Quincewort Quince"wort` noun (Botany) The squinancy. Called also quinsywort .
Quinch Quinch intransitive verb [ Confer OD. quincken to quiver, shake, Fries. quink hovering. Confer Quich .] To stir; to wince. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Quincuncial Quin·cun"cial [ Latin quincuncialis , from quincunx . See Quincunx .] 1. Having the form of a quincunx. 2. (Botany) Having the leaves of a pentamerous calyx or corolla so imbricated that two are exterior, two are interior, and the other has one edge exterior and one interior; as, quincuncial æstivation. Quincuncial phyllotaxy (Botany) , an arrangement of five leaves in a spiral, each leaf two fifths of a circle from the next.
Quincuncially Quin·cun"cial·ly adverb In the manner or order of a quincunx.
Quincunx Quin"cunx noun [ Latin , from quinque five + uncia an ounce. The quincunx was marked by five small spots or balls. See Five , and Ounce the weight.] 1. An arrangement of things by fives in a square or a rectangle, one being placed at each corner and one in the middle; especially, such an arrangement of trees repeated indefinitely, so as to form a regular group with rows running in various directions. 2. (Astrol.) The position of planets when distant from each other five signs, or 150Â°. Hutton. 3. (Botany) A quincuncial arrangement, as of the parts of a flower in æstivation. See Quincuncial , 2.
Quindecagon Quin·dec"a·gon noun [ Latin quindec im fifteen + Greek ... angle.] (Geom.) A plane figure with fifteen angles, and consequently fifteen sides.
Quindecemvir Quin`de·cem"vir noun
, Latin Quindecemviri
. [ Latin , from quindecim
fifteen + vir
a man.] (Rom. Antiq.) One of a sacerdotal college of fifteen men whose chief duty was to take care of the Sibylline books.
Quindecemvirate Quin`de·cem"vi·rate noun [ Latin quindecimviratus .] The body or office of the quindecemviri.
Quindecone Quin·dec"one noun [ Latin quindecim fifteen.] (Chemistry) An unsaturated hydrocarbon, C 15 H 26 , of the valylene series, produced artificially as an oily liquid. [ Written also quindekone .]
Quindecylic Quin`de·cyl"ic noun [ Latin quindecim fifteen + -yl .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid of the fatty acid series, containing fifteen atoms of carbon; called also pentadecylic acid.
Quindem Quin"dem noun A fifteenth part. [ Obsolete]
Quindism Quin"dism noun A fifteenth. [ Obsolete] Prynne.
Quinhydrone Quin·hy"drone noun [ Quin one + hydro quinone.] (Chemistry) A green crystalline substance formed by the union of quinone with hydroquinone, or as an intermediate product in the oxidation of hydroquinone or the reduction of quinone. [ Written also chinhydrone .]
Quinia Quin"i·a noun [ New Latin ] (Chemistry) Quinine.
Quinible Quin"i·ble noun [ Latin quini five each.] (Mus.) An interval of a fifth; also, a part sung with such intervals. [ Obsolete] "He sang . . . a loud quynyble ." Chaucer.
Quinic Quin"ic adjective [ See Quinine , and confer Kinic .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, derived from, or connected with, quinine and related compounds; specifically, designating a nonnitrogenous acid obtained from cinchona bark, coffee, beans, etc., as a white crystalline substance. [ Written also chinic , kinic .]
Quinicine Quin"i·cine noun (Chemistry) An uncrystallizable alkaloid obtained by the action of heat from quinine, with which it is isomeric.
Quinidine Quin"i·dine noun (Chemistry) An alkaloid isomeric with, and resembling, quinine, found in certain species of cinchona, from which it is extracted as a bitter white crystalline substance; conchinine. It is used somewhat as a febrifuge. [ Written also chinidine .]
Quinine Qui"nine noun [ French (cf. Spanish quinina ), from Spanish quina , or quinaquina , Peruvian bark, from Peruv. kina , quina , bark. Confer Kinic .] (Chemistry) An alkaloid extracted from the bark of several species of cinchona (esp. Cinchona Calisaya ) as a bitter white crystalline substance, C 20 H 24 N 2 O 2 . Hence, by extension (Medicine) , any of the salts of this alkaloid, as the acetate, chloride, sulphate, etc., employed as a febrifuge or antiperiodic. Called also quinia , quinina , etc. [ Written also chinine .]
Quininic Qui·nin"ic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, a nitrogenous acid obtained as a yellow crystalline substance by the oxidation of quinine.
Quininism, Quinism Qui"nin·ism, Qui"nism noun (Medicine) See Cinchonism .
Quinizarin Qui·niz"a·rin [ Hydro quin one + alizarin .] (Chemistry) A yellow crystalline substance produced artificially. It is isomeric with alizarin.
Quinizine Quin"i·zine noun [ Quin oline + hydra zine .] (Chemistry) any one of a series of nitrogenous bases, certain of which are used as antipyretics.
Quinnat Quin"nat noun [ From the native name.] (Zoology) The California salmon ( Oncorhynchus choicha ); -- called also chouicha , king salmon , chinnook salmon , and Sacramento salmon . It is of great commercial importance. [ Written also quinnet .]
Quinoa Qui·no"a noun The seeds of a kind of goosewort ( Chenopodium Quinoa ), used in Chili and Peru for making porridge or cakes; also, food thus made.
Quinogen Quin"o·gen noun [ Quin ine + -gen .] (Chemistry) A hypothetical radical of quinine and related alkaloids.
Quinoidine Qui·noid"ine noun [ Quin ine + -oid .] (Med. (Chemistry) A brownish resinous substance obtained as a by-product in the treatment of cinchona bark. It consists of a mixture of several alkaloids. [ Written also chinoidine .]
Quinoline Quin"o·line noun [ Quin ine + Latin ol eum oil + -ine .] (Chemistry) A nitrogenous base, C 9 H 7 N obtained as a pungent colorless liquid by the distillation of alkaloids, bones, coal tar, etc. It the nucleus of many organic bodies, especially of certain alkaloids and related substances; hence, by extension, any one of the series of alkaloidal bases of which quinoline proper is the type. [ Written also chinoline .]
Quinologist Qui·nol"o·gist noun One who is versed in quinology.
Quinology Qui·nol"o·gy noun [ Quin ine + -logy .] The science which treats of the cultivation of the cinchona, and of its use in medicine.
Quinone Qui"none noun [ Quin ine + ket one .] (Chemistry) A crystalline substance, C 6 H 4 O 2 (called also benzoketone ), first obtained by the oxidation of quinic acid and regarded as a double ketone; also, by extension, any one of the series of which quinone proper is the type. [ Written also chinone , kinone .]
Quinovic Qui·no"vic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, a crystalline acid obtained from some varieties of cinchona bark. [ Written also chinovic , and kinovic .]
Quinovin Qui·no"vin noun [ New Latin quina nova the tree Cosmibuena magnifolia , whose bark yields quinovin.] (Chemistry) An amorphous bitter glucoside derived from cinchona and other barks. Called also quinova bitter , and quinova . [ Written also chinovin , and kinovin .]
Quinoxaline Quin·ox"a·line noun [ Quin oline + gly oxal .] (Chemistry) Any one of a series of complex nitrogenous bases obtained by the union of certain aniline derivatives with glyoxal or with certain ketones. [ Written also chinoxaline .]
Quinoxyl Quin·ox"yl noun [ Quin one + oxy gen + -yl .] (Chemistry) The hypothetical radical of certain quinone derivatives related to rhodizonic acid.
Quinoyl Qui"noyl noun [ Quin one + - yl .] (Chemistry) A radical of which quinone is the hydride, analogous to phenyl. [ Written also kinoyl .]
Quinquagesima Quin`qua·ges"i·ma adjective [ Latin , from quinquagesimus the fiftieth, akin to quinquaginta fifty, quinque five. See Five .] Fiftieth. Quinquagesima Sunday , the Sunday which is the fiftieth day before Easter, both days being included in the reckoning; -- called also Shrove Sunday .
Quinquangular Quin·quan"gu·lar adjective [ Latin quinquanqulus ; quinque five + angulus ad angle: confer French quinquangulaire .] Having five angles or corners.
Quinquarticular Quin`quar·tic"u·lar adjective [ Quin que- + article .] (Theol.) Relating to the five articles or points; as, the quinquarticular controversy between Arminians and Calvinists. [ Obsolete] Bp. Sanderson.
Quinque foliolate Quin`que fo"li·o·late adjective (Botany) Having five leaflets. Gray.
Quinque- Quin"que- [ Latin quinque five. See Five .] A combining form meaning five , five times , fivefold ; as, quinque fid, five-cleft; quinque dentate, five-toothed.
Quinqueangled Quin"que·an`gled adjective [ Quinque- + angle .] Having five angles; quinquangular.
Quinquedentate, Quinquedentated Quin`que·den"tate, Quin`que·den"ta·ted adjective [ Quinque- + dentate , - tated : confer French quinquédenté .] Five- toothed; as, a quinquedentate leaf.
Quinquefarious Quin`que·fa"ri·ous adjective [ From Latin quinque five: confer French quinquéfarié . Confer Bifarious .] (Botany) Arranged in five vertical rows; pentastichous. Gray.
Quinquefid Quin"que·fid adjective [ Quique- + the root of Latin findere to cleave: confer French quinquéfide .] (Botany) Sharply cut about halfway to the middle or base into five segments; as, a quinquefid leaf or corolla.
Quinquefoliate, Quinquefoliated Quin`que·fo"li·ate, Quin`que·fo"li·a`ted adjective [ Quinque- + foliate , - ated : confer French quinquéfolié , Latin quinquefolius .] (Botany) Having five leaves or leaflets. Gray.
Quinqueliteral Quin`que·lit"er·al adjective [ Quinque- + literal .] Consisting of five letters.
Quinquelobate, Quinquelobared Quin`que·lo"bate, Quin`que·lo"ba·red adjective [ Quinque- + lobate , -ated : confer French quinquélobé .] Cut less than halfway into portions, usually somewhat rounded; five-lobed; as, a quinquelobate leaf or corolla.
Quinquelobed Quin"que·lobed` adjective [ Quinque- + lobe .] Same as Quinquelobate .
Quinquelocular Quin`que·loc"u·lar adjective [ Quinque- + locular : confer French quinquéloculaire .] Having five cells or loculi; five-celled; as, a quinquelocular pericarp.