Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Suppage noun [ From Sup .] What may be supped; pottage. [ Obsolete] Hooker.

Suppalpation noun [ Latin suppalpari to caress a little; sub under, a little + palpare to caress.] The act of enticing by soft words; enticement. [ Obsolete]

Supparasitation noun [ See Supparasite .] The act of flattering to gain favor; servile approbation. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Supparasite transitive verb [ Latin supparasitari ; sub under, a little + parasitus a parasite.] To flatter; to cajole; to act the parasite. [ Obsolete] Dr. R. Clerke.

Suppawn noun See Supawn .

Suppedaneous adjective [ Prefix sub- + Latin pes , pedis , a foot: confer Latin suppedaneum a footstool.] Being under the feet. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Suppeditate transitive verb [ Latin suppeditatus , past participle of suppeditare to supply.] To supply; to furnish. [ Obsolete] Hammond.

Suppeditation noun [ Latin suppeditatio .] Supply; aid afforded. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Supper noun [ Middle English soper , super , Old French super , soper , French souper ; originally an infinitive, to sup, take a meal. See Soup , and confer Sup to take supper.] A meal taken at the close of the day; the evening meal.

» Supper is much used in an obvious sense, either adjectively or as the first part of a compound; as, supper time or supper -time, supper bell, supper hour, etc.

Supper intransitive verb To take supper; to sup. [ R.]

Supper transitive verb To supply with supper. [ R.] "Kester was suppering the horses." Mrs. Gaskell.

Supperless adjective Having no supper; deprived of supper; as, to go supperless to bed. Beau. & Fl.

Supping noun
1. The act of one who sups; the act of taking supper.

2. That which is supped; broth. [ Obsolete] Holland.

Supplace transitive verb To replace. [ R.] J. Bascom.

Supplant transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Supplanted ; present participle & verbal noun Supplanting .] [ French supplanter , Latin supplantare to trip up one's heels, to throw down; sub under + planta the sole of the foot, also, a sucker, slip, sprout. Confer Plant , noun ]
1. To trip up. [ Obsolete] " Supplanted , down he fell." Milton.

2. To remove or displace by stratagem; to displace and take the place of; to supersede; as, a rival supplants another in the favor of a mistress or a prince.

Suspecting that the courtier had supplanted the friend.
Bp. Fell.

3. To overthrow, undermine, or force away, in order to get a substitute in place of.

You never will supplant the received ideas of God.
Landor.

Syn. -- To remove; displace; overpower; undermine; overthrow; supersede.

Supplantation noun [ Confer French supplantation , Latin supplantatio hypocritical deceit.] The act of supplanting or displacing.

Habitual supplantation of immediate selfishness.
Cloeridge.

Supplanter noun One who supplants.

Supple adjective [ Middle English souple , French souple , from Latin supplex suppliant, perhaps originally, being the knees. Confer Supplicate .]
1. Pliant; flexible; easily bent; as, supple joints; supple fingers.

2. Yielding compliant; not obstinate; submissive to guidance; as, a supple horse.

If punishment . . . makes not the will supple , it hardens the offender.
Locke.

3. Bending to the humor of others; flattering; fawning; obsequious. Addison.

Syn. -- Pliant; flexible; yielding; compliant; bending; flattering; fawning; soft.

Supple transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Suppled ; present participle & verbal noun Suppling .]
1. To make soft and pliant; to render flexible; as, to supple leather.

The flesh therewith she suppled and did steep.
Spenser.

2. To make compliant, submissive, or obedient.

A mother persisting till she had bent her daughter's mind and suppled her will.
Locke.

They should supple our stiff willfulness.
Barrow.

Supple intransitive verb To become soft and pliant.

The stones . . .
Suppled into softness as they fell.
Dryden.

Supple-chapped adjective Having a limber tongue. [ R.] "A supple-chapped flatterer." Marston.

Supple-jack noun (Botany) (a) A climbing shrub ( Berchemia volubilus ) of the Southern United States, having a tough and pliable stem. (b) A somewhat similar tropical American plant ( Paullinia Curassavica ); also, a walking stick made from its stem.

He was in form and spirit like a supple-jack , . . . yielding, but tough; though he bent, he never broke.
W. Irving.

» This name is given to various plants of similar habit in different British colonies.

Supplely adverb In a supple manner; softly; pliantly; mildly. Cotgrave.

Supplement noun [ French supplément , Latin supplementum , from supplere to fill up. See Supply , transitive verb ]
1. That which supplies a deficiency, or meets a want; a store; a supply. [ Obsolete] Chapman.

2. That which fills up, completes, or makes an addition to, something already organized, arranged, or set apart; specifically, a part added to, or issued as a continuation of, a book or paper, to make good its deficiencies or correct its errors.

3. (Trig.) The number of degrees which, if added to a specified arc, make it 180°; the quantity by which an arc or an angle falls short of 180 degrees, or an arc falls short of a semicircle.

Syn. -- Appendix. -- Appendix , Supplement . An appendix is that which is appended to something, but is not essential to its completeness; a supplement is that which supplements, or serves to complete or make perfect, that to which it is added.

Supplement transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Supplemented ; present participle & verbal noun Supplementing .] To fill up or supply by addition; to add something to.

Causes of one kind must be supplemented by bringing to bear upon them a causation of another kind.
I. Taylor.

Supplemental, Supplementary adjective [ Confer French supplémentaire .] Added to supply what is wanted; additional; being, or serving as, a supplement; as, a supplemental law; a supplementary sheet or volume.

Supplemental air (Physiol.) , the air which in addition to the residual air remains in the lungs after ordinary expiration, but which, unlike the residual air, can be expelled; reserve air. -- Supplemental bill (Equity) , a bill filed in aid of an original bill to supply some deffect in the latter, or to set forth new facts which can not be done by amendment. Burrill. Daniel. -- Supplementary chords (Math.) , in an ellipse or hyperbola, any two chords drawn through the extremities of a diameter, and intersecting on the curve.

Supplementation noun The act of supplementing. C. Kingsley.

Suppleness noun The quality or state of being supple; flexibility; pliableness; pliancy.

Suppletive, Suppletory adjective [ Confer French supplétif , Late Latin suppletivus , from Latin supplere , suppletum , to fill up. See Supply .] Supplying deficiencies; supplementary; as, a suppletory oath.

Suppletory noun ; plural Suppletories That which is to supply what is wanted.

Invent suppletories to excuse an evil man.
Jer. Taylor.

Supplial noun The act of supplying; a supply. "The supplial of a preposition." Fitzed. Hall.

Suppliance noun [ From Supply .] That which supplies a want; assistance; a gratification; satisfaction. [ R.]

The perfume and suppliance of a minute.
Shak.

Suppliance noun [ See Suppliant .] Supplication; entreaty.

When Greece her knee in suppliance bent.
Halleck.

Suppliant adjective [ French, present participle of supplier to entreat, Latin supplicare . See Supplicate , and confer Supplicant .]
1. Asking earnestly and submissively; entreating; beseeching; supplicating.

The rich grow suppliant , and the poor grow proud.
Dryden.

2. Manifesting entreaty; expressive of supplication.

To bow and sue for grace
With suppliant knee.
Milton.

Syn. -- Entreating; beseeching; suing; begging; supplicating; imploring.

-- Sup"pli*ant*ly , adverb -- Sup"pli*ant*ness , noun

Suppliant noun One who supplicates; a humble petitioner; one who entreats submissively.

Hear thy suppliant's prayer.
Dryden.

Supplicancy noun Supplication. [ R.]

Supplicant adjective [ Latin supplicans , present participle See Supplicate , and confer Suppliant .] Entreating; asking submissively. Shak. -- Sup"pli*cant*ly , adverb

Supplicant noun One who supplicates; a suppliant.

The wise supplicant . . . left the event to God.
Rogers.

Supplicat noun [ Latin , he supplicates.] (Eng. Universities) A petition; esp., a written one, with a certificate that the conditions have been complied with.

Supplicate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Supplicated ; present participle & verbal noun Supplicating .] [ Latin supplicatus , past participle of supplicare to supplicate; of uncertain origin, confer supplex , supplicis , humbly begging or entreating; perhaps from sub under + a word akin to placare to reconcile, appease (cf. Placable ), or from sub under + plicare to fold, whence the idea of bending the knees (cf. Ply , transitive verb ). Confer Supple .]
1. To entreat for; to seek by earnest prayer; to ask for earnestly and humbly; as, to supplicate blessings on Christian efforts to spread the gospel.

2. To address in prayer; to entreat as a supplicant; as, to supplicate the Deity.

Syn. -- To beseech; entreat; beg; petition; implore; importune; solicit; crave. See Beseech .

Supplicate intransitive verb To make petition with earnestness and submission; to implore.

A man can not brook to supplicate or beg.
Bacon.

Supplicatingly adverb In a supplicating manner.

Supplication noun [ French supplication , Latin supplicatio .]
1. The act of supplicating; humble and earnest prayer, as in worship.

2. A humble petition; an earnest request; an entreaty.

3. (Rom. Antiq.) A religious solemnity observed in consequence of some military success, and also, in times of distress and danger, to avert the anger of the gods.

Syn. -- Entreaty; petition; solicitation; craving.

Supplicator noun [ Latin ] One who supplicates; a supplicant.

Supplicatory adjective [ Confer French supplicatoire .] Containing supplication; humble; earnest.

Supplier noun One who supplies.

Supply transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Supplied ; present participle & verbal noun Supplying .] [ For older supploy , French suppléer , Old French also supployer , (assumed) Late Latin suppletare , from Latin supplere , suppletum ; sub under + plere to fill, akin to plenus full. See Plenty .]
1. To fill up, or keep full; to furnish with what is wanted; to afford, or furnish with, a sufficiency; as, rivers are supplied by smaller streams; an aqueduct supplies an artificial lake; -- often followed by with before the thing furnished; as, to supply a furnace with fuel; to supply soldiers with ammunition.

2. To serve instead of; to take the place of.

Burning ships the banished sun supply .
Waller.

The sun was set, and Vesper, to supply
His absent beams, had lighted up the sky.
Dryden.

3. To fill temporarily; to serve as substitute for another in, as a vacant place or office; to occupy; to have possession of; as, to supply a pulpit.

4. To give; to bring or furnish; to provide; as, to supply money for the war. Prior.

Syn. -- To furnish; provide; administer; minister; contribute; yield; accommodate.

Supply noun ; plural Supplies
1. The act of supplying; supplial. A. Tucker.

2. That which supplies a want; sufficiency of things for use or want. Specifically: --

(a) Auxiliary troops or reënforcements. "My promised supply of horsemen." Shak.

(b) The food, and the like, which meets the daily necessities of an army or other large body of men; store; -- used chiefly in the plural; as, the army was discontented for lack of supplies .

(c) An amount of money provided, as by Parliament or Congress, to meet the annual national expenditures; generally in the plural; as, to vote supplies .

(d) A person who fills a place for a time; one who supplies the place of another; a substitute; esp., a clergyman who supplies a vacant pulpit.

Stated supply (Eccl.) , a clergyman employed to supply a pulpit for a definite time, but not settled as a pastor. [ U.S.] -- Supply and demand . (Polit. Econ.) " Demand means the quantity of a given article which would be taken at a given price. Supply means the quantity of that article which could be had at that price." F. A. Walker.

Supply adjective Serving to contain, deliver, or regulate a supply of anything; as, a supply tank or valve.

Supply system (Zoology) , the system of tubes and canals in sponges by means of which food and water are absorbed. See Illust. of Spongiæ .

Supplyant adjective Supplying or aiding; auxiliary; suppletory. [ Obsolete] Shak.