Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Sweatiness noun Quality or state of being sweaty.
Sweating adjective & noun from Sweat , v. Sweating bath
, a bath producing sensible sweat; a stove or sudatory.
-- Sweating house
, a house for sweating persons in sickness.
-- Sweating iron
, a kind of knife, or a piece of iron, used to scrape off sweat, especially from horses; a horse scraper.
-- Sweating room
. (a) A room for sweating persons. (b) (Dairying) A room for sweating cheese and carrying off the superfluous juices.
-- Sweating sickness (Medicine)
, a febrile epidemic disease which prevailed in some countries of Europe, but particularly in England, in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, characterized by profuse sweating. Death often occured in a few hours.
[ Compar. Sweatier
; superl. Sweatiest
.] 1. Moist with sweat; as, a sweaty skin; a sweaty garment. 2. Consisting of sweat; of the nature of sweat.
No noisome whiffs or sweaty streams. Swift. 3. Causing sweat; hence, laborious; toilsome; difficult.
[ Confer German Schwede
.] 1. A native or inhabitant of Sweden. 2. (Botany) A Swedish turnip. See under Turnip .
Swedenborgian noun One who holds the doctrines of the New Jerusalem church, as taught by Emanuel Swedenborg , a Swedish philosopher and religious writer, who was born a.d. 1688 and died 1772. Swedenborg claimed to have intercourse with the spiritual world, through the opening of his spiritual senses in 1745. He taught that the Lord Jesus Christ, as comprehending in himself all the fullness of the Godhead, is the one only God, and that there is a spiritual sense to the Scriptures, which he (Swedenborg) was able to reveal, because he saw the correspondence between natural and spiritual things.
Swedenborgian adjective Of or pertaining to Swedenborg or his views.
Swedenborgianism noun The doctrines of the Swedenborgians.
[ Confer German schwedisch
, Swedish svensk
.] Of or pertaining to Sweden or its inhabitants. Swedish turnip
. (Botany) See under Turnip .
Swedish noun The language of Swedes.
Sweeny noun (Far.) An atrophy of the muscles of the shoulder in horses; also, atrophy of any muscle in horses. [ Written also swinney .]
Sweep transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Swept
; present participle & verbal noun Sweeping
.] [ Middle English swepen
; akin to Anglo-Saxon swāpan
. See Swoop
, intransitive verb
] 1. To pass a broom across (a surface) so as to remove loose dirt, dust, etc.; to brush, or rub over, with a broom for the purpose of cleaning; as, to sweep a floor, the street, or a chimney. Used also figuratively.
I will sweep it with the besom of destruction. Isa. xiv. 23. 2. To drive or carry along or off with a broom or a brush, or as if with a broom; to remove by, or as if by, brushing; as, to sweep dirt from a floor; the wind sweeps the snow from the hills; a freshet sweeps away a dam, timber, or rubbish; a pestilence sweeps off multitudes.
The hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies. Isa. xxviii. 17.
I have already swept the stakes. Dryden. 3. To brush against or over; to rub lightly along.
Their long descending train, Dryden. 4. To carry with a long, swinging, or dragging motion; hence, to carry in a stately or proud fashion.
With rubies edged and sapphires, swept the plain.
And like a peacock sweep along his tail. Shak. 5. To strike with a long stroke.
Wake into voice each silent string, Pope. 6. (Nautical) To draw or drag something over; as, to sweep the bottom of a river with a net. 7. To pass over, or traverse, with the eye or with an instrument of observation; as, to sweep the heavens with a telescope. To sweep, or sweep up
And sweep the sounding lyre.
, a mold (Founding)
, to form the sand into a mold by a templet, instead of compressing it around the pattern.
Sweep intransitive verb
1. To clean rooms, yards, etc., or to clear away dust, dirt, litter, etc., with a broom, brush, or the like. 2. To brush swiftly over the surface of anything; to pass with switness and force, as if brushing the surface of anything; to move in a stately manner; as, the wind sweeps across the plain; a woman sweeps through a drawing- room. 3. To pass over anything comprehensively; to range through with rapidity; as, his eye sweeps through space.
Sweep noun 1. The act of sweeping. 2. The compass or range of a stroke; as, a long sweep . 3. The compass of any turning body or of any motion; as, the sweep of a door; the sweep of the eye. 4. The compass of anything flowing or brushing; as, the flood carried away everything within its sweep . 5. Violent and general destruction; as, the sweep of an epidemic disease. 6. Direction and extent of any motion not rectlinear; as, the sweep of a compass. 7. Direction or departure of a curve, a road, an arch, or the like, away from a rectlinear line.
The road which makes a small sweep . Sir W. Scott. 8. One who sweeps; a sweeper; specifically, a chimney sweeper. 9. (Founding) A movable templet for making molds, in loam molding. 10. (Nautical) (a) The mold of a ship when she begins to curve in at the rungheads; any part of a ship shaped in a segment of a circle. (b) A large oar used in small vessels, partly to propel them and partly to steer them. 11. (Refining) The almond furnace.
[ Obsolete] 12. A long pole, or piece of timber, moved on a horizontal fulcrum fixed to a tall post and used to raise and lower a bucket in a well for drawing water.
[ Variously written swape
, and swipe
.] 13. (Card Playing) In the game of casino, a pairing or combining of all the cards on the board, and so removing them all; in whist, the winning of all the tricks (thirteen) in a hand; a slam. 14. plural The sweeping of workshops where precious metals are worked, containing filings, etc. Sweep net
, a net for drawing over a large compass.
-- Sweep of the tiller (Nautical)
, a circular frame on which the tiller traverses.
Sweep-saw noun A bow- saw.
Sweepage noun The crop of hay got in a meadow. [ Prov. Eng.]
Sweeper noun One who, or that which, sweeps, or cleans by sweeping; a sweep; as, a carpet sweeper .
It is oxygen which is the great sweeper of the economy. Huxley.
Sweeping adjective Cleaning off surfaces, or cleaning away dust, dirt, or litter, as a broom does; moving with swiftness and force; carrying everything before it; including in its scope many persons or things; as, a sweeping flood; a sweeping majority; a sweeping accusation. -- Sweep"ing*ly , adverb - Sweep"ing*ness , noun
Sweepings noun plural Things collected by sweeping; rubbish; as, the sweepings of a street.
1. A winning of all the stakes or prizes. Heylin. 2. A complete removal or carrying away; a clean sweep. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hacket.
1. A winning of all the stakes or prizes; a sweepstake. 2. sing. or plural The whole money or other things staked at a horse race, a given sum being put up for each horse, all of which goes to the winner, or is divided among several, as may be previously agreed. 3. A race for all the sums staked or prizes offered.
Sweepwasher noun One who extracts the residuum of precious metals from the sweepings, potsherds, etc., of refineries of gold and silver, or places where these metals are used.
Sweepy adjective Moving with a sweeping motion.
The branches bend before their sweepy away. Dryden.
[ Compar. Sweeter
; superl. Sweetest
.] [ Middle English swete
, Anglo-Saxon swēte
; akin to OFries. swēte
, Old Saxon swōti
, Dutch zoet
, German süss
, Old High German suozi
, Icelandic sætr
, Swedish söt
, Danish söd
, Goth. suts
, Latin suavis
, for suadvis
, Greek ..., Sanskrit svādu
, to sweeten. √175. Confer Assuage
.] 1. Having an agreeable taste or flavor such as that of sugar; saccharine; -- opposed to sour and bitter ; as, a sweet beverage; sweet fruits; sweet oranges. 2. Pleasing to the smell; fragrant; redolent; balmy; as, a sweet rose; sweet odor; sweet incense.
The breath of these flowers is sweet to me. Longfellow. 3. Pleasing to the ear; soft; melodious; harmonious; as, the sweet notes of a flute or an organ; sweet music; a sweet voice; a sweet singer.
To make his English sweet upon his tongue. Chaucer.
A voice sweet , tremulous, but powerful. Hawthorne. 4. Pleasing to the eye; beautiful; mild and attractive; fair; as, a sweet face; a sweet color or complexion.
Sweet interchange Milton. 5. Fresh; not salt or brackish; as, sweet water. Bacon. 6. Not changed from a sound or wholesome state. Specifically: (a) Not sour; as, sweet milk or bread. (b) Not state; not putrescent or putrid; not rancid; as, sweet butter; sweet meat or fish. 7. Plaesing to the mind; mild; gentle; calm; amiable; winning; presuasive; as, sweet manners.
Of hill and valley, rivers, woods, and plains.
Canst thou bind the sweet influence of Pleiades? Job xxxviii. 31.
Mildness and sweet reasonableness is the one established rule of Christian working. M. Arnold.
is often used in the formation of self- explaining compounds; as, sweet
- featured, sweet
- toned, etc. Sweet alyssum
. (Botany) See Alyssum .
-- Sweet apple
. (Botany) (a) Any apple of sweet flavor. (b) See Sweet-top .
-- Sweet bay
. (Botany) (a) The laurel ( laurus nobilis ). (b) Swamp sassafras.
-- Sweet calabash (Botany)
, a plant of the genus Passiflora ( P. maliformis ) growing in the West Indies, and producing a roundish, edible fruit, the size of an apple.
-- Sweet cicely
. (Botany) (a) Either of the North American plants of the umbelliferous genus Osmorrhiza having aromatic roots and seeds, and white flowers. Gray. (b) A plant of the genus Myrrhis ( M. odorata ) growing in England.
-- Sweet calamus
, or Sweet cane
. (Botany) Same as Sweet flag , below.
-- Sweet Cistus (Botany)
, an evergreen shrub ( Cistus Ladanum ) from which the gum ladanum is obtained.
-- Sweet clover
. (Botany) See Melilot .
-- Sweet coltsfoot (Botany)
, a kind of butterbur ( Petasites sagittata ) found in Western North America.
-- Sweet corn (Botany)
, a variety of the maize of a sweet taste. See the Note under Corn .
-- Sweet fern (Botany)
, a small North American shrub ( Comptonia, or Myrica, asplenifolia ) having sweet-scented or aromatic leaves resembling fern leaves.
-- Sweet flag (Botany)
, an endogenous plant ( Acorus Calamus ) having long flaglike leaves and a rootstock of a pungent aromatic taste. It is found in wet places in Europe and America. See Calamus , 2.
-- Sweet gale (Botany)
, a shrub ( Myrica Gale ) having bitter fragrant leaves; -- also called sweet willow , and Dutch myrtle . See 5th Gale .
-- Sweet grass (Botany)
, holy, or Seneca, grass.
-- Sweet gum (Botany)
, an American tree ( Liquidambar styraciflua ). See Liquidambar .
-- Sweet herbs
, fragrant herbs cultivated for culinary purposes.
-- Sweet John (Botany)
, a variety of the sweet William.
-- Sweet leaf (Botany)
, horse sugar. See under Horse .
-- Sweet marjoram
. (Botany) See Marjoram .
-- Sweet marten (Zoology)
, the pine marten.
-- Sweet maudlin (Botany)
, a composite plant ( Achillea Ageratum ) allied to milfoil.
-- Sweet oil
, olive oil.
-- Sweet pea
. (Botany) See under Pea .
-- Sweet potato
. (Botany) See under Potato .
-- Sweet rush (Botany)
, sweet flag.
-- Sweet spirits of niter (Med. Chem.) See Spirit of nitrous ether , under Spirit .
-- Sweet sultan (Botany)
, an annual composite plant ( Centaurea moschata ), also, the yellow-flowered ( C. odorata ); -- called also sultan flower .
-- Sweet tooth
, an especial fondness for sweet things or for sweetmeats.
[ Colloq.] -- Sweet William
. (a) (Botany) A species of pink ( Dianthus barbatus ) of many varieties. (b) (Zoology) The willow warbler. (c) (Zoology) The European goldfinch; -- called also sweet Billy .
[ Prov. Eng.] -- Sweet willow (Botany)
, sweet gale.
-- Sweet wine
. See Dry wine , under Dry .
-- To be sweet on
, to have a particular fondness for, or special interest in, as a young man for a young woman.
[ Colloq.] Thackeray. Syn.
-- Sugary; saccharine; dulcet; luscious.
Sweet noun 1. That which is sweet to the taste; -- used chiefly in the plural.
Specifically: (a) Confectionery, sweetmeats, preserves, etc. (b) Home-made wines, cordials, metheglin, etc. 2. That which is sweet or pleasant in odor; a perfume.
"A wilderness of sweets
." Milton. 3. That which is pleasing or grateful to the mind; as, the sweets of domestic life.
A little bitter mingled in our cup leaves no relish of the sweet . Locke. 4. One who is dear to another; a darling; -- a term of endearment.
"Wherefore frowns my sweet
?" B. Jonson.
Sweet adverb Sweetly. Shak.
Sweet transitive verb To sweeten. [ Obsolete] Udall.
Sweet-breasted adjective Having a sweet, musical voice, as the nightingale. Confer Breast , noun , 6.
Sweet-scented adjective Having a sweet scent or smell; fragrant. Sweet-scented shrub (Botany) , a shrub of the genus Calycanthus , the flowers of which, when crushed, have a fragrance resembling that of strawberries.
Sweet-sop noun (Botany) A kind of custard apple ( Anona squamosa ). See under Custard .
Sweetbread noun 1. Either the thymus gland or the pancreas, the former being called neck, or throat, sweetbread , the latter belly sweetbread . The sweetbreads of ruminants, esp. of the calf, are highly esteemed as food. See Pancreas , and Thymus . 2. (Anat.) The pancreas.
Sweetbrier noun (Botany) A kind of rose ( Rosa rubiginosa ) with minutely glandular and fragrant foliage. The small-flowered sweetbrier is Rosa micrantha .
Sweeten transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sweetened
; present participle & verbal noun Sweetening
.] [ See Sweet
] 1. To make sweet to the taste; as, to sweeten tea. 2. To make pleasing or grateful to the mind or feelings; as, to sweeten life; to sweeten friendship. 3. To make mild or kind; to soften; as, to sweeten the temper. 4. To make less painful or laborious; to relieve; as, to sweeten the cares of life. Dryden.
And sweeten every secret tear. Keble. 5. To soften to the eye; to make delicate.
Correggio has made his memory immortal by the strength he has given to his figures, and by sweetening his lights and shadows, and melting them into each other. Dryden. 6. To make pure and salubrious by destroying noxious matter; as, to sweeten rooms or apartments that have been infected; to sweeten the air. 7. To make warm and fertile; -- opposed to sour ; as, to dry and sweeten soils. 8. To restore to purity; to free from taint; as, to sweeten water, butter, or meat.
Sweeten intransitive verb To become sweet. Bacon.
Sweetener noun One who, or that which, sweetens; one who palliates; that which moderates acrimony.
1. The act of making sweet. 2. That which sweetens.
Sweetheart noun A lover of mistress.
Sweethearting noun Making love. "To play at sweethearting ." W. Black.
1. A sweet apple. Ascham. 2. A darling; -- a word of endearment. Shak.
Sweetish adjective Somewhat sweet. -- Sweet"ish*ness , noun
Sweetly adverb [ Anglo-Saxon swētlice .] In a sweet manner.
1. Fruit preserved with sugar, as peaches, pears, melons, nuts, orange peel, etc.; -- usually in the plural; a confect; a confection. 2. The paint used in making patent leather. 3. (Zoology) A boat shell ( Crepidula fornicata ) of the American coast. [ Local, U.S.]
Sweetness noun [ Anglo-Saxon swētness .] The quality or state of being sweet (in any sense of the adjective); gratefulness to the taste or to the smell; agreeableness.
Sweetroot noun (Botany) Licorice.
Sweetwater noun (Botany) A variety of white grape, having a sweet watery juice; -- also called white sweetwater , and white muscadine .
Sweetweed noun (Botany) A name for two tropical American weeds ( Capraria biflora , and Scoparia dulcis ) of the Figwort family.
Sweetwood noun (Botany) (a) The true laurel ( Laurus nobilis .) (b) The timber of the tree Oreodaphne Leucoxylon , growing in Jamaica. The name is also applied to the timber of several other related trees.
Sweetwort noun Any plant of a sweet taste.
Sweigh noun Sway; movement. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.