Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Tam-o'-shanter noun [ So named after Tam o'Shanter , a character in Burns's poem of the same name.] A kind of Scotch cap of wool, worsted, or the like, having a round, flattish top much wider than the band which fits the head, and usually having a tassel in the center.

Tam-tam noun [ Hind.; of imitative origin.] (Mus.) (a) A kind of drum used in the East Indies and other Oriental countries; -- called also tom- tom . (b) A gong. See Gong , noun , 1.

Tamine, Taminy noun [ Confer French tamis a sort of sieve. Confer Stamin , Temse .] A kind of woolen cloth; tammy.

Tamis noun [ French, a kind of sieve.]
1. A sieve, or strainer, made of a kind of woolen cloth.

2. The cloth itself; tammy.

Tamis bird (Zoology) , a Guinea fowl.

Tamkin noun A tampion. Johnson (Dict.).

Tammy noun ; plural Tammies
1. A kind of woolen, or woolen and cotton, cloth, often highly glazed, -- used for curtains, sieves, strainers, etc.

2. A sieve, or strainer, made of this material; a tamis.

Tamp transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tamped ; present participle & verbal noun Tamping .] [ Confer French tamponner to plug or stop. See Tampion .]
1. In blasting, to plug up with clay, earth, dry sand, sod, or other material, as a hole bored in a rock, in order to prevent the force of the explosion from being misdirected.

2. To drive in or down by frequent gentle strokes; as, to tamp earth so as to make a smooth place.

Tampan noun (Zoology) A venomous South African tick. Livingstone.

Tampeon noun See Tampion . Farrow.

Tamper noun
1. One who tamps; specifically, one who prepares for blasting, by filling the hole in which the charge is placed.

2. An instrument used in tamping; a tamping iron.

Tamper intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tampered ; present participle & verbal noun Tampering .] [ A corruption of temper .]
1. To meddle; to be busy; to try little experiments; as, to tamper with a disease.

'T is dangerous tampering with a muse.
Roscommon.

2. To meddle so as to alter, injure, or vitiate a thing.

3. To deal unfairly; to practice secretly; to use bribery.

Others tampered
For Fleetwood, Desborough, and Lambert.
Hudibras.

Tamperer noun One who tampers; one who deals unfairly.

Tampico fiber, fibre A tough vegetable fiber used as a substitute for bristles in making brushes. The piassava and the ixtle are both used under this name.

Tamping noun
1. The act of one who tamps; specifically, the act of filling up a hole in a rock, or the branch of a mine, for the purpose of blasting the rock or exploding the mine.

2. The material used in tamping. See Tamp , transitive verb , 1.

Tamping iron , an iron rod for beating down the earthy substance in tamping for blasting.

Tampion noun [ French tampon , tapon , tape , of Dutch or German origin. See Tap a pipe or plug, and confer Tamp , Tampop , Tompion .] [ Written also tampeon , and tompion .]
1. A wooden stopper, or plug, as for a cannon or other piece of ordnance, when not in use.

2. (Mus.) A plug for upper end of an organ pipe.

Tampoe noun (Botany) The edible fruit of an East Indian tree ( Baccaurea Malayana ) of the Spurge family. It somewhat resembles an apple.

Tampon noun [ French See Tampion .] (Surg.) A plug introduced into a natural or artificial cavity of the body in order to arrest hemorrhage, or for the application of medicine.

Tampon transitive verb (Surg.) To plug with a tampon.

Tampoon noun [ See Tampion .] The stopper of a barrel; a bung.

Tamul adjective & noun Tamil.

Tamworth noun [ From Tamworth , Staffordshire, England.] One of a long-established English breed of large pigs. They are red, often spotted with black, with a long snout and erect or forwardly pointed ears, and are valued as bacon producers.

Tan noun [ Chin.] See Picul .

Tan noun [ French tan , perhaps from Armor. tann an oak, oak bar; or of Teutonic origin; confer German tanne a fir, Old High German tanna a fir, oak, Middle High German tan a forest. Confer Tawny .]
1. The bark of the oak, and some other trees, bruised and broken by a mill, for tanning hides; -- so called both before and after it has been used. Called also tan bark .

2. A yellowish-brown color, like that of tan.

3. A brown color imparted to the skin by exposure to the sun; as, hands covered with tan .

Tan bed (Hort.) , a bed made of tan; a bark bed. -- Tan pickle , the liquor used in tanning leather. -- Tan spud , a spud used in stripping bark for tan from trees. -- Tan stove . See Bark stove , under Bark . -- Tan vat , a vat in which hides are steeped in liquor with tan.

Tan adjective Of the color of tan; yellowish- brown.

Black and tan . See under Black , adjective

Tan transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tanned ; present participle & verbal noun Tanning .] [ French tanner , Late Latin tannare . See Tan , noun ]
1. To convert (the skin of an animal) into leather, as by usual process of steeping it in an infusion of oak or some other bark, whereby it is impregnated with tannin, or tannic acid (which exists in several species of bark), and is thus rendered firm, durable, and in some degree impervious to water.

» The essential result in tanning is due to the fact that the tannins form, with gelatins and albuminoids, a series of insoluble compounds which constitute leather. Similar results may be produced by the use of other reagents in place of tannin, as alum, and some acids or chlorides, which are employed in certain processes of tanning.

2. To make brown; to imbrown, as by exposure to the rays of the sun; as, to tan the skin.

Tan intransitive verb To get or become tanned.

Tan transitive verb To thrash or beat; to flog; to switch. [ Colloq.]

Tana noun (Zoology) Same as Banxring .

Tanager noun [ New Latin tanagra , probably from Brazilian tangara .] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of bright-colored singing birds belonging to Tanagra , Piranga , and allied genera. The scarlet tanager ( Piranga erythromelas ) and the summer redbird ( Piranga rubra ) are common species of the United States.

Tanagrine adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the tanagers.

Tanagroid adjective [ Tanager + - oid .] (Zoology) Tanagrine.

Tanate noun (Zoology) An Asiatic wild dog ( Canis procyonoides ), native of Japan and adjacent countries. It has a short, bushy tail. Called also raccoon dog .

Tandem adverb & adjective [ Latin tandem at length (of time only), punningly taken as meaning, lengthwise.] One after another; -- said especially of horses harnessed and driven one before another, instead of abreast.

Tandem noun A team of horses harnessed one before the other. "He drove tandems ." Thackeray.

Tandem engine , a compound steam engine having two or more steam cylinders in the same axis, close to one another. -- Tandem bicycle or tricycle , one for two persons in which one rider sits before the other.

Tandem noun A tandem bicycle or other vehicle.

Tandem cart A kind of two-wheeled vehicle with seats back to back, the front one somewhat elevated.

Tandem engine A steam engine having two or more steam cylinders in line, with a common piston rod.

Tandem system (Electricity) = Cascade system .

Tang (tăng) noun [ Of Scand. origin; confer Danish tang seaweed, Swedish tång , Icelandic þang . Confer Tangle .] (Botany) A coarse blackish seaweed ( Fuscus nodosus ). Dr. Prior.

Tang sparrow (Zoology) , the rock pipit. [ Prov. Eng.]

Tang noun [ Probably from OD. tanger sharp, tart, literally, pinching; akin to English tongs . √59. See Tong .]
1. A strong or offensive taste; especially, a taste of something extraneous to the thing itself; as, wine or cider has a tang of the cask.

2. Fig.: A sharp, specific flavor or tinge. Confer Tang a twang.

Such proceedings had a strong tang of tyranny.
Fuller.

A cant of philosophism, and a tang of party politics.
Jeffrey.

3. [ Probably of Scand. origin; confer Icelandic tangi a projecting point; akin to English tongs . See Tongs .] A projecting part of an object by means of which it is secured to a handle, or to some other part; anything resembling a tongue in form or position. Specifically: --

(a) The part of a knife, fork, file, or other small instrument, which is inserted into the handle.

(b) The projecting part of the breech of a musket barrel, by which the barrel is secured to the stock.

(c) The part of a sword blade to which the handle is fastened.

(d) The tongue of a buckle. [ Prov. Eng.]

Tang noun [ Of imitative origin. Confer Twang . This word has become confused with tang tatse, flavor.] A sharp, twanging sound; an unpleasant tone; a twang.

Tang transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tanged ; present participle & verbal noun Tanging .] To cause to ring or sound loudly; to ring.

Let thy tongue tang arguments of state.
Shak.

To tang bees , to cause a swarm of bees to settle, by beating metal to make a din.

Tang intransitive verb To make a ringing sound; to ring.

Let thy tongue tang arguments of state.
Shak.

Tang (täng) noun [ Chin. T'ang .] A dynasty in Chinese history, from a.d. 618 to 905, distinguished by the founding of the Imperial Academy (the Hanlin), by the invention of printing, and as marking a golden age of literature.

Tangalung noun (Zoology) An East Indian civet ( Viverra tangalunga ).

Tangelo (tăn"je*lō) noun [ Tang erine + pom elo .] A hybrid between the tangerine orange and the grapefruit, or pomelo; also, the fruit.

Tangence noun Tangency. [ R.]

Tangency noun The quality or state of being tangent; a contact or touching.

Tangent noun [ Latin tangens , - entis , present participle of tangere to touch; akin to Greek ... having seized: confer French tangente . Confer Attain , Contaminate , Contingent , Entire , Tact , Taste , Tax , transitive verb ] (Geom.) A tangent line curve, or surface; specifically, that portion of the straight line tangent to a curve that is between the point of tangency and a given line, the given line being, for example, the axis of abscissas, or a radius of a circle produced. See Trigonometrical function , under Function .

Artificial , or Logarithmic , tangent , the logarithm of the natural tangent of an arc. -- Natural tangent , a decimal expressing the length of the tangent of an arc, the radius being reckoned unity. -- Tangent galvanometer (Electricity) , a form of galvanometer having a circular coil and a short needle, in which the tangent of the angle of deflection of the needle is proportional to the strength of the current. -- Tangent of an angle , the natural tangent of the arc subtending or measuring the angle. -- Tangent of an arc , a right line, as ta , touching the arc of a circle at one extremity a , and terminated by a line ct , passing from the center through the other extremity o .

Tangent adjective [ Latin tangens , - entis , present participle] Touching; touching at a single point ; specifically (Geom.) meeting a curve or surface at a point and having at that point the same direction as the curve or surface; -- said of a straight line, curve, or surface; as, a line tangent to a curve; a curve tangent to a surface; tangent surfaces.

Tangent plane (Geom.) , a plane which touches a surface in a point or line. -- Tangent scale (Gun.) , a kind of breech sight for a cannon. -- Tangent screw (Machinery) , an endless screw; a worm.