|Sagum Sa"gum noun
; plural Saga
. [ Latin sagum
; confer Greek .... Confer Say
a kind of serge.] (Rom. Antiq.) The military cloak of the Roman soldiers.
Sagus Sa"gus noun [ New Latin See Sago .] (Botany) A genus of palms from which sago is obtained.
Sagy Sa"gy adjective Full of sage; seasoned with sage.
Sahib Sa"hib Sa"heb noun [ Arabic çāhib master, lord, fem. çāhibah .] A respectful title or appellation given to Europeans of rank. [ India]
Sahibah Sa"hi·bah noun [ See Sahib .] A lady; mistress. [ India]
Sahidic Sa·hid"ic adjective Same as Thebaic .
Sahlite Sah"lite noun (Min.) See Salite .
Sahui Sa·hui" noun (Zoology) A marmoset.
Sai Sa"i noun [ Confer Portuguese sahi .] (Zoology) See Capuchin , 3 (a) .
Saibling Sai"bling noun [ Dial. G.] (Zoology) A European mountain trout ( Salvelinus alpinus ); -- called also Bavarian charr .
Saic Sa"ic noun [ French saïque , Turk. shaïka .] (Nautical) A kind of ketch very common in the Levant, which has neither topgallant sail nor mizzen topsail.
Said Said imperfect & past participle of Say .
Said Said adjective Before-mentioned; already spoken of or specified; aforesaid; -- used chiefly in legal style.
Saiga Sai"ga noun [ Russian saika .] (Zoology) An antelope ( Saiga Tartarica ) native of the plains of Siberia and Eastern Russia. The male has erect annulated horns, and tufts of long hair beneath the eyes and ears.
Saikyr Sai"kyr noun (Mil.) Same as Saker . [ Obsolete]
Sail Sail noun
[ Middle English seil
, Anglo-Saxon segel
; akin to Dutch zeil
, Old High German segal
, G. & Swedish segel
, Icelandic segl
, Danish seil
. √ 153.] 1. An extent of canvas or other fabric by means of which the wind is made serviceable as a power for propelling vessels through the water.
Behoves him now both sail and oar. Milton. 2. Anything resembling a sail, or regarded as a sail. 3. A wing; a van.
Like an eagle soaring Spenser. 4. The extended surface of the arm of a windmill. 5. A sailing vessel; a vessel of any kind; a craft.
To weather his broad sails .
» In this sense, the plural has usually the same form as the singular; as, twenty sail
were in sight. 6. A passage by a sailing vessel; a journey or excursion upon the water.
» Sails are of two general kinds, fore-and-aft sails
, and square sails
. Square sails are always bent to yards, with their foot lying across the line of the vessel. Fore-and-aft sails are set upon stays or gaffs with their foot in line with the keel. A fore- and-aft sail is triangular, or quadrilateral with the after leech longer than the fore leech. Square sails are quadrilateral, but not necessarily square. See Phrases under Fore
, and Square
; also, Bark
. Sail burton (Nautical)
, a purchase for hoisting sails aloft for bending.
-- Sail fluke (Zoology)
, the whiff.
-- Sail hook
, a small hook used in making sails, to hold the seams square.
-- Sail loft
, a loft or room where sails are cut out and made.
-- Sail room (Nautical)
, a room in a vessel where sails are stowed when not in use.
-- Sail yard (Nautical)
, the yard or spar on which a sail is extended.
-- Shoulder-of- mutton sail (Nautical)
, a triangular sail of peculiar form. It is chiefly used to set on a boat's mast.
-- To crowd sail
. (Nautical) See under Crowd .
-- To loose sails (Nautical)
, to unfurl or spread sails.
-- To make sail (Nautical)
, to extend an additional quantity of sail.
-- To set a sail (Nautical)
, to extend or spread a sail to the wind.
-- To set sail (Nautical)
, to unfurl or spread the sails; hence, to begin a voyage.
-- To shorten sail (Nautical)
, to reduce the extent of sail, or take in a part.
-- To strike sail (Nautical)
, to lower the sails suddenly, as in saluting, or in sudden gusts of wind; hence, to acknowledge inferiority; to abate pretension.
-- Under sail
, having the sails spread.
Sail Sail intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sailed
; present participle & verbal noun Sailing
.] [ Anglo-Saxon segelian
. See Sail
] 1. To be impelled or driven forward by the action of wind upon sails, as a ship on water; to be impelled on a body of water by the action of steam or other power. 2. To move through or on the water; to swim, as a fish or a water fowl. 3. To be conveyed in a vessel on water; to pass by water; as, they sailed from London to Canton. 4. To set sail; to begin a voyage. 5. To move smoothly through the air; to glide through the air without apparent exertion, as a bird.
As is a winged messenger of heaven, . . . Shak.
When he bestrides the lazy pacing clouds,
And sails upon the bosom of the air.
Sail Sail transitive verb 1. To pass or move upon, as in a ship, by means of sails; hence, to move or journey upon (the water) by means of steam or other force.
A thousand ships were manned to sail the sea. Dryden. 2. To fly through; to glide or move smoothly through.
Sublime she sails Pope. 3. To direct or manage the motion of, as a vessel; as, to sail one's own ship. Totten.
The aërial space, and mounts the wingèd gales.
Sailable Sail"a·ble adjective Capable of being sailed over; navigable; as, a sailable river.
Sailboat Sail"boat` noun A boat propelled by a sail or sails.
Sailcloth Sail"cloth` noun Duck or canvas used in making sails.
Sailer Sail"er noun 1. A sailor. [ R.] Sir P. Sidney. 2. A ship or other vessel; -- with qualifying words descriptive of speed or manner of sailing; as, a heavy sailer ; a fast sailer .
Sailfish Sail"fish noun (Zoology) (a) The banner fish, or spikefish ( Histiophorus .) (b) The basking, or liver, shark. (c) The quillback.
Sailing Sail"ing noun 1. The act of one who, or that which, sails; the motion of a vessel on water, impelled by wind or steam; the act of starting on a voyage. 2. (Nautical) The art of managing a vessel; seamanship; navigation; as, globular sailing ; oblique sailing . » For the several methods of sailing, see under Circular , Globular , Oblique , Parallel , etc. Sailing master (U. S. Navy) , formerly, a warrant officer, ranking next below a lieutenant, whose duties were to navigate the vessel; and under the direction of the executive officer, to attend to the stowage of the hold, to the cables, rigging, etc. The grade was merged in that of master in 1862.
Sailless Sail"less adjective Destitute of sails. Pollok.
Sailmaker Sail"mak`er noun One whose occupation is to make or repair sails. -- Sail"mak`ing , noun
Sailor Sail"or noun One who follows the business of navigating ships or other vessels; one who understands the practical management of ships; one of the crew of a vessel; a mariner; a common seaman. Syn. -- Mariner; seaman; seafarer. Sailor's choice . (Zoology) (a) An excellent marine food fish ( Diplodus, or Lagodon, rhomboides ) of the Southern United States; -- called also porgy , squirrel fish , yellowtail , and salt- water bream . (b) A species of grunt ( Orthopristis, or Pomadasys, chrysopterus ), an excellent food fish common on the southern coasts of the United States; -- called also hogfish , and pigfish .
Saily Sail"y adjective Like a sail. [ R.] Drayton.
Saim Saim noun [ Old French sain , Late Latin saginum , from Latin sagina a fattening.] Lard; grease. [ Scot. & Prov. Eng.]
Saimir Sai·mir" noun (Zoology) The squirrel monkey.
Sain Sain obsolete past participle of Say , for sayen . Said. Shak.
Sain Sain transitive verb [ Confer Saint , Sane .] To sanctify; to bless so as to protect from evil influence. [ R.] Sir W. Scott.
Sainfoin Sain"foin noun [ French, from sain wholesome (L. sanus ; see Sane .) + foin hay (L. fænum ); or perhaps from saint sacred (L. sanctus ; see Saint ) + foin hay.] (Botany) (a) A leguminous plant ( Onobrychis sativa ) cultivated for fodder. [ Written also saintfoin .] (b) A kind of tick trefoil ( Desmodium Canadense ). [ Canada]
[ French, from Latin sanctus
sacred, properly past participle of sancire
to render sacred by a religious act, to appoint as sacred; akin to sacer
sacred. Confer Sacred
.] 1. A person sanctified; a holy or godly person; one eminent for piety and virtue; any true Christian, as being redeemed and consecrated to God.
Them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints . 1 Cor. i. 2. 2. One of the blessed in heaven.
Then shall thy saints , unmixed, and from the impure Milton. 3. (Eccl.) One canonized by the church.
Far separate, circling thy holy mount,
Unfeigned hallelujahs to thee sing.
[ Abbrev. St.] Saint Andrew's cross
. (a) A cross shaped like the letter X. See Illust. 4, under Cross . (b) (Botany) A low North American shrub ( Ascyrum Crux-Andreæ , the petals of which have the form of a Saint Andrew's cross. Gray.
-- Saint Anthony's cross
, a T -shaped cross. See Illust. 6, under Cross .
-- Saint Anthony's fire
, the erysipelas; -- popularly so called because it was supposed to have been cured by the intercession of Saint Anthony.
-- Saint Anthony's nut (Botany)
, the groundnut ( Bunium flexuosum ); -- so called because swine feed on it, and St. Anthony was once a swineherd. Dr. Prior.
-- Saint Anthony's turnip (Botany)
, the bulbous crowfoot, a favorite food of swine. Dr. Prior.
-- Saint Barnaby's thistle (Botany)
, a kind of knapweed ( Centaurea solstitialis ) flowering on St. Barnabas's Day, June 11th. Dr. Prior.
-- Saint Bernard (Zoology)
, a breed of large, handsome dogs celebrated for strength and sagacity, formerly bred chiefly at the Hospice of St. Bernard in Switzerland, but now common in Europe and America. There are two races, the smooth-haired and the rough-haired. See Illust. under Dog .
-- Saint Catharine's flower (Botany)
, the plant love-in-a-mist. See under Love .
-- Saint Cuthbert's beads (Paleon.)
, the fossil joints of crinoid stems.
-- Saint Dabeoc's heath (Botany)
, a heatherlike plant ( Dabœcia polifolia ), named from an Irish saint.
-- Saint Distaff's Day
. See under Distaff .
-- Saint Elmo's fire
, a luminous, flamelike appearance, sometimes seen in dark, tempestuous nights, at some prominent point on a ship, particularly at the masthead and the yardarms. It has also been observed on land, and is due to the discharge of electricity from elevated or pointed objects. A single flame is called a Helena , or a Corposant ; a double, or twin, flame is called a Castor and Pollux , or a double Corposant . It takes its name from St. Elmo, the patron saint of sailors.
-- Saint George's cross (Her.)
, a Greek cross gules upon a field argent, the field being represented by a narrow fimbriation in the ensign, or union jack, of Great Britain.
-- Saint George's ensign
, a red cross on a white field with a union jack in the upper corner next the mast. It is the distinguishing badge of ships of the royal navy of England; -- called also the white ensign . Brande & C.
-- Saint George's flag
, a smaller flag resembling the ensign, but without the union jack; used as the sign of the presence and command of an admiral.
[ Eng.] Brande & C.
-- Saint Gobain glass (Chemistry)
, a fine variety of soda-lime plate glass, so called from St. Gobain in France, where it was manufactured.
-- Saint Ignatius's bean (Botany)
, the seed of a tree of the Philippines ( Strychnos Ignatia ), of properties similar to the nux vomica.
-- Saint James's shell (Zoology)
, a pecten ( Vola Jacobæus ) worn by pilgrims to the Holy Land. See Illust. under Scallop .
-- Saint James's-wort (Botany)
, a kind of ragwort ( Senecio Jacobæa ).
-- Saint John's bread
. (Botany) See Carob .
-- Saint John's-wort (Botany)
, any plant of the genus Hypericum , most species of which have yellow flowers; -- called also John's-wort .
-- Saint Leger
, the name of a race for three-year-old horses run annually in September at Doncaster, England; -- instituted in 1776 by Col. St. Leger.
-- Saint Martin's herb (Botany)
, a small tropical American violaceous plant ( Sauvagesia erecta ). It is very mucilaginous and is used in medicine.
-- Saint Martin's summer
, a season of mild, damp weather frequently prevailing during late autumn in England and the Mediterranean countries; -- so called from St. Martin's Festival, occurring on November 11. It corresponds to the Indian summer in America. Shak. Whittier.
-- Saint Patrick's cross
. See Illust. 4, under Cross .
-- Saint Patrick's Day
, the 17th of March, anniversary of the death (about 466) of St. Patrick, the apostle and patron saint of Ireland.
-- Saint Peter's fish
. (Zoology) See John Dory , under John .
-- Saint Peter's-wort (Botany)
, a name of several plants, as Hypericum Ascyron , H. quadrangulum , Ascyrum stans , etc.
-- Saint Peter's wreath (Botany)
, a shrubby kind of Spiræa ( S. hypericifolia ), having long slender branches covered with clusters of small white blossoms in spring.
-- Saint's bell
. See Sanctus bell , under Sanctus .
-- Saint Vitus's dance (Medicine)
, chorea; -- so called from the supposed cures wrought on intercession to this saint.
(sānt) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sainted
; present participle & verbal noun Sainting
.] To make a saint of; to enroll among the saints by an offical act, as of the pope; to canonize; to give the title or reputation of a saint to (some one).
A large hospital, erected by a shoemaker who has been beatified, though never sainted . Addison. To saint it
, to act as a saint, or with a show of piety.
Whether the charmer sinner it or saint it . Pope.
Saint Saint intransitive verb To act or live as a saint. [ R.] Shak.
Saint-Simonian Saint`-Si·mo"ni·an noun A follower of the Count de St. Simon , who died in 1825, and who maintained that the principle of property held in common, and the just division of the fruits of common labor among the members of society, are the true remedy for the social evils which exist. Brande & C.
Saint-Simonianism Saint`-Si·mo"ni·an·ism noun The principles, doctrines, or practice of the Saint-Simonians; -- called also Saint- Simonism .
Saint-Simonism Saint-Si"mon·ism noun A system of socialism in which the state owns all the property and the laborer is entitled to share according to the quality and amount of his work, founded by Saint Simon (1760-1825).
Saintdom Saint"dom (-dŭm) noun The state or character of a saint. [ R.] Tennyson.
Sainted Saint"ed adjective 1. Consecrated; sacred; holy; pious.
"A most sainted
Amongst the enthroned gods on sainted seats. Milton. 2. Entered into heaven; -- a euphemism for dead .
Saintess Saint"ess noun A female saint. [ R.] Bp. Fisher.
Sainthood Saint"hood noun 1. The state of being a saint; the condition of a saint. Walpole. 2. The order, or united body, of saints; saints, considered collectively.
It was supposed he felt no call to any expedition that might endanger the reign of the military sainthood . Sir W. Scott.
Saintish Saint"ish adjective Somewhat saintlike; - - used ironically.
Saintism Saint"ism noun The character or quality of saints; also, hypocritical pretense of holiness. Wood.
Saintlike Saint"like` adjective Resembling a saint; suiting a saint; becoming a saint; saintly.
Glossed over only with a saintlike show. Dryden.
Saintliness Saint"li·ness noun Quality of being saintly.
Saintly Saint"ly adjective
[ Compar. Saintlier
; superl. Saintliest
.] Like a saint; becoming a holy person.
So dear to Heaven is saintly chastity. Milton.
Saintologist Saint·ol"o·gist noun [ Saint + -logy + -ist .] (Theol.) One who writes the lives of saints. [ R.]
Saintship Saint"ship noun The character or qualities of a saint.
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