Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Tarente noun [ Confer French tarente .] (Zoology) A harmless lizard of the Gecko family ( Platydactylus Mauritianicus ) found in Southern Europe and adjacent countries, especially among old walls and ruins.

Tarentism noun See Tarantism .

Tarentula noun See Tarantula .

Targe noun [ French Confer Target .] A shield or target. [ Obsolete or Poetic] "A buckler on a targe ." Chaucer.

Target noun [ Old French targette , dim. of Old French & French targe , of Teutonic origin; confer Anglo-Saxon targe , OD. targie , German zarge a frame, case, border, Old High German zarga , Icelandic targa shield.]
1. A kind of small shield or buckler, used as a defensive weapon in war.

2. (a) A butt or mark to shoot at, as for practice, or to test the accuracy of a firearm, or the force of a projectile. (b) The pattern or arrangement of a series of hits made by a marksman on a butt or mark; as, he made a good target .

3. (Surveying) The sliding crosspiece, or vane, on a leveling staff.

4. (Railroad) A conspicuous disk attached to a switch lever to show its position, or for use as a signal.

Target noun
1. A thin cut; a slice; specif., of lamb, a piece consisting of the neck and breast joints. [ Eng.]

2. A tassel or pendent; also, a shred; tatter. [ Obsolete Scot.]

Targeted adjective Furnished, armed, or protected, with a target.

Targeteer noun One who is armed with a target or shield. [ Written also targetier .]

Targum noun ; plural Targums . Hebrew Targumim . [ Chald. targūm interpretation, from targēm to interpret. Confer Truchman , and Dragoman .] A translation or paraphrase of some portion of the Old Testament Scriptures in the Chaldee or Aramaic language or dialect.

Targumist noun The writer of a Targum; one versed in the Targums.

Tariff noun [ French tarif ; confer Spanish & Portuguese tarifa , Italian tariffa ; all from Arabic ta'rīf information, explanation, definition, from 'arafa , to know, to inform, explain.]
1. A schedule, system, or scheme of duties imposed by the government of a country upon goods imported or exported; as, a revenue tariff ; a protective tariff ; Clay's compromise tariff . (U. S. 1833).

» The United States and Great Britain impose no duties on exports; hence, in these countries the tariff refers only to imports.

2. The duty, or rate of duty, so imposed; as, the tariff on wool; a tariff of two cents a pound.

3. Any schedule or system of rates, changes, etc.; as, a tariff of fees, or of railroad fares. Bolingbroke.

Tariff transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tariffed ; present participle & verbal noun Tariffing .] To make a list of duties on, as goods.

Tariff noun A tariff may be imposed solely for, and with reference to, the production of revenue (called a revenue tariff , or tariff for revenue , or for the artificial fostering of home industries ( a projective tariff ), or as a means of coercing foreign governments, as in case of retaliatory tariff .

Tarin noun [ French] (Zoology) The siskin. [ Prov.]

Taring noun (Zoology) The common tern; -- called also tarret , and tarrock . [ Prov. Eng.]

Tarlatan noun A kind of thin, transparent muslin, used for dresses.

Tarn noun [ Middle English terne , Icelandic tjörn .] A mountain lake or pool.

A lofty precipice in front,
A silent tarn below.
Wordsworth.

Tarnish transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tarnished ; present participle & verbal noun Tarnishing .] [ French ternir , from Old High German tarnen to darken, to conceal, hide; akin to Old Saxon dernian to hide, Anglo-Saxon dernan , dyrnan , Old High German tarni hidden, Old Saxon derni , Anglo-Saxon derne , dyrne . Confer Dern , adjective , and see -ish .] To soil, or change the appearance of, especially by an alternation induced by the air, or by dust, or the like; to diminish, dull, or destroy the luster of; to sully; as, to tarnish a metal; to tarnish gilding; to tarnish the purity of color. " Tarnished lace." Fuller. Used also figuratively; as, to tarnish one's honor.

Syn. -- To sully; stain; dim.

Tarnish intransitive verb To lose luster; to become dull; as, gilding will tarnish in a foul air.

Till thy fresh glories, which now shine so bright,
Grow stale and tarnish with our daily sight.
Dryden.

Tarnish noun
1. The quality or state of being tarnished; stain; soil; blemish.

2. (Min.) A thin film on the surface of a metal, usually due to a slight alteration of the original color; as, the steel tarnish in columbite.

Tarnisher noun One who, or that which, tarnishes.

Taro noun [ From the Polynesian name.] (Botany) A name for several aroid plants ( Colocasia antiquorum , var. esculenta , Colocasia macrorhiza , etc.), and their rootstocks. They have large ovate-sagittate leaves and large fleshy rootstocks, which are cooked and used for food in tropical countries.

Tarot noun [ F.; confer Italian tarocco .] A game of cards; -- called also taroc . Hoyle.

Tarpan noun [ From the native name.] (Zoology) A wild horse found in the region of the Caspian Sea.

Tarpaulin noun [ Tar + palling a covering, pall to cover. See Pall a covering.]
1. A piece of canvas covered with tar or a waterproof composition, used for covering the hatches of a ship, hammocks, boats, etc.

2. A hat made of, or covered with, painted or tarred cloth, worn by sailors and others.

3. Hence, a sailor; a seaman; a tar.

To a landsman, these tarpaulins , as they were called, seemed a strange and half-savage race.
Macaulay.

Tarpeian adjective [ Latin Tarpeius , prop., pertaining to Tarpeia .] Pertaining to or designating a rock or peak of the Capitoline hill, Rome, from which condemned criminals were hurled.

Tarpon noun (Zoology) Same as Tarpum .

Tarpum noun (Zoology) A very large marine fish ( Megapolis Atlanticus ) of the Southern United States and the West Indies. It often becomes six or more feet in length, and has large silvery scales. The scales are a staple article of trade, and are used in fancywork. Called also tarpon , sabalo , savanilla , silverfish , and jewfish .

Tarquinish adjective Like a Tarquin, a king of ancient Rome; proud; haughty; overbearing.

Tarrace noun See Trass . [ Obsolete]

Tarragon noun [ Spanish taragona , Arabic tarkh...n ; perhaps from Greek ... a dragon, or Latin draco ; confer Latin dracunculus tarragon. Confer Dragon .] (Botany) A plant of the genus Artemisa ( A. dracunculus ), much used in France for flavoring vinegar.

Tarras noun See Trass . [ Obsolete]

Tarre transitive verb [ Middle English tarien , terien , to irritate, provoke, Anglo-Saxon tergan to pull, pluck, torment; probably akin to English tear , v.t. √63. Confer Tarry , v. ] To set on, as a dog; to incite. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Tarriance noun The act or time of tarrying; delay; lateness. [ Archaic] Shak.

And after two days' tarriance there, returned.
Tennyson.

Tarrier noun One who, or that which, tarries.

Tarrier noun (Zoology) A kind of dig; a terrier. [ Obsolete]

Tarrock noun [ Greenland tattarock .] (Zoology) (a) The young of the kittiwake gull before the first molt. (b) The common guillemot. [ Prov. Eng.] (c) The common tern.

Tarry adjective [ From Tar , noun ] Consisting of, or covered with, tar; like tar.

Tarry intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tarried ; present participle & verbal noun Tarrying .] [ Middle English tarien to irritate (see Tarre ); but with a change of sense probably due to confusion with Middle English targen to delay, Old French targier , from (assumed) Late Latin tardicare , from Latin tardare to make slow, to tarry, from tardus slow. Confer Tardy .]
1. To stay or remain behind; to wait.

Tarry ye for us, until we come again.
Ex. xxiv. 14.

2. To delay; to put off going or coming; to loiter.

Come down unto me, tarry not.
Gen. xic. 9.

One tarried here, there hurried one.
Emerson.

3. To stay; to abide; to continue; to lodge.

Tarry all night, and wash your feet.
Gen. xix. 2.

Syn. -- To abide; continue; lodge; await; loiter.

Tarry transitive verb
1. To delay; to defer; to put off. [ Obsolete]

Tarry us here no longer than to-morrow.
Chaucer.

2. To wait for; to stay or stop for. [ Archaic]

He that will have a cake out of the wheat must needs tarry the grinding.
Shak.

He plodded on, . . . tarrying no further question.
Sir W. Scott.

Tarry noun Stay; stop; delay. [ Obsolete] E. Lodge.

Tarsal adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the tarsus (either of the foot or eye). -- noun A tarsal bone or cartilage; a tarsale.

Tarsal tetter (Medicine) , an eruptive disease of the edges of the eyelids; a kind of bleareye.

Tarsal noun (Zoology) Same as Tercel . [ Obsolete]

Tarsale noun ; plural Tarsalia . [ New Latin ] (Anat.) One of the bones or cartilages of the tarsus; esp., one of the series articulating with the metatarsals.

Tarse noun [ Confer Tassel , Tiercel .] (Falconry) The male falcon.

Tarse noun [ Confer French tarse .] (Anat.) tarsus.

Tarsectomy noun [ Tarsus + Greek ... to cut out.] (Surg.) The operation of excising one or more of the bones of the tarsus.

Tarsel noun A male hawk. See Tercel . [ Obsolete]

Tarsi noun , plural of Tarsus .

Tarsia Tar`si*a*tu"ra noun [ Italian ] A kind of mosaic in woodwork, much employed in Italy in the fifteenth century and later, in which scrolls and arabesques, and sometimes architectural scenes, landscapes, fruits, flowers, and the like, were produced by inlaying pieces of wood of different colors and shades into panels usually of walnut wood.