Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Fader noun Father. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Fadge intransitive verb
[ Confer Middle English faden
to flatter, and Anglo-Saxon f...gan
to join, unit, German fügen
, or Anglo-Saxon āfægian
to depict; all perhaps form the same root as English fair
. Confer Fair
to fit.] To fit; to suit; to agree.
They shall be made, spite of antipathy, to fadge together. Milton.
Well, Sir, how fadges the new design ? Wycherley.
Fadge noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] A small flat loaf or thick cake; also, a fagot. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
Fading adjective Losing freshness, color, brightness, or vigor. -- noun Loss of color, freshness, or vigor. -- Fad"ing*ly , adverb -- Fad"ing*ness , noun
Fading noun An Irish dance; also, the burden of a song. " Fading is a fine jig." [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.
Fadme noun A fathom. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Fady adjective Faded. [ R.] Shenstone.
Faëry noun & adjective Fairy. [ Archaic] Spenser.
Faffle intransitive verb
[ Confer Famble
.] To stammer.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
Fag (făg) noun A knot or coarse part in cloth. [ Obsolete]
Fag intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fagged
(făgd); present participle & verbal noun Fagging
(făg"gĭng).] [ Confer LG. fakk
wearied, weary, vaak
slumber, drowsiness, OFries. fai
, equiv. to fāch
devoted to death, Old Saxon fēgi
, Old High German feigi
, German feig
, cowardly, Icelandic feigr
fated to die, Anglo-Saxon fǣge
, Scot. faik
, to fail, stop, lower the price; or perhaps the same word as English flag
to droop.] 1. To become weary; to tire.
[ 1913 Webster]
Creighton withheld his force till the Italian began to fag . G. Mackenzie. 2. To labor to wearness; to work hard; to drudge.
Read, fag , and subdue this chapter. Coleridge. 3. To act as a fag, or perform menial services or drudgery, for another, as in some English schools. To fag out
, to become untwisted or frayed, as the end of a rope, or the edge of canvas.
Fag transitive verb 1. To tire by labor; to exhaust; as, he was almost fagged out. 2. Anything that fatigues.
It is such a fag , I came back tired to death. Miss Austen. Brain fag
. (Medicine) See Cerebropathy .
Fag-end noun 1. An end of poorer quality, or in a spoiled condition, as the coarser end of a web of cloth, the untwisted end of a rope, ect. 2. The refuse or meaner part of anything.
The fag-end of business. Collier.
Fagging (făg"gĭng) noun Laborious drudgery; esp., the acting as a drudge for another at an English school.
[ French, probably aug. of Latin fax
, torch, perhaps orig., a bundle of sticks; confer Greek fa`kelos
bundle, fagot. Confer Fagotto
.] 1. A bundle of sticks, twigs, or small branches of trees, used for fuel, for raising batteries, filling ditches, or other purposes in fortification; a fascine. Shak. 2. A bundle of pieces of wrought iron to be worked over into bars or other shapes by rolling or hammering at a welding heat; a pile. 3. (Mus.) A bassoon. See Fagotto . 4. A person hired to take the place of another at the muster of a company.
[ Eng.] Addison. 5. An old shriveled woman.
[ Slang, Eng.] Fagot iron
, iron, in bars or masses, manufactured from fagots.
-- Fagot vote
, the vote of a person who has been constituted a voter by being made a landholder, for party purposes.
[ Political cant, Eng.]
Fagot transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fagoted
; present participle & verbal noun Fagoting
.] To make a fagot of; to bind together in a fagot or bundle; also, to collect promiscuously. Dryden.
[ Italian See Fagot
.] (Mus.) The bassoon; -- so called from being divided into parts for ease of carriage, making, as it were, a small fagot.
Faham noun The leaves of an orchid ( Angraecum fragrans ), of the islands of Bourbon and Mauritius, used (in France) as a substitute for Chinese tea.
Fahlband noun [ G., from fahl dun-colored + band a band.] (Mining) A stratum in crystalline rock, containing metallic sulphides. Raymond.
Fahlerz, Fahlband noun
[ German fahlerz
dun-colored, fallow + erz
ore.] (Min.) Same as Tetrahedrite .
Fahlunite (fä"lŭn*īt) noun [ From Fahlun , a place in Sweden.] (Min.) A hydrated silica of alumina, resulting from the alteration of iolite.
[ 1913 Webster]
Fahrenheit adjective [ G.] Conforming to the scale used by Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit in the graduation of his thermometer; of or relating to Fahrenheit's thermometric scale. -- noun The Fahrenheit thermometer or scale. » The Fahrenheit thermometer is so graduated that the freezing point of water is at 32 degrees above the zero of its scale, and the boiling point at 212 degrees above. It is commonly used in the United States and in England.
Faïence noun [ French, from Faenza , a town in Italy, the original place of manufacture.] Glazed earthenware; esp., that which is decorated in color.
(fāl) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Failed
(fāld); present participle & verbal noun Failing
.] [ French failir
, from Latin fallere
, to deceive, akin to English fall
. See Fail
, and confer Fallacy
.] 1. To be wanting; to fall short; to be or become deficient in any measure or degree up to total absence; to cease to be furnished in the usual or expected manner, or to be altogether cut off from supply; to be lacking; as, streams fail ; crops fail .
As the waters fail from the sea. Job xiv. 11.
Till Lionel's issue fails , his should not reign. Shak. 2. To be affected with want; to come short; to lack; to be deficient or unprovided; -- used with of .
If ever they fail of beauty, this failure is not be attributed to their size. Berke. 3. To fall away; to become diminished; to decline; to decay; to sink.
When earnestly they seek Milton. 4. To deteriorate in respect to vigor, activity, resources, etc.; to become weaker; as, a sick man fails . 5. To perish; to die; -- used of a person.
Such proof, conclude they then begin to fail .
Had the king in his last sickness failed . Shak. 6. To be found wanting with respect to an action or a duty to be performed, a result to be secured, etc.; to miss; not to fulfill expectation.
Take heed now that ye fail not to do this. Ezra iv. 22.
Either my eyesight fails , or thou look'st pale. Shak. 7. To come short of a result or object aimed at or desired ; to be baffled or frusrated.
Our envious foe hath failed . Milton. 8. To err in judgment; to be mistaken.
Which ofttimes may succeed, so as perhaps Milton. 9. To become unable to meet one's engagements; especially, to be unable to pay one's debts or discharge one's business obligation; to become bankrupt or insolvent.
Shall grieve him, if I fail not.
Fail transitive verb 1. To be wanting to ; to be insufficient for; to disappoint; to desert.
There shall not fail thee a man on the throne. 1 Kings ii. 4. 2. To miss of attaining; to lose.
Though that seat of earthly bliss be failed . Milton.
[ Old French faille
, from failir
. See Fail
, intransitive verb
] 1. Miscarriage; failure; deficiency; fault; -- mostly superseded by failure or failing , except in the phrase without fail .
"His highness' fail
of issue." Shak. 2. Death; decease.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Failance noun [ Of. faillance , from faillir .] Fault; failure; omission. [ Obsolete] Bp. Fell.
Failing noun 1. A failing short; a becoming deficient; failure; deficiency; imperfection; weakness; lapse; fault; infirmity; as, a mental failing .
And ever in her mind she cast about Tennyson. 2. The act of becoming insolvent of bankrupt. Syn.
For that unnoticed failing in herself.
-- See Fault
Faille noun [ French] A soft silk, heavier than a foulard and not glossy.
[ From Fail
.] 1. Cessation of supply, or total defect; a failing; deficiency; as, failure of rain; failure of crops. 2. Omission; nonperformance; as, the failure to keep a promise. 3. Want of success; the state of having failed. 4. Decay, or defect from decay; deterioration; as, the failure of memory or of sight. 5. A becoming insolvent; bankruptcy; suspension of payment; as, failure in business. 6. A failing; a slight fault.
[ Obsolete] Johnson.
[ Middle English fain
, Anglo-Saxon fægen
; akin to Old Saxon fagan
, Icelandic faginn
glad; Anglo-Saxon fægnian
to rejoice, Old Saxon faganōn
, Icelandic fagna
, Goth. faginōn
, confer Goth. fahēds
joy; and from the same root as English fair
. Srr Fair
, and confer Fawn
to court favor.] 1. Well-pleased; glad; apt; wont; fond; inclined.
Men and birds are fain of climbing high. Shak.
To a busy man, temptation is fain to climb up together with his business. Jer. Taylor. 2. Satisfied; contented; also, constrained. Shak.
The learned Castalio was fain to make trechers at Basle to keep himself from starving. Locke.
Fain adverb With joy; gladly; -- with wold .
He would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat. Luke xv. 16.
Fain Would I woo her, yet I dare not. Shak.
Fain transitive verb & i. To be glad ; to wish or desire.
Whoso fair thing does fain to see. Spencer.
Faineance, Faineancy noun
[ Confer Old French faineance
. See Fainéant
.] Do-nothingness; inactivity; indolence.
The mask of sneering faineance was gone. C. Kingsley.
Fainéant (fa`na`äN") adjective [ F.; fait he does + néant nothing.] Doing nothing; shiftless. -- noun A do-nothing; an idle fellow; a sluggard. Sir W. Scott.
Fainéant deity A deity recognized as real but conceived as not acting in human affairs, hence not worshiped.
[ Compar. Fainter
(-ẽr); superl. Faintest
.] [ Middle English feint
, false, faint, French feint
, past participle of feindre
to feign, suppose, hesitate. See Feign
, and confer Feint
.] 1. Lacking strength; weak; languid; inclined to swoon; as, faint with fatigue, hunger, or thirst. 2. Wanting in courage, spirit, or energy; timorous; cowardly; dejected; depressed; as, " Faint heart ne'er won fair lady." Old Proverb. 3. Lacking distinctness; hardly perceptible; striking the senses feebly; not bright, or loud, or sharp, or forcible; weak; as, a faint color, or sound. 4. Performed, done, or acted, in a weak or feeble manner; not exhibiting vigor, strength, or energy; slight; as, faint efforts; faint resistance.
The faint prosecution of the war. Sir J. Davies.
Faint noun The act of fainting, or the state of one who has fainted; a swoon. [ R.] See Fainting , noun
The saint, Sir W. Scott.
Who propped the Virgin in her faint .
Faint intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fainted
; present participle & verbal noun Fainting
.] 1. To become weak or wanting in vigor; to grow feeble; to lose strength and color, and the control of the bodily or mental functions; to swoon; -- sometimes with away . See Fainting , noun
Hearing the honor intended her, she fainted away. Guardian.
If I send them away fasting . . . they will faint by the way. Mark viii. 8. 2. To sink into dejection; to lose courage or spirit; to become depressed or despondent.
If thou faint in the day of adversity, thy strength is small. Prov. xxiv. 10. 3. To decay; to disappear; to vanish.
Gilded clouds, while we gaze upon them, faint before the eye. Pope.
Faint transitive verb To cause to faint or become dispirited; to depress; to weaken.
It faints me to think what follows. Shak.
Faint-hearted adjective Wanting in courage; depressed by fear; easily discouraged or frightened; cowardly; timorous; dejected.
Fear not, neither be faint- hearted . Is. vii. 4.
Fainting noun Syncope, or loss of consciousness owing to a sudden arrest of the blood supply to the brain, the face becoming pallid, the respiration feeble, and the heat's beat weak. Fainting fit , a fainting or swoon; syncope. [ Colloq.]
Faintish adjective Slightly faint; somewhat faint. -- Faint"ish*ness , noun
Faintling adjective Timorous; feeble-minded. [ Obsolete] "A fainting , silly creature." Arbuthnot.
Faintly adverb In a faint, weak, or timidmanner.
Faintness noun 1. The state of being faint; loss of strength, or of consciousness, and self-control. 2. Want of vigor or energy. Spenser. 3. Feebleness, as of color or light; lack of distinctness; as, faintness of description. 4. Faint-heartedness; timorousness; dejection.
I will send a faintness into their hearts. Lev. xxvi. 36.
Faints noun plural The impure spirit which comes over first and last in the distillation of whisky; -- the former being called the strong faints , and the latter, which is much more abundant, the weak faints . This crude spirit is much impregnated with fusel oil. Ure.