Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Confer French tarsier
.] See Tarsius .
[ New Latin See Tarsus
.] (Zoology) A genus of nocturnal lemurine mammals having very large eyes and ears, a long tail, and very long proximal tarsal bones; -- called also malmag , spectral lemur , podji , and tarsier .
Tarso- A combining form used in anatomy to indicate connection with , or relation to , the tarsus ; as, tarso metatarsus.
Tarsometatarsal adjective (Anat.) (a) Of or pertaining to both the tarsus and metatarsus; as, the tarsometatarsal articulations. (b) Of or pertaining to the tarsometatarsus.
; plural Tarsometatarsi
. [ New Latin ] (Anat.) The large bone next the foot in the leg of a bird. It is formed by the union of the distal part of the tarsus with the metatarsus.
Tarsorrhaphy noun [ Tarsus + Greek "rafh` seam, from ... to sew.] (Surg.) An operation to diminish the size of the opening between eyelids when enlarged by surrounding cicatrices.
Tarsotomy noun [ Tarsus + Greek ... to cut.] (Surg.) The operation of cutting or removing the tarsal cartilages.
; plural Tarsi
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... the flat of the foot, the edge of the eyelid. Confer 2d Tarse
.] 1. (Anat.) (a) The ankle; the bones or cartilages of the part of the foot between the metatarsus and the leg, consisting in man of seven short bones. (b) A plate of dense connective tissue or cartilage in the eyelid of man and many animals; -- called also tarsal cartilage , and tarsal plate . 2. (Zoology) The foot of an insect or a crustacean. It usually consists of form two to five joints.
[ Anglo-Saxon teart
. √63. Confer Tear
, transitive verb
] 1. Sharp to the taste; acid; sour; as, a tart apple. 2. Fig.: Sharp; keen; severe; as, a tart reply; tart language; a tart rebuke.
Why art thou tart , my brother? Bunyan.
[ Middle English tarte
, French tarte
; perhaps originally the same word as tourte
, Late Latin torta
, from Latin tortus
, past participle of torquere
to twist, bend, wind, because tarts were originally made of a twisted shape. Confer Torture
] A species of small open pie, or piece of pastry, containing jelly or conserve; a sort of fruit pie.
[ French tiretane
linsey- woolsey, akin to Spanish tiritaña
a sort of thin silk; confer Spanish tiritar
to shiver or shake with cold.] Woolen cloth, checkered or crossbarred with narrow bands of various colors, much worn in the Highlands of Scotland; hence, any pattern of tartan; also, other material of a similar pattern.
MacCullummore's heart will be as cold as death can make it, when it does not warm to the tartan . Sir W. Scott.
The sight of the tartan inflamed the populace of London with hatred. Macaulay.
Tartan noun [ French tartane , or Spanish , Portuguese , or Italian tartana ; all perhaps of Arabic origin.] (Nautical) A small coasting vessel, used in the Mediterranean, having one mast carrying large leteen sail, and a bowsprit with staysail or jib.
[ French tartre
(cf. Pr. tartari
, Spanish , Portuguese , & Italian tartaro
, Late Latin tartarum
, LGr. ...); perhaps of Arabic origin.] 1. (Chemistry) A reddish crust or sediment in wine casks, consisting essentially of crude cream of tartar, and used in marking pure cream of tartar, tartaric acid, potassium carbonate, black flux, etc., and, in dyeing, as a mordant for woolen goods; -- called also argol , wine stone , etc. 2. A correction which often incrusts the teeth, consisting of salivary mucus, animal matter, and phosphate of lime. Cream of tartar
. (Chemistry) See under Cream .
-- Tartar emetic (Med. Chem.)
, a double tartrate of potassium and basic antimony. It is a poisonous white crystalline substance having a sweetish metallic taste, and used in medicine as a sudorific and emetic.
Tartar noun To catch a tartar , to lay hold of, or encounter, a person who proves too strong for the assailant. [ Colloq.]
1. [ Persian Tātār , of Tartar origin.] A native or inhabitant of Tartary in Asia; a member of any one of numerous tribes, chiefly Moslem, of Turkish origin, inhabiting the Russian Europe; -- written also, more correctly but less usually, Tatar . 2. A person of a keen, irritable temper.
Tartar adjective Of or pertaining to Tartary in Asia, or the Tartars.
[ Confer French tartare
.] See Tartarus . Shak.
Tartarated adjective (Chemistry) Tartrated.
Tartarean, Tartareous adjective [ Latin tartareus : confer French tartaréen .] Of or pertaining to Tartarus; hellish.
[ Confer 1st Tartarous
.] 1. Consisting of tartar; of the nature of tartar. 2. (Botany) Having the surface rough and crumbling; as, many lichens are tartareous .
Tartarian noun (Botany) The name of some kinds of cherries, as the Black Tartarian , or the White Tartarian .
Tartarian, Tartaric adjective Of or pertaining to Tartary in Asia, or the Tartars. Tartarian lamb (Botany)
, Scythian lamb. See Barometz .
Tartaric adjective (Chemistry) Of or pertaining to tartar; derived from, or resembling, tartar. Tartaric acid . (a) An acid widely diffused throughout the vegetable kingdom, as in grapes, mountain-ash berries, etc., and obtained from tartar as a white crystalline substance, C 2 H 2 (OH) 2 .(CO 2 H) 2 , having a strong pure acid taste. It is used in medicine, in dyeing, calico printing, photography, etc., and also as a substitute for lemon juice. Called also dextro-tartaric acid . (b) By extension, any one of the series of isomeric acids (racemic acid, levotartaric acid, inactive tartaric acid) of which tartaric acid proper is the type.
Tartarine noun (Old Chem.) Potassium carbonate, obtained by the incineration of tartar. [ Obsolete]
Tartarize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Tartarized
; present participle & verbal noun Tartarizing
.] [ Confer French tartariser
.] (Chemistry) To impregnate with, or subject to the action of, tartar.
[ R.] Tartarized antimony (Med. Chem.)
, tartar emetic.
Tartarize transitive verb To cause to resemble the Tartars and their civilization, as by conquest.
Tartarous adjective [ Confer French tartareux .] Containing tartar; consisting of tartar, or partaking of its qualities; tartareous.
Tartarous adjective Resembling, or characteristic of, a Tartar; ill-natured; irritable.
The Tartarous moods of common men. B. Jonson.
Tartarum noun (Chemistry) See 1st Tartar .
Tartarus (tär"tȧ*rŭs) noun [ Latin , from Greek Ta`rtaros .] (Class. Myth.) The infernal regions, described in the Iliad as situated as far below Hades as heaven is above the earth, and by later writers as the place of punishment for the spirits of the wicked. By the later poets, also, the name is often used synonymously with Hades , or the Lower World in general.
Tartary noun Tartarus. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ From Tartini
, an Italian violinist, who discovered them in 1754.] See the Note under Tone .
Tartish adjective Somewhat tart.
Tartlet noun A small tart. V. Knox.
Tartly adverb In a tart manner; with acidity.
Tartness noun The quality or state of being tart. Syn.
-- Acrimony; sourness; keenness; poignancy; severity; asperity; acerbity; harshness. See Acrimony
[ From Tartar
the chemical compound.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid obtained as a white amorphous deliquescent substance, C 8 H 10 O 11 ; -- called also ditartaric , tartrilic , or tartrylic acid .
Tartramate noun (Chemistry) A salt of tartramic acid.
Tartramic adjective [ Tarto- + amic .] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid which is the primary acid amide derivative of tartaric acid.
Tartramide noun [ Tarto- + amide .] (Chemistry) An acid amide derivative of tartaric acid, obtained as a white crystalline substance.
Tartrate noun [ Confer French tartrate .] (Chemistry) A salt of tartaric acid.
Tartrated adjective (Med. Chem.) Containing, or derived from, tartar; combined with tartaric acid.
Tartrazine noun [ Tart aric + hyd razine .] (Chemistry) An artificial dyestuff obtained as an orange-yellow powder, and regarded as a phenyl hydrazine derivative of tartaric and sulphonic acids.
[ From Tartar
the chemical compound.] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an anhydride, C 4 H 4 O 5 , of tartaric acid, obtained as a white crystalline deliquescent substance.
Tartro- A combining form (also used adjectively) used in chemistry to denote the presence of tartar or of some of its compounds or derivatives .
Tartronate noun (Chemistry) A salt of tartronic acid.
Tartronic adjective [ Tartro- + mal onic .] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an organic acid (called also hydroxy malonic acid ) obtained, by reducing mesoxalic acid, as a white crystalline substance.
Tartronyl noun [ Tartron ic + - yl .] (Chemistry) A hypothetical radical constituting the characteristic residue of tartronic acid and certain of its derivatives.
Tartrovinic adjective [ Tartro- + vinic .] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a certain acid composed of tartaric acid in combination with ethyl, and now called ethyltartaric acid .
Tartuffe, Tartufe noun [ French tartufe .] A hypocritical devotee. See the Dictionary of Noted Names in Fiction.
Tartuffish, Tartufish adjective Like a tartuffe; precise; hypocritical. Sterne.