Salt Salt noun [ Latin saltus , from salire to leap.] The act of leaping or jumping; a leap. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
Salt rheum Salt" rheum (Medicine) A popular name, esp. in the United States, for various cutaneous eruptions, particularly for those of eczema. See Eczema .
Salt-green Salt"-green adjective Sea-green in color. Shak.
Saltant Sal"tant adjective [ Latin saltans , present participle of saltare to dance, v. intens. from salire to leap: confer French sautant . See Sally , v. ] 1. Leaping; jumping; dancing. 2. (Her.) In a leaping position; springing forward; -- applied especially to the squirrel, weasel, and rat, also to the cat, greyhound, monkey, etc.
Saltarella Sal`ta·rel"la noun See Saltarello .
Saltarello Sal`ta·rel"lo noun [ Italian , from Latin saltare to jump.] A popular Italian dance in quick 3-4 or 6-8 time, running mostly in triplets, but with a hop step at the beginning of each measure. See Tarantella .
Saltate Sal"tate intransitive verb [ See Saltant .] To leap or dance. [ R.]
Saltation Sal·ta"tion noun
[ Latin saltatio
: confer French saltation
.] 1. A leaping or jumping.
Continued his saltation without pause. Sir W. Scott. 2. Beating or palpitation; as, the saltation of the great artery. 3. (Biol.) An abrupt and marked variation in the condition or appearance of a species; a sudden modification which may give rise to new races.
We greatly suspect that nature does make considerable jumps in the way of variation now and then, and that these saltations give rise to some of the gaps which appear to exist in the series of known forms. Huxley.
Saltatoria Sal`ta·to"ri·a noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A division of Orthoptera including grasshoppers, locusts, and crickets.
Saltatorial Sal`ta·to"ri·al adjective 1. Relating to leaping; saltatory; as, saltatorial exercises. 2. (Zoology) (a) Same as Saltatorious . (b) Of or pertaining to the Saltatoria.
Saltatorious Sal`ta·to"ri·ous adjective Capable of leaping; formed for leaping; saltatory; as, a saltatorious insect or leg.
Saltatory Sal"ta·to"ry adjective [ Latin saltatorius . See Saltant , and confer Saltire .] Leaping or dancing; having the power of, or used in, leaping or dancing. Saltatory evolution (Biol.) , a theory of evolution which holds that the transmutation of species is not always gradual, but that there may come sudden and marked variations. See Saltation . -- Saltatory spasm (Medicine) , an affection in which pressure of the foot on a floor causes the patient to spring into the air, so as to make repeated involuntary motions of hopping and jumping. J. Ross.
Saltbush Salt"bush` noun (Botany) An Australian plant ( Atriplex nummularia ) of the Goosefoot family.
Saltcat Salt"cat` noun A mixture of salt, coarse meal, lime, etc., attractive to pigeons.
Saltcellar Salt"cel·lar noun [ Middle English saltsaler ; salt + French salière saltcellar, from Latin sal salt. See Salt , and confer Salary .] Formerly a large vessel, now a small vessel of glass or other material, used for holding salt on the table.
Salter Salt"er noun One who makes, sells, or applies salt; one who salts meat or fish.
Saltern Salt"ern noun A building or place where salt is made by boiling or by evaporation; salt works.
Saltfoot Salt"foot` noun A large saltcellar formerly placed near the center of the table. The superior guests were seated above the saltfoot.
Saltie Salt"ie noun (Zoology) The European dab.
Saltier Sal"tier noun See Saltire .
Saltigrade Sal"ti·grade adjective [ Latin saltus a leap + gradi to walk, go: confer French saltigrade .] (Zoology) Having feet or legs formed for leaping.
Saltigrade Sal"ti·grade noun (Zoology) One of the Saltigradæ , a tribe of spiders which leap to seize their prey.
Saltigradæ Sal`ti·gra"dæ noun plural [ New Latin See Saltigrade .] (Zoology) A tribe of spiders including those which lie in wait and leap upon their prey; the leaping spiders.
Saltimbanco Sal`tim·ban"co noun
[ Italian , literally, one who leaps or mounts upon a bench; saltare
to leap + in
in, upon + banco
a bench.] A mountebank; a quack.
[ Obsolete] [ Written also santinbanco
Saltimbancos , quacksalvers, and charlatans. Sir T. Browne.
Salting Salt"ing noun 1. The act of sprinkling, impregnating, or furnishing, with salt. 2. A salt marsh.
Saltire Sal"tire noun [ French sautoir , from Late Latin saltatorium a sort of stirrup, from Latin saltatorius saltatory. See Saltatory , Sally , v. ] (Her.) A St. Andrew's cross, or cross in the form of an X , -- one of the honorable ordinaries.
Saltirewise Sal"tire·wise` adverb (Her.) In the manner of a saltire; -- said especially of the blazoning of a shield divided by two lines drawn in the direction of a bend and a bend sinister, and crossing at the center.
Saltish Salt"ish adjective Somewhat salt. -- Salt"ish*ly , adverb -- Salt"ish*ness , noun
Saltless Salt"less adjective Destitute of salt; insipid.
Saltly Salt"ly adverb With taste of salt; in a salt manner.
Saltmouth Salt"mouth` noun A wide-mouthed bottle with glass stopper for holding chemicals, especially crystallized salts.
Saltness Salt"ness noun The quality or state of being salt, or state of being salt, or impregnated with salt; salt taste; as, the saltness of sea water.
Saltpeter, Saltpetre Salt`pe"ter, Salt`pe"tre noun [ French salpêtre , New Latin sal petrae , literally, rock salt, or stone salt; so called because it exudes from rocks or walls. See Salt , and Petrify .] (Chemistry) Potassium nitrate; niter; a white crystalline substance, KNO 3 , having a cooling saline taste, obtained by leaching from certain soils in which it is produced by the process of nitrification (see Nitrification , 2). It is a strong oxidizer, is the chief constituent of gunpowder, and is also used as an antiseptic in curing meat, and in medicine as a diuretic, diaphoretic, and refrigerant. Chili salpeter (Chemistry) , sodium nitrate (distinguished from potassium nitrate, or true salpeter), a white crystalline substance, NaNO 3 , having a cooling, saline, slightly bitter taste. It is obtained by leaching the soil of the rainless districts of Chili and Peru. It is deliquescent and cannot be used in gunpowder, but is employed in the production of nitric acid. Called also cubic niter . -- Saltpeter acid (Chemistry) , nitric acid; -- sometimes so called because made from saltpeter.
Saltpetrous Salt`pe"trous adjective [ Confer French salpêtreux .] Pertaining to saltpeter, or partaking of its qualities; impregnated with saltpeter. [ Obsolete]
Saltwort Salt"wort` noun (Botany) A name given to several plants which grow on the seashore, as the Batis maritima , and the glasswort. See Glasswort . Black saltwort , the sea milkwort.
Salty Salt"y adjective Somewhat salt; saltish.
Salubrious Sa·lu"bri·ous adjective [ Latin salubris , or saluber , from salus health; akin to salvus safe, sound, well. See Safe .] Favorable to health; healthful; promoting health; as, salubrious air, water, or climate. Syn. -- Healthful; wholesome; healthy; salutary. -- Sa-lu"bri*ous*ly , adverb -- Sa*lu"bri*ous*ness , noun
Salubrity Sa·lu"bri·ty noun [ Latin salubritas : confer French salubrité See Salubrious .] The quality of being salubrious; favorableness to the preservation of health; salubriousness; wholesomeness; healthfulness; as, the salubrity of the air, of a country, or a climate. "A sweet, dry smell of salubrity ." G. W. Cable.
Salue Sa·lue" transitive verb
[ French saluer
. See Salute
.] To salute.
There was no "good day" and no saluyng . Chaucer.
Salutary Sal"u·ta·ry adjective [ Latin salutaris , from salus , -utis , health, safety: confer French salutaire . See Salubrious .] 1. Wholesome; healthful; promoting health; as, salutary exercise. 2. Promotive of, or contributing to, some beneficial purpose; beneficial; advantageous; as, a salutary design. Syn. -- Wholesome; healthful; salubrious; beneficial; useful; advantageous; profitable. -- Sal"u*ta*ri*ly adverb -- Sal"u*ta*ri*ness , noun
Salutation Sal`u·ta"tion noun
[ Latin salutatio
: confer French salutation
. See Salute
.] The act of saluting, or paying respect or reverence, by the customary words or actions; the act of greeting, or expressing good will or courtesy; also, that which is uttered or done in saluting or greeting.
In all public meetings or private addresses, use those forms of salutation , reverence, and decency usual amongst the most sober persons. Jer. Taylor. Syn.
-- Greeting; salute; address. -- Salutation
is the general word for all manner of expressions of recognition, agreeable or otherwise, made when persons meet or communicate with each other. A greeting
may be hearty and loving, chilling and offensive, or merely formal, as in the opening sentence of legal documents. Salutation
more definitely implies a wishing well, and is used of expressions at parting as well as at meeting. It is used especially of uttered expressions of good will. Salute
, while formerly and sometimes still in the sense of either greeting
, is now used specifically to denote a conventional demonstration not expressed in words. The guests received a greeting
which relieved their embarrassment, offered their salutations
in well-chosen terms, and when they retired, as when they entered, made a deferential salute
Woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye love the uppermost seats in the synagogues, and greetings in the markets. Luke xi. 43.
When Elisabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the babe leaped in her womb. Luke i. 41.
I shall not trouble my reader with the first salutes of our three friends. Addison.
Salutatorian Sa·lu`ta·to"ri·an noun The student who pronounces the salutatory oration at the annual Commencement or like exercises of a college, -- an honor commonly assigned to that member of the graduating class who ranks second in scholarship. [ U.S.]
Salutatorily Sa·lu"ta·to·ri·ly adverb By way of salutation.
Salutatory Sa·lu"ta·to·ry adjective [ Latin salutatorius . See Salute .] Containing or expressing salutations; speaking a welcome; greeting; -- applied especially to the oration which introduces the exercises of the Commencements, or similar public exhibitions, in American colleges.
Salutatory Sa·lu"ta·to·ry noun 1. A place for saluting or greeting; a vestibule; a porch. [ Obsolete] Milton. 2. (American Colleges) The salutatory oration.
Salute Sa·lute" transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Saluted
; present participle & verbal noun Saluting
.] [ Latin salutare
, from salus
, health, safety. See Salubrious
.] 1. To address, as with expressions of kind wishes and courtesy; to greet; to hail.
I salute you with this kingly title. Shak. 2. Hence, to give a sign of good will; to compliment by an act or ceremony, as a kiss, a bow, etc.
You have the prettiest tip of a finger . . . I must take the freedom to salute it. Addison. 3. (Mil. & Naval) To honor, as some day, person, or nation, by a discharge of cannon or small arms, by dipping colors, by cheers, etc. 4. To promote the welfare and safety of; to benefit; to gratify.
[ Obsolete] "If this salute
my blood a jot." Shak.
Salute Sa·lute" noun [ Confer French salut . See Salute , v. ] 1. The act of saluting, or expressing kind wishes or respect; salutation; greeting. 2. A sign, token, or ceremony, expressing good will, compliment, or respect, as a kiss, a bow, etc. Tennyson. 3. (Mil. & Naval) A token of respect or honor for some distinguished or official personage, for a foreign vessel or flag, or for some festival or event, as by presenting arms, by a discharge of cannon, volleys of small arms, dipping the colors or the topsails, etc.
Saluter Sa·lut"er noun One who salutes.
Salutiferous Sal`u·tif"er·ous adjective
[ Latin salutifer
, health + ferre
to bring.] Bringing health; healthy; salutary; beneficial; as, salutiferous air.
Innumerable powers, all of them salutiferous . Cudworth. Syn.
-- Healthful; healthy; salutary; salubrious.
Salutiferously Sal`u·tif"er·ous·ly adverb Salutarily. [ R.]
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