Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin superciliosus
, from supercilium
an eyebrow, pride; super
over, + cilium
an eyelid; probably akin to celare
to conceal. Confer Conceal
.] Lofty with pride; haughty; dictatorial; overbearing; arrogant; as, a supercilious officer; a supercilious air; supercilious behavior.
Supercilium noun [ Latin ] (Zoology) The eyebrow, or the region of the eyebrows.
Supercolumniation noun (Architecture) The putting of one order above another; also, an architectural work produced by this method; as, the putting of the Doric order in the ground story, Ionic above it, and Corinthian or Composite above this.
Superconception noun (Physiol.) Superfetation. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.
Superconsequence noun Remote consequence. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
[ See Supercrescent
.] That which grows upon another growing thing; a parasite.
[ R.] Sir T. Browne.
Supercrescent adjective [ Latin supercrescens , present participle of supercrescere ; super above + crescere to grow.] Growing on some other growing thing. [ R.] Johnson.
Supercurious adjective Excessively curious or inquisitive. Evelyn.
Superdominant noun (Mus.) The sixth tone of the scale; that next above the dominant; -- called also submediant .
Supereminence, Supereminency noun
[ Latin supereminentia
.] The quality or state of being supereminent; distinguished eminence; as, the supereminence of Cicero as an orator, or Lord Chatham as a statesman. Ayliffe.
He was not forever beset with the consciousness of his own supereminence . Prof. Wilson.
[ Latin supereminens
, present participle of supereminere
. See Super-
, and Eminent
.] Eminent in a superior degree; surpassing others in excellence; as, a supereminent divine; the supereminent glory of Christ.
[ Latin supererogans
, present participle See Supererogate
Supererogate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Supererogated
; present participle & verbal noun Supererogating
.] [ Latin supererogatus
, past participle of supererogare
to spend or pay out over and above; super
over, above + erogare
to expend or pay out money from the public treasury after asking the consent of the people. See Super-
, and Erogate
.] To do more than duty requires; to perform works of supererogation; to atone (for a dificiency in another) by means of a surplus action or quality.
The fervency of one man in prayer can not supererogate for the coldness of another. Milton.
Supererogation noun [ Latin supererogatio a payment in addition.] The act of supererogating; performance of more than duty or necessity requires. Works of supererogation (R. C. Ch.) , those good deeds believed to have been performed by saints, or capable of being performed by men, over and above what is required for their own salvation.
Supererogative adjective Supererogatory.
Supererogatory adjective Performed to an extent not enjoined, or not required, by duty or necessity; as, supererogatory services. Howell.
Superessential adjective Essential above others, or above the constitution of a thing. J. Ellis.
Superethical adjective More than ethical; above ethics. Bolingbroke.
Superexalt transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Superexalted
; present participle & verbal noun Superexalting
.] To exalt to a superior degree; to exalt above others. Barrow.
Superexaltation noun Elevation above the common degree. Holyday.
Superexcellence noun Superior excellence; extraordinary excellence.
Superexcellent adjective [ Prefix super- + excellent : confer Latin superexcellens .] Excellent in an uncommon degree; very excellent. Drayton.
Superexcination noun Excessive, or more than normal, excitation.
Superexcrescence noun Something growing superfluously.
Superfœtation noun Superfetation.
Superfamily noun (Zoology) A group intermediate between a family and a suborder.
Superfecundation noun (Physiol.) Fertilization of two ova, at the same menstruation, by two different acts of coition.
Superfecundity noun Superabundant fecundity or multiplication of the species.
Superfetate intransitive verb
[ Latin superfetare
above, over + fetare
to bring forth.] To conceive after a prior conception, but before the birth of the offspring.
The female . . . is said to superfetate . Grew.
[ Confer French superfétation
.] (Physiol.) The formation of a fetus at the result of an impregnation occurring after another impregnation but before the birth of the offspring produced by it. This is possible only when there is a double uterus, or where menstruation persists up to the time of the second impregnation.
In then became a superfetation upon, and not an ingredient in, the national character. Coleridge.
Superfete intransitive verb To superfetate. [ Obsolete]
Superfete transitive verb To conceive (another fetus) after a former conception. [ Obsolete] Howell.
Superfice noun A superficies. [ Obsolete] Dryden.
[ Latin superficialis
: confer French superficiel
. See Superficies
.] 1. Of or pertaining to the superficies, or surface; lying on the surface; shallow; not deep; as, a superficial color; a superficial covering; superficial measure or contents; superficial tillage. 2. Reaching or comprehending only what is obvious or apparent; not deep or profound; shallow; -- said especially in respect to study, learning, and the like; as, a superficial scholar; superficial knowledge.
This superficial tale Shak.
Is but a preface of her worthy praise.
He is a presumptuous and superficial writer. Burke.
That superficial judgment, which happens to be right without deserving to be so. J. H. Newman.
Superficialist noun One who attends to anything superficially; a superficial or shallow person; a sciolist; a smatterer.
Superficiality noun [ Confer French superficialité .] The quality or state of being superficial; also, that which is superficial. Sir T. Browne.
Superficialize transitive verb To attend to, or to treat, superficially, or in a shallow or slighting way.
It is a characteristic weakness of the day to superficialize evil. E. P. Whipple.
Superficiary noun (Rom. Law) One to whom a right of surface occupation is granted; one who pays quitrent for a house built upon another man's ground.
1. Of or pertaining to the superficies, or surface; superficial. 2. (Rom. Law) Situated or built on another man's land, as a house.
[ Latin , from super
above, over + facies
make, figure, shape. See Surface
.] 1. The surface; the exterior part, superficial area, or face of a thing. 2. (Civil Law) (a) Everything on the surface of a piece of ground, or of a building, so closely connected by art or nature as to constitute a part of it, as houses, or other superstructures, fences, trees, vines, etc. (b) A real right consisting of a grant by a landed proprietor of a piece of ground, bearing a strong resemblance to the long building leases granted by landholders in England, in consideration of a rent, and under reservation of the ownership of the soil. Bouvier. Wharton.
1. Very fine, or most fine; being of surpassing fineness; of extra nice or fine quality; as, superfine cloth. 2. Excessively fine; too nice; over particular; as, superfine distinctions; superfine tastes.
Superfineness noun The state of being superfine.
Superfinical adjective Extremely finical.
[ Latin superfluens
, present participle of superfluere
to flow or run over. See Superfluous
[ Obsolete] Hammond.
Superfluitant adjective [ Latin super above + fluitans , present participle of fluitare intensive from fluere to flow.] Floating above or on the surface. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne. -- Su`per*flu"i*tance noun [ Obsolete]
; plural Superfluities
. [ Latin superfluité
, Latin superfluitas
. See Superfluous
.] 1. A greater quantity than is wanted; superabundance; as, a superfluity of water; a superfluity of wealth.
A quiet mediocrity is still to be preferred before a troubled superfluity . Suckling. 2. The state or quality of being superfluous; excess.
"By a superfluity
abominable." Chaucer. 3. Something beyond what is needed; something which serves for show or luxury. Syn.
-- Superabundance; excess; redundancy.
[ Latin superfluus
over, above + fluere
to flow. See Super-
, and Fluent
.] More than is wanted or is sufficient; rendered unnecessary by superabundance; unnecessary; useless; excessive; as, a superfluous price. Shak.
An authority which makes all further argument or illustration superfluous . E. Everett. Superfluous interval (Mus.)
, an interval that exceeds a major or perfect interval by a semitone. Syn.
-- Unnecessary; useless; exuberant; excessive; redundant; needless. -- Su*per"flu*ous*ly
Superflux noun Superabundance; superfluity; an overflowing. [ R.] Shak.