Webster's Dictionary, 1913
(sak) noun (Ethnol.) See Sacs .
[ See Sake
.] (O.Eng. Law) The privilege formerly enjoyed by the lord of a manor, of holding courts, trying causes, and imposing fines. Cowell.
[ French, from Latin saccus
a sack. See Sack
a bag.] 1. See 2d Sack . 2. (Biol.) A cavity, bag, or receptacle, usually containing fluid, and either closed, or opening into another cavity to the exterior; a sack.
Sacalait noun (Zoology) A kind of fresh-water bass; the crappie. [ Southern U.S.]
Saccade noun [ French] (Man.) A sudden, violent check of a horse by drawing or twitching the reins on a sudden and with one pull.
Saccate adjective [ New Latin saccatus , from Latin saccus a sack, bag.]
1. (Biol.) Having the form of a sack or pouch; furnished with a sack or pouch, as a petal. 2. (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Saccata , a suborder of ctenophores having two pouches into which the long tentacles can be retracted.
Saccharate noun (Chemistry) (a) A salt of saccharic acid. (b) In a wider sense, a compound of saccharose, or any similar carbohydrate, with such bases as the oxides of calcium, barium, or lead; a sucrate.
Saccharic adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, saccharine substances; specifically, designating an acid obtained, as a white amorphous gummy mass, by the oxidation of mannite, glucose, sucrose, etc.
Sacchariferous adjective [ Latin saccharon sugar + -ferous .] Producing sugar; as, sacchariferous canes.
Saccharify transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Saccharified
; present participle & verbal noun Saccharifying
.] [ Latin saccharon
sugar + -fy
: confer French saccharifier
.] To convert into, or to impregnate with, sugar.
Saccharilla noun A kind of muslin.
Saccharimeter noun [ Latin saccharon sugar + -meter : confer French saccharimètre .] An instrument for ascertaining the quantity of saccharine matter in any solution, as the juice of a plant, or brewers' and distillers' worts. [ Written also saccharometer .] » The common saccharimeter of the brewer is an hydrometer adapted by its scale to point out the proportion of saccharine matter in a solution of any specific gravity. The polarizing saccharimeter of the chemist is a complex optical apparatus, in which polarized light is transmitted through the saccharine solution, and the proportion of sugar indicated by the relative deviation of the plane of polarization.
Saccharimetrical adjective Of or pertaining to saccharimetry; obtained by saccharimetry.
Saccharimetry (săk`kȧ*rĭm"e*trȳ) noun The act, process or method of determining the amount and kind of sugar present in sirup, molasses, and the like, especially by the employment of polarizing apparatus.
Saccharin (săk"kȧ*rĭn) noun [ French, from Latin saccharon sugar.] (Chemistry) A bitter white crystalline substance obtained from the saccharinates and regarded as the lactone of saccharinic acid; -- so called because formerly supposed to be isomeric with cane sugar ( saccharose ).
Saccharinate noun (Chemistry) (a) A salt of saccharinic acid. (b) A salt of saccharine.
[ French saccharin
, from Latin saccharon
sugar, Greek ..., ..., ..., Sanskrit çarkara
. Confer Sugar
.] Of or pertaining to sugar; having the qualities of sugar; producing sugar; sweet; as, a saccharine taste; saccharine matter.
Saccharine noun (Chemistry) A trade name for benzoic sulphinide. [ Written also saccharin .]
Saccharinic adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, saccharin; specifically, designating a complex acid not known in the free state but well known in its salts, which are obtained by boiling dextrose and levulose (invert sugar) with milk of lime.
Saccharize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Saccharized
; present participle & verbal noun Saccharizing
.] To convert into, or to impregnate with, sugar.
Saccharoid, Saccharoidal adjective [ Latin saccharon sugar + -oid : confer French saccharoïde .] Resembling sugar, as in taste, appearance, consistency, or composition; as, saccharoidal limestone.
Saccharometer noun A saccharimeter.
Saccharomyces noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... sugar + ..., ..., a fungus.] (Biol.) A genus of budding fungi, the various species of which have the power, to a greater or less extent, or splitting up sugar into alcohol and carbonic acid. They are the active agents in producing fermentation of wine, beer, etc. Saccharomyces cerevisiæ is the yeast of sedimentary beer. Also called Torula .
Saccharomycetes noun plural (Biol.) A family of fungi consisting of the one genus Saccharomyces.
Saccharonate noun (Chemistry) A salt of saccharonic acid.
Saccharone noun [ Sacchar in + lact one .] (Chemistry) (a) A white crystalline substance, C 6 H 8 O 6 , obtained by the oxidation of saccharin, and regarded as the lactone of saccharonic acid. (b) An oily liquid, C 6 H 10 O 2 , obtained by the reduction of saccharin.
Saccharonic adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, saccharone; specifically, designating an unstable acid which is obtained from saccharone (a) by hydration, and forms a well-known series of salts.
Saccharose noun (Chemistry) Cane sugar; sucrose; also, in general, any one of the group of which saccharose, or sucrose proper, is the type. See Sucrose .
Saccharous adjective Saccharine.
[ New Latin See Saccharine
.] (Botany) A genus of tall tropical grasses including the sugar cane.
[ See Saccholactic
.] (Chemistry) A salt of saccholactic acid; -- formerly called also saccholate .
[ Obsolete] See Mucate
Saccholactic adjective [ Latin saccharon sugar + lac , lactis , milk.] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid now called mucic acid ; saccholic. [ Obsolete]
Saccholic adjective Saccholactic. [ Obsolete]
Sacchulmate noun (Chemistry) A salt of sacchulmic acid.
Sacchulmic adjective [ Sacch arine + ulmic .] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid obtained as a dark amorphous substance by the long-continued boiling of sucrose with very dilute sulphuric acid. It resembles humic acid. [ Written also sacculmic .]
Sacchulmin noun (Chemistry) An amorphous huminlike substance resembling sacchulmic acid, and produced together with it.
Sacciferous adjective [ Latin saccus a sack + -ferous .] (Biol.) Bearing a sac.
Sacciform adjective [ Latin saccus a sack + -form .] (Biol.) Having the general form of a sac.
Saccoglossa noun plural
[ New Latin , from Latin saccus
a sack + Greek ... a tongue.] (Zoology) Same as Pellibranchiata .
Saccular adjective Like a sac; sacciform.
Sacculated adjective Furnished with little sacs.
Saccule noun [ Latin sacculus , dim. of saccus sack.] A little sac; specifically, the sacculus of the ear.
Sacculo-cochlear adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to the sacculus and cochlea of the ear.
Sacculo-utricular adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to the sacculus and utriculus of the ear.
; plural Sacculi
. [ Latin , little sack.] (Anat.) A little sac; esp., a part of the membranous labyrinth of the ear.
See the Note under Ear
; plural Sacci
. [ Latin , a sack.] (Biol.) A sac.
; plural Sacella
. [ Latin , dim. of sacrum
a sacred place.] (a) (Rom. Antiq.) An unroofed space consecrated to a divinity. (b) (Eccl.) A small monumental chapel in a church. Shipley.
[ Latin sacerdotalis
, from sacerdos
, a priest, from sacer
holy, sacred: confer French sacerdotal
.] Of or pertaining to priests, or to the order of priests; relating to the priesthood; priesty; as, sacerdotal dignity; sacerdotal functions.
The ascendency of the sacerdotal order was long the ascendency which naturally and properly belongs to intellectual superiority. Macaulay.
Sacerdotalism noun The system, style, spirit, or character, of a priesthood, or sacerdotal order; devotion to the interests of the sacerdotal order.
Sacerdotally adverb In a sacerdotal manner.
(săch"ĕl) noun A small bag.