Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Suprarenal adjective (Anat.) Situated above, or anterior to, the kidneys. -- noun A suprarenal capsule. Suprarenal capsules (Anat.) , two small bodies of unknown function in front of, or near, the kidneys in most vertebrates. Also called renal capsules , and suprarenal bodies .
Suprascalpular, Suprascalpulary adjective (Anat.) Situated above, or on the anterior side of, the scapula.
Suprasphenoidal adjective (Anat.) Situated above the sphenoidal bone; as, the suprasphenoidal appendage, or pituitary body.
Supraspinal adjective (Anat.) (a) Situated above the vertebral column. (b) Situated above a spine or spines; supraspinate; supraspinous.
Supraspinate, Supraspinous adjective (Anat.) Situated above a spine or spines; especially, situated above, or on the dorsal side of, the neural spines of the vertebral column, or above, or in front of, the spine of the scapula.
Suprastapedial adjective (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, that part of the columella of the ear which projects above the connection with the stapes, as in many animals. -- noun The suprastapedial part of the columella.
Suprasternal adjective (Anat.) Situated above, or anterior to, the sternum.
Supratemporal adjective (Anat.) Situated above the temporal bone or temporal fossa. -- noun A supratemporal bone.
Supratrochlear adjective (Anat.) Situated over or above a trochlea or trochlear surface; -- applied esp. to one of the subdivisions of the trigeminal nerve.
Supravaginal adjective (Anat.) Situated above or outside a sheath or vaginal membrane.
Supravision noun Supervision. [ Obsolete]
Supravisor noun A supervisor. [ Obsolete]
Supravulgar adjective Being above the vulgar or common people. [ R.] Collier.
[ Confer French suprématie
. See Supreme
.] The state of being supreme, or in the highest station of power; highest or supreme authority or power; as, the supremacy of a king or a parliament.
The usurped power of the pope being destroyed, the crown was restored to its supremacy over spiritual men and causes. Blackstone. Oath supremacy
, an oath which acknowledges the supremacy of the sovereign in spiritual affairs, and renounced or abjures the supremacy of the pope in ecclesiastical or temporal affairs.
[ Eng.] Brande & C.
[ Latin supremus
, superlative of superus
that is above, upper, from super
above: confer French suprême
. See Super-
, and confer Sum
.] 1. Highest in authority; holding the highest place in authority, government, or power.
He that is the supreme King of kings. Shak. 2. Highest; greatest; most excellent or most extreme; utmost; greatist possible (sometimes in a bad sense); as, supreme love; supreme glory; supreme magnanimity; supreme folly.
Each would be supreme within its own sphere, and those spheres could not but clash. De Quincey. 3. (Botany) Situated at the highest part or point. The Supreme
, the Almighty; God.
Supremely adverb In a supreme manner.
Supremity noun [ Confer Late Latin supremitas .] Supremacy. [ Obsolete] Fuller.
[ French sur
over, above, contr. from Latin super
. See Super-
.] A prefix signifying over , above , beyond , upon .
Sura noun [ Arabic , a step, a degree.] One of the sections or chapters of the Koran, which are one hundred and fourteen in number.
Suradanni noun A valuable kind of wood obtained on the shores of the Demerara River in South America, much used for timbers, rails, naves and fellies of wheels, and the like.
Suraddition noun [ French] Something added or appended, as to a name. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Surah noun A soft twilled silk fabric much used for women's dresses; -- called also surah silk .
Sural adjective [ Latin sura the calf of the leg: confer French sural .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the calf of the leg; as, the sural arteries.
Surance noun Assurance. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Surangular adjective [ Prefix sur- + angular .] (Anat.) Above the angular bone; supra- angular; -- applied to a bone of the lower jaw in many reptiles and birds. -- noun The surangular bone.
[ Prefix sur-
.] 1. (Architecture) A cornice, or series of moldings, on the top of the base of a pedestal, podium, etc. See Illust. of Column . 2. A board or group of moldings running round a room on a level with the tops of the chair backs. Knight.
Surbased adjective (Architecture) (a) Having a surbase, or molding above the base. (b) [ French surbaissé .] Having the vertical height from springing line to crown less than the half span; -- said of an arch; as, a segmental arch is surbased .
Surbate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Surbated
; present participle & verbal noun Surbating
.] [ French solbatu
, past participle , bruised (said of a horse's foot); sole
a sole (of a horse's foot) + battu
, past participle of battre
to beat.] 1. To make sore or bruise, as the feet by travel.
Lest they their fins should bruise, and surbate sore Spenser.
Their tender feet upon the stony ground.
Chalky land surbates and spoils oxen's feet. Mortimer. 2. To harass; to fatigue.
[ Obsolete] Clarendon.
Surbeat transitive verb Same as Surbate .
Surbed transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Surbedded
; present participle & verbal noun Surbedding
.] [ Prefix sur-
.] To set edgewise, as a stone; that is, to set it in a position different from that which it had in the quarry.
It . . . has something of a grain parallel with the horizon, and therefore should not be surbedded . Gilbert White.
Surbet transitive verb Same as Surbate .
Surbet adjective Surbated; bruised. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ French sursis
, from sursis
, past participle of surseoir
to suspend, postpone, defer, in Old French , to delay, refrain from, forbear, Latin supersedere
is not connected with English cease
. See Supersede
.] Cessation; stop; end.
"Not desire, but its surcease
It is time that there were an end and surcease made of this immodest and deformed manner of writing. Bacon.
Surcease transitive verb To cause to cease; to end.
[ Obsolete] "The waves . . . their range surceast
The nations, overawed, surceased the fight. Dryden.
Surcease intransitive verb To cease. [ Obsolete]
Surceaseance noun Cessation. [ Obsolete]
Surcharge transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Surcharged
; present participle & verbal noun Surcharging
.] [ French surcharger
. See Sur-
, and Charge
, and confer Overcharge
.] 1. To overload; to overburden; to overmatch; to overcharge; as, to surcharge a beast or a ship; to surcharge a cannon.
Four charged two, and two surcharged one. Spenser.
Your head reclined, as hiding grief from view, Dryden. 2. (Law) (a) To overstock; especially, to put more cattle into, as a common, than the person has a right to do, or more than the herbage will sustain. Blackstone . (b) (Equity) To show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given. Story. Daniel.
Droops like a rose surcharged with morning dew.
[ French] 1. An overcharge; an excessive load or burden; a load greater than can well be borne.
A numerous nobility causeth poverty and inconvenience in a state, for it is surcharge of expense. Bacon. 2. (Law) (a) The putting, by a commoner, of more beasts on the common than he has a right to. (b) (Equity) The showing an omission, as in an account, for which credit ought to have been given. Burrill.
Surcharge transitive verb To print or write a surcharge on (a postage stamp).
Surchargement noun The act of surcharging; also, surcharge, surplus. [ Obsolete] Daniel.
Surcharger noun One who surcharges.
[ Middle English sursengle
, Old French sursangle
. See Sur-
, and Cingle
.] 1. A belt, band, or girth which passes over a saddle, or over anything laid on a horse's back, to bind it fast. 2. (Eccl.) The girdle of a cassock, by which it is fastened round the waist.
Surcingled adjective Bound with the surcingle.
Surcle noun [ Latin surculus .] A little shoot; a twig; a sucker. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Surcloy transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Surcloyed
; present participle & verbal noun Surcloying
.] To surfeit.
[ Middle English surcote
, Old French surcote
. See Sur-
, and Coat
, and confer Overcoat
.] 1. A coat worn over the other garments; especially, the long and flowing garment of knights, worn over the armor, and frequently emblazoned with the arms of the wearer.
A long surcoat of pers upon he had.. Chaucer.
At night, or in the rain, Emerson. 2. A name given to the outer garment of either sex at different epochs of the Middle Ages.
He dons a surcoat which he doffs at morn.
Surcrew noun [ From French surcroît increase, or surcrû , past participle of surcroître to overgrow.] Increase; addition; surplus. [ Obsolete] Sir H. Wotton.
Surculate transitive verb
[ Latin surculatus
, past participle of surculare
to purne, from surculus
a shoot, sprout. See Surcle
.] To purne; to trim.
[ Obsolete] Cockeram.
Surculation noun Act of purning. [ Obsolete]