Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Saint-Simonism noun A system of socialism in which the state owns all the property and the laborer is entitled to share according to the quality and amount of his work, founded by Saint Simon (1760-1825).

Saith 3d pers. sing. present of Say . [ Archaic]

Saithe noun [ Gael. saoidheam .] (Zoology) The pollock, or coalfish; -- called also sillock . [ Scot.]

Saiva noun [ Sanskrit çaiva devoted to Siva .] One of an important religious sect in India which regards Siva with peculiar veneration.

Saivism noun The worship of Siva.

Sajene noun Same as Sagene .

Sajou noun (Zoology) Same as Sapajou .

Sake (sāk) noun [ Middle English sake cause, also, lawsuit, fault, Anglo-Saxon sacu strife, a cause or suit at law; akin to Dutch zaak cause, thing, affair, German sache thing, cause in law, Old High German sahha , Icelandic sök , Swedish sak , Danish sag , Goth. sakjō strife, Anglo-Saxon sacan to contend, strive, Goth. sakam , Icelandic saka to contend, strive, blame, Old High German sahhan , Middle High German sachen , to contend, strive, defend one's right, accuse, charge in a lawsuit, and also to English seek . Confer Seek .] Final cause; end; purpose of obtaining; cause; motive; reason; interest; concern; account; regard or respect; -- used chiefly in such phrases as, for the sake of , for his sake , for man's sake , for mercy's sake , and the like; as, to commit crime for the sake of gain; to go abroad for the sake of one's health.

Moved with wrath and shame and ladies' sake .

I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake .
Gen. viii. 21.

Will he draw out,
For anger's sake , finite to infinite?

Knowledge is for the sake of man, and not man for the sake of knowledge.
Sir W. Hamilton.

» The -s of the possessive case preceding sake is sometimes omitted for euphony; as, for goodness sake . " For conscience sake ." 1 Cor. x. 28. The plural sakes is often used with a possessive plural. "For both our sakes ." Shak.

Saker (sā"kẽr) noun [ French sacre (cf. Italian sagro , Spanish & Portuguese sacre ), either from Latin sacer sacred, holy, as a translation of Greek "ie`rax falcon, from "iero`s holy, or more probably from Arabic çaqr hawk.] [ Written also sacar , sacre .]
1. (Zoology) (a) A falcon ( Falco sacer ) native of Southern Europe and Asia, closely resembling the lanner.

» The female is called chargh , and the male charghela , or sakeret .

(b) The peregrine falcon. [ Prov. Eng.]

2. (Mil.) A small piece of artillery. Wilhelm.

On the bastions were planted culverins and sakers .

The culverins and sakers showing their deadly muzzles over the rampart.

Sakeret (sā"kẽr*ĕt) noun [ French sacret . See Saker .] (Zoology) The male of the saker (a) .

Saki (sā"kĭ) noun [ Confer F. & Portuguese saki ; probably from the native name.] (Zoology) Any one of several species of South American monkeys of the genus Pithecia . They have large ears, and a long hairy tail which is not prehensile.

» The black saki ( Pithecia satanas ), the white-headed ( P. leucocephala ), and the red-backed, or hand-drinking, saki ( P. chiropotes ), are among the best-known.

Saki (sä"ke) noun The alcoholic drink of Japan. It is made from rice.

Sakieh, Sakiyeh noun [ Arabic sāqīah canal, trench.] A kind of water wheel used in Egypt for raising water, from wells or pits, in buckets attached to its periphery or to an endless rope.

Sakti noun [ Sanskrit ] (Hind. Myth.) The divine energy, personified as the wife of a deity (Brahma, Vishnu, Siva, etc.); the female principle.

Sal (sal) noun [ Hind. sāl , Sanskrit çāla .] (Botany) An East Indian timber tree ( Shorea robusta ), much used for building purposes. It is of a light brown color, close-grained, heavy, and durable. [ Written also saul .]

Sal (săl) noun [ Latin See Salt .] (Chem. & Pharm.) Salt.

Sal absinthii [ New Latin ] (Old Chem.) , an impure potassium carbonate obtained from the ashes of wormwood ( Artemisia Absinthium ). -- Sal acetosellæ [ New Latin ] (Old Chem.) , salt of sorrel. -- Sal alembroth . (Old Chem.) See Alembroth . -- Sal ammoniac (Chemistry) , ammonium chloride, NH 4 Cl, a white crystalline volatile substance having a sharp salty taste, obtained from gas works, from nitrogenous matter, etc. It is largely employed as a source of ammonia, as a reagent, and as an expectorant in bronchitis. So called because originally made from the soot from camel's dung at the temple of Jupiter Ammon in Africa. Called also muriate of ammonia . -- Sal catharticus [ New Latin ] (Old Med. Chem.) , Epsom salts. -- Sal culinarius [ Latin ] (Old Chem.) , common salt, or sodium chloride. -- Sal Cyrenaicus . [ New Latin ] (Old Chem.) See Sal ammoniac above. -- Sal de duobus , Sal duplicatum [ New Latin ] (Old Chem.) , potassium sulphate; -- so called because erroneously supposed to be composed of two salts, one acid and one alkaline. -- Sal diureticus [ New Latin ] (Old Med. Chem.) , potassium acetate. -- Sal enixum [ New Latin ] (Old Chem.) , acid potassium sulphate. -- Sal gemmæ [ New Latin ] (Old Min.) , common salt occuring native. -- Sal Jovis [ New Latin ] (Old Chem.) , salt tin, or stannic chloride; -- the alchemical name of tin being Jove . -- Sal Martis [ New Latin ] (Old Chem.) , green vitriol, or ferrous sulphate; -- the alchemical name of iron being Mars . -- Sal microcosmicum [ New Latin ] (Old Chem.) See Microcosmic salt , under Microcosmic . -- Sal plumbi [ New Latin ] (Old Chem.) , sugar of lead. -- Sal prunella . (Old Chem.) See Prunella salt , under 1st Prunella . -- Sal Saturni [ New Latin ] (Old Chem.) , sugar of lead, or lead acetate; -- the alchemical name of lead being Saturn . -- Sal sedativus [ New Latin ] (Old Chem.) , sedative salt, or boric acid. -- Sal Seignette [ French seignette , sel de seignette ] (Chemistry) , Rochelle salt. -- Sal soda (Chemistry) , sodium carbonate. See under Sodium . -- Sal vitrioli [ New Latin ] (Old Chem.) , white vitriol; zinc sulphate. -- Sal volatile . [ New Latin ] (a) (Chemistry) See Sal ammoniac , above. (b) Spirits of ammonia.

Salaam (sȧ*läm") noun Same as Salam .

Finally, Josiah might have made his salaam to the exciseman just as he was folding up that letter.
Prof. Wilson.

Salaam intransitive verb To make or perform a salam.

I have salaamed and kowtowed to him.
H. James.

Salability noun The quality or condition of being salable; salableness. Duke of Argyll.

Salable adjective [ From Sale .] Capable of being sold; fit to be sold; finding a ready market. -- Sal"a*ble*ness , noun -- Sal"a*bly , adverb

Salacious noun [ Latin salax , -acis , fond of leaping, lustful, from salire to leap. See Salient .] Having a propensity to venery; lustful; lecherous. Dryden.

-- Sa*la"cious*ly , adverb -- Sa*la"cious*ness , noun

Salacity noun [ Latin salacitas : confer French salacité ] Strong propensity to venery; lust; lecherousness.

Salad (săl" a d) noun [ French salade , OIt. salata , Italian insalata , from salare to salt, from Latin sal salt. See Salt , and confer Slaw .]
1. A preparation of vegetables, as lettuce, celery, water cress, onions, etc., usually dressed with salt, vinegar, oil, and spice, and eaten for giving a relish to other food; as, lettuce salad ; tomato salad , etc.

Leaves eaten raw are termed salad .
I. Watts.

2. A dish composed of chopped meat or fish, esp. chicken or lobster, mixed with lettuce or other vegetables, and seasoned with oil, vinegar, mustard, and other condiments; as, chicken salad ; lobster salad .

Salad burnet (Botany) , the common burnet ( Poterium Sanguisorba ), sometimes eaten as a salad in Italy.

Salade noun A helmet. See Sallet .

Salading noun Vegetables for salad.

Salagane noun [ From the Chinese name.] (Zoology) The esculent swallow. See under Esculent .

Salal-berry noun [ Probably of American Indian origin.] (Botany) The edible fruit of the Gaultheria Shallon , an ericaceous shrub found from California northwards. The berries are about the size of a common grape and of a dark purple color.

Salam (sȧ*läm") noun [ Arabic salām peace, safety.] A salutation or compliment of ceremony in the east by word or act; an obeisance, performed by bowing very low and placing the right palm on the forehead. [ Written also salaam .]

Salamander noun [ French salamandre , Latin salamandra , Greek ...; confer Persian samander , samandel .]
1. (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of Urodela, belonging to Salamandra , Amblystoma , Plethodon , and various allied genera, especially those that are more or less terrestrial in their habits.

» The salamanders have, like lizards, an elongated body, four feet, and a long tail, but are destitute of scales. They are true Amphibia, related to the frogs. Formerly, it was a superstition that the salamander could live in fire without harm, and even extinguish it by the natural coldness of its body.

I have maintained that salamander of yours with fire any time this two and thirty years.

Whereas it is commonly said that a salamander extinguisheth fire, we have found by experience that on hot coals, it dieth immediately.
Sir T. Browne.

2. (Zoology) The pouched gopher ( Geomys tuza ) of the Southern United States.

3. A culinary utensil of metal with a plate or disk which is heated, and held over pastry, etc., to brown it.

4. A large poker. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

5. (Metal.) Solidified material in a furnace hearth.

Giant salamander . (Zoology) See under Giant . -- Salamander's hair or wool (Min.) , a species of asbestus or mineral flax. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Salamandrina noun ; plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A suborder of Urodela, comprising salamanders.

Salamandrine adjective Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a salamander; enduring fire. Addison.

Salamandroid adjective [ Salamander + -oid .] (Zoology) Like or pertaining to the salamanders.

Salamandroidea noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A division of Amphibia including the Salamanders and allied groups; the Urodela.

Salamstone noun (Min.) A kind of blue sapphire brought from Ceylon. Dana.

Salangana noun The salagane.

Salaried adjective Receiving a salary; paid by a salary; having a salary attached; as, a salaried officer; a salaried office.

Salary adjective [ Latin salarius .] Saline [ Obsolete]

Salary noun ; plural Salaries . [ French salaire , Latin salarium , originally, salt money, the money given to the Roman soldiers for salt, which was a part of their pay, from salarius belonging to salt, from sal salt. See Salt .] The recompense or consideration paid, or stipulated to be paid, to a person at regular intervals for services; fixed wages, as by the year, quarter, or month; stipend; hire.

This is hire and salary , not revenge.

» Recompense for services paid at, or reckoned by, short intervals, as a day or week, is usually called wages .

Syn. -- Stipend; pay; wages; hire; allowance.

Salary transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Salaried ; present participle & verbal noun Salarying .] To pay, or agree to pay, a salary to; to attach salary to; as, to salary a clerk; to salary a position.

Sale noun See 1st Sallow . [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Sale noun [ Icelandic sala , sal , akin to English sell . See Sell , transitive verb ]
1. The act of selling; the transfer of property, or a contract to transfer the ownership of property, from one person to another for a valuable consideration, or for a price in money.

2. Opportunity of selling; demand; market.

They shall have ready sale for them.

3. Public disposal to the highest bidder, or exposure of goods in market; auction. Sir W. Temple.

Bill of sale . See under Bill . -- Of sale , On sale , For sale , to be bought or sold; offered to purchasers; in the market. -- To set to sale , to offer for sale; to put up for purchase; to make merchandise of. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Saleable adjective , Sale"a*bly adverb , etc. See Salable , Salably , etc.

Saleb noun (Medicine) See Salep .

Salebrosity noun Roughness or ruggedness. [ Obsolete] Feltham.

Salebrous adjective [ Latin salebrosus , from salebra a rugged road, from salire to leap.] Rough; rugged. [ Obsolete]

Salep (săl"ĕp) noun [ Arabic sahleb , perhaps a corruption of an Arabic word for fox, one Arabic name of the orchis signifying literally, fox's testicles: confer French salep .] [ Written also saleb , salop , and saloop .] The dried tubers of various species of Orchis , and Eulophia . It is used to make a nutritious beverage by treating the powdered preparation with hot water. U. S. Disp.

Saleratus noun [ New Latin sal aëratus ; -- so called because it is a source of fixed air (carbon dioxide). See Sal , and and Aërated .] (Old Chem.) Aërated salt; a white crystalline substance having an alkaline taste and reaction, consisting of sodium bicarbonate (see under Sodium .) It is largely used in cooking, with sour milk (lactic acid) or cream of tartar as a substitute for yeast. It is also an ingredient of most baking powders, and is used in the preparation of effervescing drinks.

Salesman (sālz"m a n) noun ; plural Salesmen (-m e n). [ Sale + man .] One who sells anything; one whose occupation is to sell goods or merchandise.

Saleswoman noun ; plural Saleswomen A woman whose occupation is to sell goods or merchandise.

Salæratus noun See Saleratus .