Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Salework noun Work or things made for sale; hence, work done carelessly or slightingly. Shak.
Salian adjective Denoting a tribe of Franks who established themselves early in the fourth century on the river Sala [ now Yssel]; Salic. -- noun A Salian Frank.
Saliant adjective (Her.) Same as Salient .
[ See Sally
.] Salience; onslaught.
[ Obsolete] "So fierce saliaunce
Salic (săl"ĭk) adjective [ French salique , from the Salian Franks, who, in the fifth century, formed a body of laws called in Latin leges Salicæ .] Of or pertaining to the Salian Franks, or to the Salic law so called. [ Also salique .] Salic law . (a) A code of laws formed by the Salian Franks in the fifth century. By one provision of this code women were excluded from the inheritance of landed property. (b) Specifically, in modern times, a law supposed to be a special application of the above-mentioned provision, in accordance with which males alone can inherit the throne. This law has obtained in France, and at times in other countries of Europe, as Spain.
Salicaceous (săl`ĭ*kā"shŭs) adjective [ Latin salix , -icis , the willow.] Belonging or relating to the willow.
[ Latin salix
, - icis
, a willow: confer French salicine
. See Sallow
the tree.] (Chemistry) A glucoside found in the bark and leaves of several species of willow ( Salix ) and poplar, and extracted as a bitter white crystalline substance.
Salicyl noun [ Salic in + - yl .] (Chemistry) The hypothetical radical of salicylic acid and of certain related compounds.
Salicylal noun [ Salicyl ic + al dehide.] (Chemistry) A thin, fragrant, colorless oil, HO.C 6 H 4 .CHO, found in the flowers of meadow sweet ( Spiræa ), and also obtained by oxidation of salicin, saligenin, etc. It reddens on exposure. Called also salicylol , salicylic aldehyde , and formerly salicylous, or spiroylous, acid .
Salicylate (-at) noun (Chemistry) A salt of salicylic acid.
Salicylic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, derived from, or designating, an acid formerly obtained by fusing salicin with potassium hydroxide, and now made in large quantities from phenol (carbolic acid) by the action of carbon dioxide on heated sodium phenolate. It is a white crystalline substance. It is used as an antiseptic, and in its salts in the treatment of rheumatism. Called also hydroxybenzoic acid .
Salicylide noun [ Salicyl ic + anhydr ide .] (Chemistry) A white crystalline substance obtained by dehydration of salicylic acid.
Salicylite noun (Chemistry) A compound of salicylal; -- named after the analogy of a salt.
ic + Latin ol
eum oil.] (Chemistry) Same as Salicylal .
Salicylous adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, a substance formerly called salicylous acid , and now salicylal . [ Obsolete]
[ See Salient
.] 1. The quality or condition of being salient; a leaping; a springing forward; an assaulting. 2. The quality or state of projecting, or being projected; projection; protrusion. Sir W. Hamilton.
Saliency noun Quality of being salient; hence, vigor. "A fatal lack of poetic saliency ." J. Morley.
[ Latin saliens
, present participle of salire
to leap; confer French saillant
. See Sally
& intransitive verb
.] 1. Moving by leaps or springs; leaping; bounding; jumping.
"Frogs and salient
animals." Sir T. Browne. 2. Shooting out or up; springing; projecting.
He had in himself a salient , living spring of generous and manly action. Burke. 3. Hence, figuratively, forcing itself on the attention; prominent; conspicuous; noticeable.
He [ Grenville] had neither salient traits, nor general comprehensiveness of mind. Bancroft. 4. (Math. & Fort.) Projecting outwardly; as, a salient angle; -- opposed to reëntering . See Illust. of Bastion . 5. (Her.) Represented in a leaping position; as, a lion salient . Salient angle
. See Salient , adjective , 4.
-- Salient polygon (Geom.)
, a polygon all of whose angles are salient.
-- Salient polyhedron (Geom.)
, a polyhedron all of whose solid angles are salient.
Salient adjective (Fort.) A salient angle or part; a projection.
Saliently adverb In a salient manner.
[ Latin sal
salt + -ferous
.] Producing, or impregnated with, salt. Saliferous rocks (Geol.)
, the New Red Sandstone system of some geologists; -- so called because, in Europe, this formation contains beds of salt. The saliferous beds of New York State belong largely to the Salina period of the Upper Silurian. See the Chart of Geology .
[ Confer French salifiable
. See Salify
.] (Chemistry) Capable of neutralizing an acid to form a salt; -- said of bases; thus, ammonia is salifiable .
Salification noun [ Confer French salification .] (Chemistry) The act, process, or result of salifying; the state of being salified.
Salify transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Salified
; present participle & verbal noun Salifying
.] [ French salifier
; from Latin sal
salt + -ficare
(only in comp.) to make. See -fy
.] (Chemistry) (a) To combine or impregnate with a salt. (b) To form a salt with; to convert into a salt; as, to salify a base or an acid.
Saligenin noun [ Sal icin + -gen .] (Chemistry) A phenol alcohol obtained, by the decomposition of salicin, as a white crystalline substance; -- called also hydroxy-benzyl alcohol .
Saligot noun [ French] (Botany) The water chestnut ( Trapa natans ).
Salimeter noun [ Latin sal salt + -meter .] An instrument for measuring the amount of salt present in any given solution. [ Written also salometer .]
Salimetry noun The art or process of measuring the amount of salt in a substance.
[ Confer Latin salinae
, plural, salt works, from sal
salt. See Saline
] 1. A salt marsh, or salt pond, inclosed from the sea. 2. Salt works.
[ So called from Salina
, a town in New York.] (Geol.) The period in which the American Upper Silurian system, containing the brine-producing rocks of central New York, was formed. See the Chart of Geology .
Salination noun The act of washing with salt water. [ R. & Obsolete] Greenhill.
[ French salin
, from Latin sal
salt: confer Latin salinae
salt works, salinum
saltcellar. See Salt
.] 1. Consisting of salt, or containing salt; as, saline particles; saline substances; a saline cathartic. 2. Of the quality of salt; salty; as, a saline taste.
[ Confer French saline
. See Saline
] A salt spring; a place where salt water is collected in the earth.
1. (Chemistry) A crude potash obtained from beet-root residues and other similar sources. [ Written also salin .] 2. (Med. Chem.) A metallic salt; esp., a salt of potassium, sodium, lithium, or magnesium, used in medicine.
Salineness noun The quality or state of being salt; saltness.
.] Same as Saliferous .
Saliniform adjective Having the form or the qualities of a salt, especially of common salt.
Salinity noun Salineness. Carpenter.
Salinometer noun [ Saline + -meter .] A salimeter.
Salinous adjective Saline. [ Obsolete]
[ French] Salic. Shak.
She fulmined out her scorn of laws salique . Tennyson.
Saliretin noun [ Sali genin + Greek ... resin.] (Chemistry) A yellow amorphous resinoid substance obtained by the action of dilute acids on saligenin.
Salisburia noun [ Named after R. A. Salisbury , an English botanist.] (Botany) The ginkgo tree ( Ginkgo biloba , or Salisburia adiantifolia ).
Salite transitive verb [ Latin salitus , past participle of salire to salt, from sal salt.] To season with salt; to salt. [ Obsolete]
Salite noun [ So called from Sala , a town in Sweden.] (Min.) A massive lamellar variety of pyroxene, of a dingy green color. [ Written also sahlite .]
Saliva noun [ Latin ; confer Greek ....] (Physiol.) The secretion from the salivary glands. » In man the saliva is a more or less turbid and slighty viscid fluid, generally of an alkaline reaction, and is secreted by the parotid, submaxillary, and sublingual glands. In the mouth the saliva is mixed with the secretion from the buccal glands. The secretions from the individual salivary glands have their own special characteristics, and these are not the same in all animals. In man and many animals mixed saliva , i.e., saliva composed of the secretions of all three of the salivary glands, is an important digestive fluid on account of the presence of the peculiar enzyme, ptyalin.
Salival adjective Salivary.
[ Latin salivans
, present participle of salivare
. See Salivate
.] Producing salivation.
Salivant noun That which produces salivation.
Salivary adjective [ Latin salivarius slimy, clammy: confer French salivaire .] (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to saliva; producing or carrying saliva; as, the salivary ferment; the salivary glands; the salivary ducts, etc.