Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Tail-water noun Water in a tailrace.
Tailing noun 1. (Architecture) The part of a projecting stone or brick inserted in a wall. Gwilt. 2. (Surg.) Same as Tail , noun , 8 (a) . 3. Sexual intercourse.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 4. plural The lighter parts of grain separated from the seed threshing and winnowing; chaff. 5. plural (Mining) The refuse part of stamped ore, thrown behind the tail of the buddle or washing apparatus. It is dressed over again to secure whatever metal may exist in it. Called also tails . Pryce.
Tailing noun (Electricity) A prolongation of current in a telegraph line, due to capacity in the line and causing signals to run together.
[ French See Tally
.] 1. A tally; an account scored on a piece of wood.
Whether that he paid or took by taille . Chaucer. 2. (O. F. Law) Any imposition levied by the king, or any other lord, upon his subjects.
The taille , as it still subsists in France, may serve as an example of those ancient tallages. It was a tax upon the profits of the farmer, which they estimate by the stock that he has upon the farm. A. Smith. 3. (Mus.) The French name for the tenor voice or part; also, for the tenor viol or viola.
Tailless adjective Having no tail. H. Spencer.
Taillie noun (Scots Law) Same as Tailzie .
[ Old French tailleor
, French tailleur
, from Old French taillier
, French tailler
to cut, from Latin talea
a rod, stick, a cutting, layer for planting. Confer Detail
] 1. One whose occupation is to cut out and make men's garments; also, one who cuts out and makes ladies' outer garments.
Well said, good woman's tailor . . . I would thou wert a man's tailor . Shak. 2. (Zoology) (a) The mattowacca; -- called also tailor herring . (b) The silversides. 3. (Zoology) The goldfish.
[ Prov. Eng.] Salt-water tailor (Zoology)
, the bluefish.
[ Local, U. S.] Bartlett.
-- Tailor bird (Zoology)
, any one of numerous species of small Asiatic and East Indian singing birds belonging to Orthotomus , Prinia , and allied genera. They are noted for the skill with which they sew leaves together to form nests. The common Indian species are O. longicauda , which has the back, scapulars, and upper tail coverts yellowish green, and the under parts white; and the golden-headed tailor bird ( O. coronatus ), which has the top of the head golden yellow and the back and wings pale olive-green.
Tailor intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Tailored
; present participle & verbal noun Tailoring
.] To practice making men's clothes; to follow the business of a tailor.
These tailoring artists for our lays M. Green.
Invent cramped rules.
Tailor-made adjective Made by a tailor or according to a tailor's fashion; -- said specif. of women's garments made with certain closeness of fit, simplicity of ornament, etc.
Tailoress noun A female tailor.
Tailoring adverb The business or the work of a tailor or a tailoress.
Tailpiece noun 1. A piece at the end; an appendage. 2. (Architecture) One of the timbers which tail into a header, in floor framing. See Illust. of Header . 3. (Print.) An ornament placed at the bottom of a short page to fill up the space, or at the end of a book. Savage. 4. A piece of ebony or other material attached to the lower end of a violin or similar instrument, to which the strings are fastened.
Tailpin noun (Machinery) The center in the spindle of a turning lathe.
Tailrace noun 1. See Race , noun , 6. 2. (Mining) The channel in which tailings, suspended in water, are conducted away.
Tailstock noun The sliding block or support, in a lathe, which carries the dead spindle, or adjustable center. The headstock supports the live spindle.
(-zĭ or -yĭ) noun
[ French tailler
to cut. See Tail
a limitation.] (Scots Law) An entailment or deed whereby the legal course of succession is cut off, and an arbitrary one substituted.
[ Written also tailzee
Tain noun [ Middle English tein , teyne ; confer Icelandic teinn a twig, akin to Anglo-Saxon tān , Goth. tains .] Thin tin plate; also, tin foil for mirrors. Knight.
[ Confer French atteinte
a blow, bit, stroke. See Attaint
.] 1. A thrust with a lance, which fails of its intended effect.
This taint he followed with his sword drawn from a silver sheath. Chapman. 2. An injury done to a lance in an encounter, without its being broken; also, a breaking of a lance in an encounter in a dishonorable or unscientific manner.
Taint intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Tainted
; present participle & verbal noun Tainting
.] To thrust ineffectually with a lance.
Taint transitive verb 1. To injure, as a lance, without breaking it; also, to break, as a lance, but usually in an unknightly or unscientific manner.
Do not fear; I have Massinger. 2. To hit or touch lightly, in tilting.
A staff to taint , and bravely.
They tainted each other on the helms and passed by. Ld. Berners.
Taint transitive verb
[ French teint
, past participle of teindre
to dye, tinge, from Latin tingere
. See Tinge
, and confer Tint
.] 1. To imbue or impregnate with something extraneous, especially with something odious, noxious, or poisonous; hence, to corrupt; to infect; to poison; as, putrid substance taint the air. 2. Fig.: To stain; to sully; to tarnish.
His unkindness may defeat my life, Shak. Syn.
But never taint my love.
-- To contaminate; defile; pollute; corrupt; infect; disease; vitiate; poison.
Taint intransitive verb 1. To be infected or corrupted; to be touched with something corrupting.
I can not taint with fear. Shak. 2. To be affected with incipient putrefaction; as, meat soon taints in warm weather.
Taint noun 1. Tincture; hue; color; tinge.
[ Obsolete] 2. Infection; corruption; deprivation.
He had inherited from his parents a scrofulous taint , which it was beyond the power of medicine to remove. Macaulay. 3. A blemish on reputation; stain; spot; disgrace.
Taint transitive verb Aphetic form of Attaint .
Taintless adjective Free from taint or infection; pure.
Taintlessly adverb In a taintless manner.
[ French teinture
. See Taint
to stain, and confer Tincture
.] Taint; tinge; difilement; stain; spot.
[ R.] Shak.
Taintworm noun (Zoology) A destructive parasitic worm or insect larva.
Taiping, Taeping adjective [ Chin. t'aip'ing great peace.] (Chinese Hist.) Pertaining to or designating a dynasty with which one Hung-Siu-Chuen, a half-religious, half-political enthusiast, attempted to supplant the Manchu dynasty by the Taiping rebellion , incited by him in 1850 and suppressed by General Gordon about 1864.
Taira noun (Zoology) Same as Tayra .
Tairn noun See Tarn . Coleridge.
Tait noun (Zoology) A small nocturnal and arboreal Australian marsupial ( Tarsipes rostratus ) about the size of a mouse. It has a long muzzle, a long tongue, and very few teeth, and feeds upon honey and insects. Called also noolbenger .
Taj Mahal (täj mȧ*häl"). [ Corruption of Persian Mumtāz-i-Mahal , lit., the distinguished one of the palace, from Arabic ] A marble mausoleum built at Agra, India, by the Mogul Emperor Shah Jahan, in memory of his favorite wife. In beauty of design and rich decorative detail it is one of the best examples of Saracenic architecture.
Tajaçu, Tajassu noun [ Portuguese tajaçú , from Braz. tayaçú a hog or swine.] (Zoology) The common, or collared, peccary.
obsolete past participle
. Taken. Chaucer.
Take transitive verb
[ imperfect Took
; past participle Takend
; present participle & verbal noun Taking
.] [ Icelandic taka
; akin to Swedish taga
, Danish tage
, Goth. tēkan
to touch; of uncertain origin.] 1. In an active sense; To lay hold of; to seize with the hands, or otherwise; to grasp; to get into one's hold or possession; to procure; to seize and carry away; to convey.
Hence, specifically: -- (a) To obtain possession of by force or artifice; to get the custody or control of; to reduce into subjection to one's power or will; to capture; to seize; to make prisoner; as, to take am army, a city, or a ship; also, to come upon or befall; to fasten on; to attack; to seize; -- said of a disease, misfortune, or the like.
This man was taken of the Jews. Acts xxiii. 27.
Men in their loose, unguarded hours they take ; Pope.
Not that themselves are wise, but others weak.
They that come abroad after these showers are commonly taken with sickness. Bacon.
There he blasts the tree and takes the cattle Shak. (b) To gain or secure the interest or affection of; to captivate; to engage; to interest; to charm.
And makes milch kine yield blood.
Neither let her take thee with her eyelids. Prov. vi. 25.
Cleombroutus was so taken with this prospect, that he had no patience. Wake.
I know not why, but there was a something in those half-seen features, -- a charm in the very shadow that hung over their imagined beauty, -- which took me more than all the outshining loveliness of her companions. Moore. (c) To make selection of; to choose; also, to turn to; to have recourse to; as, to take the road to the right.
Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son. And Jonathan was taken . 1 Sam. xiv. 42.
The violence of storming is the course which God is forced to take for the destroying . . . of sinners. Hammond. (d) To employ; to use; to occupy; hence, to demand; to require; as, it takes so much cloth to make a coat.
This man always takes time . . . before he passes his judgments. I. Watts. (e) To form a likeness of; to copy; to delineate; to picture; as, to take picture of a person.
Beauty alone could beauty take so right. Dryden. (f) To draw; to deduce; to derive.
The firm belief of a future judgment is the most forcible motive to a good life, because taken from this consideration of the most lasting happiness and misery. Tillotson. (g) To assume; to adopt; to acquire, as shape; to permit to one's self; to indulge or engage in; to yield to; to have or feel; to enjoy or experience, as rest, revenge, delight, shame; to form and adopt, as a resolution; -- used in general senses, limited by a following complement, in many idiomatic phrases; as, to take a resolution; I take the liberty to say. (h) To lead; to conduct; as, to take a child to church. (i) To carry; to convey; to deliver to another; to hand over; as, he took the book to the bindery.
He took me certain gold, I wot it well. Chaucer. (k) To remove; to withdraw; to deduct; -- with from ; as, to take the breath from one; to take two from four. 2. In a somewhat passive sense, to receive; to bear; to endure; to acknowledge; to accept.
Specifically: -- (a) To accept, as something offered; to receive; not to refuse or reject; to admit.
Ye shall take no satisfaction for the life of a murderer. Num. xxxv. 31.
Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore. 1 Tim. v. 10. (b) To receive as something to be eaten or dronk; to partake of; to swallow; as, to take food or wine. (c) Not to refuse or balk at; to undertake readily; to clear; as, to take a hedge or fence. (d) To bear without ill humor or resentment; to submit to; to tolerate; to endure; as, to take a joke; he will take an affront from no man. (e) To admit, as, something presented to the mind; not to dispute; to allow; to accept; to receive in thought; to entertain in opinion; to understand; to interpret; to regard or look upon; to consider; to suppose; as, to take a thing for granted; this I take to be man's motive; to take men for spies.
You take me right. Bacon.
Charity, taken in its largest extent, is nothing else but the science love of God and our neighbor. Wake.
[ He] took that for virtue and affection which was nothing but vice in a disguise. South.
You'd doubt his sex, and take him for a girl. Tate. (f) To accept the word or offer of; to receive and accept; to bear; to submit to; to enter into agreement with; -- used in general senses; as, to take a form or shape.
I take thee at thy word. Rowe.
Yet thy moist clay is pliant to command; . . . Dryden. To be taken aback
Not take the mold.
, To take advantage of
, To take air
, etc. See under Aback , Advantage , etc.
-- To take aim
, to direct the eye or weapon; to aim.
-- To take along
, to carry, lead, or convey.
-- To take arms
, to commence war or hostilities.
-- To take away
, to carry off; to remove; to cause deprivation of; to do away with; as, a bill for taking away the votes of bishops.
"By your own law, I take
your life away
-- To take breath
, to stop, as from labor, in order to breathe or rest; to recruit or refresh one's self.
-- To take care
, to exercise care or vigilance; to be solicitous.
"Doth God take care
for oxen?" 1 Cor. ix. 9.
-- To take care of
, to have the charge or care of; to care for; to superintend or oversee.
-- To take down
. (a) To reduce; to bring down, as from a high, or higher, place; as, to take down a book; hence, to bring lower; to depress; to abase or humble; as, to take down pride, or the proud.
"I never attempted to be impudent yet, that I was not taken down
." Goldsmith. (b) To swallow; as, to take down a potion. (c) To pull down; to pull to pieces; as, to take down a house or a scaffold. (d) To record; to write down; as, to take down a man's words at the time he utters them.
-- To take effect
, To take fire
. See under Effect , and Fire .
-- To take ground to the right
or to the left (Mil.)
, to extend the line to the right or left; to move, as troops, to the right or left.
-- To take heart
, to gain confidence or courage; to be encouraged.
-- To take heed
, to be careful or cautious.
" Take heed
what doom against yourself you give." Dryden.
-- To take heed to
, to attend with care, as, take heed to thy ways.
-- To take hold of
, to seize; to fix on.
-- To take horse
, to mount and ride a horse.
-- To take in
. (a) To inclose; to fence. (b) To encompass or embrace; to comprise; to comprehend. (c) To draw into a smaller compass; to contract; to brail or furl; as, to take in sail. (d) To cheat; to circumvent; to gull; to deceive.
[ Colloq.] (e) To admit; to receive; as, a leaky vessel will take in water. (f) To win by conquest.
For now Troy's broad-wayed town Chapman. (g) To receive into the mind or understanding.
He shall take in .
"Some bright genius can take in
a long train of propositions." I. Watts. (h) To receive regularly, as a periodical work or newspaper; to take.
[ Eng.] -- To take in hand
. See under Hand .
-- To take in vain
, to employ or utter as in an oath.
"Thou shalt not take
the name of the Lord thy God in vain
." Ex. xx. 7.
-- To take issue
. See under Issue .
-- To take leave
. See Leave , noun , 2.
-- To take a newspaper
, or the like, to receive it regularly, as on paying the price of subscription.
-- To take notice
, to observe, or to observe with particular attention.
-- To take notice of
. See under Notice .
-- To take oath
, to swear with solemnity, or in a judicial manner.
-- To take off
. (a) To remove, as from the surface or outside; to remove from the top of anything; as, to take off a load; to take off one's hat. (b) To cut off; as, to take off the head, or a limb. (c) To destroy; as, to take off life. (d) To remove; to invalidate; as, to take off the force of an argument. (e) To withdraw; to call or draw away. Locke. (f) To swallow; as, to take off a glass of wine. (g) To purchase; to take in trade.
"The Spaniards having no commodities that we will take off
." Locke. (h) To copy; to reproduce.
" Take off
all their models in wood." Addison. (i) To imitate; to mimic; to personate. (k) To find place for; to dispose of; as, more scholars than preferments can take off .
[ R.] Bacon.
-- To take on
, to assume; to take upon one's self; as, to take on a character or responsibility.
-- To take one's own course
, to act one's pleasure; to pursue the measures of one's own choice.
-- To take order for
. See under Order .
-- To take order with
, to check; to hinder; to repress.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
-- To take orders
. (a) To receive directions or commands. (b) (Eccl.) To enter some grade of the ministry. See Order , noun , 10.
-- To take out
. (a) To remove from within a place; to separate; to deduct. (b) To draw out; to remove; to clear or cleanse from; as, to take out a stain or spot from cloth. (c) To produce for one's self; as, to take out a patent. (d) To put an end to; as, to take the conceit out of a man. (e) To escort; as, to take out to dinner.
-- To take over
, to undertake; to take the management of.
[ Eng.] Cross (Life of G. Eliot).
-- To take part
, to share; as, they take part in our rejoicing.
-- To take part with
, to unite with; to join with.
-- To take place
, etc. See under Place , Root , Side , etc.
-- To take the air
. (a) (Falconry) To seek to escape by trying to rise higher than the falcon; -- said of a bird. (b) See under Air .
-- To take the field
. (Mil.) See under Field .
-- To take thought
, to be concerned or anxious; to be solicitous. Matt. vi. 25, 27.
-- To take to heart
. See under Heart .
-- To take to task
, to reprove; to censure.
-- To take up
. (a) To lift; to raise. Hood. (b) To buy or borrow; as, to take up goods to a large amount; to take up money at the bank. (c) To begin; as, to take up a lamentation. Ezek. xix. 1. (d) To gather together; to bind up; to fasten or to replace; as, to take up raveled stitches
; specifically (Surg.)
, to fasten with a ligature. (e) To engross; to employ; to occupy or fill; as, to take up the time; to take up a great deal of room. (f) To take permanently.
"Arnobius asserts that men of the finest parts . . . took up
their rest in the Christian religion." Addison. (g) To seize; to catch; to arrest; as, to take up a thief; to take up vagabonds. (h) To admit; to believe; to receive.
The ancients took up experiments upon credit. Bacon. (i) To answer by reproof; to reprimand; to berate.
One of his relations took him up roundly. L'Estrange. (k) To begin where another left off; to keep up in continuous succession.
Soon as the evening shades prevail, Addison. (l) To assume; to adopt as one's own; to carry on or manage; as, to take up the quarrels of our neighbors; to take up current opinions.
The moon takes up the wondrous tale.
"They take up
our old trade of conquering." Dryden. (m) To comprise; to include.
"The noble poem of Palemon and Arcite . . . takes up
seven years." Dryden. (n) To receive, accept, or adopt for the purpose of assisting; to espouse the cause of; to favor. Ps. xxvii. 10. (o) To collect; to exact, as a tax; to levy; as, to take up a contribution.
" Take up
commodities upon our bills." Shak. (p) To pay and receive; as, to take up a note at the bank. (q) (Machinery) To remove, as by an adjustment of parts; as, to take up lost motion, as in a bearing; also, to make tight, as by winding, or drawing; as, to take up slack thread in sewing. (r) To make up; to compose; to settle; as, to take up a quarrel.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
-- To take up arms
. Same as To take arms , above.
-- To take upon one's self
. (a) To assume; to undertake; as, he takes upon himself to assert that the fact is capable of proof. (b) To appropriate to one's self; to allow to be imputed to, or inflicted upon, one's self; as, to take upon one's self a punishment.
-- To take up the gauntlet
. See under Gauntlet .
Take intransitive verb 1. To take hold; to fix upon anything; to have the natural or intended effect; to accomplish a purpose; as, he was inoculated, but the virus did not take . Shak.
When flame taketh and openeth, it giveth a noise. Bacon.
In impressions from mind to mind, the impression taketh , but is overcome . . . before it work any manifest effect. Bacon. 2. To please; to gain reception; to succeed.
Each wit may praise it for his own dear sake, Addison. 3. To move or direct the course; to resort; to betake one's self; to proceed; to go; -- usually with to ; as, the fox, being hard pressed, took to the hedge. 4. To admit of being pictured, as in a photograph; as, his face does not take well. To take after
And hint he writ it, if the thing should take .
. (a) To learn to follow; to copy; to imitate; as, he takes after a good pattern. (b) To resemble; as, the son takes after his father.
-- To take in with
, to resort to.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
-- To take on
, to be violently affected; to express grief or pain in a violent manner.
-- To take to
. (a) To apply one's self to; to be fond of; to become attached to; as, to take to evil practices.
"If he does but take to
you, . . . you will contract a great friendship with him." Walpole. (b) To resort to; to betake one's self to.
"Men of learning, who take to
business, discharge it generally with greater honesty than men of the world." Addison.
-- To take up
. (a) To stop.
[ Obsolete] "Sinners at last take up
and settle in a contempt of religion." Tillotson. (b) To reform.
[ Obsolete] Locke.
-- To take up with
. (a) To be contended to receive; to receive without opposition; to put up with; as, to take up with plain fare.
"In affairs which may have an extensive influence on our future happiness, we should not take up with
probabilities." I. Watts. (b) To lodge with; to dwell with.
[ Obsolete] L'Estrange.
-- To take with
, to please. Bacon.
1. That which is taken; especially, the quantity of fish captured at one haul or catch. 2. (Print.) The quantity or copy given to a compositor at one time.
Take (tāk) transitive verb
1. To make a picture, photograph, or the like, of; as, to take a group or a scene. [ Colloq.] 2. To give or deliver (a blow to); to strike; hit; as, he took me in the face; he took me a blow on the head. [ Obsolete exc. Slang or Dial.]
Take-in noun Imposition; fraud. [ Colloq.]
Take-off noun An imitation, especially in the way of caricature.
Take-off noun The spot at which one takes off; specif., the place from which a jumper rises in leaping.
The take-off should be selected with great care, and a pit of large dimensions provided on the landing side. Encyc. of Sport.
Take-up noun (Machinery) That which takes up or tightens; specifically, a device in a sewing machine for drawing up the slack thread as the needle rises, in completing a stitch.
Taken past participle of Take .
Taker (tāk"ẽr) noun One who takes or receives; one who catches or apprehends.
Taking adjective 1. Apt to take; alluring; attracting.
Subtile in making his temptations most taking . Fuller. 2. Infectious; contageous.
[ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.
Taking noun 1. The act of gaining possession; a seizing; seizure; apprehension. 2. Agitation; excitement; distress of mind.
What a taking was he in, when your husband asked who was in the basket! Shak. 3. Malign influence; infection.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Taking-off noun Removal; murder. See To take off (c) , under Take , transitive verb
The deep damnation of his taking-off . Shak.
1. (Print.) The removal of sheets from the press. [ Eng.] 2. Act of presenting a take-off, or burlesque imitation.