Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Surrender transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Surrendered
; present participle & verbal noun Surrendering
.] [ Old French surrendre
to deliver; sur
over + rendre
to render. See Sur-
, and Render
.] 1. To yield to the power of another; to give or deliver up possession of (anything) upon compulsion or demand; as, to surrender one's person to an enemy or to an officer; to surrender a fort or a ship. 2. To give up possession of; to yield; to resign; as, to surrender a right, privilege, or advantage.
To surrender up that right which otherwise their founders might have in them. Hooker. 3. To yield to any influence, emotion, passion, or power; -- used reflexively; as, to surrender one's self to grief, to despair, to indolence, or to sleep. 4. (Law) To yield; to render or deliver up; to give up; as, a principal surrendered by his bail, a fugitive from justice by a foreign state, or a particular estate by the tenant thereof to him in remainder or reversion.
Surrender intransitive verb To give up one's self into the power of another; to yield; as, the enemy, seeing no way of escape, surrendered at the first summons.
Surrender noun 1. The act of surrendering; the act of yielding, or resigning one's person, or the possession of something, into the power of another; as, the surrender of a castle to an enemy; the surrender of a right.
That he may secure some liberty he makes a surrender in trust of the whole of it. Burke. 2. (Law) (a) The yielding of a particular estate to him who has an immediate estate in remainder or reversion. (b) The giving up of a principal into lawful custody by his bail. (c) The delivery up of fugitives from justice by one government to another, as by a foreign state. See Extradition . Wharton.
Surrender noun (Insurance) The voluntary cancellation of the legal liability of the company by the insured and beneficiary for a consideration (called the surrender value ).
Surrenderee noun (Law) The person to whom a surrender is made. Mozley & W.
Surrenderer noun One who surrenders.
Surrenderor noun (Law) One who makes a surrender, as of an estate. Bouvier.
Surrendry noun Surrender. [ Obsolete]
[ Latin surreptio
, or subreptio
. Confer Subreption
.] 1. The act or process of getting in a surreptitious manner, or by craft or stealth.
Fame by surreption got B. Jonson. 2. A coming unperceived or suddenly.
May stead us for the time, but lasteth not.
[ Latin surreptitius
, or subreptitius
, from surripere
, to snatch away, to withdraw privily; sub-
under + rapere
to snatch. See Sub-
, and Ravish
.] Done or made by stealth, or without proper authority; made or introduced fraudulently; clandestine; stealthy; as, a surreptitious passage in an old manuscript; a surreptitious removal of goods.
Surrey noun A four-wheeled pleasure carriage, (commonly two-seated) somewhat like a phaeton, but having a straight bottom.
[ Latin surrogatus
, past participle of surrogare
, to put in another's place, to substitute; sub
under + rogare
to ask, ask for a vote, propose a law. See Rogation
, and confer Subrogate
.] 1. A deputy; a delegate; a substitute. 2. The deputy of an ecclesiastical judge, most commonly of a bishop or his chancellor, especially a deputy who grants marriage licenses.
[ Eng.] 3. In some States of the United States, an officer who presides over the probate of wills and testaments and yield the settlement of estates.
Surrogate transitive verb To put in the place of another; to substitute. [ R.] Dr. H. More.
Surrogateship noun The office of a surrogate.
[ See Surrogate
, and confer Subrogation
.] The act of substituting one person in the place of another.
[ R.] Killingbeck.
Surround transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Surrounded
; present participle & verbal noun Surrounding
.] [ Old French suronder
to overflow, Late Latin superundare
; from Latin super
over + undare
to rise in waves, overflow, from unda
wave. The English sense is due to the influence of English round
. See Super-
, and Undulate
, and confer Abound
.] 1. To inclose on all sides; to encompass; to environ. 2. To lie or be on all sides of; to encircle; as, a wall surrounds the city.
But could instead, and ever-during dark Milton. 3. To pass around; to travel about; to circumnavigate; as, to surround the world.
[ Obsolete] Fuller. 4. (Mil.) To inclose, as a body of troops, between hostile forces, so as to cut off means of communication or retreat; to invest, as a city. Syn.
-- To encompass; encircle; environ; invest; hem in; fence about.
Surround noun A method of hunting some animals, as the buffalo, by surrounding a herd, and driving them over a precipice, into a ravine, etc. [ U.S.] Baird.
Surrounding adjective Inclosing; encircling.
1. An encompassing. 2. plural The things which surround or environ; external or attending circumstances or conditions.
Surroyal noun [ Prefix sur- + royal .] (Zoology) One of the terminal branches or divisions of the beam of the antler of the stag or other large deer.
[ (Assumed) Old French sursaneüre
. See Sur-
, and Sane
.] A wound healed or healing outwardly only.
Of a sursanure Chaucer.
In surgery is perilous the cure.
[ Old French , from Old French & French surseoir
. See Surcease
.] Peace; quiet.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
[ French sursolide
. See Sur-
, and Solid
.] (Math.) The fifth power of a number; as, a... is the sursolid of a , or 32 that of 2.
[ R.] Hutton.
Surstyle transitive verb To surname. [ R.]
Sursum corda [ Latin sursum upward + corda hearts.] (Eccl.) In the Eucharist, the versicles immediately before the preface, inviting the people to join in the service by "lifting up the heart" to God.
Surtax noun An additional or extra tax.
Surtax transitive verb To impose an additional tax on.
Surtout noun [ French, from sur over + tout all.] A man's coat to be worn over his other garments; an overcoat, especially when long, and fitting closely like a body coat. Gay.
Surturbrand noun [ Icelandic surtarbrandr ; svartr black + brandr a firebrand.] A fibrous brown coal or bituminous wood.
Surucucu noun (Zoology) See Bush master , under Bush .
[ French, from surveiller
to watch over; sur
over + veiller
to watch, Latin vigilare
. See Sur-
, and Vigil
.] Oversight; watch; inspection; supervision.
That sort of surveillance of which . . . the young have accused the old. Sir W. Scott.
; plural Surveillants
. [ French, from surveiller
to watch over. See Surveillance
.] One who watches over another; an overseer; a spy; a supervisor.
Surveillant adjective Overseeing; watchful.
Survene transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Survened
; present participle & verbal noun Survening
.] [ French survenir
. See Supervene
.] To supervene upon; to come as an addition to.
A suppuration that survenes lethargies. Harvey.
[ Old French See Survene
.] A sudden or unexpected coming or stepping on.
Survey transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Surveyed
; present participle & verbal noun Surveying
.] [ Old French surveoir
, over, English sur + veoir
, to see, French voir
, Latin videre
. See Sur-
, and Vision
, and confer Supervise
.] 1. To inspect, or take a view of; to view with attention, as from a high place; to overlook; as, to stand on a hill, and survey the surrounding country.
Round he surveys and well might, where he stood, Milton. 2. To view with a scrutinizing eye; to examine.
So high above.
With such altered looks, . . . Dryden. 3. To examine with reference to condition, situation, value, etc.; to examine and ascertain the state of; as, to survey a building in order to determine its value and exposure to loss by fire. 4. To determine the form, extent, position, etc., of, as a tract of land, a coast, harbor, or the like, by means of linear and angular measurments, and the application of the principles of geometry and trigonometry; as, to survey land or a coast. 5. To examine and ascertain, as the boundaries and royalties of a manor, the tenure of the tenants, and the rent and value of the same.
All pale and speechless, he surveyed me round.
[ Eng.] Jacob (Law Dict.).
[ Formerly accentuated universally on the last syllable, and still so accented by many speakers.] 1. The act of surveying; a general view, as from above.
Under his proud survey the city lies. Sir J. Denham. 2. A particular view; an examination, especially an official examination, of all the parts or particulars of a thing, with a design to ascertain the condition, quantity, or quality; as, a survey of the stores of a ship; a survey of roads and bridges; a survey of buildings. 3. The operation of finding the contour, dimensions, position, or other particulars of, as any part of the earth's surface, whether land or water; also, a measured plan and description of any portion of country, or of a road or line through it. Survey of dogs
. See Court of regard , under Regard .
-- Trigonometrical survey
, a survey of a portion of country by measuring a single base, and connecting it with various points in the tract surveyed by a series of triangles, the angles of which are carefully measured, the relative positions and distances of all parts being computed from these data. Syn.
-- Review; retrospect; examination; prospect.
Surveyal noun Survey. [ R.] Barrow.
Surveyance noun Survey; inspection. [ R.]
Surveying noun That branch of applied mathematics which teaches the art of determining the area of any portion of the earth's surface, the length and directions of the bounding lines, the contour of the surface, etc., with an accurate delineation of the whole on paper; the act or occupation of making surveys. Geodetic surveying
, or Nautical
, that branch of surveying which determines the forms of coasts and harbors, the entrances of rivers, with the position of islands, rocks, and shoals, the depth of water, etc.
-- Plane surveying
. See under Plane , adjective
-- Topographical surveying
, that branch of surveying which involves the process of ascertaining and representing upon a plane surface the contour, physical features, etc., of any portion of the surface of the earth.
Surveyor noun 1. One placed to superintend others; an overseer; an inspector.
Were 't not madness then, Shak. 2. One who views and examines for the purpose of ascertaining the condition, quantity, or quality of anything; as, a surveyor of highways, ordnance, etc. 3. One who surveys or measures land; one who practices the art of surveying. 4. (Customs) (a) An officer who ascertains the contents of casks, and the quantity of liquors subject to duty; a gauger. (b) In the United States, an officer whose duties include the various measures to be taken for ascertaining the quantity, condition, and value of merchandise brought into a port. Abbot. Surveyor general
To make the fox surveyor of the fold?
. (a) A principal surveyor; as, the surveyor general of the king's manors, or of woods and parks.
[ Eng.] (b) An officer having charge of the survey of the public lands of a land district.
[ U.S.] Davies & Peck (Math. Dict.).
-- Surveyor's compass
. See Circumferentor .
-- Surveyor's level
. See under Level .
Surveyorship noun The office of a surveyor.
Surview transitive verb
[ Prefix sur-
. Confer Survey
.] To survey; to make a survey of.
[ Obsolete] "To surview
his ground." Spenser.
Surview noun A survey. [ Obsolete] Bp. Sanderson.
Survise transitive verb
[ See Supervise
, and Survey
.] To look over; to supervise.
[ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
[ From Survive
.] 1. A living or continuing longer than, or beyond the existence of, another person, thing, or event; an outliving. 2. (Arhæol. & Ethnol.) Any habit, usage, or belief, remaining from ancient times, the origin of which is often unknown, or imperfectly known.
The close bearing of the doctrine of survival on the study of manners and customs. Tylor. Survival of the fittest
. (Biol.) See Natural selection , under Natural .
Survivance, Survivancy noun
[ French survivance
His son had the survivance of the stadtholdership. Bp. Burnet.
Survive transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Survived
; present participle & verbal noun Surviving
.] [ French survivre
, Latin supervivere
over + vivere
to live. See Super-
, and Victuals
.] To live beyond the life or existence of; to live longer than; to outlive; to outlast; as, to survive a person or an event. Cowper.
I'll assure her of Shak.
Her widowhood, be it that she survive me,
In all my lands and leases whatsoever.
Survive intransitive verb To remain alive; to continue to live.
Thy pleasure, Sir J. Denham.
Which, when no other enemy survives ,
Still conquers all the conquerors.
Alike are life and death, Longfellow.
When life in death survives .
Survivency noun Survivorship. [ R.]
Surviver noun One who survives; a survivor.
Surviving adjective Remaining alive; yet living or existing; as, surviving friends; surviving customs.
Survivor noun 1. One who survives or outlives another person, or any time, event, or thing.
The survivor bound Shak. 2. (Law) The longer liver of two joint tenants, or two persons having a joint interest in anything. Blackstone.
In filial obligation for some term
To do obsequious sorrow.