Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Zinco-polar adjective [ Zinco- + polar .] (Electricity) Electrically polarized like the surface of the zinc presented to the acid in a battery, which has zincous affinity. [ Obsolete]

Zincous adjective
1. (Chemistry) (a) Of, pertaining to, or containing, zinc; zincic; as, zincous salts. (b) Hence, formerly, basic, basylous, as opposed to chlorous .

2. (Physics) Of or pertaining to the positive pole of a galvanic battery; electro-positive.

Zingaro noun ; plural Zingari . [ Italian ] A gypsy.

Zingel (zĭng" e l) noun (Zoology) A small, edible, freshwater European perch ( Aspro zingel ), having a round, elongated body and prominent snout.

Zingiberaceous (zĭn`jĭ*bẽr*ā"shŭs) adjective [ Latin zingiber ginger. See Ginger .] (Botany) Of or pertaining to ginger, or to a tribe ( Zingibereæ ) of endogenous plants of the order Scitamineæ . See Scitamineous .

Zink (zĭnk) noun (Chemistry) See Zinc . [ Obsolete]

Zinkenite (- e n*īt) noun [ From Zinken , director at one time of the Hanoverian mines.] (Min.) A steel-gray metallic mineral, a sulphide of antimony and lead.

Zinky adjective See Zincky . Kirwan.

Zinnia noun [ New Latin So called after Professor Zinn , of Göttingen.] (Botany) Any plant of the composite genus Zinnia , Mexican herbs with opposite leaves and large gay-colored blossoms. Zinnia elegans is the commonest species in cultivation.

Zinnwaldite noun [ So called after Zinnwald , in Bohemia, where it occurs.] (Min.) A kind of mica containing lithium, often associated with tin ore.

Zinsang noun (Zoology) The delundung.

Zinziberaceous adjective (Botany) Same as Zingiberaceous .

Zion noun [ Hebrew tsīy...n , originally, a hill.]


1. (Jewish Antiq.) A hill in Jerusalem, which, after the capture of that city by the Israelites, became the royal residence of David and his successors.

2. Hence, the theocracy, or church of God.

3. The heavenly Jerusalem; heaven.

Zionism noun [ Zion + - ism .] Among the Jews, a theory, plan, or movement for colonizing their own race in Palestine, the land of Zion, or, if that is impracticable, elsewhere, either for religious or nationalizing purposes; -- called also Zion movement . -- Zi"on*ist , noun -- Zi`on*is"tic adjective

Zip noun [ Imitative.] A hissing or sibilant sound such as that made by a flying bullet.

Zip intransitive verb To make, or move with, such a sound.

Ziphioid noun (Zoology) See Xiphioid .

Zirco- (Chemistry) A combining form (also used adjectively) designating zirconium as an element of certain double compounds; zircono-; as in zirco fluoric acid, sodium zirco fluoride.

Zircofluoride noun (Chemistry) A double fluoride of zirconium and hydrogen, or some other positive element or radical; as, zircofluoride of sodium.

Zircon noun [ French, the same word as jargon . See Jargon a variety of zircon.] (Min.) A mineral occurring in tetragonal crystals, usually of a brown or gray color. It consists of silica and zirconia. A red variety, used as a gem, is called hyacinth . Colorless, pale-yellow or smoky- brown varieties from Ceylon are called jargon .

Zircon syenite , a coarse-grained syenite containing zircon crystals and often also elæolite. It is largely developed in Southern Norway.

Zircon light (Physics) A light, similar to the calcium light, produced by incandescent zirconia.

Zircona noun [ New Latin ] (Chemistry) Zirconia.

Zirconate noun (Chemistry) A salt of zirconic acid.

Zirconia noun [ New Latin ] (Chemistry) The oxide of zirconium, obtained as a white powder, and possessing both acid and basic properties. On account of its infusibility, and brilliant luminosity when incandescent, it is used as an ingredient of sticks for the Drummomd light.

Zirconic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, containing, or resembling, zirconium; as, zirconic oxide; zirconic compounds.

Zirconic acid , an acid of zirconium analogous to carbonic and silicic acids, known only in its salts.

Zirconium noun [ New Latin ] (Chemistry) A rare element of the carbon-silicon group, intermediate between the metals and nonmetals, obtained from the mineral zircon as a dark sooty powder, or as a gray metallic crystalline substance. Symbol Zr. Atomic weight, 90.4.

Zircono See Zirco- .

Zirconoid noun [ Zircon + oid .] (Crystallog.) A double eight-sided pyramid, a form common with tetragonal crystals; -- so called because this form often occurs in crystals of zircon .

Zither noun [ German zither . See Cittern .] (Mus.) An instrument of music used in Austria and Germany. It has from thirty to forty wires strung across a shallow sounding-board, which lies horizontally on a table before the performer, who uses both hands in playing on it. [ Not to be confounded with the old lute-shaped cittern , or cithern .]

Zittern noun (Min.) See Cittern .

Zizania noun [ New Latin , from Latin zizanium darnel, cockle, Greek ....] (Botany) A genus of grasses including Indian rice. See Indian rice , under Rice .

Zizel noun [ German ziesel .] (Zoology) The suslik. [ Written also zisel .]

Zizith noun plural [ Hebrew tsītsith .] The tassels of twisted cords or threads on the corners of the upper garment worn by strict Jews. The Hebrew for this word is translated in both the Authorized and Revised Versions ( Deut. xxii. 12 ) by the word "fringes."

Zoœcium noun ; plural Zoœcia . [ New Latin , from Greek zw^,on an animal + ... house.] (Zoology) One of the cells or tubes which inclose the feeling zooids of Bryozoa. See Illust. of Sea Moss .

Zoanthacea noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek zw^,on an animal + ... flower.] (Zoology) A suborder of Actinaria, including Zoanthus and allied genera, which are permanently attached by their bases.

Zoantharia noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) Same as Anthozoa .

Zoantharian adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Zoantharia. -- noun One of the Anthozoa.

Zoanthodeme noun [ See Zoantharia , and Deme .] (Zoology) The zooids of a compound anthozoan, collectively.

Zoanthoid adjective [ See Zoantharia , and -oid .] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Zoanthacea.

Zoanthropy noun [ Greek ... animal + ... man.] (Medicine) A kind of monomania in which the patient believes himself transformed into one of the lower animals.

Zoanthus noun [ New Latin See Zoantharia .] (Zoology) A genus of Actinaria, including numerous species, found mostly in tropical seas. The zooids or polyps resemble small, elongated actinias united together at their bases by fleshy stolons, and thus forming extensive groups. The tentacles are small and bright colored.

Zobo noun [ Native name.] (Zoology) A kind of domestic cattle reared in Asia for its flesh and milk. It is supposed to be a hybrid between the zebu and the yak.

Zocco, Zoccolo noun [ Italian from Latin socculus . See Socle , and confer Zacco .] (Architecture) Same as Socle .

Zocle noun (Architecture) Same as Socle .

Zodiac noun [ French zodiaque (cf. Italian zodiaco ), from Latin zodiacus , Greek ... (sc. ...), from ..., dim. of zw^,on an animal, akin to ... living, ... to live.]


1. (Astron.) (a) An imaginary belt in the heavens, 16° or 18° broad, in the middle of which is the ecliptic, or sun's path. It comprises the twelve constellations, which one constituted, and from which were named, the twelve signs of the zodiac. (b) A figure representing the signs, symbols, and constellations of the zodiac.

2. A girdle; a belt. [ Poetic & R.]

By his side,
As in a glistering zodiac , hung the sword.
Milton.

Zodiacal adjective [ Confer French zodiacal .] (Astron.) Of or pertaining to the zodiac; situated within the zodiac; as, the zodiacal planets.

Zodiacal light , a luminous tract of the sky, of an elongated, triangular figure, lying near the ecliptic, its base being on the horizon, and its apex at varying altitudes. It is to be seen only in the evening, after twilight, and in the morning before dawn. It is supposed to be due to sunlight reflected from multitudes of meteoroids revolving about the sun nearly in the plane of the ecliptic.

Zoëa noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... life.] (Zoology) A peculiar larval stage of certain decapod Crustacea, especially of crabs and certain Anomura. [ Written also zoæa .]

» In this stage the anterior part of the body is relatively large, and usually bears three or four long spines. The years are conspicuous, and the antennæ and jaws are long, fringed organs used in swimming. The thoracic legs are undeveloped or rudimentary, the abdomen long, slender, and often without appendages. The zoëa, after casting its shell, changes to a megalops.

Zoetrope noun [ Greek ... life + ... turning, from ... to turn.] An optical toy, in which figures made to revolve on the inside of a cylinder, and viewed through slits in its circumference, appear like a single figure passing through a series of natural motions as if animated or mechanically moved.

Zohar noun [ Hebrew zōhar candor, splendor.] A Jewish cabalistic book attributed by tradition to Rabbi Simon ben Yochi, who lived about the end of the 1st century, a.d. Modern critics believe it to be a compilation of the 13th century. Encyc. Brit.

Zoic adjective [ Greek ....] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to animals, or animal life.