Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Zest noun [ French zeste , probably from Latin schistos split, cleft, divided, Greek ..., from ... to split, cleave. Confer Schism .]


1. A piece of orange or lemon peel, or the aromatic oil which may be squeezed from such peel, used to give flavor to liquor, etc.

2. Hence, something that gives or enhances a pleasant taste, or the taste itself; an appetizer; also, keen enjoyment; relish; gusto.

Almighty Vanity! to thee they owe
Their zest of pleasure, and their balm of woe.
Young.

Liberality of disposition and conduct gives the highest zest and relish to social intercourse.
Gogan.

3. The woody, thick skin inclosing the kernel of a walnut. [ Obsolete]

Zest transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Zested ; present participle & verbal noun Zesting .]


1. To cut into thin slips, as the peel of an orange, lemon, etc.; to squeeze, as peel, over the surface of anything.

2. To give a relish or flavor to; to heighten the taste or relish of; as, to zest wine. Gibber.

Zeta noun [ Latin , from Greek .... Confer Zed .] A Greek letter [ ζ] corresponding to our z.

Zetetic adjective [ Greek ..., from ... to seek: confer French zététique .] Seeking; proceeding by inquiry.

Zetetic method (Math.) , the method used for finding the value of unknown quantities by direct search, in investigation, or in the solution of problems. [ R.] Hutton.

Zetetic noun A seeker; -- a name adopted by some of the Pyrrhonists.

Zetetics noun [ See Zetetic , adjective ] (Math.) A branch of algebra which relates to the direct search for unknown quantities. [ R.]

Zeuglodon noun [ Greek ... the strap or loop of a yoke + ..., ..., tooth.] (Paleon.) A genus of extinct Eocene whales, remains of which have been found in the Gulf States. The species had very long and slender bodies and broad serrated teeth. See Phocodontia .

Zeuglodont (Zoology) Any species of Zeuglodonta.

Zeuglodonta noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) Same as Phocodontia .

Zeugma noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to yoke, join. See Yoke .] (Gram.) A figure by which an adjective or verb, which agrees with a nearer word, is, by way of supplement, referred also to another more remote; as, "hic illius arma , hic currus fuit ;" where fuit , which agrees directly with currus , is referred also to arma .

Zeugmatic adjective Of or pertaining to zeugma; characterized by zeugma.

Zeugobranchiata noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... to yoke + ... a gill.] (Zoology) Same as Zygobranchia .

Zeus noun (Gr. Myth.) The chief deity of the Greeks, and ruler of the upper world (cf. Hades ). He was identified with Jupiter .

Zeuzerian noun (Zoology) Any one of a group of bombycid moths of which the genus Zeuzera is the type. Some of these moths are of large size. The goat moth is an example.

Zeylanite noun (Min.) See Ceylanite .

Zibet, Zibeth noun [ Confer Italian zibetto . See Civet .] (Zoology) A carnivorous mammal ( Viverra zibetha ) closely allied to the civet, from which it differs in having the spots on the body less distinct, the throat whiter, and the black rings on the tail more numerous.

» It inhabits India, Southern China, and the East Indies. It yields a perfume similar to that of the civet. It is often domesticated by the natives, and then serves the same purposes as the domestic cat. Called also Asiatic, or Indian, civet .

Ziega noun Curd produced from milk by adding acetic acid, after rennet has ceased to cause coagulation. Brande & C.

Zietrisikite noun (Min.) A mineral wax, vert similar to ozocerite. It is found at Zietrisika , Moldavia, whence its name.

Zif noun [ Hebrew ziv .] The second month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, corresponding to our May.

Zigger, Zighyr intransitive verb (Mining) Same as Sicker . [ Prov. Eng.] Raymond.

Zigzag noun [ French zigzag , German zickzack , from zacke , zacken , a dentil, tooth. Confer Tack a small nail.]


1. Something that has short turns or angles.

The fanatics going straight forward and openly, the politicians by the surer mode of zigzag .
Burke.

2. (Architecture) A molding running in a zigzag line; a chevron, or series of chevrons. See Illust. of Chevron , 3.

3. (Fort.) See Boyau .

Zigzag adjective Having short, sharp turns; running this way and that in an onward course.

Zigzag transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Zigzagged ; present participle & verbal noun Zigzagging .] To form with short turns.

Zigzag intransitive verb To move in a zigzag manner; also, to have a zigzag shape. R. Browning.

Zigzaggery noun The quality or state of being zigzag; crookedness. [ R.]

The . . . zigzaggery of my father's approaches.
Sterne.

Zigzaggy adjective Having sharp turns. Barham.

Zikkurat noun A temple tower of the Babylonians or Assyrians, consisting of a lofty pyramidal structure, built in successive stages, with outside staircases, and a shrine at the top.

Zilla noun (Botany) A low, thorny, suffrutescent, crucifeous plant ( Zilla myagroides ) found in the deserts of Egypt. Its leaves are boiled in water, and eaten, by the Arabs.

Zillah noun [ Arabic zila .] A district or local division, as of a province. [ India]

Zimb noun (Zoology) A large, venomous, two-winged fly, native of Abyssinia. It is allied to the tsetse fly, and, like the latter, is destructive to cattle.

Ziment-water noun [ German cement- wasser . See Cement .] A kind of water found in copper mines; water impregnated with copper.

Zimocca noun A sponge ( Euspongia zimocca ) of flat form and fine quality, from the Adriatic, about the Greek islands, and the coast of Barbary.

Zinc (zĭnk) noun [ German zink , probably akin to zinn tin: confer French zinc , from the German. Confer Tin .] (Chemistry) An abundant element of the magnesium-cadmium group, extracted principally from the minerals zinc blende, smithsonite, calamine, and franklinite, as an easily fusible bluish white metal, which is malleable, especially when heated. It is not easily oxidized in moist air, and hence is used for sheeting, coating galvanized iron, etc. It is used in making brass, britannia, and other alloys, and is also largely consumed in electric batteries. Symbol Zn. Atomic weight 64.9. [ Formerly written also zink .]

Butter of zinc (Old Chem.) , zinc chloride, ZnCl 2 , a deliquescent white waxy or oily substance. -- Oxide of zinc . (Chemistry) See Zinc oxide , below. -- Zinc amine (Chemistry) , a white amorphous substance, Zn(NH 2 ) 2 , obtained by the action of ammonia on zinc ethyl; -- called also zinc amide . -- Zinc amyle (Chemistry) , a colorless, transparent liquid, composed of zinc and amyle, which, when exposed to the atmosphere, emits fumes, and absorbs oxygen with rapidity. -- Zinc blende [ cf. German zinkblende ] (Min.) , a native zinc sulphide. See Blende , noun (a) . -- Zinc bloom [ cf. German zinkblumen flowers of zinc, oxide of zinc] (Min.) , hydrous carbonate of zinc, usually occurring in white earthy incrustations; -- called also hydrozincite . -- Zinc ethyl (Chemistry) , a colorless, transparent, poisonous liquid, composed of zinc and ethyl, which takes fire spontaneously on exposure to the atmosphere. -- Zinc green , a green pigment consisting of zinc and cobalt oxides; -- called also Rinmann's green . -- Zinc methyl (Chemistry) , a colorless mobile liquid Zn(CH 3 ) 2 , produced by the action of methyl iodide on a zinc sodium alloy. It has a disagreeable odor, and is spontaneously inflammable in the air. It has been of great importance in the synthesis of organic compounds, and is the type of a large series of similar compounds, as zinc ethyl , zinc amyle , etc. -- Zinc oxide (Chemistry) , the oxide of zinc, ZnO, forming a light fluffy sublimate when zinc is burned; -- called also flowers of zinc , philosopher's wool , nihil album , etc. The impure oxide produced by burning the metal, roasting its ores, or in melting brass, is called also pompholyx , and tutty . -- Zinc spinel (Min.) , a mineral, related to spinel, consisting essentially of the oxides of zinc and aluminium; gahnite. -- Zinc vitriol (Chemistry) , zinc sulphate. See White vitriol , under Vitriol . -- Zinc white , a white powder consisting of zinc oxide, used as a pigment.

Zinc transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Zincked or Zinced ; present participle & verbal noun Zincking or Zincing ] To coat with zinc; to galvanize.

Zincane noun (Chemistry) Zinc chloride. [ Obsolete]

Zincic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, containing, or resembling, zinc; zincous.

Zincide noun A binary compound of zinc. [ R.]

Zinciferous adjective [ Zinc + -ferous .] Containing or affording zinc.

Zincification noun The act or process of applying zinc; the condition of being zincified, or covered with zinc; galvanization.

Zincify transitive verb [ Zinc + - fy .] (Metal.) To coat or impregnate with zinc.

Zincite noun (Min.) Native zinc oxide; a brittle, translucent mineral, of an orange- red color; -- called also red zinc ore , and red oxide of zinc .

Zincking, Zincing noun (Metal.) The act or process of applying zinc; galvanization.

Zincky adjective Pertaining to zinc, or having its appearance. [ Written also zinky .]

Zinco- A combining form from zinc ; in chemistry, designating zinc as an element of certain double compounds. Also used adjectively.

Zincode noun [ Zinc + - ode , as in electrode .] (Electricity) The positive electrode of an electrolytic cell; anode. [ R.] Miller.

Zincograph noun A zinc plate prepared for printing by zincography; also, a print from such a plate.

Zincographer noun An engraver on zinc.

Zincographic, Zincographical adjective Of or pertaining to zincography; as, zincographic processes.

Zincography noun [ Zinco- + -graphy .] The art or process of engraving or etching on zinc, in which the design is left in relief in the style of a wood cut, the rest of the ground being eaten away by acid.

Zincoid adjective [ Zinc + - oid .] Pertaining to, or resembling, zinc; -- said of the electricity of the zincous plate in connection with a copper plate in a voltaic circle; also, designating the positive pole. [ Obsolete]