Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Fainty adjective Feeble; languid. [ R.] Dryden.
[ Compar. Fairer
; superl. Fairest
.] [ Middle English fair
, Anglo-Saxon fæger
; akin to Old Saxon & Old High German fagar
, Icelandic fagr
, Swedish fager
, Danish faver
, Goth. fagrs
fit, also to English fay
, German fügen
, to fit. fegen
to sweep, cleanse, and probably also to English fang
, Confer Fang
to fit.] 1. Free from spots, specks, dirt, or imperfection; unblemished; clean; pure.
A fair white linen cloth. Book of Common Prayer. 2. Pleasing to the eye; handsome; beautiful.
Who can not see many a fair French city, for one fair French made. Shak. 3. Without a dark hue; light; clear; as, a fair skin.
The northern people large and fair - complexioned. Sir M. Hale. 4. Not overcast; cloudless; clear; pleasant; propitious; favorable; -- said of the sky, weather, or wind, etc.; as, a fair sky; a fair day.
You wish fair winds may waft him over. Prior. 5. Free from obstacles or hindrances; unobstructed; unincumbered; open; direct; -- said of a road, passage, etc.; as, a fair mark; in fair sight; a fair view.
The caliphs obtained a mighty empire, which was in a fair way to have enlarged. Sir W. Raleigh. 6. (Shipbuilding) Without sudden change of direction or curvature; smooth; flowing; -- said of the figure of a vessel, and of surfaces, water lines, and other lines. 7. Characterized by frankness, honesty, impartiality, or candor; open; upright; free from suspicion or bias; equitable; just; -- said of persons, character, or conduct; as, a fair man; fair dealing; a fair statement.
"I would call it fair
play." Shak. 8. Pleasing; favorable; inspiring hope and confidence; -- said of words, promises, etc.
When fair words and good counsel will not prevail on us, we must be frighted into our duty. L' Estrange. 9. Distinct; legible; as, fair handwriting. 10. Free from any marked characteristic; average; middling; so-so; as, a fair specimen.
The news is very fair and good, my lord. Shak. Fair ball
. (Baseball) (a) A ball passing over the home base at the height called for by the batsman, and delivered by the pitcher while wholly within the lines of his position and facing the batsman. (b) A batted ball that falls inside the foul lines; -- called also a fair hit .
-- Fair maid
. (Zoology) (a) The European pilchard ( Clupea pilchardus ) when dried. (b) The southern scup ( Stenotomus Gardeni ).
[ Virginia] -- Fair one
, a handsome woman; a beauty,
-- Fair play
, equitable or impartial treatment; a fair or equal chance; justice.
-- From fair to middling
, passable; tolerable.
[ Colloq.] -- The fair sex
, the female sex. Syn.
-- Candid; open; frank; ingenuous; clear; honest; equitable; impartial; reasonable. See Candid
Fair adverb Clearly; openly; frankly; civilly; honestly; favorably; auspiciously; agreeably. Fair and square
, justly; honestly; equitably; impartially.
[ Colloq.] -- To bid fair
. See under Bid .
-- To speak fair
, to address with courtesy and frankness.
Fair noun 1. Fairness, beauty.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 2. A fair woman; a sweetheart.
I have found out a gift for my fair . Shenstone. 3. Good fortune; good luck.
Now fair befall thee ! Shak. The fair
, anything beautiful; women, collectively.
"For slander's mark was ever yet the fair
Fair transitive verb 1. To make fair or beautiful.
Fairing the foul. Shak. 2. (Shipbuilding) To make smooth and flowing, as a vessel's lines.
[ Middle English feire
, Old French feire
, French foire
, from Latin fariae
, plural, days of rest, holidays, festivals, akin to festus
festal. See Feast
.] 1. A gathering of buyers and sellers, assembled at a particular place with their merchandise at a stated or regular season, or by special appointment, for trade. 2. A festival, and sale of fancy articles. erc., usually for some charitable object; as, a Grand Army fair . 3. A competitive exhibition of wares, farm products, etc., not primarily for purposes of sale; as, the Mechanics' fair ; an agricultural fair . After the fair
, Too late.
Fair catch (Football) A catch made by a player on side who makes a prescribed signal that he will not attempt to advance the ball when caught. He must not then be interfered with.
Fair-haired adjective Having fair or light-colored hair.
Fair-leader noun (Nautical) A block, or ring, serving as a guide for the running rigging or for any rope.
Fair-minded adjective Unprejudiced; just; judicial; honest. -- Fair"- mind`ed*ness , noun
Fair-natured adjective Well- disposed. "A fair-natured prince." Ford.
Fair-spoken adjective Using fair speech, or uttered with fairness; bland; civil; courteous; plausible. "A marvelous fair-spoken man." Hooker.
Fair-weather adjective Fair-weather sailor , a make-believe or inexperienced sailor; -- the nautical equivalent of carpet knight .
1. Made or done in pleasant weather, or in circumstances involving but little exposure or sacrifice; as, a fair-weather voyage. Pope. 2. Appearing only when times or circumstances are prosperous; as, a fair-weather friend.
Fair-world noun State of prosperity.
They think it was never fair-world with them since. Milton.
Fairhood noun Fairness; beauty. [ Obsolete] Foxe.
Fairily adverb In the manner of a fairy.
Numerous as shadows haunting fairily Keats.
The brain .
Fairing noun A present; originally, one given or purchased at a fair. Gay. Fairing box , a box receiving savings or small sums of money. Hannah More.
Fairish adjective Tolerably fair. [ Colloq.] W. D. Howells.
Fairly adverb 1. In a fair manner; clearly; openly; plainly; fully; distinctly; frankly.
Even the nature of Mr. Dimmesdale's disease had never fairly been revealed to him. Hawthorne. 2. Favorably; auspiciously; commodiously; as, a town fairly situated for foreign trade. 3. Honestly; properly.
Such means of comfort or even luxury, as lay fairly within their grasp. Hawthorne. 4. Softly; quietly; gently.
[ Obsolete] Milton.
Fairness noun The state of being fair, or free form spots or stains, as of the skin; honesty, as of dealing; candor, as of an argument, etc.
Fairway noun The navigable part of a river, bay, etc., through which vessels enter or depart; the part of a harbor or channel ehich is kept open and unobstructed for the passage of vessels. Totten.
; plural Fairies
. [ Middle English fairie
, enchantment, fairy folk, fairy, Old French faerie
enchantment, French féer
, from Late Latin Fata
one of the goddesses of fate. See Fate
, and confer Fay
a fairy.] [ Written also faëry
.] 1. Enchantment; illusion.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
The God of her has made an end, Gower. 2. The country of the fays; land of illusions.
And fro this worlde's fairy
Hath taken her into company.
He [ Arthur] is a king y-crowned in Fairy . Lydgate. 3. An imaginary supernatural being or spirit, supposed to assume a human form (usually diminutive), either male or female, and to meddle for good or evil in the affairs of mankind; a fay. See Elf , and Demon .
The fourth kind of spirit [ is] called the Fairy . K. James.
And now about the caldron sing, Shak. 5. An enchantress.
Like elves and fairies in a ring.
[ Obsolete] Shak. Fairy of the mine
, an imaginary being supposed to inhabit mines, etc. German folklore tells of two species; one fierce and malevolent, the other gentle, See Kobold .
No goblin or swart fairy of the mine Milton.
Hath hurtful power over true virginity.
Fairy adjective 1. Of or pertaining to fairies. 2. Given by fairies; as, fairy money. Dryden. Fairy bird (Zoology)
, the Euoropean little tern ( Sterna minuta ); -- called also sea swallow , and hooded tern .
-- Fairy bluebird
. (Zoology) See under Bluebird .
-- Fairy martin (Zoology)
, a European swallow ( Hirrundo ariel ) that builds flask-shaped nests of mud on overhanging cliffs.
-- Fairy rings or circles
, the circles formed in grassy lawns by certain fungi (as Marasmius Oreades ), formerly supposed to be caused by fairies in their midnight dances.
-- Fairy shrimp (Zoology)
, a European fresh-water phyllopod crustacean ( Chirocephalus diaphanus ); -- so called from its delicate colors, transparency, and graceful motions. The name is sometimes applied to similar American species.
-- Fairy stone (Paleon.)
, an echinite.
Fairyland noun The imaginary land or abode of fairies.
Fairylike adjective Resembling a fairy, or what is made or done be fairies; as, fairylike music.
[ Middle English feith
, Old French feid
, French foi
, from Latin fides
; akin to fidere
to trust, Greek pei`qein
to persuade. The ending th
is perhaps due to the influence of such words as truth
. See Bid
, and confer Confide
.] 1. Belief; the assent of the mind to the truth of what is declared by another, resting solely and implicitly on his authority and veracity; reliance on testimony. 2. The assent of the mind to the statement or proposition of another, on the ground of the manifest truth of what he utters; firm and earnest belief, on probable evidence of any kind, especially in regard to important moral truth.
Faith , that is, fidelity, -- the fealty of the finite will and understanding to the reason. Coleridge. 3. (Theol.) (a) The belief in the historic truthfulness of the Scripture narrative, and the supernatural origin of its teachings, sometimes called historical and speculative faith. (b) The belief in the facts and truth of the Scriptures, with a practical love of them; especially, that confiding and affectionate belief in the person and work of Christ, which affects the character and life, and makes a man a true Christian, -- called a practical , evangelical , or saving faith.
Without faith it is impossible to please him [ God]. Hebrew xi. 6.
The faith of the gospel is that emotion of the mind which is called "trust" or "confidence" exercised toward the moral character of God, and particularly of the Savior. Dr. T. Dwight.
Faith is an affectionate, practical confidence in the testimony of God. J. Hawes. 4. That which is believed on any subject, whether in science, politics, or religion; especially (Theol.) , a system of religious belief of any kind; as, the Jewish or Mohammedan faith ; and especially, the system of truth taught by Christ; as, the Christian faith ; also, the creed or belief of a Christian society or church.
Which to believe of her, Shak.
Must be a faith that reason without miracle
Could never plant in me.
Now preacheth the faith which once he destroyed. Gal. i. 23. 5. Fidelity to one's promises, or allegiance to duty, or to a person honored and beloved; loyalty.
Children in whom is no faith . Deut. xxvii. 20.
Whose failing, while her faith to me remains, Milton. 6. Word or honor pledged; promise given; fidelity; as, he violated his faith .
I should conceal.
For you alone Dryden. 7. Credibility or truth.
I broke me faith with injured Palamon.
The faith of the foregoing narrative. Mitford. Act of faith
. See Auto-da- fé .
-- Breach of faith
, Confession of faith
, etc. See under Breach , Confession , etc.
-- Faith cure
, a method or practice of treating diseases by prayer and the exercise of faith in God.
-- In good faith
, with perfect sincerity.
Faith interj. By my faith; in truth; verily.
Faithed adjective Having faith or a faith; honest; sincere. [ Obsolete] "Make thy words faithed ." Shak.
Faithful adjective 1. Full of faith, or having faith; disposed to believe, especially in the declarations and promises of God.
You are not faithful , sir. B. Jonson. 2. Firm in adherence to promises, oaths, contracts, treaties, or other engagements.
The faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love him. Deut. vii. 9. 3. True and constant in affection or allegiance to a person to whom one is bound by a vow, by ties of love, gratitude, or honor, as to a husband, a prince, a friend; firm in the observance of duty; loyal; of true fidelity; as, a faithful husband or servant.
So spake the seraph Abdiel, faithful found, Milton. 4. Worthy of confidence and belief; conformable to truth ot fact; exact; accurate; as, a faithful narrative or representation.
Among the faithless, faithful only he.
It is a faithful saying. 2 Tim. ii. 11. The Faithful
, the adherents of any system of religious belief; esp. used as an epithet of the followers of Mohammed. Syn.
-- Trusty; honest; upright; sincere; veracious; trustworthy. -- Faith"ful*ly
Faithless adjective 1. Not believing; not giving credit.
Be not faithless , but believing. John xx. 27. 2. Not believing on God or religion; specifically, not believing in the Christian religion. Shak. 3. Not observant of promises or covenants. 4. Not true to allegiance, duty, or vows; perfidious; trecherous; disloyal; not of true fidelity; inconstant, as a husband or a wife.
A most unnatural and faithless service. Shak. 5. Serving to disappoint or deceive; delusive; unsatisfying.
, adverb Faith"less*ness
[ Old French faitor
a doer, Latin factor
. See Factor
.] A doer or actor; particularly, an evil doer; a scoundrel.
Lo! faitour , there thy meed unto thee take. Spenser.
Fake noun [ Confer Scot. faik fold, stratum of stone, Anglo-Saxon fæc space, interval, German fach compartment, partition, row, and English fay to fit.] (Nautical) One of the circles or windings of a cable or hawser, as it lies in a coil; a single turn or coil.
Fake transitive verb (Nautical) To coil (a rope, line, or hawser), by winding alternately in opposite directions, in layers usually of zigzag or figure of eight form,, to prevent twisting when running out. Faking box , a box in which a long rope is faked; used in the life-saving service for a line attached to a shot.
Fake transitive verb [ Confer Gael. faigh to get, acquire, reach, or OD. facken to catch or gripe.] [ Slang in all its senses. ]
1. To cheat; to swindle; to steal; to rob. 2. To make; to construct; to do. 3. To manipulate fraudulently, so as to make an object appear better or other than it really is; as, to fake a bulldog, by burning his upper lip and thus artificially shortening it.
Fake noun A trick; a swindle. [ Slang]
Faker noun [ Often erroneously written fakir .] One who fakes something, as a thief, a peddler of petty things, a workman who dresses things up, etc. [ Slang]
Fakir noun [ Arabic faqīr poor.] An Oriental religious ascetic or begging monk. [ Written also faquir anf fakeer .]
[ Prob. confused with Fakir
an oriental ascetic.] See Faker .
Falanaka noun [ Native name.] (Zoology) A viverrine mammal of Madagascar ( Eupleres Goudotii ), allied to the civet; -- called also Falanouc .
Falcade (făl*kād") noun [ French, ultimately from Latin falx , falcis , a sickle or scythe.] (Man.) The action of a horse, when he throws himself on his haunches two or three times, bending himself, as it were, in very quick curvets. Harris.
Falcate, Falcated adjective [ Latin falcatus , from falx , falcis , a sickle or scythe.] Hooked or bent like a sickle; as, a falcate leaf; a falcate claw; -- said also of the moon, or a planet, when horned or crescent- formed.
Falcation noun The state of being falcate; a bend in the form of a sickle. Sir T. Browne.
Falcer noun [ From Latin falx , falcis , a sickle.] (Zoology) One of the mandibles of a spider.
[ Middle English fauchon
, Old French fauchon
, Late Latin fälcio
, from Latin falx
, a sickle, confer Greek .................. a ship's rib, .................. bandy-legged; perh, akin to English falcon
; confer Italian falcione
. Confer Defalcation
.] 1. A broad-bladed sword, slightly curved, shorter and lighter than the ordinary sword; -- used in the Middle Ages. 2. A name given generally and poetically to a sword, especially to the swords of Oriental and fabled warriors.
Falcidian adjective [ Latin Falcidius .] Of or pertaining to Publius Falcidius, a Roman tribune. Falcidian law (Civil Law) , a law by which a testator was obliged to leave at least a fourth of his estate to the heir. Burrill.
Falciform adjective [ Latin falx , falcis , a sickle + -form : confer French falciforme .] Having the shape of a scithe or sickle; resembling a reaping hook; as, the falciform ligatment of the liver.
[ Middle English faucon
, Old French faucon
, .... faucon
, from Late Latin falco
, perhaps from Latin falx, falcis
, a sickle or scythe, and named from its curving talons. Confer Falchion
.] 1. (Zoology) (a) One of a family ( Falconidæ ) of raptorial birds, characterized by a short, hooked beak, strong claws, and powerful flight. (b) Any species of the genus Falco , distinguished by having a toothlike lobe on the upper mandible; especially, one of this genus trained to the pursuit of other birds, or game.
In the language of falconry, the female peregrine ( Falco peregrinus ) is exclusively called the falcon . Yarrell. 2. (Gun.) An ancient form of cannon. Chanting falcon
. (Zoology) See under Chanting .
[ Middle English fauconer
, Old French falconier
, French fauconnier
. See Falcon
.] A person who breeds or trains hawks for taking birds or game; one who follows the sport of fowling with hawks. Johnson.
Falconet noun [ Dim. of falcon : confer French fauconneau , Late Latin falconeta , properly, a young falcon.]
1. One of the smaller cannon used in the 15th century and later. 2. (Zoology) (a) One of several very small Asiatic falcons of the genus Microhierax . (b) One of a group of Australian birds of the genus Falcunculus , resembling shrikes and titmice.
[ French faucon- gentil
. See Falcon
, and Genteel
.] (Zoology) The female or young of the goshawk ( Astur palumbarius ).