Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Quarto adjective [ Latin in quarto in fourth, from quartus the fourth: confer F. ( in ) quarto . See Quart .] Having four leaves to the sheet; of the form or size of a quarto.

Quarto noun ; plural Quartos Originally, a book of the size of the fourth of sheet of printing paper; a size leaves; in present usage, a book of a square or nearly square form, and usually of large size.

Quartridge noun Quarterage. [ Obsolete]

Quartz noun [ German quarz .] (Min.) A form of silica, or silicon dioxide (SiO 2 ), occurring in hexagonal crystals, which are commonly colorless and transparent, but sometimes also yellow, brown, purple, green, and of other colors; also in cryptocrystalline massive forms varying in color and degree of transparency, being sometimes opaque.

» The crystalline varieties include: amethyst , violet ; citrine and false topaz , pale yellow; rock crystal , transparent and colorless or nearly so; rose quartz , rosecolored; smoky quartz , smoky brown. The chief crypto-crystalline varieties are: agate , a chalcedony in layers or clouded with different colors, including the onyx and sardonyx ; carnelian and sard , red or flesh- colored chalcedony; chalcedony , nearly white, and waxy in luster; chrysoprase , an apple-green chalcedony; flint , hornstone , basanite , or touchstone , brown to black in color and compact in texture; heliotrope , green dotted with red; jasper , opaque, red yellow, or brown, colored by iron or ferruginous clay; prase , translucent and dull leek-green. Quartz is an essential constituent of granite, and abounds in rocks of all ages. It forms the rocks quartzite ( quartz rock ) and sandstone, and makes most of the sand of the seashore.

Quartziferous adjective [ Quartz + -ferous .] (Min.) Consisting chiefly of quartz; containing quartz.

Quartzite noun [ Confer French quartzite .] (Min.) Massive quartz occurring as a rock; a metamorphosed sandstone; -- called also quartz rock .

Quartzoid noun [ Quartz + - oid .] (Crystallog.) A form of crystal common with quartz, consisting of two six-sided pyramids, base to base.

Quartzose adjective [ Confer French quartzeux , German quarzig .] (Min.) Containing, or resembling, quartz; partaking of the nature or qualities of quartz.

quartzous adjective (Min.) Quarzose.

Quartzy adjective (Min.) Quartzose.

Quas noun A kind of beer. Same as Quass .

Quaschi, Quasje noun (Zoology) The brown coati. See Coati .

Quash noun Same as Squash .

Quash transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Quashed ; present participle & verbal noun Quashing .] [ Old French quasser , French casser , from Latin cassare to annihilate, annul, from cassus empty, vain, of uncertain origin. The word has been confused with Latin quassare to shake, French casser to break, which is probably of different origin. Confer Cashier , transitive verb ] (Law) To abate, annul, overthrow, or make void; as, to quash an indictment. Blackstone.

Quash transitive verb [ Old French quasser , French casser , from Latin quassare to shake, shatter, shiver, v. intens. from quatere , quassum , to shake, shatter. Confer Concussion , Discuss , Rescue , and also Quash to annul.]
1. To beat down, or beat in pieces; to dash forcibly; to crush.

The whales
Against sharp rocks, like reeling vessels, quashed ,
Though huge as mountains, are in pieces dashed.
Waller.

2. To crush; to subdue; to suppress or extinguish summarily and completely; as, to quash a rebellion.

Contrition is apt to quash or allay all worldly grief.
Barrow.

Quash intransitive verb To be shaken, or dashed about, with noise.

Quashee noun A negro of the West Indies.

Quasi [ Latin ] As if; as though; as it were; in a manner sense or degree; having some resemblance to; qualified; -- used as an adjective, or a prefix with a noun or an adjective; as, a quasi contract, an implied contract, an obligation which has arisen from some act, as if from a contract; a quasi corporation, a body that has some, but not all, of the peculiar attributes of a corporation; a quasi argument, that which resembles, or is used as, an argument; quasi historical, apparently historical, seeming to be historical.

Quasi corporation A corporation consisting of a person or body of persons invested with some of the qualities of an artificial person, though not expressly incorporated, esp. the official of certain municipal divisions such as counties, schools districts, and the towns of some States of the United States, certain church officials, as a churchwarden, etc.

Quasimodo noun [ So called from the first words of the Latin introit, quasi modo geniti infantes as newborn babes, 1 Pet. ii. 2. ] (R. C. Ch.) The first Sunday after Easter; Low Sunday.

Quass noun [ Russian kvas' .] A thin, sour beer, made by pouring warm water on rye or barley meal and letting it ferment, -- much used by the Russians. [ written also quas .]

Quassation noun [ Latin quassatio , from quassare to shake. See Quash to crush.] The act of shaking, or the state of being shaken. Gayton.

Quassia noun [ New Latin From the name of a negro, Quassy , or Quash , who prescribed this article as a specific.] The wood of several tropical American trees of the order Simarubeæ , as Quassia amara , Picræna excelsa , and Simaruba amara . It is intensely bitter, and is used in medicine and sometimes as a substitute for hops in making beer.

Quassin noun [ Confer French quassine . See Quassia .] (Chemistry) The bitter principle of quassia, extracted as a white crystalline substance; -- formerly called quassite . [ Written also quassīin , and quassine .]

Quat noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] (a) A pustule. [ Obsolete] (b) An annoying, worthless person. Shak.

Quat transitive verb To satiate; to satisfy. [ Prov. Eng.]

Quata noun (Zoology) The coaita.

Quatch adjective Squat; flat. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Quater-cousin noun [ French quatre four + cousin , English cousin .] A cousin within the first four degrees of kindred.

Quaternary adjective [ Latin quaternarius consisting of four each, containing four, from quaterni four each, from quattuor four: confer French quaternaire . See Four .]


1. Consisting of four; by fours, or in sets of four.

2. (Geol.) Later than, or subsequent to, the Tertiary; Post-tertiary; as, the Quaternary age, or Age of man.

Quaternary noun [ Latin numerus quaternarius : confer French quaternaire .]
1. The number four. Boyle.

2. (Geol.) The Quaternary age, era, or formation. See the Chart of Geology .

Quaternate adjective Composed of, or arranged in, sets of four; quaternary; as, quaternate leaves.

Quaternion noun [ Latin quaternio , from quaterni four each. See Quaternary .]
1. The number four. [ Poetic]

2. A set of four parts, things, or person; four things taken collectively; a group of four words, phrases, circumstances, facts, or the like.

Delivered him to four quaternions of soldiers.
Acts xii. 4.

Ye elements, the eldest birth
Of Nature's womb, that in quaternion run.
Milton.

The triads and quaternions with which he loaded his sentences.
Sir W. Scott.

3. A word of four syllables; a quadrisyllable.

4. (Math.) The quotient of two vectors, or of two directed right lines in space, considered as depending on four geometrical elements, and as expressible by an algebraic symbol of quadrinomial form.

» The science or calculus of quaternions is a new mathematical method, in which the conception of a quaternion is unfolded and symbolically expressed, and is applied to various classes of algebraical, geometrical, and physical questions, so as to discover theorems, and to arrive at the solution of problems. Sir W. R. Hamilton.

Quaternion transitive verb To divide into quaternions, files, or companies. Milton.

Quaternity noun [ Late Latin quaternitas , from Latin quaterni four each: confer French quaternité .]
1. The number four. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

2. The union of four in one, as of four persons; -- analogous to the theological term trinity .

Quateron noun See 2d Quarteron .

Quatorzain noun [ See Quatorze .] A poem of fourteen lines; a sonnet. R. H. Stoddard.

Quatorze noun [ French quatorze fourteen, Latin quattuordecim . See Fourteen .] The four aces, kings, queens, knaves, or tens, in the game of piquet; -- so called because quatorze counts as fourteen points.

Quatrain noun [ French, from quatre four, Latin quattuor , quatuor . See Four .] (Pros.) A stanza of four lines rhyming alternately. Dryden.

Quatre noun [ French] A card, die. or domino, having four spots, or pips

Quatrefeuille, Quatrefoil noun [ French quatre feuilles .] Same as Quarterfoil .

Quattrocento noun & adjective [ Italian , four hundred, used as an abbreviated expression for the dates beginning with fourteen hundred.] The fifteenth century, when applied to Italian art or literature; as, the sculpture of the quattrocento ; quattrocento style. -- Quat`tro*cen"tist noun

Quatuor noun [ French, from Latin quattuor , quatuor , four. See Quartet .] (Mus.) A quartet; -- applied chiefly to instrumental compositions.

Quave noun See Quaver . [ Obsolete]

Quave intransitive verb To quaver. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]

Quavemire noun See Quagmire . [ Obsolete]

Quaver intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Quavered ; present participle & verbal noun Quavering .] [ Middle English quaven to shake, to tremble; confer LG. quabbeln to shake, to be soft, of fat substances, quabbe a fat lump of flesh, a dewlap, Dutch kwabbe , and English quiver , v.]
1. To tremble; to vibrate; to shake. Sir I. Newton.

2. Especially, to shake the voice; to utter or form sound with rapid or tremulous vibrations, as in singing; also, to trill on a musical instrument

Quaver transitive verb To utter with quavers.

We shall hear her quavering them . . . to some sprightly airs of the opera.
Addison.

Quaver noun
1. A shake, or rapid and tremulous vibration, of the voice, or of an instrument of music.

2. (Mus.) An eighth note. See Eighth .

Quaverer noun One who quavers; a warbler.