Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Za noun (Min.) An old solfeggio name for B flat; the seventh harmonic, as heard in the or æolian string; -- so called by Tartini. It was long considered a false, but is the true note of the chord of the flat seventh. H. W. Poole.
Zabian adjective & noun See Sabian .
Zacco noun (Architecture) See Zocco .
Zachun noun (Botany) An oil pressed by the Arabs from the fruit of a small thorny tree ( Balanites Ægyptiaca ), and sold to piligrims for a healing ointment. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).
Zaerthe noun (Zoology) Same as Zärthe .
[ French zafre
; confer Spanish zafra
, Italian saffera
, German zaffer
; all probably of Arabic origin. Confer Zaphara
.] A pigment obtained, usually by roasting cobalt glance with sand or quartz, as a dark earthy powder. It consists of crude cobalt oxide, or of an impure cobalt arseniate. It is used in porcelain painting, and in enameling pottery, to produce a blue color, and is often confounded with smalt, from which, however, it is distinct, as it contains no potash. The name is often loosely applied to mixtures of zaffer proper with silica, or oxides of iron, manganese, etc.
[ Written also zaffre
, and formerly zaffree
Zaim noun [ Turk. & Arabic za'īm .] A Turkish chief who supports a mounted militia bearing the same name. Smart.
Zaimet noun [ Turk. & Arabic za'īmet .] A district from which a Zaim draws his revenue. Smart.
Zain noun A horse of a dark color, neither gray nor white, and having no spots. Smart.
Zalambdodont adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to a tribe ( Zalambdodonta ) of Insectivora in which the molar teeth have but one V-shaped ridge.
Zalambdodont noun One of the Zalambdodonta . The tenrec, solenodon, and golden moles are examples.
Zamang noun (Botany) An immense leguminous tree ( Pithecolobium Saman ) of Venezuela. Its branches form a hemispherical mass, often one hundred and eighty feet across. The sweet pulpy pods are used commonly for feeding cattle. Also called rain tree . J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).
; plural Zambos
. [ See Sambo
.] The child of a mulatto and a negro; also, the child of an Indian and a negro; colloquially or humorously, a negro; a sambo.
[ Latin zamia
a kind of fir cone, from Greek ..., ..., hurt, damage. See Plin. xvi. 44.] (Botany) A genus of cycadaceous plants, having the appearance of low palms, but with exogenous wood. See Coontie , and Illust. of Strobile .
Zamindar noun [ Hind. zemīndār , zamīndār , a landholder, Persian zamīndār ; zamīn land dār holding.] A landowner; also, a collector of land revenue; now, usually, a kind of feudatory recognized as an actual proprietor so long as he pays to the government a certain fixed revenue. [ Written also zemindar .] [ India]
Zamindary, Zamindari noun The jurisdiction of a zamindar; the land possessed by a zamindar. [ Written also zemindary , zemindari .]
Zamite noun (Paleon.) A fossil cycad of the genus Zamia.
Zamouse noun [ From a native name.] (Zoology) A West African buffalo ( Bubalus brachyceros ) having short horns depressed at the base, and large ears fringed internally with three rows of long hairs. It is destitute of a dewlap. Called also short-horned buffalo , and bush cow .
Zampogna noun [ Italian ] (Mus.) A sort of bagpipe formerly in use among Italian peasants. It is now almost obsolete. [ Written also zampugna .]
Zander noun [ Confer Dutch zand sand.] (Zoology) A European pike perch ( Stizostedion lucioperca ) allied to the wall-eye; -- called also sandari , sander , sannat , schill , and zant .
[ Confer Dutch zand
sand. See Sand
, and Mole
the animal.] (Zoology) The sand mole.
Zante currant A kind of seedless grape or raisin; -- so called from Zante , one of the Ionian Islands.
Zantewood noun (Botany) (a) A yellow dyewood; fustet; -- called also zante , and zante fustic . See Fustet , and the Note under Fustic . (b) Satinwood ( Chloroxylon Swietenia ).
Zantiot noun A native or inhabitant of Zante, one of the Ionian Islands.
; plural Zanies
. [ Italian zanni
a buffoon, merry- andrew, orig. same as Giovanni
John, i. e.
, merry John, Latin Ioannes
, Greek ..., Hebrew Yōkhānān
, prop., the Lord graciously gave: confer French zani
, from the Italian. Confer Jenneting
.] A merry-andrew; a buffoon.
Then write that I may follow, and so be Donne.
Thy echo, thy debtor, thy foil, thy zany .
Preacher at once, and zany of thy age. Pope.
Zany transitive verb To mimic.
Your part is acted; give me leave at distance Massinger.
To zany it.
Zanyism noun State or character of a zany; buffoonery. Coleridge. H. Morley.
Zapatera noun [ Spanish aceituna zapatera .] (Olive trade) A cured olive which has spoiled or is on the verge of decomposition; loosely, an olive defective because of bruises, wormholes, or the like.
Zaphara noun Zaffer.
Zaphrentis noun [ New Latin ] (Paleon.) An extinct genus of cyathophylloid corals common in the Paleozoic formations. It is cup-shaped with numerous septa, and with a deep pit in one side of the cup.
Zaptiah noun A Turkish policeman. [ Written also zaptieh .]
Zarathustrian, Zarathustric adjective Of or pertaining to Zarathustra, or Zoroaster; Zoroastrian. Tylor.
Zaratite noun (Min.) [ Named after Gen. Zarata of Spain.] A hydrous carbonate of nickel occurring as an emerald-green incrustation on chromite; -- called also emerald nickel .
Zareba noun (Mil.) An improvised stockade; especially, one made of thorn bushes, etc.
[ Written also zareeba
, and zeriba
.] [ Egypt]
"Ah," he moralizes, "what wonderful instinct on the part of this little creature to surround itself with a zareba like the troops after Osman Digma." R. Jefferies.
Zarf noun [ Arabic ] (Art) A metallic cuplike stand used for holding a finjan.
[ French, from Arabic az- zernīkh
, from Greek .... See Arsenic
.] (Min.) Native sulphide of arsenic, including sandarach, or realgar, and orpiment.
Zastrugi noun plural
; sing. - ga
. [ Russian zastruga
furrow made on the shore by water.] Grooves or furrows formed in snow by the action of the wind, and running parallel with the direction of the wind. This formation results from the erosion of transverse waves previously formed.
Zati noun (Zoology) A species of macaque ( Macacus pileatus ) native of India and Ceylon. It has a crown of long erect hair, and tuft of radiating hairs on the back of the head. Called also capped macaque .
Zauschneria noun [ New Latin , named for M. Zauschner , a Bohemian botanist.] (Botany) A genus of flowering plants. Zauschneria Californica is a suffrutescent perennial, with showy red flowers much resembling those of the garden fuchsia.
Zax (zăks) noun A tool for trimming and puncturing roofing slates. [ Written also sax .]
Zayat noun A public shed, or portico, for travelers, worshipers, etc. [ Burmah]
[ Latin , a kind of grain, from Greek ze`a
; confer Sanskrit yava
barley.] (Botany) A genus of large grasses of which the Indian corn ( Zea Mays ) is the only species known. Its origin is not yet ascertained. See Maize .