Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Tantalic adjective (Chemistry) Of or pertaining to tantalum; derived from, or containing, tantalum; specifically, designating any one of a series of acids analogous to nitric acid and the polyacid compounds of phosphorus.

Tantalism noun [ See Tantalize .] A punishment like that of Tantalus; a teasing or tormenting by the hope or near approach of good which is not attainable; tantalization. Addison.

Is not such a provision like tantalism to this people?
Josiah Quincy.

Tantalite noun [ Confer French tantalite .] (Min.) A heavy mineral of an iron-black color and submetallic luster. It is essentially a tantalate of iron.

Tantalization noun The act of tantalizing, or state of being tantalized. Gayton.

Tantalize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tantalized ; present participle & verbal noun Tantalizing .] [ From Tantalus : confer French tantaliser .] To tease or torment by presenting some good to the view and exciting desire, but continually frustrating the expectations by keeping that good out of reach; to tease; to torment.

Thy vain desires, at strife
Within themselves, have tantalized thy life.
Dryden.

Syn. -- To tease; vex; irritate; provoke. -- Tantalize , Disappoint . To disappoint is literally to do away with what was (or was taken to be) appointed ; hence the peculiar pain from hopes thus dashed to the ground. To tantalize , a much stronger term, describes a most distressing form of disappointment, as in the case of Tantalus, the Phrygian king. To tantalize is to visit with the bitterest disappointment -- to torment by exciting hopes or expectations which can never be realized.

Tantalizer noun One who tantalizes.

Tantalizingly adverb In a tantalizing or teasing manner.

Tantalum noun [ New Latin So named on account of the perplexity and difficulty encounterd by its discoverer (Ekeberg) in isolating it. See Tantalus .] (Chemistry) A rare nonmetallic element found in certain minerals, as tantalite, samarskite, and fergusonite, and isolated as a dark powder which becomes steel-gray by burnishing. Symbol Ta. Atomic weight 182.0. Formerly called also tantalium .

Tantalus noun [ Latin , from Greek Ta`ntalos .] (Gr. Myth.)
1. A Phrygian king who was punished in the lower world by being placed in the midst of a lake whose waters reached to his chin but receded whenever he attempted to allay his thirst, while over his head hung branches laden with choice fruit which likewise receded whenever he stretched out his hand to grasp them.

2. (Zoology) A genus of wading birds comprising the wood ibises.

Tantalus's cup (Physics) , a philosophical toy, consisting of a cup, within which is the figure of a man, and within the figure a siphon, the longer arm of which passes down through the bottom of the cup, and allows the escape of any liquid that may be poured in, when it reaches as high as the bend of the siphon, which is just below the level of the mouth of the figure in the cup.

Tantamount adjective [ French tant so much (L. tantus ) + English amount .] Equivalent in value, signification, or effect.

A usage nearly tantamount to constitutional right.
Hallam.

The certainty that delay, under these circumstances, was tantamount to ruin.
De Quincey.

Tantamount intransitive verb To be tantamount or equivalent; to amount. [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.

Tantivy adverb [ Said to be from the note of a hunting horn.] Swiftly; speedily; rapidly; -- a fox-hunting term; as, to ride tantivy .

Tantivy noun A rapid, violent gallop; an impetuous rush. Cleverland.

Tantivy intransitive verb To go away in haste. [ Colloq.]

Tantra (tăn"trȧ; tŭn"-) noun [ Sanskrit ] (Hinduism) A ceremonial treatise related to Puranic and magic literature; esp., one of the sacred works of the worshipers of Sakti. -- Tan"tric (- trĭk) adjective

Tantrism noun The system of doctrines and rites taught in the tantras. -- Tan"trist noun

Tantrum noun A whim, or burst of ill-humor; an affected air. [ Colloq.] Thackeray.

Tanyard noun An inclosure where the tanning of leather is carried on; a tannery.

Tanystomata noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... to stretch + ..., ..., mouth.] (Zoology) A division of dipterous insects in which the proboscis is large and contains lancelike mandibles and maxillæ. The horseflies and robber flies are examples.

Taoism noun One of the popular religions of China, sanctioned by the state. -- Ta"o*ist , adjective & noun

Taotai noun [ Chin. tao circuit + t'ai , a title of respect.] In China, an official at the head of the civil and military affairs of a circuit, which consists of two or more fu , or territorial departments; -- called also, by foreigners, intendant of circuit . Foreign consuls and commissioners associated with taotais as superintendants of trade at the treaty ports are ranked with the taotai.

Tap transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tapped ; present participle & verbal noun Tapping .] [ French taper to strike; of Teutonic origin; confer dial. German tapp , tapps , a blow, tappe a paw, fist, German tappen to grope.]
1. To strike with a slight or gentle blow; to touch gently; to rap lightly; to pat; as, to tap one with the hand or a cane.

2. To put a new sole or heel on; as, to tap shoes.

Tap noun [ Confer French tape . See Tap to strike.]
1. A gentle or slight blow; a light rap; a pat. Addison.

2. A piece of leather fastened upon the bottom of a boot or shoe in repairing or renewing the sole or heel.

3. plural (Mil.) A signal, by drum or trumpet, for extinguishing all lights in soldiers' quarters and retiring to bed, -- usually given about a quarter of an hour after tattoo. Wilhelm.

Tap intransitive verb To strike a gentle blow.

Tap noun [ Anglo-Saxon tæppa , akin to Dutch tap , German zapfen , Old High German zapfo , Danish tap , Swedish tapp , Icelandic tappi . Confer Tampion , Tip .]
1. A hole or pipe through which liquor is drawn.

2. A plug or spile for stopping a hole pierced in a cask, or the like; a faucet.

3. Liquor drawn through a tap; hence, a certain kind or quality of liquor; as, a liquor of the same tap . [ Colloq.]

4. A place where liquor is drawn for drinking; a taproom; a bar. [ Colloq.]

5. (Mech.) A tool for forming an internal screw, as in a nut, consisting of a hardened steel male screw grooved longitudinally so as to have cutting edges.

On tap . (a) Ready to be drawn; as, ale on tap . (b) Broached, or furnished with a tap; as, a barrel on tap . -- Plug tap (Mech.) , a screw-cutting tap with a slightly tapering end. -- Tap bolt , a bolt with a head on one end and a thread on the other end, to be screwed into some fixed part, instead of passing through the part and receiving a nut. See Illust. under Bolt . -- Tap cinder (Metal.) , the slag of a puddling furnace.

Tap transitive verb
1. To pierce so as to let out, or draw off, a fluid; as, to tap a cask, a tree, a tumor, etc.

2. Hence, to draw from (anything) in any analogous way; as, to tap telegraph wires for the purpose of intercepting information; to tap the treasury.

3. To draw, or cause to flow, by piercing. Shak.

He has been tapping his liquors.
Addison.

4. (Mech.) To form an internal screw in (anything) by means of a tool called a tap ; as, to tap a nut.

Tapa noun A kind of cloth prepared by the Polynesians from the inner bark of the paper mulberry; -- sometimes called also kapa .

Tapadera Tap`a*de"ro noun [ Also tapidero .] [ Spanish tapadera lid, cover.] One of the leather hoods which cover the stirrups of a Mexican saddle.

Tapayaxin noun (Zoology) A Mexican spinous lizard ( Phrynosoma orbiculare ) having a head somewhat like that of a toad; -- called also horned toad .

Tape noun [ Anglo-Saxon tæppe a fillet. Confer Tapestry , Tippet .]
1. A narrow fillet or band of cotton or linen; a narrow woven fabric used for strings and the like; as, curtains tied with tape .

2. A tapeline; also, a metallic ribbon so marked as to serve as a tapeline; as, a steel tape .

Red tape . See under Red . -- Tape grass (Botany) , a plant ( Vallisneria spiralis ) with long ribbonlike leaves, growing in fresh or brackish water; -- called also fresh-water eelgrass , and, in Maryland, wild celery . -- Tape needle . See Bodkin , noun , 4.

Tape transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Taped ; present participle & verbal noun Taping .] To furnish with tape; to fasten, tie, bind, or the like, with tape; specif. (Electricity) , to cover (a wire) with insulating tape.

Tapeline noun A painted tape, marked with linear dimensions, as inches, feet, etc., and often inclosed in a case, -- used for measuring.

Taper noun [ Anglo-Saxon tapur , tapor , taper ; confer Ir. tapar , W. tampr .]
1. A small wax candle; a small lighted wax candle; hence, a small light.

Get me a taper in my study, Lucius.
Shak.

2. A tapering form; gradual diminution of thickness in an elongated object; as, the taper of a spire.

Taper adjective [ Supposed to be from taper , noun , in allusion to its form.] Regularly narrowed toward the point; becoming small toward one end; conical; pyramidical; as, taper fingers.

Taper intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tapered ; present participle & verbal noun Tapering .] To become gradually smaller toward one end; as, a sugar loaf tapers toward one end.

Taper transitive verb To make or cause to taper.

Tapered adjective Lighted with a taper or tapers; as, a tapered choir. [ R.] T. Warton.

Tapering adjective Becoming gradually smaller toward one end. -- Ta"per*ing*ly , adverb

Taperness noun The quality or state of being taper; tapering form; taper. Shenstone.

Tapestry noun ; plural Tapestries . [ French tapissere , from tapisser to carpet, to hang, or cover with tapestry, from tapis a carpet, carpeting, Late Latin tapecius , from Latin tapete carpet, tapestry, Greek ..., .... Confer Tapis , Tippet .] A fabric, usually of worsted, worked upon a warp of linen or other thread by hand, the designs being usually more or less pictorial and the stuff employed for wall hangings and the like. The term is also applied to different kinds of embroidery.

Tapestry carpet , a kind of carpet, somewhat resembling Brussels, in which the warp is printed before weaving, so as to produce the figure in the cloth. -- Tapestry moth . (Zoology) Same as Carpet moth , under Carpet .

Tapestry transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tapestried ; present participle & verbal noun Tapestrying .] To adorn with tapestry, or as with tapestry.

The Trosachs wound, as now, between gigantic walls of rock tapestried with broom and wild roses.
Macaulay.

Tapestry beetle A small black dermestoid beetle ( Attagenus piceus ) whose larva feeds on tapestry, carpets, silk, fur, flour, and various other goods.

Tapet noun [ Latin tapete . See Tapestry .] Worked or figured stuff; tapestry. [ R.] Spenser.

Tapeti noun ; plural Tapetis . [ Braz.] (Zoology) A small South American hare ( Lepus Braziliensis ).

Tapetum noun [ New Latin , from Latin tapete a carpet, a tapestry.] (Anat.) An area in the pigmented layer of the choroid coat of the eye in many animals, which has an iridescent or metallic luster and helps to make the eye visible in the dark. Sometimes applied to the whole layer of pigmented epithelium of the choroid.

Tapeworm noun (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of cestode worms belonging to Tænia and many allied genera. The body is long, flat, and composed of numerous segments or proglottids varying in shape, those toward the end of the body being much larger and longer than the anterior ones, and containing the fully developed sexual organs. The head is small, destitute of a mouth, but furnished with two or more suckers (which vary greatly in shape in different genera), and sometimes, also, with hooks for adhesion to the walls of the intestines of the animals in which they are parasitic. The larvæ (see Cysticercus ) live in the flesh of various creatures, and when swallowed by another animal of the right species develop into the mature tapeworm in its intestine. See Illustration in Appendix.

» Three species are common parasites of man: the pork tapeworm ( Tænia solium ), the larva of which is found in pork; the beef tapeworm ( T. mediocanellata ), the larva of which lives in the flesh of young cattle; and the broad tapeworm ( Bothriocephalus latus ) which is found chiefly in the inhabitants of the mountainous regions of Europe and Asia. See also Echinococcus , Cysticercus , Proglottis , and 2d Measles , 4.

Taphouse noun A house where liquors are retailed.

Taphrenchyma noun [ Greek ... a trench + enchyma , as in parenchyma .] (Botany) Same as Bothrenchyma .

Tapinage noun [ See Tapish .] A lurking or skulking. [ Obsolete] Gower.

Tapioca noun [ Braz. tapioka : confer Portuguese , Spanish & French tapioca .] A coarsely granular substance obtained by heating, and thus partly changing, the moistened starch obtained from the roots of the cassava. It is much used in puddings and as a thickening for soups. See Cassava .