Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913, 100,000 entries)
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F F (ĕf). 1. F is the sixth letter of the English alphabet, and a nonvocal consonant. Its form and sound are from the Latin. The Latin borrowed the form from the Greek digamma ..., which probably had the value of English w consonant. The form and value of Greek letter came from the Phœnician, the ultimate source being probably Egyptian. Etymologically f is most closely related to p , k , v , and b ; as in English f ive, Greek pe`nte ; E. wol f , Latin lu p us, Greek ly`kos ; English f ox, v ixen ; f ragile, b reak; f ruit, b rook, transitive verb ; English b ear, Latin f erre. See Guide to Pronunciation , §§ 178, 179, 188, 198, 230. 2. (Mus.) The name of the fourth tone of the model scale, or scale of C. F sharp (F ♯) is a tone intermediate between F and G. F clef , the bass clef. See under Clef .
Fœtal Fœ"tal adjective Same as Fetal .
Fœtation Fœ·ta"tion noun Same as Fetation .
Fœticide Fœ"ti·cide noun Same as Feticide .
Fœtor Fœ"tor noun Same as Fetor .
Fœtus Fœ"tus noun Same as Fetus .
Fa Fa (fä) noun [ Italian ] (Mus.) (a) A syllable applied to the fourth tone of the diatonic scale in solmization. (b) The tone F.
Fabaceous Fa·ba"ceous (fȧ*bā"shŭs) adjective [ Latin fabaceus , from faba bean.] Having the nature of a bean; like a bean.
Fabella Fa·bel"la noun
; plural Fabellae
(-l...). [ New Latin , dim. of Latin faba
a bean.] (Anat.) One of the small sesamoid bones situated behind the condyles of the femur, in some mammals.
Fabian Fa"bi·an adjective [ Latin Fabianus , Fabius , belonging to Fabius.] Of, pertaining to, or in the manner of, the Roman general, Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus; cautious; dilatory; avoiding a decisive contest. Fabian policy , a policy like that of Fabius Maximus, who, by carefully avoiding decisive contests, foiled Hannibal, harassing his army by marches, countermarches, and ambuscades; a policy of delays and cautions.
Fabian Fa"bi·an noun A member of, or sympathizer with, the Fabian Society.
Fabian Fa"bi·an adjective 1. Of or pertaining to the Roman gens Fabia. 2. Designating, or pertaining to, a society of socialists, organized in England in 1884 to spread socialistic principles gradually without violent agitation.
The Fabian Society proposes then to conquer by delay; to carry its programme, not by a hasty rush, but through the slower, but, as it thinks, surer methods of patient discussion, exposition, and political action. William Clarke.
[ French, from Latin fabula
, from fari
to speak, say. See Ban
, and confer Fabulous
.] 1. A Feigned story or tale, intended to instruct or amuse; a fictitious narration intended to enforce some useful truth or precept; an apologue. See the Note under Apologue .
Jotham's fable of the trees is the oldest extant. Addison. 2. The plot, story, or connected series of events, forming the subject of an epic or dramatic poem.
The moral is the first business of the poet; this being formed, he contrives such a design or fable as may be most suitable to the moral. Dryden. 3. Any story told to excite wonder; common talk; the theme of talk.
"Old wives' fables
. " 1 Tim. iv. 7.
We grew Tennyson. 4. Fiction; untruth; falsehood.
The fable of the city where we dwelt.
It would look like a fable to report that this gentleman gives away a great fortune by secret methods. Addison.
Fable Fa"ble intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fabled
; present participle & verbal noun Fabling
.] To compose fables; hence, to write or speak fiction ; to write or utter what is not true.
Vain now the tales which fabling poets tell. Prior.
He fables , yet speaks truth. M. Arnold.
Fable Fa"ble transitive verb To feign; to invent; to devise, and speak of, as true or real; to tell of falsely.
The hell thou fablest . Milton.
Fabler Fa"bler (fā"blẽr) noun A writer of fables; a fabulist; a dealer in untruths or falsehoods. Bp. Hall.
Fabliau Fa`bli`au" noun
; plural Fabliaux
(-o"). [ French, from Old French fablel
, dim. of fable
a fable.] (Fr. Lit.) One of the metrical tales of the Trouvères, or early poets of the north of France.
Fabric Fab"ric noun
[ Latin fabrica
fabric, workshop: confer French fabrique
fabric. See Forge
.] 1. The structure of anything; the manner in which the parts of a thing are united; workmanship; texture; make; as cloth of a beautiful fabric . 2. That which is fabricated
; as: (a) Framework; structure; edifice; building.
Anon out of the earth a fabric huge Milton. (b) Cloth of any kind that is woven or knit from fibers, either vegetable or animal; manufactured cloth; as, silks or other fabrics . 3. The act of constructing; construction.
Rose like an exhalation.
Tithe was received by the bishop, . . . for the fabric of the churches for the poor. Milman. 4. Any system or structure consisting of connected parts; as, the fabric of the universe.
The whole vast fabric of society. Macaulay.
Fabric Fab"ric transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Fabricked ; present participle & verbal noun Fabricking .] To frame; to build; to construct. [ Obsolete] " Fabric their mansions." J. Philips.
Fabricant Fab"ri·cant noun [ French] One who fabricates; a manufacturer. Simmonds.
Fabricate Fab"ri·cate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fabricated
; present participle & verbal noun Fabricating
.] [ Latin fabricatus
, past participle of fabricari
, to frame, build, forge, from fabrica
. See Fabric
.] 1. To form into a whole by uniting its parts; to frame; to construct; to build; as, to fabricate a bridge or ship. 2. To form by art and labor; to manufacture; to produce; as, to fabricate woolens. 3. To invent and form; to forge; to devise falsely; as, to fabricate a lie or story.
Our books were not fabricated with an accomodation to prevailing usages. Paley.
Fabrication Fab`ri·ca"tion noun [ Latin fabricatio ; confer French fabrication .] 1. The act of fabricating, framing, or constructing; construction; manufacture; as, the fabrication of a bridge, a church, or a government. Burke. 2. That which is fabricated; a falsehood; as, the story is doubtless a fabrication . Syn. -- See Fiction .
Fabricator Fab"ri·ca`tor noun
[ Latin ] One who fabricates; one who constructs or makes.
The fabricator of the works of Ossian. Mason.
Fabricatress Fab"ri·ca`tress noun A woman who fabricates.
Fabrile Fab"rile adjective [ Latin fabrilis , from faber workman. See Forge .] Pertaining to a workman, or to work in stone, metal, wood etc.; as, fabrile skill.
Fabulist Fab"u·list noun [ Confer French fabuliste , from Latin fabula . See Fable .] One who invents or writes fables.
Fabulize Fab"u·lize intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Fabulized ; present participle & verbal noun Fabulizing .] [ Confer French fabuliser . See Fable .] To invent, compose, or relate fables or fictions. G. S. Faber.
Fabulosity Fab`u·los"i·ty noun [ Latin fabulositas : confer French fabulosité .] 1. Fabulousness. [ R.] Abp. Abbot. 2. A fabulous or fictitious story. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.
[ Latin fabulosus
; confer French fabuleux
. See Fable
.] 1. Feigned, as a story or fable; related in fable; devised; invented; not real; fictitious; as, a fabulous description; a fabulous hero.
The fabulous birth of Minerva. Chesterfield. 2. Passing belief; exceedingly great; as, a fabulous price. Macaulay. Fabulous age
, that period in the history of a nation of which the only accounts are myths and unverified legends; as, the fabulous age of Greece and Rome.
-- Fab"u*lous*ly adverb
Faburden Fab"ur·den (făb"ŭr*d e n) noun [ French faux bourdon . See False , and Burden a verse.] 1. (Mus.) (a) A species of counterpoint with a drone bass. (b) A succession of chords of the sixth. [ Obsolete] 2. A monotonous refrain. [ Obsolete] Holland.
Fac Fac (făk) noun [ Abbrev. of facsimile .] A large ornamental letter used, esp. by the early printers, at the commencement of the chapters and other divisions of a book. Brande & C.
Façade Fa`çade" (fȧ`sȧd" or fȧ`sād") noun [ French, from Italian facciata , from faccia face, Latin facies . See Face .] (Architecture) The front of a building; esp., the principal front, having some architectural pretensions. Thus a church is said to have its façade unfinished, though the interior may be in use.
Face Face noun
[ French, from Latin facies
form, shape, face, perhaps from facere
to make (see Fact
); or perhaps orig. meaning appearance
, and from a root meaning to shine
, and akin to English fancy
. Confer Facetious
.] 1. The exterior form or appearance of anything; that part which presents itself to the view; especially, the front or upper part or surface; that which particularly offers itself to the view of a spectator.
A mist . . . watered the whole face of the ground. Gen. ii. 6.
Lake Leman wooes me with its crystal face . Byron. 2. That part of a body, having several sides, which may be seen from one point, or which is presented toward a certain direction; one of the bounding planes of a solid; as, a cube has six faces . 3. (Machinery) (a) The principal dressed surface of a plate, disk, or pulley; the principal flat surface of a part or object. (b) That part of the acting surface of a cog in a cog wheel, which projects beyond the pitch line. (c) The width of a pulley, or the length of a cog from end to end; as, a pulley or cog wheel of ten inches face . 4. (Print.) (a) The upper surface, or the character upon the surface, of a type, plate, etc. (b) The style or cut of a type or font of type. 5. Outside appearance; surface show; look; external aspect, whether natural, assumed, or acquired.
To set a face upon their own malignant design. Milton.
This would produce a new face of things in Europe. Addison.
We wear a face of joy, because Wordsworth. 6. That part of the head, esp. of man, in which the eyes, cheeks, nose, and mouth are situated; visage; countenance.
We have been glad of yore.
In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread. Gen. iii. 19. 7. Cast of features; expression of countenance; look; air; appearance.
We set the best face on it we could. Dryden. 8. (Astrol.) Ten degrees in extent of a sign of the zodiac. Chaucer. 9. Maintenance of the countenance free from abashment or confusion; confidence; boldness; shamelessness; effrontery.
This is the man that has the face to charge others with false citations. Tillotson. 10. Presence; sight; front; as in the phrases, before the face of , in the immediate presence of; in the face of , before, in, or against the front of; as, to fly in the face of danger; to the face of , directly to; from the face of , from the presence of. 11. Mode of regard, whether favorable or unfavorable; favor or anger; mostly in Scriptural phrases.
The Lord make his face to shine upon thee. Num. vi. 25.
My face [ favor] will I turn also from them. Ezek. vii. 22. 12. (Mining) The end or wall of the tunnel, drift, or excavation, at which work is progressing or was last done. 13. (Com.) The exact amount expressed on a bill, note, bond, or other mercantile paper, without any addition for interest or reduction for discount. McElrath.
is used either adjectively or as part of a compound; as, face
guard or face
plan or face
hammer. Face ague (Medicine)
, a form of neuralgia, characterized by acute lancinating pains returning at intervals, and by twinges in certain parts of the face, producing convulsive twitches in the corresponding muscles; -- called also tic douloureux .
-- Face card
, one of a pack of playing cards on which a human face is represented; the king, queen, or jack.
-- Face cloth
, a cloth laid over the face of a corpse.
-- Face guard
, a mask with windows for the eyes, worn by workman exposed to great heat, or to flying particles of metal, stone, etc., as in glass works, foundries, etc.
-- Face hammer
, a hammer having a flat face.
-- Face joint (Architecture)
, a joint in the face of a wall or other structure.
-- Face mite (Zoöll.)
, a small, elongated mite ( Demdex folliculorum ), parasitic in the hair follicles of the face.
-- Face mold
, the templet or pattern by which carpenters, ect., outline the forms which are to be cut out from boards, sheet metal, ect.
-- Face plate
. (a) (Turning) A plate attached to the spindle of a lathe, to which the work to be turned may be attached. (b) A covering plate for an object, to receive wear or shock. (c) A true plane for testing a dressed surface. Knight.
-- Face wheel
. (Machinery) (a) A crown wheel. (b) A Wheel whose disk face is adapted for grinding and polishing; a lap. Cylinder face (Steam Engine)
, the flat part of a steam cylinder on which a slide valve moves.
-- Face of an anvil
, its flat upper surface.
-- Face of a bastion (Fort.)
, the part between the salient and the shoulder angle.
-- Face of coal (Mining)
, the principal cleavage plane, at right angles to the stratification.
-- Face of a gun
, the surface of metal at the muzzle.
-- Face of a place (Fort.)
, the front comprehended between the flanked angles of two neighboring bastions. Wilhelm.
-- Face of a square (Mil.)
, one of the sides of a battalion when formed in a square.
-- Face of a watch, clock, compass, card etc.
, the dial or graduated surface on which a pointer indicates the time of day, point of the compass, etc.
-- Face to face
. (a) In the presence of each other; as, to bring the accuser and the accused face to face . (b) Without the interposition of any body or substance.
"Now we see through a glass darkly; but then face to face
." 1 Cor. xiii. 12. (c) With the faces or finished surfaces turned inward or toward one another; vis Ã vis ; -- opposed to back to back .
-- To fly in the face of
, to defy; to brave; to withstand.
-- To make a face
, to distort the countenance; to make a grimace. Shak.
Face Face transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Faced
; present participle & verbal noun Facing
.] 1. To meet in front; to oppose with firmness; to resist, or to meet for the purpose of stopping or opposing; to confront; to encounter; as, to face an enemy in the field of battle.
I'll face Dryden. 2. To Confront impudently; to bully.
This tempest, and deserve the name of king.
I will neither be faced nor braved. Shak. 3. To stand opposite to; to stand with the face or front toward; to front upon; as, the apartments of the general faced the park.
He gained also with his forces that part of Britain which faces Ireland. Milton. 4. To cover in front, for ornament, protection, etc.; to put a facing upon; as, a building faced with marble. 5. To line near the edge, esp. with a different material; as, to face the front of a coat, or the bottom of a dress. 6. To cover with better, or better appearing, material than the mass consists of, for purpose of deception, as the surface of a box of tea, a barrel of sugar, etc. 7. (Machinery) To make the surface of (anything) flat or smooth; to dress the face of (a stone, a casting, etc.); esp., in turning, to shape or smooth the flat surface of, as distinguished from the cylindrical surface. 8. To cause to turn or present a face or front, as in a particular direction. To face down
, to put down by bold or impudent opposition.
-- To face (a thing) out
, to persist boldly or impudently in an assertion or in a line of conduct.
"That thinks with oaths to face
the matter out
Face Face intransitive verb 1. To carry a false appearance; to play the hypocrite.
"To lie, to face
, to forge." Spenser. 2. To turn the face; as, to face to the right or left.
Face about, man; a soldier, and afraid! Dryden. 3. To present a face or front.
Faced Faced (fāst) adjective Having (such) a face, or (so many) faces; as, smooth- faced , two- faced .
(fā"sẽr) noun 1. One who faces; one who puts on a false show; a bold-faced person.
There be no greater talkers, nor boasters, nor fasers . Latimer. 2. A blow in the face, as in boxing; hence, any severe or stunning check or defeat, as in controversy.
I should have been a stercoraceous mendicant if I had hollowed when I got a facer . C. Kingsley.
Facet Fac"et noun [ French facette , dim. of face face. See Face .] 1. A little face; a small, plane surface; as, the facets of a diamond. [ Written also facette .] 2. (Anat.) A smooth circumscribed surface; as, the articular facet of a bone. 3. (Architecture) The narrow plane surface between flutings of a column. 4. (Zoology) One of the numerous small eyes which make up the compound eyes of insects and crustaceans.
Facet Fac"et transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Faceted ; present participle & verbal noun Faceting .] To cut facets or small faces upon; as, to facet a diamond.
Facete Fa·cete" adjective
[ Latin facetus
elegant, fine, facetious; akin to facies
. See Face
, and confer Facetious
.] Facetious; witty; humorous.
[ Archaic] "A facete
discourse." Jer. Taylor.
"How to interpose" with a small, smart remark, sentiment facete , or unctuous anecdote. Prof. Wilson.
Faceted Fac"et·ed adjective Having facets.
Facetious Fa·ce"tious adjective [ Confer French facétieux . See Facetiæ .] 1. Given to wit and good humor; merry; sportive; jocular; as, a facetious companion. 2. Characterized by wit and pleasantry; exciting laughter; as, a facetious story or reply. -- Fa*ce"tious*ly , adverb -- Fa*ce"tious*ness , noun
Facetiæ Fa·ce"ti·æ noun plural [ Latin , from facetus . See Facete .] Witty or humorous writings or saying; witticisms; merry conceits.
Facette Fa·cette" noun [ French] See Facet , noun
Facework Face"work` noun The material of the outside or front side, as of a wall or building; facing.
Facia Fa"ci·a noun (Architecture) See Fascia .
Facial Fa"cial adjective [ Late Latin facialis , from Latin facies face : confer French facial .] Of or pertaining to the face; as, the facial artery, vein, or nerve. -- Fa"cial*ly , adverb Facial angle (Anat.) , the angle, in a skull, included between a straight line ( ab , in the illustrations), from the most prominent part of the forehead to the front efge of the upper jaw bone, and another ( cd ) from this point to the center of the external auditory opening. See Gnathic index , under Gnathic .
Faciend Fa"ci·end noun [ From neut. of Latin faciendus , gerundive of facere to do.] (Machinery) The multiplicand. See Facient , 2.
Facient Fa"cient noun [ Latin faciens , -- entis , present participle of facere to make, do. See Fact .] 1. One who does anything, good or bad; a doer; an agent. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hacket. 2. (Machinery) (a) One of the variables of a quantic as distinguished from a coefficient. (b) The multiplier. » The terms facient , faciend , and factum , may imply that the multiplication involved is not ordinary multiplication, but is either some specified operation, or, in general, any mathematical operation. See Multiplication .
Facies Fa"ci·es noun [ Latin , from, face. See Face .] 1. The anterior part of the head; the face. 2. (Biol.) The general aspect or habit of a species, or group of species, esp. with reference to its adaptation to its environment. 3. (Zoology) The face of a bird, or the front of the head, excluding the bill. Facies Hippocratica . (Medicine) See Hippocratic .
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