Webster's Dictionary, 1913

Search Webster
Word starts with Word or meaning contains
Sacrilege noun [ French sacrilège , Latin sacrilegium , from sacrilegus that steals, properly, gathers or picks up, sacred things; sacer sacred + legere to gather, pick up. See Sacred , and Legend .] The sin or crime of violating or profaning sacred things; the alienating to laymen, or to common purposes, what has been appropriated or consecrated to religious persons or uses.

And the hid treasures in her sacred tomb
With sacrilege to dig.
Spenser.

Families raised upon the ruins of churches, and enriched with the spoils of sacrilege .
South.

Sacrilegious adjective [ From sacrilege : confer Latin sacrilegus .] Violating sacred things; polluted with sacrilege; involving sacrilege; profane; impious.

Above the reach of sacrilegious hands.
Pope.

-- Sac`ri*le"gious*ly , adverb -- Sac`ri*le"gious*ness , noun

Sacrilegist noun One guilty of sacrilege.

Sacring adjective & noun from Sacre .

Sacring bell . See Sanctus bell , under Sanctus .

Sacrist noun [ Late Latin sacrista . See Sacristan .] A sacristan; also, a person retained in a cathedral to copy out music for the choir, and take care of the books.

Sacristan noun [ French sacristain , Late Latin sacrista , from Latin sacer . See Sacred , and confer Sexton .] An officer of the church who has the care of the utensils or movables, and of the church in general; a sexton.

Sacristy noun ; plural Sacristies . [ French sacristie , Late Latin sacristia , from Latin sacer . See Sacred .] An apartment in a church where the sacred utensils, vestments, etc., are kept; a vestry.

Sacro- (Anat.) A combining form denoting connection with , or relation to , the sacrum , as in sacro -coccygeal, sacro -iliac, sacro sciatic.

Sacrosanct adjective [ Latin sucrosanctus .] Sacred; inviolable. [ R.] Dr. H. More.

Sacrosciatic adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to both the sacrum and the hip; as, the sacrosciatic foramina formed by the sacrosciatic ligaments which connect the sacrum and the hip bone.

Sacrovertebral adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the sacrum and that part of the vertebral column immediately anterior to it; as, the sacrovertebral angle.

Sacrum noun ; plural sacra [ New Latin , from Latin sacer sacred, os sacrum the lowest bone of the spine.] (Anat.) That part of the vertebral column which is directly connected with, or forms a part of, the pelvis.

» It may consist of a single vertebra or of several more or less consolidated. In man it forms the dorsal, or posterior, wall of the pelvis, and consists of five united vertebræ, which diminish in size very rapidly to the posterior extremity, which bears the coccyx.

Sacs (saks) noun plural ; sing. Sac (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians, which, together with the Foxes, formerly occupied the region about Green Bay, Wisconsin. [ Written also Sauks .]

Sad (săd) adjective [ Compar. Sadder ; supperl. Saddest .] [ Middle English sad sated, tired, satisfied, firm, steadfast, Anglo-Saxon sæd satisfied, sated; akin to Dutch zat , Old Saxon sad , German satt , Old High German sat , Icelandic saðr , saddr , Goth. saþs , Lithuanian sotus , Latin sat , satis , enough, satur sated, Greek 'a`menai to satiate, 'a`dnh enough. Confer Assets , Sate , Satiate , Satisfy , Satire .]
1. Sated; satisfied; weary; tired. [ Obsolete]

Yet of that art they can not waxen sad ,
For unto them it is a bitter sweet.
Chaucer.

2. Heavy; weighty; ponderous; close; hard. [ Obsolete, except in a few phrases; as, sad bread.]

His hand, more sad than lump of lead.
Spenser.

Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad .
Mortimer.

3. Dull; grave; dark; somber; -- said of colors. " Sad -colored clothes." Walton.

Woad, or wade, is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all sad colors.
Mortimer.

4. Serious; grave; sober; steadfast; not light or frivolous. [ Obsolete] "Ripe and sad courage." Chaucer.

Lady Catharine, a sad and religious woman.
Bacon.

Which treaty was wisely handled by sad and discrete counsel of both parties.
Ld. Berners.

5. Affected with grief or unhappiness; cast down with affliction; downcast; gloomy; mournful.

First were we sad , fearing you would not come;
Now sadder , that you come so unprovided.
Shak.

The angelic guards ascended, mute and sad .
Milton.

6. Afflictive; calamitous; causing sorrow; as, a sad accident; a sad misfortune.

7. Hence, bad; naughty; troublesome; wicked. [ Colloq.] " Sad tipsy fellows, both of them." I. Taylor.

» Sad is sometimes used in the formation of self- explaining compounds; as, sad -colored, sad -eyed, sad -hearted, sad -looking, and the like.

Sad bread , heavy bread. [ Scot. & Local, U.S.] Bartlett.

Syn. -- Sorrowful; mournful; gloomy; dejected; depressed; cheerless; downcast; sedate; serious; grave; grievous; afflictive; calamitous.

Sad transitive verb To make sorrowful; to sadden. [ Obsolete]

How it sadded the minister's spirits!
H. Peters.

Sadda noun [ Persian sad-dar the hundred gates or ways; sad a hundred + dar door, way.] A work in the Persian tongue, being a summary of the Zend- Avesta, or sacred books.

Sadden transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Saddened ; present participle & verbal noun Saddening .] To make sad. Specifically: (a) To render heavy or cohesive. [ Obsolete]

Marl is binding, and saddening of land is the great prejudice it doth to clay lands.
Mortimer.

(b) To make dull- or sad-colored, as cloth. (c) To make grave or serious; to make melancholy or sorrowful.

Her gloomy presence saddens all the scene.
Pope.

Sadden intransitive verb To become, or be made, sad. Tennyson.

Sadder noun Same as Sadda .

Saddle noun [ Middle English sadel , Anglo-Saxon sadol ; akin to Dutch zadel , German sattel , Old High German satal , satul , Icelandic söðull , Dan. & Swedish sadel ; confer Russian siedlo ; all perhaps ultimately from the root of English sit .]
1. A seat for a rider, -- usually made of leather, padded to span comfortably a horse's back, furnished with stirrups for the rider's feet to rest in, and fastened in place with a girth; also, a seat for the rider on a bicycle or tricycle.

2. A padded part of a harness which is worn on a horse's back, being fastened in place with a girth. It serves various purposes, as to keep the breeching in place, carry guides for the reins, etc.

3. A piece of meat containing a part of the backbone of an animal with the ribs on each side; as, a saddle of mutton, of venison, etc.

4. (Nautical) A block of wood, usually fastened to some spar, and shaped to receive the end of another spar.

5. (Machinery) A part, as a flange, which is hollowed out to fit upon a convex surface and serve as a means of attachment or support.

6. (Zoology) The clitellus of an earthworm.

7. (Architecture) The threshold of a door, when a separate piece from the floor or landing; -- so called because it spans and covers the joint between two floors.

Saddle bar (Architecture) , one the small iron bars to which the lead panels of a glazed window are secured. Oxf. Gloss. -- Saddle gall (Far.) , a sore or gall upon a horse's back, made by the saddle. -- Saddle girth , a band passing round the body of a horse to hold the saddle in its place. -- saddle horse , a horse suitable or trained for riding with a saddle. -- Saddle joint , in sheet-metal roofing, a joint formed by bending up the edge of a sheet and folding it downward over the turned-up edge of the next sheet. -- Saddle roof , (Architecture) , a roof having two gables and one ridge; -- said of such a roof when used in places where a different form is more common; as, a tower surmounted by a saddle roof . Called also saddleback roof . -- Saddle shell (Zoology) , any thin plicated bivalve shell of the genera Placuna and Anomia ; -- so called from its shape. Called also saddle oyster .

Saddle transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Saddled ; present participle & verbal noun Saddling .] [ Anglo-Saxon sadelian .]
1. To put a saddle upon; to equip (a beast) for riding. " saddle my horse." Shak.

Abraham rose up early, . . . and saddled his ass.
Gen. xxii. 3.

2. Hence: To fix as a charge or burden upon; to load; to encumber; as, to saddle a town with the expense of bridges and highways.

Saddle noun
1. (Physics Geology) A ridge connected two higher elevations; a low point in the crest line of a ridge; a col.

2. (Mining) A formation of gold- bearing quartz occurring along the crest of an anticlinal fold, esp. in Australia.

Saddle-backed adjective
1. Having the outline of the upper part concave like the seat of a saddle.

2. Having a low back and high neck, as a horse.

Saddle-shaped adjective Shaped like a saddle. Specifically: (a) (Botany) Bent down at the sides so as to give the upper part a rounded form. Henslow.

(b) (Geol.) Bent on each side of a mountain or ridge, without being broken at top; -- said of strata.

Saddleback adjective Same as Saddle-backed .

Saddleback roof . (Architecture) See Saddle roof , under Saddle .

Saddleback noun
1. Anything saddle-backed; esp., a hill or ridge having a concave outline at the top.

2. (Zoology) (a) The harp seal. (b) The great blackbacked gull ( Larus marinus ). (c) The larva of a bombycid moth ( Empretia stimulea ) which has a large, bright green, saddle-shaped patch of color on the back.

Saddlebags noun plural Bags, usually of leather, united by straps or a band, formerly much used by horseback riders to carry small articles, one bag hanging on each side.

Saddlebow noun [ Anglo-Saxon sadelboga .] The bow or arch in the front part of a saddle, or the pieces which form the front.

Saddlecloth noun A cloth under a saddle, and extending out behind; a housing.

Saddled adjective (Zoology) Having a broad patch of color across the back, like a saddle; saddle-backed.

Saddler noun One who makes saddles.

2. (Zoology) A harp seal.

Saddlery noun
1. The materials for making saddles and harnesses; the articles usually offered for sale in a saddler's shop.

2. The trade or employment of a saddler.

Saddletree noun The frame of a saddle.

For saddletree scarce reached had he,
His journey to begin.
Cowper.

Sadducaic adjective Pertaining to, or like, the Sadducees; as, Sadducaic reasonings.

Sadducee noun [ Latin Sadducaei , p., Greek ..., Hebrew Tsaddūkīm ; -- so called from Tsādōk , the founder of the sect.] One of a sect among the ancient Jews, who denied the resurrection, a future state, and the existence of angels. -- Sad`du*ce"an adjective

Sadduceeism, Sadducism noun The tenets of the Sadducees.

Sadducize intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Sadducized ; present participle & verbal noun Sadducizing .] To adopt the principles of the Sadducees. Atterbury.

Sadh noun [ Sanskrit sādhu perfect, pure.] A member of a monotheistic sect of Hindoos. Sadhs resemble the Quakers in many respects. Balfour (Cyc. of India).

Sadiron noun [ Probably sad heavy + iron .] An iron for smoothing clothes; a flatiron.

Sadly adverb
1. Wearily; heavily; firmly. [ Obsolete]

In go the spears full sadly in arest.
Chaucer.

2. Seriously; soberly; gravely. [ Obsolete]

To tell thee sadly , shepherd, without blame
Or our neglect, we lost her as we came.
Milton.

3. Grievously; deeply; sorrowfully; miserably. "He sadly suffers in their grief." Dryden.

Sadness noun
1. Heaviness; firmness. [ Obsolete]

2. Seriousness; gravity; discretion. [ Obsolete]

Her sadness and her benignity.
Chaucer.

3. Quality of being sad, or unhappy; gloominess; sorrowfulness; dejection.

Dim sadness did not spare
That time celestial visages.
Milton.

Syn. -- Sorrow; heaviness; dejection. See Grief .

Sadr noun (Botany) A plant of the genus Ziziphus ( Z. lotus ); -- so called by the Arabs of Barbary, who use its berries for food. See Lotus (b) .

Saengerbund noun ; G. plural -bünde . [ German sängerbund .] (Music) A singers' union; an association of singers or singing clubs, esp. German.

Saengerfest noun [ German sängerfest .] A festival of singers; a German singing festival.

Safe adjective [ Compar. Safer ; superl. Safest .] [ Middle English sauf , French sauf , from Latin salvus , akin to salus health, welfare, safety. Confer Salute , Salvation , Sage a plant, Save , Salvo an exception.]
1. Free from harm, injury, or risk; untouched or unthreatened by danger or injury; unharmed; unhurt; secure; whole; as, safe from disease; safe from storms; safe from foes. "And ye dwelled safe ." 1 Sam. xii. 11.

They escaped all safe to land.
Acts xxvii. 44.

Established in a safe , unenvied throne.
Milton.

2. Conferring safety; securing from harm; not exposing to danger; confining securely; to be relied upon; not dangerous; as, a safe harbor; a safe bridge, etc. "The man of safe discretion." Shak.

The King of heaven hath doomed
This place our dungeon, not our safe retreat.
Milton.

3. Incapable of doing harm; no longer dangerous; in secure care or custody; as, the prisoner is safe .

But Banquo's safe ?
Ay, my good lord, safe in a ditch he bides.
Shak.

Safe hit (Baseball) , a hit which enables the batter to get to first base even if no error is made by the other side.

Syn. -- Secure; unendangered; sure.

Safe noun A place for keeping things in safety. Specifically: (a) A strong and fireproof receptacle (as a movable chest of steel, etc., or a closet or vault of brickwork) for containing money, valuable papers, or the like. (b) A ventilated or refrigerated chest or closet for securing provisions from noxious animals or insects.

Safe transitive verb To render safe; to make right. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Safe-conduct noun [ Safe + conduct : confer French sauf-conduit .] That which gives a safe passage ; either (a) a convoy or guard to protect a person in an enemy's country or a foreign country , or (b) a writing, pass, or warrant of security, given to a person to enable him to travel with safety. Shak.

Safe-conduct transitive verb To conduct safely; to give safe-conduct to. [ Poetic]

He him by all the bonds of love besought
To safe-conduct his love.
Spenser.