Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Salivate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Salivated ; present participle & verbal noun Salivating .] [ Latin salivatus , past participle of salivare to salivate. See Saliva .] To produce an abnormal flow of saliva in; to produce salivation or ptyalism in, as by the use of mercury.

Salivation noun [ Latin salivatio : confer French salivation .] (Physiol.) The act or process of salivating; an excessive secretion of saliva, often accompanied with soreness of the mouth and gums; ptyalism.

» It may be induced by direct chemical or mechanical stimulation, as in mastication of some tasteless substance like rubber, or indirectly by some agent which affects the whole system, as mercury compounds.

Salivous adjective [ Latin salivosus : confer French saliveux .] Pertaining to saliva; of the nature of saliva.

Salix noun ; plural Salices . [ Latin , the willow.] (Botany) (a) A genus of trees or shrubs including the willow, osier, and the like, growing usually in wet grounds. (b) A tree or shrub of any kind of willow.

Sallenders noun plural [ French solandres , solandre .] (Far.) An eruption on the hind leg of a horse. [ Written also sellanders , and sellenders .]

On the inside of the hock, or a little below it, as well as at the bend of the knee, there is occasionally a scurfy eruption called "mallenders" in the fore leg, and " sallenders " in the hind leg.
Youatt.

Sallet (săl"lĕt) noun [ French salade , Spanish celada , or Italian celata , from Latin (cassis) caelata , from caelare , caelatum , to engrave in relief. So called from the figures engraved upon it.] A light kind of helmet, with or without a visor, introduced during the 15th century. [ Written also salade .]

Then he must have a sallet wherewith his head may be saved.
Latimer.

Sallet, Salleting noun Salad. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Salliance noun Salience. [ Obsolete]

Sallow (săl"lo) noun [ Middle English salwe , Anglo-Saxon sealh ; akin to Old High German salaha , German salweide , Icelandic selja , Latin salix , Ir. sail , saileach , Gael. seileach , W. helyg , Greek "eli`kh .]
1. The willow; willow twigs. [ Poetic] Tennyson.

And bend the pliant sallow to a shield.
Fawkes.

The sallow knows the basketmaker's thumb.
Emerson.

2. (Botany) A name given to certain species of willow, especially those which do not have flexible shoots, as Salix caprea , S. cinerea , etc.

Sallow thorn (Botany) , a European thorny shrub ( Hippophae rhamnoides ) much like an Elæagnus. The yellow berries are sometimes used for making jelly, and the plant affords a yellow dye.

Sallow adjective [ Compar. Sallower ; superl. Sallowest .] [ Anglo-Saxon salu ; akin to Dutch zaluw , Old High German salo , Icelandic sölr yellow.] Having a yellowish color; of a pale, sickly color, tinged with yellow; as, a sallow skin. Shak.

Sallow transitive verb To tinge with sallowness. [ Poetic]

July breathes hot, sallows the crispy fields.
Lowell.

Sallowish adjective Somewhat sallow. Dickens.

Sallowness noun The quality or condition of being sallow. Addison.

Sally (săl"lȳ) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Sallied (-lĭd); present participle & verbal noun Sallying .] [ French saillir , from Latin salire to leap, spring, akin to Greek "a`llesqai ; confer Sanskrit sr to go, to flow. Confer Salient , Assail , Assault , Exult , Insult , Saltation , Saltire .] To leap or rush out; to burst forth; to issue suddenly; as a body of troops from a fortified place to attack besiegers; to make a sally.

They break the truce, and sally out by night.
Dryden.

The foe retires, -- she heads the sallying host.
Byron.

Sally noun ; plural Sallies . [ French saillie , from saillir . See Sally , v. ]
1. A leaping forth; a darting; a spring.

2. A rushing or bursting forth; a quick issue; a sudden eruption; specifically, an issuing of troops from a place besieged to attack the besiegers; a sortie.

Sallies were made by the Spaniards, but they were beaten in with loss.
Bacon.

3. An excursion from the usual track; range; digression; deviation.

Every one shall know a country better that makes often sallies into it, and traverses it up and down, than he that . . . goes still round in the same track.
Locke.

4. A flight of fancy, liveliness, wit, or the like; a flashing forth of a quick and active mind.

The unaffected mirth with which she enjoyed his sallies .
Sir W. Scott.

5. Transgression of the limits of soberness or steadiness; act of levity; wild gayety; frolic; escapade.

The excursion was esteemed but a sally of youth.
Sir H. Wotton.

Sally port . (a) (Fort.) A postern gate, or a passage underground, from the inner to the outer works, to afford free egress for troops in a sortie . (b) (Naval) A large port on each quarter of a fireship, for the escape of the men into boats when the train is fired; a large port in an old-fashioned three-decker or a large modern ironclad.

Sally Lunn [ From a woman, Sally Lunn , who is said to have first made the cakes, and sold them in the streets of Bath, Eng.] A tea cake slighty sweetened, and raised with yeast, baked in the form of biscuits or in a thin loaf, and eaten hot with butter.

Sallyman noun (Zoology) The velella; -- called also saleeman .

Salm noun Psalm. [ Obs2E] Piers Plowman.

Salmagundi noun [ French salmigondis , of uncertain origin; perhaps from Latin salgama condita , plural; salgama pickles + condita preserved (see Condite ); or from the Countess Salmagondi , lady of honor to Maria de Medici, who is said to have invented it; or confer Italian salame salt meat, and French salmis a ragout.]
1. A mixture of chopped meat and pickled herring, with oil, vinegar, pepper, and onions. Johnson.

2. Hence, a mixture of various ingredients; an olio or medley; a potpourri; a miscellany. W. Irving.

Salmi noun (Cookery) Same as Salmis .

Salmiac noun [ Confer French salmiac , German salmiak .] (Old Chem.) Sal ammoniac. See under Sal .

Salmis noun [ French] (Cookery) A ragout of partly roasted game stewed with sauce, wine, bread, and condiments suited to provoke appetite.

Salmon (săm"ŭn) noun ; plural Salmons (-ŭnz) or ( collectively ) Salmon . [ Middle English saumoun , salmon , French saumon , from Latin salmo , salmonis , perhaps from salire to leap. Confer Sally , v. ]
1. (Zoology) Any one of several species of fishes of the genus Salmo and allied genera. The common salmon ( Salmo salar ) of Northern Europe and Eastern North America, and the California salmon, or quinnat, are the most important species. They are extensively preserved for food. See Quinnat .

» The salmons ascend rivers and penetrate to their head streams to spawn. They are remarkably strong fishes, and will even leap over considerable falls which lie in the way of their progress. The common salmon has been known to grow to the weight of seventy-five pounds; more generally it is from fifteen to twenty-five pounds. Young salmon are called parr , peal , smolt , and grilse . Among the true salmons are: Black salmon , or Lake salmon , the namaycush. -- Dog salmon , a salmon of Western North America ( Oncorhynchus keta ). -- Humpbacked salmon , a Pacific-coast salmon ( Oncorhynchus gorbuscha ). -- King salmon , the quinnat. -- Landlocked salmon , a variety of the common salmon (var. Sebago ), long confined in certain lakes in consequence of obstructions that prevented it from returning to the sea. This last is called also dwarf salmon .

Among fishes of other families which are locally and erroneously called salmon are: the pike perch, called jack salmon ; the spotted, or southern, squeteague; the cabrilla, called kelp salmon ; young pollock, called sea salmon ; and the California yellowtail.

2. A reddish yellow or orange color, like the flesh of the salmon.

Salmon berry (Botany) , a large red raspberry growing from Alaska to California, the fruit of the Rubus Nutkanus . -- Salmon killer (Zoology) , a stickleback ( Gasterosteus cataphractus ) of Western North America and Northern Asia. -- Salmon ladder , Salmon stair . See Fish ladder , under Fish . -- Salmon peel , a young salmon. -- Salmon pipe , a certain device for catching salmon. Crabb. -- Salmon trout . (Zoology) (a) The European sea trout ( Salmo trutta ). It resembles the salmon, but is smaller, and has smaller and more numerous scales. (b) The American namaycush . (c) A name that is also applied locally to the adult black spotted trout ( Salmo purpuratus ), and to the steel head and other large trout of the Pacific coast.

Salmon adjective Of a reddish yellow or orange color, like that of the flesh of the salmon.

Salmonet noun [ Confer Samlet .] (Zoology) A salmon of small size; a samlet.

Salmonoid adjective [ Salmon + -oid .] (Zoology) Like, or pertaining to, the Salmonidæ , a family of fishes including the trout and salmon. -- noun Any fish of the family Salmonidæ .

Salogen noun [ Latin sal salt + -gen .] (Chemistry) A halogen. [ Obsolete]

Salol noun [ Salicylic + - ol .] (Chemistry) A white crystalline substance consisting of phenol salicylate.

salometer noun See Salimeter .

Salometry noun Salimetry.

Salon noun [ French See Saloon .] An apartment for the reception of company; hence, in the plural, fashionable parties; circles of fashionable society.

Salon noun An apartment for the reception and exhibition of works of art; hence, an annual exhibition of paintings, sculptures, etc., held in Paris by the Society of French Artists; -- sometimes called the Old Salon . New Salon is a popular name for an annual exhibition of paintings, sculptures, etc., held in Paris at the Champs de Mars, by the Société Nationale des Beaux- Arts (National Society of Fine Arts), a body of artists who, in 1890, seceded from the Société des Artistes Français (Society of French Artists).

Saloon (sȧ*lōn") noun [ French salon (cf. Italian salone ), from French salle a large room, a hall, of German or Dutch origin; confer Old High German sal house, hall, German saal ; akin to Anglo-Saxon sæl , sele , Dutch zaal , Icelandic salr , Goth. saljan to dwell, and probably to Latin solum ground. Confer Sole of the foot, Soil ground, earth.]
1. A spacious and elegant apartment for the reception of company or for works of art; a hall of reception, esp. a hall for public entertainments or amusements; a large room or parlor; as, the saloon of a steamboat.

The gilden saloons in which the first magnates of the realm . . . gave banquets and balls.
Macaulay.

2. Popularly, a public room for specific uses; esp., a barroom or grogshop; as, a drinking saloon ; an eating saloon ; a dancing saloon .

We hear of no hells, or low music halls, or low dancing saloons [ at Athens.]
J. P. Mahaffy.

Saloop (sȧ*lōp") noun An aromatic drink prepared from sassafras bark and other ingredients, at one time much used in London. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).

Saloop bush (Botany) , an Australian shrub ( Rhagodia hastata ) of the Goosefoot family, used for fodder.

Salp (sălp) noun (Zoology) Any species of Salpa, or of the family Salpidæ .

Salpa (săl"pȧ) noun ; plural Latin Salpæ (-pē), English Salpas (-pȧz). [ New Latin : confer Latin salpa a kind of stockfish.] (Zoology) A genus of transparent, tubular, free-swimming oceanic tunicates found abundantly in all the warmer latitudes. See Illustration in Appendix.

» Each species exists in two distinct forms, one of which lives solitary, and produces, by budding from an internal organ, a series of the other kind. These are united together, side by side, so as to form a chain, or cluster, often of large size. Each of the individuals composing the chain carries a single egg, which develops into the solitary kind.

Salpian, Salpid noun (Zoology) A salpa.

Salpicon noun [ French salpicon , Spanish salpicon .] Chopped meat, bread, etc., used to stuff legs of veal or other joints; stuffing; farce. Bacon.

Salpingitis noun [ New Latin See Salpinx , and -itis .] (Medicine) Inflammation of the salpinx.

Salpinx noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., ..., a trumpet.] (Old Anat.) The Eustachian tube, or the Fallopian tube.

Salsafy noun (Botany) See Salsify .

Salsamentarious adjective [ Latin salsamentarius , from salsamentum brine, pickled fish, from salsus salted, past participle of salire to salt.] Salt; salted; saline. [ R.]

Salse noun [ French] A mud volcano, the water of which is often impregnated with salts, whence the name.

Salsify noun [ French salsifis .] (Botany) See Oyster plant (a) , under Oyster .

Salso-acid adjective [ Latin salsus salted, salt + acidus acid.] Having a taste compounded of saltness and acidity; both salt and acid. [ R.]

Salsoda noun See Sal soda , under Sal .

Salsola noun [ New Latin , from Latin salsus salt, because they contain alkaline salts.] (Botany) A genus of plants including the glasswort. See Glasswort .

salsuginous adjective [ Latin salsugo , -ginis , saltness, from salsus salted, salt: confer French salsugineux .] (Botany) Growing in brackish places or in salt marshes.