Webster's Dictionary, 1913
m) noun A chief of a tribe of the American Indians; a sagamore.
Sachemdom (-dŭm) noun The government or jurisdiction of a sachem. Dr. T. Dwight.
Sachemship noun Office or condition of a sachem.
[ French, dim. of sac
. See Sac
.] A scent bag, or perfume cushion, to be laid among handkerchiefs, garments, etc., to perfume them.
Saciety noun Satiety. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
[ Middle English seck
, French sec
dry (cf. Spanish seco
, Italian secco
), from Latin siccus
dry, harsh; perhaps akin to Greek 'ischno`s
, Sanskrit sikata
sand, Ir. sesc
dry, W. hysp
. Confer Desiccate
.] A name formerly given to various dry Spanish wines.
." Shak. Sack posset
, a posset made of sack, and some other ingredients.
[ Middle English sak
, Anglo-Saxon sacc
, Latin saccus
, Greek sa`kkos
from Hebrew sak
; confer French sac
, from the Latin. Confer Sac
to plunder.] 1. A bag for holding and carrying goods of any kind; a receptacle made of some kind of pliable material, as cloth, leather, and the like; a large pouch. 2. A measure of varying capacity, according to local usage and the substance. The American sack of salt is 215 pounds; the sack of wheat, two bushels. McElrath. 3.
[ Perhaps a different word.] Originally, a loosely hanging garment for women, worn like a cloak about the shoulders, and serving as a decorative appendage to the gown; now, an outer garment with sleeves, worn by women; as, a dressing sack .
[ Written also sacque
.] 4. A sack coat; a kind of coat worn by men, and extending from top to bottom without a cross seam. 5. (Biol.) See 2d Sac , 2. Sack bearer (Zoology)
. See Basket worm , under Basket .
-- Sack tree (Botany)
, an East Indian tree ( Antiaris saccidora ) which is cut into lengths, and made into sacks by turning the bark inside out, and leaving a slice of the wood for a bottom.
-- To give the sack to
or get the sack
, to discharge, or be discharged, from employment; to jilt, or be jilted.
Sack transitive verb 1. To put in a sack; to bag; as, to sack corn.
Bolsters sacked in cloth, blue and crimson. Latin Wallace. 2. To bear or carry in a sack upon the back or the shoulders.
[ French sac
plunder, pillage, originally, a pack, packet, booty packed up, from Latin saccus
. See Sack
a bag.] The pillage or plunder, as of a town or city; the storm and plunder of a town; devastation; ravage.
The town was stormed, and delivered up to sack , -- by which phrase is to be understood the perpetration of all those outrages which the ruthless code of war allowed, in that age, on the persons and property of the defenseless inhabitants, without regard to sex or age. Prescott.
Sack transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sacked
; present participle & verbal noun Sacking
.] [ See Sack
pillage.] To plunder or pillage, as a town or city; to devastate; to ravage.
The Romans lay under the apprehensions of seeing their city sacked by a barbarous enemy. Addison.
Sack-winged adjective (Zoology) Having a peculiar pouch developed near the front edge of the wing; -- said of certain bats of the genus Saccopteryx .
Sackage noun The act of taking by storm and pillaging; sack. [ R.] H. Roscoe.
[ French saquebute
, Old French saqueboute
a sackbut, earlier, a sort of hook attached to the end of a lance used by foot soldiers to unhorse cavalrymen; prop. meaning, pull and push; from saquier
, to pull, draw (perhaps originally, to put into a bag or take out from a bag; see Sack
a bag) + bouter
to push (see Butt
to thrust). The name was given to the musical instrument from its being lengthened and shortened.] (Mus.) A brass wind instrument, like a bass trumpet, so contrived that it can be lengthened or shortened according to the tone required; -- said to be the same as the trombone.
[ Written also sagbut
.] Moore (Encyc. of Music).
» The sackbut
of the Scriptures is supposed to have been a stringed instrument.
Sackcloth noun Linen or cotton cloth such as sacks are made of; coarse cloth; anciently, a cloth or garment worn in mourning, distress, mortification, or penitence.
Gird you with sackcloth , and mourn before Abner. 2 Sam. iii. 31.
Thus with sackcloth I invest my woe. Sandys.
Sackclothed adjective Clothed in sackcloth.
Sacker noun One who sacks; one who takes part in the storm and pillage of a town.
; plural Sackfuls As much as a sack will hold.
Sackful adjective Bent on plunder. [ Obsolete] Chapman.
Sacking noun [ Anglo-Saxon sæccing , from sæcc sack, bag.] Stout, coarse cloth of which sacks, bags, etc., are made.
Sackless adjective [ Anglo-Saxon sacleás ; sacu contention + leás loose, free from.] Quiet; peaceable; harmless; innocent. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]
[ Formed after the analogy of the French. See 2d Sack
.] Same as 2d Sack , 3.
Sacral adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the sacrum; in the region of the sacrum.
[ Latin sacramentum
an oath, a sacred thing, a mystery, a sacrament, from sacrare
to declare as sacred, sacer
sacred: confer French sacrement
. See Sacred
.] 1. The oath of allegiance taken by Roman soldiers; hence, a sacred ceremony used to impress an obligation; a solemn oath-taking; an oath.
I'll take the sacrament on't. Shak. 2. The pledge or token of an oath or solemn covenant; a sacred thing; a mystery.
God sometimes sent a light of fire, and pillar of a cloud . . . and the sacrament of a rainbow, to guide his people through their portion of sorrows. Jer. Taylor. 3. (Theol.) One of the solemn religious ordinances enjoined by Christ, the head of the Christian church, to be observed by his followers; hence, specifically, the eucharist; the Lord's Supper. Syn.
. -- Protestants apply the term sacrament
to baptism and the Lord's Supper, especially the latter. The R. Cath. and Greek churches have five other sacraments, viz., confirmation, penance, holy orders, matrimony, and extreme unction. As sacrament
denotes an oath or vow, the word has been applied by way of emphasis to the Lord's Supper, where the most sacred vows are renewed by the Christian in commemorating the death of his Redeemer. Eucharist
denotes the giving of thanks
; and this term also has been applied to the same ordinance, as expressing the grateful remembrance of Christ's sufferings and death. "Some receive the sacrament
as a means to procure great graces and blessings; others as an eucharist
and an office of thanksgiving for what they have received." Jer. Taylor.
Sacrament transitive verb To bind by an oath. [ Obsolete] Laud.
[ Latin sacramentalis
: confer French sacramental
.] 1. Of or pertaining to a sacrament or the sacraments; of the nature of a sacrament; sacredly or solemnly binding; as, sacramental rites or elements. 2. Bound by a sacrament.
The sacramental host of God's elect. Cowper.
Sacramental noun That which relates to a sacrament. Bp. Morton.
Sacramentalism noun The doctrine and use of sacraments; attachment of excessive importance to sacraments.
Sacramentalist noun One who holds the doctrine of the real objective presence of Christ's body and blood in the holy eucharist. Shipley.
Sacramentally adverb In a sacramental manner.
Sacramentarian noun [ Late Latin sacramentarius : confer French sacramentaire .]
1. (Eccl.) A name given in the sixteenth century to those German reformers who rejected both the Roman and the Lutheran doctrine of the holy eucharist. 2. One who holds extreme opinions regarding the efficacy of sacraments.
1. Of or pertaining a sacrament, or to the sacramentals; sacramental. 2. Of or pertaining to the Sacramentarians.
1. Of or pertaining to a sacrament or the sacraments; sacramental. 2. Of or pertaining to the Sacramentarians.
; plural -ries
. [ Late Latin sacramentarium
: confer French sacramentaire
.] 1. An ancient book of the Roman Catholic Church, written by Pope Gelasius, and revised, corrected, and abridged by St. Gregory, in which were contained the rites for Mass, the sacraments, the dedication of churches, and other ceremonies. There are several ancient books of the same kind in France and Germany. 2. Same as Sacramentarian , noun , 1.
Papists, Anabaptists, and Sacramentaries . Jer. Taylor.
Sacramentize intransitive verb To administer the sacraments.
Both to preach and sacramentize . Fuller.
; plural -ria
. [ Latin , from sacer
sacred.] 1. A sort of family chapel in the houses of the Romans, devoted to a special divinity. 2. The adytum of a temple. Gwilt. 3. In a Christian church, the sanctuary.
Sacrate transitive verb
[ Latin sacratus
, past participle of sacrare
. See Sacred
.] To consecrate.
Sacration noun Consecration. [ Obsolete]
Sacre transitive verb
[ French sacrer
. See Sacred
.] To consecrate; to make sacred.
[ Obsolete] Holland.
[ Originally past participle of Middle English sacren
to consecrate, French sacrer
, from Latin sacrare
, from sacer
sacred, holy, cursed. Confer Consecrate
.] 1. Set apart by solemn religious ceremony; especially, in a good sense, made holy; set apart to religious use; consecrated; not profane or common; as, a sacred place; a sacred day; sacred service. 2. Relating to religion, or to the services of religion; not secular; religious; as, sacred history.
Smit with the love of sacred song. Milton. 3. Designated or exalted by a divine sanction; possessing the highest title to obedience, honor, reverence, or veneration; entitled to extreme reverence; venerable.
Such neighbor nearness to our sacred [ royal] blood Shak.
Should nothing privilege him.
Poet and saint to thee alone were given, Cowley. 4. Hence, not to be profaned or violated; inviolable.
The two most sacred names of earth and heaven.
Secrets of marriage still are sacred held. Dryden. 5. Consecrated; dedicated; devoted; -- with to .
A temple, sacred to the queen of love. Dryden. 6. Solemnly devoted, in a bad sense, as to evil, vengeance, curse, or the like; accursed; baleful.
But, to destruction sacred and devote. Milton. Society of the Sacred Heart (R.C. Ch.)
, a religious order of women, founded in France in 1800, and approved in 1826. It was introduced into America in 1817. The members of the order devote themselves to the higher branches of female education.
-- Sacred baboon
. (Zoology) See Hamadryas .
-- Sacred bean (Botany)
, a seed of the Oriental lotus ( Nelumbo speciosa or Nelumbium speciosum ), a plant resembling a water lily; also, the plant itself. See Lotus .
-- Sacred beetle (Zoology) See Scarab .
-- Sacred canon
. See Canon , noun , 3.
- - Sacred fish (Zoology)
, any one of numerous species of fresh-water African fishes of the family Mormyridæ . Several large species inhabit the Nile and were considered sacred by the ancient Egyptians; especially Mormyrus oxyrhynchus .
-- Sacred ibis
. See Ibis .
-- Sacred monkey
. (Zoology) (a) Any Asiatic monkey of the genus Semnopithecus , regarded as sacred by the Hindoos; especially, the entellus. See Entellus . (b) The sacred baboon.
. (c) The bhunder, or rhesus monkey.
-- Sacred place (Civil Law)
, the place where a deceased person is buried. Syn.
-- Holy; divine; hallowed; consecrated; dedicated; devoted; religious; venerable; reverend. -- Sa"cred*ly adverb
Sacrific, Sacrifical adjective
[ Latin sacrificus
. See Sacrifice
.] Employed in sacrifice.
[ R.] Johnson.
Sacrificable adjective Capable of being offered in sacrifice. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.
[ Latin sacrificans
, present participle See Sacrifice
.] One who offers a sacrifice.
Sacrificator noun [ Latin ] A sacrificer; one who offers a sacrifice. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.
Sacrificatory noun [ Confer French sacrificatoire .] Offering sacrifice. [ R.] Sherwood.
[ Middle English sacrifise
, French sacrifice
, from Latin sacrificium
sacred + facere
to make. See Sacred
, and Fact
.] 1. The offering of anything to God, or to a god; consecratory rite.
Great pomp, and sacrifice , and praises loud, Milton. 2. Anything consecrated and offered to God, or to a divinity; an immolated victim, or an offering of any kind, laid upon an altar, or otherwise presented in the way of religious thanksgiving, atonement, or conciliation.
Moloch, horrid king, besmeared with blood Milton.
Of human sacrifice .
My life, if thou preserv'st my life, Addison. 3. Destruction or surrender of anything for the sake of something else; devotion of some desirable object in behalf of a higher object, or to a claim deemed more pressing; hence, also, the thing so devoted or given up; as, the sacrifice of interest to pleasure, or of pleasure to interest. 4. A sale at a price less than the cost or the actual value.
Thy sacrifice shall be.
[ Tradesmen's Cant] Burnt sacrifice
. See Burnt offering , under Burnt .
-- Sacrifice hit (Baseball)
, in batting, a hit of such a kind that the batter loses his chance of tallying, but enables one or more who are on bases to get home or gain a base.
Sacrifice transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sacrificed
; present participle & verbal noun Sacrificing
] [ From Sacrifice
: confer French sacrifier
, Latin sacrificare
sacred, holy + -ficare
(only in comp.) to make. See -fy
.] 1. To make an offering of; to consecrate or present to a divinity by way of expiation or propitiation, or as a token acknowledgment or thanksgiving; to immolate on the altar of God, in order to atone for sin, to procure favor, or to express thankfulness; as, to sacrifice an ox or a sheep.
Oft sacrificing bullock, lamb, or kid. Milton. 2. Hence, to destroy, surrender, or suffer to be lost, for the sake of obtaining something; to give up in favor of a higher or more imperative object or duty; to devote, with loss or suffering.
Condemned to sacrifice his childish years Prior.
To babbling ignorance, and to empty fears.
The Baronet had sacrificed a large sum . . . for the sake of . . . making this boy his heir. G. Eliot. 3. To destroy; to kill. Johnson. 4. To sell at a price less than the cost or the actual value.
[ Tradesmen's Cant]
Sacrifice intransitive verb To make offerings to God, or to a deity, of things consumed on the altar; to offer sacrifice.
O teacher, some great mischief hath befallen Milton.
To that meek man, who well had sacrificed .
Sacrificer noun One who sacrifices.
Sacrificial adjective Of or pertaining to sacrifice or sacrifices; consisting in sacrifice; performing sacrifice. " Sacrificial rites." Jer. Taylor.