Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Suppage noun [ From Sup .] What may be supped; pottage. [ Obsolete] Hooker.

Suppalpation noun [ Latin suppalpari to caress a little; sub under, a little + palpare to caress.] The act of enticing by soft words; enticement. [ Obsolete]

Supparasitation noun [ See Supparasite .] The act of flattering to gain favor; servile approbation. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Supparasite transitive verb [ Latin supparasitari ; sub under, a little + parasitus a parasite.] To flatter; to cajole; to act the parasite. [ Obsolete] Dr. R. Clerke.

Suppawn noun See Supawn .

Suppedaneous adjective [ Prefix sub- + Latin pes , pedis , a foot: confer Latin suppedaneum a footstool.] Being under the feet. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Suppeditate transitive verb [ Latin suppeditatus , past participle of suppeditare to supply.] To supply; to furnish. [ Obsolete] Hammond.

Suppeditation noun [ Latin suppeditatio .] Supply; aid afforded. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Supper noun [ Middle English soper , super , Old French super , soper , French souper ; originally an infinitive, to sup, take a meal. See Soup , and confer Sup to take supper.] A meal taken at the close of the day; the evening meal.

» Supper is much used in an obvious sense, either adjectively or as the first part of a compound; as, supper time or supper -time, supper bell, supper hour, etc.

Supper intransitive verb To take supper; to sup. [ R.]

Supper transitive verb To supply with supper. [ R.] "Kester was suppering the horses." Mrs. Gaskell.

Supperless adjective Having no supper; deprived of supper; as, to go supperless to bed. Beau. & Fl.

Supping noun
1. The act of one who sups; the act of taking supper.

2. That which is supped; broth. [ Obsolete] Holland.

Supplace transitive verb To replace. [ R.] J. Bascom.

Supplant transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Supplanted ; present participle & verbal noun Supplanting .] [ French supplanter , Latin supplantare to trip up one's heels, to throw down; sub under + planta the sole of the foot, also, a sucker, slip, sprout. Confer Plant , noun ]
1. To trip up. [ Obsolete] " Supplanted , down he fell." Milton.

2. To remove or displace by stratagem; to displace and take the place of; to supersede; as, a rival supplants another in the favor of a mistress or a prince.

Suspecting that the courtier had supplanted the friend.
Bp. Fell.

3. To overthrow, undermine, or force away, in order to get a substitute in place of.

You never will supplant the received ideas of God.

Syn. -- To remove; displace; overpower; undermine; overthrow; supersede.

Supplantation noun [ Confer French supplantation , Latin supplantatio hypocritical deceit.] The act of supplanting or displacing.

Habitual supplantation of immediate selfishness.

Supplanter noun One who supplants.

Supple adjective [ Middle English souple , French souple , from Latin supplex suppliant, perhaps originally, being the knees. Confer Supplicate .]
1. Pliant; flexible; easily bent; as, supple joints; supple fingers.

2. Yielding compliant; not obstinate; submissive to guidance; as, a supple horse.

If punishment . . . makes not the will supple , it hardens the offender.

3. Bending to the humor of others; flattering; fawning; obsequious. Addison.

Syn. -- Pliant; flexible; yielding; compliant; bending; flattering; fawning; soft.

Supple transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Suppled ; present participle & verbal noun Suppling .]
1. To make soft and pliant; to render flexible; as, to supple leather.

The flesh therewith she suppled and did steep.

2. To make compliant, submissive, or obedient.

A mother persisting till she had bent her daughter's mind and suppled her will.

They should supple our stiff willfulness.

Supple intransitive verb To become soft and pliant.

The stones . . .
Suppled into softness as they fell.

Supple-chapped adjective Having a limber tongue. [ R.] "A supple-chapped flatterer." Marston.

Supple-jack noun (Botany) (a) A climbing shrub ( Berchemia volubilus ) of the Southern United States, having a tough and pliable stem. (b) A somewhat similar tropical American plant ( Paullinia Curassavica ); also, a walking stick made from its stem.

He was in form and spirit like a supple-jack , . . . yielding, but tough; though he bent, he never broke.
W. Irving.

» This name is given to various plants of similar habit in different British colonies.

Supplely adverb In a supple manner; softly; pliantly; mildly. Cotgrave.

Supplement noun [ French supplément , Latin supplementum , from supplere to fill up. See Supply , transitive verb ]
1. That which supplies a deficiency, or meets a want; a store; a supply. [ Obsolete] Chapman.

2. That which fills up, completes, or makes an addition to, something already organized, arranged, or set apart; specifically, a part added to, or issued as a continuation of, a book or paper, to make good its deficiencies or correct its errors.

3. (Trig.) The number of degrees which, if added to a specified arc, make it 180°; the quantity by which an arc or an angle falls short of 180 degrees, or an arc falls short of a semicircle.

Syn. -- Appendix. -- Appendix , Supplement . An appendix is that which is appended to something, but is not essential to its completeness; a supplement is that which supplements, or serves to complete or make perfect, that to which it is added.

Supplement transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Supplemented ; present participle & verbal noun Supplementing .] To fill up or supply by addition; to add something to.

Causes of one kind must be supplemented by bringing to bear upon them a causation of another kind.
I. Taylor.

Supplemental, Supplementary adjective [ Confer French supplémentaire .] Added to supply what is wanted; additional; being, or serving as, a supplement; as, a supplemental law; a supplementary sheet or volume.

Supplemental air (Physiol.) , the air which in addition to the residual air remains in the lungs after ordinary expiration, but which, unlike the residual air, can be expelled; reserve air. -- Supplemental bill (Equity) , a bill filed in aid of an original bill to supply some deffect in the latter, or to set forth new facts which can not be done by amendment. Burrill. Daniel. -- Supplementary chords (Math.) , in an ellipse or hyperbola, any two chords drawn through the extremities of a diameter, and intersecting on the curve.

Supplementation noun The act of supplementing. C. Kingsley.

Suppleness noun The quality or state of being supple; flexibility; pliableness; pliancy.

Suppletive, Suppletory adjective [ Confer French supplétif , Late Latin suppletivus , from Latin supplere , suppletum , to fill up. See Supply .] Supplying deficiencies; supplementary; as, a suppletory oath.

Suppletory noun ; plural Suppletories That which is to supply what is wanted.

Invent suppletories to excuse an evil man.
Jer. Taylor.

Supplial noun The act of supplying; a supply. "The supplial of a preposition." Fitzed. Hall.

Suppliance noun [ From Supply .] That which supplies a want; assistance; a gratification; satisfaction. [ R.]

The perfume and suppliance of a minute.

Suppliance noun [ See Suppliant .] Supplication; entreaty.

When Greece her knee in suppliance bent.

Suppliant adjective [ French, present participle of supplier to entreat, Latin supplicare . See Supplicate , and confer Supplicant .]
1. Asking earnestly and submissively; entreating; beseeching; supplicating.

The rich grow suppliant , and the poor grow proud.

2. Manifesting entreaty; expressive of supplication.

To bow and sue for grace
With suppliant knee.

Syn. -- Entreating; beseeching; suing; begging; supplicating; imploring.

-- Sup"pli*ant*ly , adverb -- Sup"pli*ant*ness , noun

Suppliant noun One who supplicates; a humble petitioner; one who entreats submissively.

Hear thy suppliant's prayer.

Supplicancy noun Supplication. [ R.]

Supplicant adjective [ Latin supplicans , present participle See Supplicate , and confer Suppliant .] Entreating; asking submissively. Shak. -- Sup"pli*cant*ly , adverb

Supplicant noun One who supplicates; a suppliant.

The wise supplicant . . . left the event to God.

Supplicat noun [ Latin , he supplicates.] (Eng. Universities) A petition; esp., a written one, with a certificate that the conditions have been complied with.

Supplicate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Supplicated ; present participle & verbal noun Supplicating .] [ Latin supplicatus , past participle of supplicare to supplicate; of uncertain origin, confer supplex , supplicis , humbly begging or entreating; perhaps from sub under + a word akin to placare to reconcile, appease (cf. Placable ), or from sub under + plicare to fold, whence the idea of bending the knees (cf. Ply , transitive verb ). Confer Supple .]
1. To entreat for; to seek by earnest prayer; to ask for earnestly and humbly; as, to supplicate blessings on Christian efforts to spread the gospel.

2. To address in prayer; to entreat as a supplicant; as, to supplicate the Deity.

Syn. -- To beseech; entreat; beg; petition; implore; importune; solicit; crave. See Beseech .

Supplicate intransitive verb To make petition with earnestness and submission; to implore.

A man can not brook to supplicate or beg.

Supplicatingly adverb In a supplicating manner.

Supplication noun [ French supplication , Latin supplicatio .]
1. The act of supplicating; humble and earnest prayer, as in worship.

2. A humble petition; an earnest request; an entreaty.

3. (Rom. Antiq.) A religious solemnity observed in consequence of some military success, and also, in times of distress and danger, to avert the anger of the gods.

Syn. -- Entreaty; petition; solicitation; craving.

Supplicator noun [ Latin ] One who supplicates; a supplicant.

Supplicatory adjective [ Confer French supplicatoire .] Containing supplication; humble; earnest.

Supplier noun One who supplies.

Supply transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Supplied ; present participle & verbal noun Supplying .] [ For older supploy , French suppléer , Old French also supployer , (assumed) Late Latin suppletare , from Latin supplere , suppletum ; sub under + plere to fill, akin to plenus full. See Plenty .]
1. To fill up, or keep full; to furnish with what is wanted; to afford, or furnish with, a sufficiency; as, rivers are supplied by smaller streams; an aqueduct supplies an artificial lake; -- often followed by with before the thing furnished; as, to supply a furnace with fuel; to supply soldiers with ammunition.

2. To serve instead of; to take the place of.

Burning ships the banished sun supply .

The sun was set, and Vesper, to supply
His absent beams, had lighted up the sky.

3. To fill temporarily; to serve as substitute for another in, as a vacant place or office; to occupy; to have possession of; as, to supply a pulpit.

4. To give; to bring or furnish; to provide; as, to supply money for the war. Prior.

Syn. -- To furnish; provide; administer; minister; contribute; yield; accommodate.

Supply noun ; plural Supplies
1. The act of supplying; supplial. A. Tucker.

2. That which supplies a want; sufficiency of things for use or want. Specifically: --

(a) Auxiliary troops or reënforcements. "My promised supply of horsemen." Shak.

(b) The food, and the like, which meets the daily necessities of an army or other large body of men; store; -- used chiefly in the plural; as, the army was discontented for lack of supplies .

(c) An amount of money provided, as by Parliament or Congress, to meet the annual national expenditures; generally in the plural; as, to vote supplies .

(d) A person who fills a place for a time; one who supplies the place of another; a substitute; esp., a clergyman who supplies a vacant pulpit.

Stated supply (Eccl.) , a clergyman employed to supply a pulpit for a definite time, but not settled as a pastor. [ U.S.] -- Supply and demand . (Polit. Econ.) " Demand means the quantity of a given article which would be taken at a given price. Supply means the quantity of that article which could be had at that price." F. A. Walker.

Supply adjective Serving to contain, deliver, or regulate a supply of anything; as, a supply tank or valve.

Supply system (Zoology) , the system of tubes and canals in sponges by means of which food and water are absorbed. See Illust. of Spongiæ .

Supplyant adjective Supplying or aiding; auxiliary; suppletory. [ Obsolete] Shak.