Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913, 100,000 entries)
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Sacalait Sac"a·lait noun (Zoology) A kind of fresh-water bass; the crappie. [ Southern U.S.]
Sacar Sa"car noun See Saker .
Saccade Sac·cade" noun [ French] (Man.) A sudden, violent check of a horse by drawing or twitching the reins on a sudden and with one pull.
Saccate Sac"cate adjective [ New Latin saccatus , from Latin saccus a sack, bag.] 1. (Biol.) Having the form of a sack or pouch; furnished with a sack or pouch, as a petal. 2. (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Saccata , a suborder of ctenophores having two pouches into which the long tentacles can be retracted.
Saccharate Sac"cha·rate noun (Chemistry) (a) A salt of saccharic acid. (b) In a wider sense, a compound of saccharose, or any similar carbohydrate, with such bases as the oxides of calcium, barium, or lead; a sucrate.
Saccharic Sac·char"ic adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, saccharine substances; specifically, designating an acid obtained, as a white amorphous gummy mass, by the oxidation of mannite, glucose, sucrose, etc.
Sacchariferous Sac`cha·rif"er·ous adjective [ Latin saccharon sugar + -ferous .] Producing sugar; as, sacchariferous canes.
Saccharify Sac·char"i·fy transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Saccharified ; present participle & verbal noun Saccharifying .] [ Latin saccharon sugar + -fy : confer French saccharifier .] To convert into, or to impregnate with, sugar.
Saccharilla Sac`cha·ril"la noun A kind of muslin.
Saccharimeter Sac`cha·rim"e·ter noun [ Latin saccharon sugar + -meter : confer French saccharimètre .] An instrument for ascertaining the quantity of saccharine matter in any solution, as the juice of a plant, or brewers' and distillers' worts. [ Written also saccharometer .] » The common saccharimeter of the brewer is an hydrometer adapted by its scale to point out the proportion of saccharine matter in a solution of any specific gravity. The polarizing saccharimeter of the chemist is a complex optical apparatus, in which polarized light is transmitted through the saccharine solution, and the proportion of sugar indicated by the relative deviation of the plane of polarization.
Saccharimetrical Sac`cha·ri·met"ric·al adjective Of or pertaining to saccharimetry; obtained by saccharimetry.
Saccharimetry Sac`cha·rim"e·try (săk`kȧ*rĭm"e*trȳ) noun The act, process or method of determining the amount and kind of sugar present in sirup, molasses, and the like, especially by the employment of polarizing apparatus.
Saccharin Sac"cha·rin (săk"kȧ*rĭn) noun [ French, from Latin saccharon sugar.] (Chemistry) A bitter white crystalline substance obtained from the saccharinates and regarded as the lactone of saccharinic acid; -- so called because formerly supposed to be isomeric with cane sugar ( saccharose ).
Saccharinate Sac"cha·ri·nate noun (Chemistry) (a) A salt of saccharinic acid. (b) A salt of saccharine.
Saccharine Sac"cha·rine adjective [ French saccharin , from Latin saccharon sugar, Greek ..., ..., ..., Sanskrit çarkara . Confer Sugar .] Of or pertaining to sugar; having the qualities of sugar; producing sugar; sweet; as, a saccharine taste; saccharine matter.
Saccharine Sac"cha·rine noun (Chemistry) A trade name for benzoic sulphinide. [ Written also saccharin .]
Saccharinic Sac"cha·rin"ic adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, saccharin; specifically, designating a complex acid not known in the free state but well known in its salts, which are obtained by boiling dextrose and levulose (invert sugar) with milk of lime.
Saccharize Sac"cha·rize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Saccharized ; present participle & verbal noun Saccharizing .] To convert into, or to impregnate with, sugar.
Saccharoid, Saccharoidal Sac"cha·roid, Sac`cha·roid"al adjective [ Latin saccharon sugar + -oid : confer French saccharoïde .] Resembling sugar, as in taste, appearance, consistency, or composition; as, saccharoidal limestone.
Saccharometer Sac`cha·rom"e·ter noun A saccharimeter.
Saccharomyces Sac`cha·ro·my"ces noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... sugar + ..., ..., a fungus.] (Biol.) A genus of budding fungi, the various species of which have the power, to a greater or less extent, or splitting up sugar into alcohol and carbonic acid. They are the active agents in producing fermentation of wine, beer, etc. Saccharomyces cerevisiæ is the yeast of sedimentary beer. Also called Torula .
Saccharomycetes Sac`cha·ro·my·ce"tes noun plural (Biol.) A family of fungi consisting of the one genus Saccharomyces.
Saccharonate Sac"cha·ro·nate noun (Chemistry) A salt of saccharonic acid.
Saccharone Sac"cha·rone noun [ Sacchar in + lact one .] (Chemistry) (a) A white crystalline substance, C 6 H 8 O 6 , obtained by the oxidation of saccharin, and regarded as the lactone of saccharonic acid. (b) An oily liquid, C 6 H 10 O 2 , obtained by the reduction of saccharin.
Saccharonic Sac`cha·ron"ic adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, saccharone; specifically, designating an unstable acid which is obtained from saccharone (a) by hydration, and forms a well-known series of salts.
Saccharose Sac"cha·rose` noun (Chemistry) Cane sugar; sucrose; also, in general, any one of the group of which saccharose, or sucrose proper, is the type. See Sucrose .
Saccharous Sac"cha·rous adjective Saccharine.
Saccharum Sac"cha·rum noun [ New Latin See Saccharine .] (Botany) A genus of tall tropical grasses including the sugar cane.
Saccholactate Sac`cho·lac"tate noun [ See Saccholactic .] (Chemistry) A salt of saccholactic acid; -- formerly called also saccholate . [ Obsolete] See Mucate .
Saccholactic Sac`cho·lac"tic adjective [ Latin saccharon sugar + lac , lactis , milk.] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid now called mucic acid ; saccholic. [ Obsolete]
Saccholic Sac·chol"ic adjective Saccholactic. [ Obsolete]
Sacchulmate Sac·chul"mate noun (Chemistry) A salt of sacchulmic acid.
Sacchulmic Sac·chul"mic adjective [ Sacch arine + ulmic .] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid obtained as a dark amorphous substance by the long-continued boiling of sucrose with very dilute sulphuric acid. It resembles humic acid. [ Written also sacculmic .]
Sacchulmin Sac·chul"min noun (Chemistry) An amorphous huminlike substance resembling sacchulmic acid, and produced together with it.
Sacciferous Sac·cif"er·ous adjective [ Latin saccus a sack + -ferous .] (Biol.) Bearing a sac.
Sacciform Sac"ci·form adjective [ Latin saccus a sack + -form .] (Biol.) Having the general form of a sac.
Saccoglossa Sac`co·glos"sa noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin saccus a sack + Greek ... a tongue.] (Zoology) Same as Pellibranchiata .
Saccular Sac"cu·lar adjective Like a sac; sacciform.
Sacculated Sac"cu·la`ted adjective Furnished with little sacs.
Saccule Sac"cule noun [ Latin sacculus , dim. of saccus sack.] A little sac; specifically, the sacculus of the ear.
Sacculo-cochlear Sac`cu·lo-coch"le·ar adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to the sacculus and cochlea of the ear.
Sacculo-utricular Sac`cu·lo-u·tric"u·lar adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to the sacculus and utriculus of the ear.
Sacculus Sac"cu·lus noun
; plural Sacculi
. [ Latin , little sack.] (Anat.) A little sac; esp., a part of the membranous labyrinth of the ear.
See the Note under Ear
Saccus Sac"cus noun
; plural Sacci
. [ Latin , a sack.] (Biol.) A sac.
Sacellum Sa·cel"lum noun
; plural Sacella
. [ Latin , dim. of sacrum
a sacred place.] (a) (Rom. Antiq.) An unroofed space consecrated to a divinity. (b) (Eccl.) A small monumental chapel in a church. Shipley.
Sacerdotal Sac`er·do"tal adjective
[ Latin sacerdotalis
, from sacerdos
, a priest, from sacer
holy, sacred: confer French sacerdotal
.] Of or pertaining to priests, or to the order of priests; relating to the priesthood; priesty; as, sacerdotal dignity; sacerdotal functions.
The ascendency of the sacerdotal order was long the ascendency which naturally and properly belongs to intellectual superiority. Macaulay.
Sacerdotalism Sac`er·do"tal·ism noun The system, style, spirit, or character, of a priesthood, or sacerdotal order; devotion to the interests of the sacerdotal order.
Sacerdotally Sac`er·do"tal·ly adverb In a sacerdotal manner.
Sachel Sach"el (săch"ĕl) noun A small bag. See Satchel .
Sachem Sa"chem (sach e m) noun A chief of a tribe of the American Indians; a sagamore. See Sagamore .