Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Swarth adjective Swart; swarthy. "A swarth complexion." Chapman.
Swarth noun An apparition of a person about to die; a wraith. [ Prov. Eng.] Grose.
[ See Sward
.] Sward; short grass.
Grassy swarth , close cropped by nibbling sheep. Cowper.
Swarthily adverb In a swarthy manner; with a tawny hue; duskily.
Swarthiness noun The quality or state of being swarthy; a dusky or dark complexion; tawniness.
Swarthness noun Swarthiness. [ R.] Dr. R. Clerke.
[ Compar. Swarthier
; superl. Swarthiest
.] [ See Swart
] Being of a dark hue or dusky complexion; tawny; swart; as, swarthy faces.
Their swarthy hosts would darken all our plains. Addison.
Swarthy transitive verb To make swarthy. [ Obsolete] Cowley.
Swartiness noun Swarthiness. [ Obsolete]
Swartish adjective Somewhat swart, dark, or tawny.
Swartness noun The quality or state of being swart.
Swarty adjective Swarthy; tawny. [ Obsolete] Burton.
Swarve intransitive verb
[ See Swerve
.] 1. To swerve.
[ Obsolete or Scot.] Spenser. Jamieson. 2. To climb.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
[ Confer Swash
, intransitive verb
, transitive verb
] (Architecture) An oval figure, whose moldings are oblique to the axis of the work. Moxon. Swash plate (Machinery)
, a revolving circular plate, set obliquely on its shaft, and acting as a cam to give a reciprocating motion to a rod in a direction parallel to the shaft.
[ Confer Swash
, intransitive verb
, transitive verb
] Soft, like fruit too ripe; swashy.
[ Prov. Eng.] Pegge.
Swash intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Swashed
; present participle & verbal noun Swashing
.] [ Probably of imitative origin; confer Swedish svasska
to splash, and, for sense 3, Swedish svassa
to bully, to rodomontade.] 1. To dash or flow noisily, as water; to splash; as, water swashing on a shallow place. 2. To fall violently or noisily.
[ Obsolete] Holinshed. 3. To bluster; to make a great noise; to vapor or brag.
1. Impulse of water flowing with violence; a dashing or splashing of water. 2. A narrow sound or channel of water lying within a sand bank, or between a sand bank and the shore, or a bar over which the sea washes. 3. Liquid filth; wash; hog mash. [ Obsolete] 4. A blustering noise; a swaggering behavior. [ Obsolete] 5. A swaggering fellow; a swasher.
Swashbuckler noun A bully or braggadocio; a swaggering, boastful fellow; a swaggerer. Milton.
Swasher noun One who makes a blustering show of valor or force of arms. Shak.
1. Swaggering; hectoring. "A swashing and martial outside." Shak. 2. Resounding; crushing. " Swashing blow." Shak.
Swashway noun Same as 4th Swash , 2.
Swashy adjective Soft, like fruit that is too ripe; quashy; swash. [ Prov. Eng.]
Swastika, Swastica noun [ Also suastica , svastika , etc.] [ Sanskrit svastika , from svasti walfare; su well + asti being.] A symbol or ornament in the form of a Greek cross with the ends of the arms at right angles all in the same direction, and each prolonged to the height of the parallel arm of the cross. A great many modified forms exist, ogee and volute as well as rectilinear, while various decorative designs, as Greek fret or meander, are derived from or closely associated with it. The swastika is found in remains from the Bronze Age in various parts of Europe, esp. at Hissarlik (Troy), and was in frequent use as late as the 10th century. It is found in ancient Persia, in India, where both Jains and Buddhists used (or still use) it as religious symbol, in China and Japan, and among Indian tribes of North, Central, and South America. It is usually thought to be a charm, talisman, or religious token, esp. a sign of good luck or benediction. Max MüLler distinguished from the swastika , with arms prolonged to the right, the suavastika , with arms prolonged to the left, but this distinction is not commonly recognized. Other names for the swastika are fylfot and gammadion .
(swŏt), obsolete imperfect of Sweat . Chaucer.
1. A swath. [ Obsolete] Tusser. 2. A piece, pattern, or sample, generally of cloth. Halliwell. Jamieson.
(swāt), obsolete imperfect of Sweat . Thomson.
(swath; 277) noun
[ Anglo-Saxon swaðu
a track, trace; akin to Dutch zwaad
, a swath of grass, German schwad
; perhaps, originally, a shred. Confer Swathe
, transitive verb
] 1. A line of grass or grain cut and thrown together by the scythe in mowing or cradling. 2. The whole sweep of a scythe, or the whole breadth from which grass or grain is cut by a scythe or a machine, in mowing or cradling; as, to cut a wide swath . 3. A band or fillet; a swathe. Shak. Swath bank
, a row of new-mown grass.
[ Prov. Eng.]
(swā&thlig;) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Swathed
(swā&thlig;d); present participle & verbal noun Swathing
.] [ Middle English swathen
, Anglo-Saxon sweðain
. See Swath
, and confer Swaddle
.] To bind with a swathe, band, bandage, or rollers.
Their children are never swathed or bound about with any thing when they are first born. Abp. Abbot.
Swathe noun A bandage; a band; a swath.
Wrapped me in above an hundred yards of swathe . Addison.
Milk and a swathe , at first, his whole demand. Young.
The solemn glory of the afternoon, with its long swathes of light between the far off rows of limes. G. Eliot.
[ See Swath
] (Agriculture) A device attached to a mowing machine for raising the uncut fallen grain and marking the limit of the swath.
obsolete imperfect of Sweat . Chaucer.
Sway transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Swayed
; present participle & verbal noun Swaying
.] [ Middle English sweyen
, Icelandic sveigja
, akin to English swing
; confer Dutch zwaaijen
to wield, swing. See Swing
, and confer Swag
, intransitive verb
] 1. To move or wield with the hand; to swing; to wield; as, to sway the scepter.
As sparkles from the anvil rise, Spenser. 2. To influence or direct by power and authority; by persuasion, or by moral force; to rule; to govern; to guide.
When heavy hammers on the wedge are swayed .
The will of man is by his reason swayed . Shak.
She could not sway her house. Shak.
This was the race Dryden. 3. To cause to incline or swing to one side, or backward and forward; to bias; to turn; to bend; warp; as, reeds swayed by wind; judgment swayed by passion.
To sway the world, and land and sea subdue.
As bowls run true by being made Hudibras.
On purpose false, and to be swayed .
Let not temporal and little advantages sway you against a more durable interest. Tillotson. 4. (Nautical) To hoist; as, to sway up the yards. Syn.
-- To bias; rule; govern; direct; influence; swing; move; wave; wield.
Sway intransitive verb 1. To be drawn to one side by weight or influence; to lean; to incline.
The balance sways on our part. Bacon. 2. To move or swing from side to side; or backward and forward. 3. To have weight or influence.
The example of sundry churches . . . doth sway much. Hooker. 4. To bear sway; to rule; to govern.
Hadst thou swayed as kings should do. Shak.
Sway noun 1. The act of swaying; a swaying motion; the swing or sweep of a weapon.
With huge two-handed sway brandished aloft. Milton. 2. Influence, weight, or authority that inclines to one side; as, the sway of desires. A. Tucker. 3. Preponderance; turn or cast of balance.
Expert Milton. 4. Rule; dominion; control. Cowper.
When to advance, or stand, or turn the sway
When vice prevails, and impious men bear sway , Addison. 5. A switch or rod used by thatchers to bind their work.
The post of honor is a private station.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. Syn.
-- Rule; dominion; power; empire; control; influence; direction; preponderance; ascendency.
Sway bar (Vehicles) (a) A bar attached to the hounds, in the rear of the front axle, so as to slide on the reach as the axle is swung in turning the vehicle. (b) Either of the two bars used in coupling the front and rear sleds of a logging sled; also, the bar used to couple two logging cars.
Sway-backed adjective Having the back hollow or sagged, whether naturally or as the result of injury or weakness; -- said of horses and other animals.
Sway-bracing noun (Engineering) The horizontal bracing of a bridge, which prevents its swaying.
Swayed adjective Bent down, and hollow in the back; sway-backed; -- said of a horse. Shak.
Swayful adjective Able to sway. [ R.] Rush.
Swaying noun An injury caused by violent strains or by overloading; -- said of the backs of horses. Crabb.
Sweal intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Swealed
; present participle & verbal noun Swealing
.] [ Middle English swelen
to burn, Anglo-Saxon swelan
; akin to German schwelen
to burn slowly, schwül
sultry, Icelandic svæla
a thick smoke.] To melt and run down, as the tallow of a candle; to waste away without feeding the flame.
[ Written also swale
.] Sir W. Scott.
Sweal transitive verb To singe; to scorch; to swale; as, to sweal a pig by singeing off the hair.
Swear intransitive verb
[ imperfect Swore
, formerly Sware
; past participle Sworn
; present participle & verbal noun Swearing
.] [ Middle English swerien
, Anglo-Saxon swerian
; akin to Dutch zweren
, Old Saxon swerian
, Old High German swerien
, German schwören
, Icelandic sverja
, Swedish svärja
, Danish sværge
, Icelandic & Swedish svara
to answer, Danish svare
, Dan. & Swedish svar
an answer, Goth. swaran
to swear, and perhaps to English swarm
. √177. Confer Answer
.] 1. To affirm or utter a solemn declaration, with an appeal to God for the truth of what is affirmed; to make a promise, threat, or resolve on oath; also, to affirm solemnly by some sacred object, or one regarded as sacred, as the Bible, the Koran, etc.
Ye shall swear by my name falsely. Lev. xix. 12.
I swear by all the Roman gods. Shak. 2. (Law) To give evidence on oath; as, to swear to the truth of a statement; he swore against the prisoner. 3. To make an appeal to God in an irreverant manner; to use the name of God or sacred things profanely; to call upon God in imprecation; to curse.
[ I] swore little; diced not above seven times a week. Shak. To swear by
, to place great confidence in a person or thing; to trust implicitly as an authority.
"I simply meant to ask if you are one of those who swear by
Lord Verulam." Miss Edgeworth.
-- To swear off
, to make a solemn vow, or a serious resolution, to abstain from something; as, to swear off smoking.
Swear transitive verb 1. To utter or affirm with a solemn appeal to God for the truth of the declaration; to make (a promise, threat, or resolve) under oath.
Swear unto me here by God, that thou wilt not deal falsely with me. Gen. xxi. 23.
He swore consent to your succession. Shak. 2. (Law) To put to an oath; to cause to take an oath; to administer an oath to; -- ofetn followed by in or into ; as, to swear witnesses; to swear a jury; to swear in an officer; he was sworn into office. 3. To declare or charge upon oath; as, he swore treason against his friend. Johnson. 4. To appeal to by an oath.
Now, by Apollo, king, Shak. To swear the peace against one
Thou swear'st thy gods in vain.
, to make oath that one is under the actual fear of death or bodily harm from the person, in which case the person must find sureties that he will keep the peace.
Swearer noun 1. One who swears; one who calls God to witness for the truth of his declaration. 2. A profane person; one who uses profane language.
Then the liars and swearers are fools. Shak.
Swearing adjective & noun from Swear , v.
Idle swearing is a cursedness. Chaucer.
Sweat intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sweat
); present participle & verbal noun Sweating
.] [ Middle English sweten
, Anglo-Saxon swætan
, from swāt
, noun , sweat; akin to OFries. & Old Saxon swēt
, Dutch zweet
, Old High German sweiz
, German schweiss
, Icelandic sviti
, Swedish svett
, Danish sved
, Latin sudor
to sweat, Greek ..., ..., sweat, ... to sweat, Sanskrit svēda
to sweat. √178. Confer Exude
.] 1. To excrete sensible moisture from the pores of the skin; to perspire. Shak. 2. Fig.: To perspire in toil; to work hard; to drudge.
He 'd have the poets sweat . Waller. 3. To emit moisture, as green plants in a heap.
Sweat transitive verb 1. To cause to excrete moisture from the skin; to cause to perspire; as, his physicians attempted to sweat him by most powerful sudorifics. 2. To emit or suffer to flow from the pores; to exude.
It made her not a drop for sweat . Chaucer.
With exercise she sweat ill humors out. Dryden. 3. To unite by heating, after the application of soldier. 4. To get something advantageous, as money, property, or labor from (any one), by exaction or oppression; as, to sweat a spendthrift; to sweat laborers.
[ Colloq.] To sweat coin
, to remove a portion of a piece of coin, as by shaking it with others in a bag, so that the friction wears off a small quantity of the metal.
The only use of it [ money] which is interdicted is to put it in circulation again after having diminished its weight by " sweating ", or otherwise, because the quantity of metal contains is no longer consistent with its impression. R. Cobden.
[ Confer Middle English swot
, Anglo-Saxon swāt
. See Sweat
, intransitive verb
] 1. (Physiol.) The fluid which is excreted from the skin of an animal; the fluid secreted by the sudoriferous glands; a transparent, colorless, acid liquid with a peculiar odor, containing some fatty acids and mineral matter; perspiration. See Perspiration .
In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread. Gen. iii. 19. 2. The act of sweating; or the state of one who sweats; hence, labor; toil; drudgery. Shak. 3. Moisture issuing from any substance; as, the sweat of hay or grain in a mow or stack. Mortimer. 4. The sweating sickness.
[ Obsolete] Holinshed. 5. (Man.) A short run by a race horse in exercise. Sweat box (Nautical)
, a small closet in which refractory men are confined.
-- Sweat glands (Anat.)
, sudoriferous glands. See under Sudoriferous .
1. One who sweats. 2. One who, or that which, causes to sweat ; as: (a) A sudorific. (b) A woolen jacket or jersey worn by athletes. (c) An employer who oppresses his workmen by paying low wages. [ Slang]
Sweatily adverb In a sweaty manner.