Webster's Dictionary, 1913
(sä"ȧd) noun See Sadh .
(sän) noun plural (Ethnol.) Same as Bushmen .
Sabadilla (săb`ȧ*dĭl"lȧ) noun [ Spanish cebadilla .] (Botany) A Mexican liliaceous plant ( Schœnocaulon officinale ); also, its seeds, which contain the alkaloid veratrine. It was formerly used in medicine as an emetic and purgative.
Sabal noun (Botany) A genus of palm trees including the palmetto of the Southern United States.
Sabaoth (săb"a*ŏth or sȧ"bā*ŏth; 277) noun plural [ Hebrew tsebā'ōth , plural of tsābā' , an army or host, from tsābā' , to go forth to war.]
1. Armies; hosts. [ Used twice in the English Bible, in the phrase "The Lord of Sabaoth."] 2. Incorrectly, the Sabbath.
[ See Sabbath
.] In mediæval demonology, the nocturnal assembly in which demons and sorcerers were thought to celebrate their orgies.
[ Latin Sabbatarius
: confer French sabbataire
. See Sabbath
.] 1. One who regards and keeps the seventh day of the week as holy, agreeably to the letter of the fourth commandment in the Decalogue.
» There were Christians in the early church who held this opinion, and certain Christians, esp. the Seventh-day Baptists
, hold it now. 2. A strict observer of the Sabbath.
Sabbatarian adjective Of or pertaining to the Sabbath, or the tenets of Sabbatarians.
Sabbatarianism noun The tenets of Sabbatarians. Bp. Ward (1673).
[ Middle English sabat
, French sabbat
, Latin sabbatum
, Greek sa`bbaton
, from Hebrew shabbāth
, from shābath
to rest from labor. Confer Sabbat
.] 1. A season or day of rest; one day in seven appointed for rest or worship, the observance of which was enjoined upon the Jews in the Decalogue, and has been continued by the Christian church with a transference of the day observed from the last to the first day of the week, which is called also Lord's Day .
Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Ex. xx. 8. 2. The seventh year, observed among the Israelites as one of rest and festival. Lev. xxv. 4. 3. Fig.: A time of rest or repose; intermission of pain, effort, sorrow, or the like.
Peaceful sleep out the sabbath of the tomb. Pope. Sabbath breaker
, one who violates the law of the Sabbath.
-- Sabbath breaking
, the violation of the law of the Sabbath.
-- Sabbath-day's journey
, a distance of about a mile, which, under Rabbinical law, the Jews were allowed to travel on the Sabbath. Syn.
is not strictly synonymous with Sunday
denotes the institution; Sunday
is the name of the first day of the week. The Sabbath
of the Jews is on Saturday
, and the Sabbath
of most Christians on Sunday
. In New England, the first day of the week has been called " the Sabbath
," to mark it as holy time; Sunday
is the word more commonly used, at present, in all parts of the United States, as it is in England. "So if we will be the children of our heavenly Father, we must be careful to keep the Christian Sabbath
day, which is the Sunday
Sabbathless adjective Without Sabbath, or intermission of labor; hence, without respite or rest. Bacon.
Sabbatic, Sabbatical adjective [ Greek ...: confer French sabbatique .] Of or pertaining to the Sabbath; resembling the Sabbath; enjoying or bringing an intermission of labor. Sabbatical year (Jewish Antiq.) , every seventh year, in which the Israelites were commanded to suffer their fields and vineyards to rest, or lie without tillage.
[ Latin sabbatismus
, Greek ..., from ... to keep the Sabbath: confer French sabbatisme
. See Sabbath
.] Intermission of labor, as upon the Sabbath; rest. Dr. H. More.
Sabbaton noun [ Confer Spanish zapaton , a large shoe, French sabot a wooden shoe.] A round-toed, armed covering for the feet, worn during a part of the sixteenth century in both military and civil dress.
Sabean adjective & noun Same as Sabian .
Sabella noun [ New Latin , from Latin sabulum gravel.] (Zoology) A genus of tubicolous annelids having a circle of plumose gills around the head.
Sabellian adjective Pertaining to the doctrines or tenets of Sabellius. See Sabellian , noun
Sabellian noun (Eccl. Hist.) A follower of Sabellius , a presbyter of Ptolemais in the third century, who maintained that there is but one person in the Godhead, and that the Son and Holy Spirit are only different powers, operations, or offices of the one God the Father.
Sabellianism noun (Eccl.) The doctrines or tenets of Sabellius. See Sabellian , noun
Sabelloid adjective [ Sabella + -oid .] (Zoology) Like, or related to, the genus Sabella. -- Sa*bel"loid , noun
Saber, Sabre noun [ French sabre , German säbel ; of uncertain origin; confer Hung. száblya , Pol. szabla , Russian sabla , and Latin Greek zabo`s crooked, curved.] A sword with a broad and heavy blade, thick at the back, and usually more or less curved like a scimiter; a cavalry sword. Saber fish , or Sabre fish (Zoology) , the cutlass fish.
Saber, Sabre transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sabered
; present participle & verbal noun Sabering
] [ Confer French sabrer
.] To strike, cut, or kill with a saber; to cut down, as with a saber.
You send troops to saber and bayonet us into submission. Burke.
Saberbill, Sabrebill noun (Zoology) The curlew.
Sabian adjective [ Latin Sabaeus .] [ Written also Sabean , and Sabæan .]
1. Of or pertaining to Saba in Arabia, celebrated for producing aromatic plants. 2. Relating to the religion of Saba, or to the worship of the heavenly bodies.
Sabian noun An adherent of the Sabian religion; a worshiper of the heavenly bodies. [ Written also Sabæan , and Sabean .]
Sabianism noun The doctrine of the Sabians; the Sabian religion; that species of idolatry which consists in worshiping the sun, moon, and stars; heliolatry. [ Written also Sabæanism .]
Sabicu noun The very hard wood of a leguminous West Indian tree ( Lysiloma Sabicu ), valued for shipbuilding.
Sabine adjective [ Latin Sabinus .] Of or pertaining to the ancient Sabines, a people of Italy. -- noun One of the Sabine people.
[ French, from Latin Sabina herba
, from Sabini
the Sabines. Confer Savin
.] (Botany) See Savin .
Sable noun [ Old French sable , French zibeline sable (in sense 4), Late Latin sabellum ; confer Dutch sabel , Danish sabel , zobel , Swedish sabel , sobel , German zobel ; all from Russian sóbole .]
1. (Zoology) A carnivorous animal of the Weasel family ( Mustela zibellina ) native of the northern latitudes of Europe, Asia, and America, -- noted for its fine, soft, and valuable fur. » The sable resembles the marten, but has a longer head and ears. Its fur consists of a soft under wool, with a dense coat of hair, overtopped by another still longer. It varies greatly in color and quality according to the locality and the season of the year. The darkest and most valuable furs are taken in autumn and winter in the colder parts of Siberia, Russia, and British North America. » The American sable, or marten, was formerly considered a distinct species ( Mustela Americana ), but it differs very little from the Asiatic sable, and is now considered only a geographical variety. 2. The fur of the sable. 3. A mourning garment; a funeral robe; -- generally in the plural. " Sables wove by destiny." Young. 4. (Her.) The tincture black; -- represented by vertical and horizontal lines crossing each other.
Sable adjective Of the color of the sable's fur; dark; black; -- used chiefly in poetry.
Night, sable goddess! from her ebon throne, Young. Sable antelope (Zoology)
In rayless majesty, now stretches forth
Her leaden scepter o'er a slumbering world.
, a large South African antelope ( Hippotragus niger ). Both sexes have long, sharp horns. The adult male is black; the female is dark chestnut above, white beneath.
-- Sable iron
, a superior quality of Russia iron; -- so called because originally stamped with the figure of a sable.
-- Sable mouse (Zoology)
, the lemming.
Sable transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sabled
; present participle & verbal noun Sabling
.] To render sable or dark; to drape darkly or in black.
Sabled all in black the shady sky. G. Fletcher.
Sabot (sȧ`bō") noun [ French]
1. A kind of wooden shoe worn by the peasantry in France, Belgium, Sweden, and some other European countries. 2. (Mil.) A thick, circular disk of wood, to which the cartridge bag and projectile are attached, in fixed ammunition for cannon; also, a piece of soft metal attached to a projectile to take the groove of the rifling.
Sabotage noun [ French] (a) Scamped work. (b) Malicious waste or destruction of an employer's property or injury to his interests by workmen during labor troubles.
Sabotière noun [ French] A kind of freezer for ices.
Sabre noun & v. See Saber .
Sabretasche noun [ French sabretache , German säbeltasche ; säbel saber + tasche a pocket.] (Mil.) A leather case or pocket worn by cavalry at the left side, suspended from the sword belt. Campbell (Dict. Mil. Sci.).
Sabrina work A variety of appliqué work for quilts, table covers, etc. Caulfeild & S. (Dict. of Needlework).
Sabulose adjective [ Latin sabulosus , from sabulum , sabulo , sand.] (Botany) Growing in sandy places.
Sabulosity noun The quality of being sabulous; sandiness; grittiness.
Sabulous adjective [ Latin sabulosus .] Sandy; gritty.
Sabæan adjective & noun Same as Sabian .