Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Supersensible adjective [ Prefix super- + sensible : confer French supersensible .] Beyond the reach of the senses; above the natural powers of perception.
Supersensitive adjective Excessively sensitive; morbidly sensitive. -- Su`per*sen"si*tive*ness , noun
Supersensual adjective Supersensible.
1. Supersensible. 2. Excessively sensuous.
Superserviceable adjective Overofficious; doing more than is required or desired. "A superserviceable , finical rogue." Shak.
[ Confer Old French supersession
. See Supersede
.] The act of superseding, or the state of being superseded; supersedure.
The general law of diminishing return from land would have undergone, to that extent, a temporary supersession . J. S. Mill.
Supersolar adjective Above the sun. Emerson.
Supersphenoidal adjective (Anat.) Situated above, or on the dorsal side of, the body of the sphenoid bone.
Superspinous adjective (Anat.) Supraspinuos.
[ French superstition
, Latin superstitio
, originally, a standing still over or by a thing; hence, amazement, wonder, dread, especially of the divine or supernatural, from superstare
to stand over; super
over + stare
to stand. See Super-
, and Stand
.] 1. An excessive reverence for, or fear of, that which is unknown or mysterious. 2. An ignorant or irrational worship of the Supreme Deity; excessive exactness or rigor in religious opinions or practice; extreme and unnecessary scruples in the observance of religious rites not commanded, or of points of minor importance; also, a rite or practice proceeding from excess of sculptures in religion.
And the truth Milton. 3. The worship of a false god or gods; false religion; religious veneration for objects.
With superstitions and traditions taint.
[ The accusers] had certain questions against him of their own superstition . Acts xxv. 19. 4. Belief in the direct agency of superior powers in certain extraordinary or singular events, or in magic, omens, prognostics, or the like. 5. Excessive nicety; scrupulous exactness. Syn.
-- Fanaticism. -- Superstition
springs from religious feeling misdirected or unenlightened. Fanaticism
arises from this same feeling in a state of high-wrought and self-confident excitement. The former leads in some cases to excessive rigor in religious opinions or practice; in others, to unfounded belief in extraordinary events or in charms, omens, and prognostics, hence producing weak fears, or excessive scrupulosity as to outward observances. The latter gives rise to an utter disregard of reason under the false assumption of enjoying a guidance directly inspired. Fanaticism
has a secondary sense as applied to politics, etc., which corresponds to the primary.
Superstitionist noun One addicted to superstition. [ Obsolete] "Blind superstitionists ." Dr. H. More.
[ French superstitieux
, Latin superstitiosus
.] 1. Of or pertaining to superstition; proceeding from, or manifesting, superstition; as, superstitious rites; superstitious observances. 2. Evincing superstition; overscrupulous and rigid in religious observances; addicted to superstition; full of idle fancies and scruples in regard to religion.
Ye men of Athens, I perceive that in all things ye are too superstitious . Acts xvii. 22. 3. Overexact; scrupulous beyond need. Superstitious use (Law)
, the use of a gift or bequest, as of land, etc., for the maintenance of the rites of a religion not tolerated by the law.
[ Eng.] Mozley & W.
Superstrain transitive verb To overstrain. Bacon.
; plural Superstrata
[ New Latin : confer Latin supersternere
, to spread upon. See Super-
, and Stratum
.] A stratum, or layer, above another.
Superstruct transitive verb
[ Latin superstructus
, past participle of superstruere
to build upon; super
over + struere
to build. See Super-
, and Structure
.] To build over or upon another structure; to erect upon a foundation.
This is the only proper basis on which to superstruct first innocency and then virtue. Dr. H. More.
Superstruction noun 1. The act of superstructing, or building upon. 2. That which is superstructed, or built upon some foundation; an edifice; a superstructure.
My own profession hath taught me not to erect new superstructions upon an old ruin. Denham.
Superstructive adjective Built or erected on something else. Hammond.
Superstructor noun One who builds a superstructure. [ R.] R. North.
[ Confer French superstructure
.] 1. Any material structure or edifice built on something else; that which is raised on a foundation or basis
; esp. (Architecture)
, all that part of a building above the basement. Also used figuratively.
You have added to your natural endowments the superstructure of study. Dryden. 2. (Railway Engin.) The sleepers, and fastenings, in distinction from the roadbed.
Supersubstantial adjective [ Prefix super- + substantial : confer French supersubstantiel .] More than substantial; spiritual. "The heavenly supersubstantial bread." Jer. Taylor.
Supersubtle adjective Too subtle. Shak.
Supersulphate noun (Chemistry) An acid sulphate. [ Obsolete]
Supersulphureted adjective (Chemistry) Supersulphurized. [ Obsolete] [ Written also - sulphuretted .]
Supersulphurize transitive verb (Chemistry) To impregnate or combine with an excess of sulphur.
Supertax noun [ Super- + tax .] A tax in addition to the usual or normal tax; specif., in the United Kingdom, an income tax of sixpence for every pound in addition to the normal income tax of one shilling and twopence for every pound, imposed, by the Finance Act of 1909-1910 (c. 8, ss 66, 72), on the amount by which the income of any person exceeds £3,000 when his total income exceeds £5,000.
Supertemporal noun That which is more than temporal; that which is eternal. [ R.]
Superterranean adjective Being above ground. " Superterranean quarries." Mrs. Trollope.
Superterrene adjective [ Prefix super- + terrene : confer Latin superterrenus .] Being above ground, or above the earth. [ R.]
Superterrestrial adjective Being above the earth, or above what belongs to the earth. Buckminster.
Supertonic noun (Mus.) The note next above the keynote; the second of the scale. Busby.
Supertragical adjective Tragical to excess.
Supertuberation noun [ Prefix super- + tuber .] (Botany) The production of young tubers, as potatoes, from the old while still growing.
Supervacaneous adjective [ Latin supervacaneus , supervacuus ; super over + vacuus empty.] Serving no purpose; superfluous; needless. [ Obsolete] Howell.
Supervene intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Supervened
; present participle & verbal noun Supervening
.] [ Latin supervenire
, to come over, to come upon; super
over + venire
to come. See Super-
, and Come
, and confer Overcome
.] To come as something additional or extraneous; to occur with reference or relation to something else; to happen upon or after something else; to be added; to take place; to happen.
Such a mutual gravitation can never supervene to matter unless impressed by divine power. Bentley.
A tyrany immediately supervened . Burke.
[ Latin superveniens
, present participle] Coming as something additional or extraneous; coming afterwards.
That branch of belief was in him supervenient to Christian practice. Hammond.
Divorces can be granted, a mensa et toro , only for supervenient causes. Z. Swift.
Supervention noun [ Latin superventio .] The act of supervening. Bp. Hall.
Supervisal noun Supervision. Walpole.
Supervise transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Supervised
; present participle & verbal noun Supervising
.] [ Prefix super-
+ Latin visere
to look at attentively, to view, surely, intens. from videre
, to see. Confer Survise
, and Survey
.] 1. To oversee for direction; to superintend; to inspect with authority; as, to supervise the construction of a steam engine, or the printing of a book. 2. To look over so as to read; to peruse.
[ Obsolete] Shak. Syn.
-- See Superintend
Supervise noun Supervision; inspection. [ Obsolete]
Supervision noun The act of overseeing; inspection; superintendence; oversight.
Supervisive adjective Supervisory. [ R.]
1. One who supervises; an overseer; an inspector; a superintendent; as, a supervisor of schools. 2. A spectator; a looker-on. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Supervisory adjective Of or pertaining to supervision; as, supervisory powers.
Supervive transitive verb
[ Latin supervivere
. See Survive
.] To survive; to outlive.
Supervolute adjective [ Latin supervolutus , past participle of supervolvere to roll over; super over + volvere to roll.] (Botany) Having a plainted and convolute arrangement in the bud, as in the morning- glory.
[ Latin supinare
, to bend or lay backward, from supinus
supine: confer French supination
. See Supine
.] (Physiol.) (a) The act of turning the hand palm upward; also, position of the hand with the palm upward. (b) The act or state of lying with the face upward. Opposed to pronation .
Supinator noun [ New Latin ] (Anat.) A muscle which produces the motion of supination.
[ Latin supinus
, akin to sub
above. Confer Sub-
.] 1. Lying on the back, or with the face upward; -- opposed to prone . 2. Leaning backward, or inclining with exposure to the sun; sloping; inclined.
If the vine Dryden. 3. Negligent; heedless; indolent; listless.
On rising ground be placed, or hills supine .
He became pusillanimous and supine , and openly exposed to any temptation. Woodward. Syn.
-- Negligent; heedless; indolent; thoughtless; inattentive; listless; careless; drowsy. -- Su*pine"ly
Supine noun [ Latin supinum (sc. verbum ), from supinus bent or thrown backward, perhaps so called because, although furnished with substantive case endings, it rests or falls back, as it were, on the verb: confer French supin .] (Lat. Gram.) A verbal noun; or (according to C.F.Becker), a case of the infinitive mood ending in -um and -u , that in -um being sometimes called the former supine , and that in -u the latter supine .
Supinity noun [ Latin supinitas .] Supineness. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.