Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Swell intransitive verb
[ imperfect Swelled
; past participle Swelled
; present participle & verbal noun Swelling
.] [ Anglo-Saxon swellan
; akin to Dutch zwellen
, Old Saxon & Old High German swellan
, German schwellen
, Icelandic svella
, Swedish svälla
.] 1. To grow larger; to dilate or extend the exterior surface or dimensions, by matter added within, or by expansion of the inclosed substance; as, the legs swell in dropsy; a bruised part swells ; a bladder swells by inflation. 2. To increase in size or extent by any addition; to increase in volume or force; as, a river swells , and overflows its banks; sounds swell or diminish. 3. To rise or be driven into waves or billows; to heave; as, in tempest, the ocean swells into waves. 4. To be puffed up or bloated; as, to swell with pride.
You swell at the tartan, as the bull is said to do at scarlet. Sir W. Scott. 5. To be inflated; to belly; as, the sails swell . 6. To be turgid, bombastic, or extravagant; as, swelling words; a swelling style. 7. To protuberate; to bulge out; as, a cask swells in the middle. 8. To be elated; to rise arrogantly.
Your equal mind yet swells not into state. Dryden. 9. To grow upon the view; to become larger; to expand.
"Monarchs to behold the swelling
scene!" Shak. 10. To become larger in amount; as, many little debts added, swell to a great amount. 11. To act in a pompous, ostentatious, or arrogant manner; to strut; to look big.
Here he comes, swelling like a turkey cock. Shak.
Swell transitive verb 1. To increase the size, bulk, or dimensions of; to cause to rise, dilate, or increase; as, rains and dissolving snow swell the rivers in spring; immigration swells the population.
[ The Church] swells her high, heart-cheering tone. Keble. 2. To aggravate; to heighten.
It is low ebb with his accuser when such peccadilloes are put to swell the charge. Atterbury. 3. To raise to arrogance; to puff up; to inflate; as, to be swelled with pride or haughtiness. 4. (Mus.) To augment gradually in force or loudness, as the sound of a note.
Swell noun 1. The act of swelling. 2. Gradual increase.
Specifically: (a) Increase or augmentation in bulk; protuberance. (b) Increase in height; elevation; rise.
Little River affords navigation during a swell to within three miles of the Miami. Jefferson. (c) Increase of force, intensity, or volume of sound.
Music arose with its voluptuous swell . Byron. (d) Increase of power in style, or of rhetorical force.
The swell and subsidence of his periods. Landor. 3. A gradual ascent, or rounded elevation, of land; as, an extensive plain abounding with little swells . 4. A wave, or billow; especially, a succession of large waves; the roll of the sea after a storm; as, a heavy swell sets into the harbor.
The swell Tennyson.
Of the long waves that roll in yonder bay.
The gigantic swells and billows of the snow. Hawthorne. 5. (Mus.) A gradual increase and decrease of the volume of sound; the crescendo and diminuendo combined; -- generally indicated by the sign. 6. A showy, dashing person; a dandy.
[ Slang] Ground swell
. See under Ground .
- - Organ swell (Mus.)
, a certain number of pipes inclosed in a box, the uncovering of which by means of a pedal produces increased sound.
-- Swell shark (Zoology)
, a small shark ( Scyllium ventricosum ) of the west coast of North America, which takes in air when caught, and swells up like a swellfish.
Swell adjective Having the characteristics of a person of rank and importance; showy; dandified; distinguished; as, a swell person; a swell neighborhood.
[ Slang] Swell mob
. See under Mob .
Swelldom noun People of rank and fashion; the class of swells, collectively. [ Jocose]
Swellfish noun (Zoology) Any plectognath fish that dilates itself, as the bur fish, puffer, or diodon.
Swelling noun 1. The act of that which swells; as, the swelling of rivers in spring; the swelling of the breast with pride.
Rise to the swelling of the voiceless sea. Coleridge. 2. A protuberance; a prominence
; especially (Medicine)
, an unnatural prominence or protuberance; as, a scrofulous swelling .
The superficies of such plates are not even, but have many cavities and swellings . Sir I. Newton.
Swellish adjective Dandified; stylish. [ Slang]
Swelltoad noun (Zoology) A swellfish.
obsolete imperfect of Swell .
Swelt intransitive verb
[ Middle English swelten
to die, to swoon or faint, Anglo-Saxon sweltan
to die; akin to OD. swelten
to hunger, to fail, Old Saxon sweltan
to die, Icelandic svelta
to die, to hunger, Swedish svälta
to hunger, Danish sulte
, Goth. sviltan
to die. Confer Swelter
.] 1. To die; to perish.
[ Obsolete] 2. To faint; to swoon.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Night she swelt for passing joy. Spenser.
Swelt transitive verb To overpower, as with heat; to cause to faint; to swelter. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Bp. Hall.
Swelter intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sweltered
; present participle & verbal noun Sweltering
.] [ From Swelt
, intransitive verb
] 1. To be overcome and faint with heat; to be ready to perish with heat.
cattle." Coleridge. 2. To welter; to soak.
[ Obsolete] Drayton.
Swelter transitive verb
1. To oppress with heat. Bentley. 2. To exude, like sweat. [ R.] Shak.
[ See Swelter
, intransitive verb
, and confer Sultry
.] Suffocating with heat; oppressively hot; sultry.
[ R.] Evelyn.
Swelve transitive verb To swallow. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Swept imperfect & past participle of Sweep .
Swerd noun & v. See Sward , noun & v.
Swerd noun Sword. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Swerve intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Swerved
; present participle & verbal noun Swerving
.] [ Middle English swerven
, Anglo-Saxon sweorfan
to wipe off, to file, to polish; akin to OFries. swerva
to creep, Dutch zwerven
to swerve, to rope, Old Saxon swerban
to wipe off, Middle High German swerben
to be whirled, Old High German swerban
to wipe off, Icelandic sverfa
to file, Goth. swaírban
(in comp.) to wipe, and perhaps to English swarm
. Confer Swarm
.] 1. To stray; to wander; to rope.
A maid thitherward did run, Sir P. Sidney. 2. To go out of a straight line; to deflect.
To catch her sparrow which from her did swerve .
"The point [ of the sword] swerved
." Sir P. Sidney. 3. To wander from any line prescribed, or from a rule or duty; to depart from what is established by law, duty, custom, or the like; to deviate.
I swerve not from thy commandments. Bk. of Com. Prayer.
They swerve from the strict letter of the law. Clarendon.
Many who, through the contagion of evil example, swerve exceedingly from the rules of their holy religion. Atterbury. 4. To bend; to incline.
"The battle swerved
." Milton. 5. To climb or move upward by winding or turning.
The tree was high; Dryden.
Yet nimbly up from bough to bough I swerved .
Swerve transitive verb To turn aside. Gauden.
[ Anglo-Saxon swefen
sleep, dream; akin to swebban
, to put to sleep, to kill. √176. See Somnolent
.] A vision seen in sleep; a dream.
[ Obsolete] Wycliff (Acts ii. 17).
I defy both sweven and dream. Chaucer.
[ See Such
Swich things as that I know I will declare. Chaucer.
Swietenia noun [ New Latin Named after Gerard Van Sweiten , physician to Maria Theresa of Austria.] (Botany) A genus of meliaceous trees consisting of one species ( Sweitenia Mahogoni ), the mahogany tree.
[ Compar. Swifter
; superl. Swiftest
.] [ Anglo-Saxon swift
; akin to swāpan
to sweep, swipu
a whip; confer swīfan
to move quickly, to revolve. See Swoop
, intransitive verb
, and confer Swivel
.] 1. Moving a great distance in a short time; moving with celerity or velocity; fleet; rapid; quick; speedy; prompt.
My beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath. James i. 19.
Swift of dispatch and easy of access. Dryden.
And bring upon themselves swift destruction. 2 Pet. ii. 1. 2. Of short continuance; passing away quickly. Shak.
is often used in the formation of compounds which are generally self-explaining; as, swift
-winged, etc. Syn.
-- Quick; fleet; speedy; rapid; expeditious.
Swift adverb Swiftly.
[ Obsolete or Poetic] Shak.
Ply swift and strong the oar. Southey.
Swift noun 1. The current of a stream.
[ R.] Walton. 2. (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of small, long-winged, insectivorous birds of the family Micropodidæ . In form and habits the swifts resemble swallows, but they are destitute of complex vocal muscles and are not singing birds, but belong to a widely different group allied to the humming birds.
» The common European swift ( Cypselus, or Micropus, apus
) nests in church steeples and under the tiles of roofs, and is noted for its rapid flight and shrill screams. It is called also black martin
, black swift
, hawk swallow
, devil bird
, screech martin
, and shreik owl
. The common American, or chimney, swift ( Chætura pelagica
) has sharp rigid tips to the tail feathers. It attaches its nest to the inner walls of chimneys, and is called also chimney swallow
. The Australian swift ( Chætura caudacuta
) also has sharp naked tips to the tail quills. The European Alpine swift ( Cypselus melba
) is whitish beneath, with a white band across the breast. The common Indian swift is Cypselus affinis
. See also Palm swift
, under Palm
, and Tree swift
, under Tree
. 3. (Zoology) Any one of several species of lizards, as the pine lizard. 4. (Zoology) The ghost moth. See under Ghost . 5.
[ Confer Swivel
.] A reel, or turning instrument, for winding yarn, thread, etc.; -- used chiefly in the plural. 6. The main card cylinder of a flax-carding machine.
[ Confer Swivel
.] (Nautical) (a) A rope used to retain the bars of the capstan in their sockets while men are turning it. (b) A rope used to encircle a boat longitudinally, to strengthen and defend her sides. (c) The forward shroud of a lower mast.
Swifter transitive verb (Nautical) To tighten, as slack standing rigging, by bringing the opposite shrouds nearer.
Swiftfoot adjective Nimble; fleet. Mir. for Mag.
Swiftfoot noun (Zoology) The courser.
Swiftlet noun (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of small East Indian and Asiatic swifts of the genus Collocalia . Some of the species are noted for furnishing the edible bird's nest. See Illust. under Edible .
Swiftly adverb In a swift manner; with quick motion or velocity; fleetly. Wyclif.
Swiftness noun The quality or state of being swift; speed; quickness; celerity; velocity; rapidity; as, the swiftness of a bird; the swiftness of a stream; swiftness of descent in a falling body; swiftness of thought, etc.
Swig transitive verb
[ Confer Dutch zwelgen
to swallow, English swallow
, v.t.] 1. To drink in long draughts; to gulp; as, to swig cider.
[ Colloq.] 2. To suck.
[ Obsolete or Archaic]
The lambkins swig the teat. Creech.
1. A long draught. [ Colloq.] Marryat. 2. (Nautical) A tackle with ropes which are not parallel. 3. A beverage consisting of warm beer flavored with spices, lemon, etc. [ Prov. Eng.]
Swig transitive verb [ Confer Prov. English swig to leak out, Anglo-Saxon swījian to be silent, swīcan to evade, escape.]
1. To castrate, as a ram, by binding the testicles tightly with a string, so that they mortify and slough off. [ Prov. Eng.] 2. (Nautical) To pull upon (a tackle) by throwing the weight of the body upon the fall between the block and a cleat.
Swill transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Swilled
; present participle & verbal noun Swilling
.] [ Middle English swilen
to wash, Anglo-Saxon swilian
.] 1. To wash; to drench.
As fearfully as doth a galled rock Shak. 2.
O'erhang and jutty his confounded base,
Swilled with the wild and wasteful ocean.
[ Properly, to drink like a pig. See Swill
] To drink in great draughts; to swallow greedily.
Well-dressed people, of both sexes, . . . devouring sliced beef, and swilling pork, and punch, and cider. Smollett. 3. To inebriate; to fill with drink.
I should be loth Milton.
To meet the rudeness and swilled insolence
Of such late wassailers.
Swill intransitive verb To drink greedily or swinishly; to drink to excess. South.
1. The wash, or mixture of liquid substances, given to swine; hogwash; -- called also swillings . 2. Large draughts of liquor; drink taken in excessive quantities.
Swiller noun One who swills.
Swillings noun plural See Swill , noun , 1.
Swim intransitive verb
[ imperfect Swam
; past participle Swum
; present participle & verbal noun Swimming
.] [ Anglo-Saxon swimman
; akin to Dutch zwemmen
, Old High German swimman
, German schwimmen
, Icelandic svimma
, Danish swömme
, Swedish simma
. Confer Sound
an air bladder, a strait.] 1. To be supported by water or other fluid; not to sink; to float; as, any substance will swim , whose specific gravity is less than that of the fluid in which it is immersed. 2. To move progressively in water by means of strokes with the hands and feet, or the fins or the tail.
Leap in with me into this angry flood, Shak. 3. To be overflowed or drenched. Ps. vi. 6.
And swim to yonder point.
Sudden the ditches swell, the meadows swim . Thomson. 4. Fig.: To be as if borne or floating in a fluid.
[ They] now swim in joy. Milton. 5. To be filled with swimming animals.
[ Streams] that swim full of small fishes. Chaucer.
Swim transitive verb 1. To pass or move over or on by swimming; as, to swim a stream.
Sometimes he thought to swim the stormy main. Dryden. 2. To cause or compel to swim; to make to float; as, to swim a horse across a river. 3. To immerse in water that the lighter parts may float; as, to swim wheat in order to select seed.
Swim noun Swim bladder , an air bladder of a fish. -- To be in the swim , to be in a favored position; to be associated with others in active affairs. [ Colloq.]
1. The act of swimming; a gliding motion, like that of one swimming. B. Jonson. 2. The sound, or air bladder, of a fish. 3. A part of a stream much frequented by fish. [ Eng.]
Swim intransitive verb
[ Middle English swime
dizziness, vertigo, Anglo-Saxon swīma
; akin to Dutch zwijm
, Icelandic svimi
to subside, svīa
to abate, German schwindel
to disappear, to dwindle, Old High German swīnan
to dwindle. Confer Squemish
.] To be dizzy; to have an unsteady or reeling sensation; as, the head swims .
Swimbel noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] A moaning or sighing sound or noise; a sough. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Swimmer noun Little swimmer (Zoology) , a phalarope.
1. One who swims. 2. (Far.) A protuberance on the leg of a horse. 3. (Zoology) A swimming bird; one of the natatores.
Swimmeret noun (Zoology) One of a series of flat, fringed, and usually bilobed, appendages, of which several pairs occur on the abdominal somites of many crustaceans. They are used as fins in swimming.