Macaulay. 2. To give individual quality to; to modulate; to vary; to regulate.
It hath no larynx . . . to qualify the sound. Sir T. Browne. 3. To reduce from a general, undefined, or comprehensive form, to particular or restricted form; to modify; to limit; to restrict; to restrain; as, to qualify a statement, claim, or proposition. 4. Hence, to soften; to abate; to diminish; to assuage; to reduce the strength of, as liquors.
I do not seek to quench your love's hot fire, Shak. 5. To soothe; to cure; -- said of persons.
But qualify the fire's extreme rage.
In short space he has them qualified . Spenser. Syn.
-- To fit; equip; prepare; adapt; capacitate; enable; modify; soften; restrict; restrain; temper.
Qualify intransitive verb
1. To be or become qualified; to be fit, as for an office or employment. 2. To obtain legal power or capacity by taking the oath, or complying with the forms required, on assuming an office.
Qualitative adjective [ Confer Late Latin gualitativus , French qualitatif .] Relating to quality; having the character of quality. -- Qual"i*ta*tive*ly , adverb Qualitative analysis (Chemistry) , analysis which merely determines the constituents of a substance without any regard to the quantity of each ingredient; -- contrasted with quantitative analysis .
Qualitied adjective Furnished with qualities; endowed. [ Obsolete] "He was well qualitied ." Chapman.
; plural Qualities
. [ French qualité
, Latin qualitas
, from qualis
how constituted, as; akin to English which
. See Which
.] 1. The condition of being of such and such a sort as distinguished from others; nature or character relatively considered, as of goods; character; sort; rank.
We lived most joyful, obtaining acquaintance with many of the city not of the meanest quality . Bacon 2. Special or temporary character; profession; occupation; assumed or asserted rank, part, or position.
I made that inquiry in quality of an antiquary. Gray. 3. That which makes, or helps to make, anything such as it is; anything belonging to a subject, or predicable of it; distinguishing property, characteristic, or attribute; peculiar power, capacity, or virtue; distinctive trait; as, the tones of a flute differ from those of a violin in quality ; the great quality of a statesman.
, in metaphysics, are primary
are those essential to the existence, and even the conception, of the thing, as of matter or spirit Secondary
are those not essential to such a conception. 4. An acquired trait; accomplishment; acquisition.
He had those qualities of horsemanship, dancing, and fencing which accompany a good breeding. Clarendon. 5. Superior birth or station; high rank; elevated character.
"Persons of quality
." Bacon. Quality binding
, a kind of worsted tape used in Scotland for binding carpets, and the like.
-- The quality
, those of high rank or station, as distinguished from the masses , or common people; the nobility; the gentry.
I shall appear at the masquerade dressed up in my feathers, that the quality may see how pretty they will look in their traveling habits. Addison. Syn.
-- Property; attribute; nature; peculiarity; character; sort; rank; disposition; temper.
[ Anglo-Saxon cwealm
death, slaughter, pestilence, akin to Old Saxon & Old High German qualm
. See Quail
to cower.] 1. Sickness; disease; pestilence; death.
thousand slain and not of qualm ystorve [ dead]. Chaucer. 2. A sudden attack of illness, faintness, or pain; an agony.
of heartsick agony." Milton. 3. Especially, a sudden sensation of nausea.
For who, without a qualm , hath ever looked Roscommon. 4. A prick or scruple of conscience; uneasiness of conscience; compunction. Dryden.
On holy garbage, though by Homer cooked?
Qualmish adjective Sick at the stomach; affected with nausea or sickly languor; inclined to vomit. Shak. -- Qualm"ish*ly , adverb -- Qualm"ish*ness , noun
Quamash noun (Botany) See Camass .
Quamoclit noun [ Greek ... a bean + ... to bend, to slope.] (Botany) Formerly, a genus of plants including the cypress vine ( Quamoclit vulgaris , now called Ipomœa Quamoclit ). The genus is now merged in Ipomœa.
; plural Quandaries
. [ Prob. from Middle English wandreth
adversity, perplexity, Icelandic wandræði
difficulty, trouble, from vandr
difficult.] A state of difficulty or perplexity; doubt; uncertainty.
Quandary transitive verb To bring into a state of uncertainty, perplexity, or difficulty. [ Obsolete] Otway.
Quandong noun (Botany) The edible drupaceous fruit of an Australian tree ( Fusanus acuminatus ) of the Sandalwood family; -- called also quandang .
Quandy noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] (Zoology) The old squaw. [ Local, U. S.]
Quannet noun A flat file having the handle at one side, so as to be used like a plane.
Quant noun A punting pole with a broad flange near the end to prevent it from sinking into the mud; a setting pole.
[ Latin quantus
how much. See Quantity
.] (Math.) A homogeneous algebraic function of two or more variables, in general containing only positive integral powers of the variables, and called quadric , cubic , quartic , etc., according as it is of the second, third, fourth, fifth, or a higher degree. These are further called binary , ternary , quaternary , etc., according as they contain two, three, four, or more variables; thus, the quantic ... is a binary cubic .
[ See Quantity
.] Modification by a reference to quantity; the introduction of the element of quantity.
The quantification of the predicate belongs in part to Sir William Hamilton; viz., in its extension to negative propositions. De Quincey.
Quantify transitive verb [ Latin quantus now much + -fy .] To modify or qualify with respect to quantity; to fix or express the quantity of; to rate.
Quantitative adjective [ Confer French quantitatif .] Relating to quantity. -- Quan"ti*ta*tive*ly , adverb Quantitative analysis (Chemistry) , analysis which determines the amount or quantity of each ingredient of a substance, by weight or by volume; -- contrasted with qualitative analysis .
[ See Quantity
.] Estimable according to quantity; quantitative. Sir K. Digby.
Quantitively adverb So as to be measurable by quantity; quantitatively.
; plural Quantities
. [ French quantite
, Latin quantitas
, from quantus
bow great, how much, akin to quam
bow, English how
. See Who
.] 1. The attribute of being so much, and not more or less; the property of being measurable, or capable of increase and decrease, multiplication and division; greatness; and more concretely, that which answers the question "How much?"; measure in regard to bulk or amount; determinate or comparative dimensions; measure; amount; bulk; extent; size.
Hence, in specific uses: (a) (Logic) The extent or extension of a general conception, that is, the number of species or individuals to which it may be applied; also, its content or comprehension, that is, the number of its constituent qualities, attributes, or relations. (b) (Gram.) The measure of a syllable; that which determines the time in which it is pronounced; as, the long or short quantity of a vowel or syllable. (c) (Mus.) The relative duration of a tone. 2. That which can be increased, diminished, or measured; especially (Math.) , anything to which mathematical processes are applicable.
» Quantity is discrete
when it is applied to separate objects, as in number; continuous
, when the parts are connected, either in succession, as in time, motion, etc., or in extension, as by the dimensions of space, viz., length, breadth, and thickness. 3. A determinate or estimated amount; a sum or bulk; a certain portion or part; sometimes, a considerable amount; a large portion, bulk, or sum; as, a medicine taken in quantities , that is, in large quantities.
The quantity of extensive and curious information which he had picked up during many months of desultory, but not unprofitable, study. Macaulay. Quantity of estate (Law)
, its time of continuance, or degree of interest, as in fee, for life, or for years. Wharton (Law Dict. )
-- Quantity of matter
, in a body, its mass, as determined by its weight, or by its momentum under a given velocity.
-- Quantity of motion (Mech.)
, in a body, the relative amount of its motion, as measured by its momentum, varying as the product of mass and velocity.
-- Known quantities (Math.)
, quantities whose values are given.
-- Unknown quantities (Math.)
, quantities whose values are sought.
Quantivalence noun [ Latin quant us how much + English valence .] (Chemistry) Valence. [ Archaic]
Quantivalent adjective (Chemistry) Of or pertaining to quantivalence. [ Archaic]
; plural Quanta
. [ Latin , neuter of quantus
how great, how much. See Quantity
,] 1. Quantity; amount.
"Without authenticating . . . the quantum
of the charges." Burke. 2. (Math.) A definite portion of a manifoldness, limited by a mark or by a boundary. W. K. Clifford.
Quap intransitive verb To quaver.
[ Obsolete] See Quob
Quaquaversal adjective [ Latin quaqua wheresoever, whithersoever + versus , past participle of vertere to turn.]
1. Turning or dipping in any or every direction. 2. (Geol.) Dipping toward all points of the compass round a center, as beds of lava round a crater.
Quar noun A quarry. [ Prov. Eng.] B. Jonson.
[ French quarantaine
, Old French quaranteine
, from French quarante
forty, Latin quadraginta
, akin to quattuor
four, and English four
: confer Italian quarantina
. See Four
, and confer Quadragesima
.] 1. A space of forty days; -- used of Lent. 2. Specifically, the term, originally of forty days, during which a ship arriving in port, and suspected of being infected a malignant contagious disease, is obliged to forbear all intercourse with the shore; hence, such restraint or inhibition of intercourse; also, the place where infected or prohibited vessels are stationed.
is now applied also to any forced stoppage of travel or communication on account of malignant contagious disease, on land as well as by sea. 3. (Eng. Law) The period of forty days during which the widow had the privilege of remaining in the mansion house of which her husband died seized. Quarantine flag
, a yellow flag hoisted at the fore of a vessel or hung from a building, to give warning of an infectious disease; -- called also the yellow jack , and yellow flag .
Quarantine transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Quarantined
; present participle & verbal noun Quarantining
.] To compel to remain at a distance, or in a given place, without intercourse, when suspected of having contagious disease; to put under, or in, quarantine.
[ Confer German qualle
.] (Zoology) A medusa, or jellyfish.
The jellied quarl that flings J. R. Drake.
At once a thousand streaming stings.
[ Middle English quarel
, Old French quarrel
, French carreau
, Late Latin quadrellus
, from Latin quadrus
square. See Quadrate
, and confer Quadrel
an arrow, Carrel
.] 1. An arrow for a crossbow; -- so named because it commonly had a square head.
To shoot with arrows and quarrel . Sir J. Mandeville.
Two arblasts, . . . with windlaces and quarrels . Sir W. Scott. 2. (Architecture) Any small square or quadrangular member
; as: (a) A square of glass, esp. when set diagonally. (b) A small opening in window tracery, of which the cusps, etc., make the form nearly square. (c) A square or lozenge-shaped paving tile. 3. A glazier's diamond. Simmonds. 4. A four-sided cutting tool or chisel having a diamond-shaped end.
Quarrel intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Quarreled
; present participle & verbal noun Quarreling
.] 1. To violate concord or agreement; to have a difference; to fall out; to be or become antagonistic.
Our people quarrel with obedience. Shak.
But some defect in her Shak. 2. To dispute angrily, or violently; to wrangle; to scold; to altercate; to contend; to fight.
Did quarrel with the noblest grace she owed.
Beasts called sociable quarrel in hunger and lust. Sir W. Temple. 3. To find fault; to cavil; as, to quarrel with one's lot.
I will not quarrel with a slight mistake. Roscommon.
Quarrel transitive verb
1. To quarrel with. [ R.] "I had quarelled my brother purposely." B. Jonson. 2. To compel by a quarrel; as, to quarrel a man out of his estate or rights.
Quarrel noun [ Written also quarreller .] One who quarrels or wrangles; one who is quarrelsome. Shak.
Quarrelet noun A little quarrel. See 1st Quarrel , 2.
[ Obsolete] " Quarrelets
of pearl [ teeth]." Herrick.