Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Swimming adjective 1. That swims; capable of swimming; adapted to, or used in, swimming; as, a swimming bird; a swimming motion. 2. Suffused with moisture; as, swimming eyes. Swimming bell (Zoology)
, a nectocalyx. See Illust. under Siphonophora .
-- Swimming crab (Zoology)
, any one of numerous species of marine crabs, as those of the family Protunidæ , which have some of the joints of one or more pairs of legs flattened so as to serve as fins.
Swimming noun The act of one who swims.
[ From Swim
to be dizzy.] Being in a state of vertigo or dizziness; as, a swimming brain.
Swimming noun Vertigo; dizziness; as, a swimming in the head. Dryden.
Swimmingly adverb In an easy, gliding manner, as if swimming; smoothly; successfully; prosperously.
Swimmingness noun Act or state of swimming; suffusion. "A swimmingness in the eye." Congreve.
Swinck v. & noun See Swink .
Swindle transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Swindled
; present participle & verbal noun Swindling
.] [ See Swindler
.] To cheat defraud grossly, or with deliberate artifice; as, to swindle a man out of his property.
Lammote . . . has swindled one of them out of three hundred livres. Carlyle.
Swindle noun The act or process of swindling; a cheat.
[ German schwindler
, from schwindlen
to be dizzy, to act thoughtlessly, to cheat, from schwindel
dizziness, from schwinden
to vanish, to disappear, to dwindle. See Swim
to be dizzy.] One who swindles, or defrauds grossly; one who makes a practice of defrauding others by imposition or deliberate artifice; a cheat. Syn.
-- Sharper; rogue. -- Swindler
. These words agree in describing persons who take unfair advantages. A swindler
is one who obtains money or goods under false pretenses. A sharper
is one who cheats by sharp practice, as in playing at cards or staking what he can not pay.
Fraud and injustice soon follow, and the dignity of the British merchant is sunk in the scandalous appellation of a swindler . V. Knox.
Perhaps you 'll think I act the same Cotton.
As a sly sharper plays his game.
Swindlery noun Swindling; rougery. [ R.] " Swindlery and blackguardism." Carlyle.
Swine noun sing. & plural
[ Middle English swin
, Anglo-Saxon swīn
; akin to OFries. & Old Saxon swin
, Dutch zwijn
, German schwein
, Old High German swīn
, Icelandic svīn
, Swedish svin
, Danish sviin
, Goth. swein
; originally a diminutive corresponding to English sow
. See Sow
] (Zoology) Any animal of the hog kind, especially one of the domestical species. Swine secrete a large amount of subcutaneous fat, which, when extracted, is known as lard . The male is specifically called boar , the female, sow , and the young, pig . See Hog .
"A great herd of swine
." Mark v. 11. Swine grass (Botany)
, knotgrass ( Polygonum aviculare ); -- so called because eaten by swine.
-- Swine oat (Botany)
, a kind of oat sometimes grown for swine.
-- Swine's cress (Botany)
, a species of cress of the genus Senebiera ( S. Coronopus ).
-- Swine's head
, a dolt; a blockhead.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
- - Swine thistle (Botany)
, the sow thistle.
Swine-pox noun (Medicine) A variety of the chicken pox, with acuminated vesicles containing a watery fluid; the water pox. Pepys.
Swinebread noun (Botany) The truffle.
Swinecase noun A hogsty. [ Prov. Eng.]
Swinecote noun A hogsty. [ Prov. Eng.]
Swinecrue noun [ Swine + Prov. English crue a coop.] A hogsty. [ Prov. Eng.]
Swinefish noun (Zoology) The wolf fish.
Swineherd noun A keeper of swine.
Swinepipe noun (Zoology) The European redwing. [ Prov. Eng.]
(swīn"ẽr*ȳ) noun Same as Piggery .
Swinesty noun A sty, or pen, for swine.
Swing intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Swung
; Archaic imperfect Swang
; present participle & verbal noun Swinging
.] [ Middle English swingen
, Anglo-Saxon swingan
to scourge, to fly, to flutter; akin to German schwingen
to winnow, to swingle, oscillate, sich schwingen
to leap, to soar, Old High German swingan
to throw, to scourge, to soar, Swedish svinga
to swing, to whirl, Danish svinge
. Confer Swagger
.] 1. To move to and fro, as a body suspended in the air; to wave; to vibrate; to oscillate.
I tried if a pendulum would swing faster, or continue swinging longer, in case of exsuction of the air. Boyle. 2. To sway or move from one side or direction to another; as, the door swung open. 3. To use a swing; as, a boy swings for exercise or pleasure. See Swing , noun , 3. 4. (Nautical) To turn round by action of wind or tide when at anchor; as, a ship swings with the tide. 5. To be hanged.
[ Colloq.] D. Webster. To swing round the circle
, to make a complete circuit.
He had swung round the circle of theories and systems in which his age abounded, without finding relief. A. V. G. Allen.
Swing transitive verb 1. To cause to swing or vibrate; to cause to move backward and forward, or from one side to the other.
He swings his tail, and swiftly turns his round. Dryden.
They get on ropes, as you must have seen the children, and are swung by their men visitants. Spectator. 2. To give a circular movement to; to whirl; to brandish; as, to swing a sword; to swing a club; hence, colloquially, to manage; as, to swing a business. 3. (Machinery) To admit or turn (anything) for the purpose of shaping it; -- said of a lathe; as, the lathe can swing a pulley of 12 inches diameter. To swing a door
, etc. (Carp.)
, to put it on hinges so that it can swing or turn.
Swing noun 1. The act of swinging; a waving, oscillating, or vibratory motion of a hanging or pivoted object; oscillation; as, the swing of a pendulum. 2. Swaying motion from one side or direction to the other; as, some men walk with a swing . 3. A line, cord, or other thing suspended and hanging loose, upon which anything may swing; especially, an apparatus for recreation by swinging, commonly consisting of a rope, the two ends of which are attached overhead, as to the bough of a tree, a seat being placed in the loop at the bottom; also, any contrivance by which a similar motion is produced for amusement or exercise. 4. Influence of power of a body put in swaying motion.
The ram that batters down the wall, Shak. 5. Capacity of a turning lathe, as determined by the diameter of the largest object that can be turned in it. 6. Free course; unrestrained liberty or license; tendency.
For the great swing and rudeness of his poise,
They place before his hand that made the engine.
"Take thy swing
To prevent anything which may prove an obstacle to the full swing of his genius. Burke. Full swing
. See under Full .
-- Swing beam (Railway Mach.)
, a crosspiece sustaining the car body, and so suspended from the framing of a truck that it may have an independent lateral motion.
-- Swing bridge
, a form of drawbridge which swings horizontally, as on a vertical pivot.
-- Swing plow
, or Swing plough
. (a) A plow without a fore wheel under the beam. (b) A reversible or sidehill plow.
-- Swing wheel
. (a) The scape-wheel in a clock, which drives the pendulum. (b) The balance of a watch.
Swingdevil noun (Zoology) [ So named from its swift flight and dark color, which give it an uncanny appearance.] The European swift. [ Prov. Eng.]
(swĭnj) v. & noun See Singe .
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Swinge transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Swinged
(swĭnjd); present participle & verbal noun Swingeing
(swĭnj"ĭng).] [ Middle English swengen
, Anglo-Saxon swengan
to shake, causative of swingan
. See Swing
.] 1. To beat soundly; to whip; to chastise; to punish.
I had swinged him soundly. Shak.
And swinges his own vices in his son. C. Dryden. 2. To move as a lash; to lash.
Swinges the scaly horror of his folded tail. Milton.
1. The sweep of anything in motion; a swinging blow; a swing. [ Obsolete] Waller. 2. Power; sway; influence. [ Obsolete]
Swingebuckler noun A swashbuckler; a bully; a roisterer. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Swingeing adjective Huge; very large. [ Colloq.] Arbuthnot. Byron. -- Swinge"ing*ly , adverb Dryden.
[ Anglo-Saxon swingele
whip, scourge. See Swing
.] The swinging part of a flail which falls on the grain in thrashing; the swiple.
Swinger noun One who swings or whirls.
1. One who swinges. 2. Anything very large, forcible, or astonishing. [ Obsolete or Colloq.] Herrick.
Swingle intransitive verb [ Freq. of swing .]
1. To dangle; to wave hanging. [ Obsolete] Johnson. 2. To swing for pleasure. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]
Swingle transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Swingled
; present participle & verbal noun Swingling
.] [ See Swingel
.] 1. To clean, as flax, by beating it with a swingle, so as to separate the coarse parts and the woody substance from it; to scutch. 2. To beat off the tops of without pulling up the roots; -- said of weeds.
[ Prov. Eng.] Forby.
Swingle noun A wooden instrument like a large knife, about two feet long, with one thin edge, used for beating and cleaning flax; a scutcher; -- called also swingling knife , swingling staff , and swingling wand .
Swinglebar noun A swingletree. De Quincey.
Swingletail noun (Zoology) The thrasher, or fox shark. See Thrasher .
[ So named in allusion to its swinging
. See Swingle
, intransitive verb
, and confer Swingtree
.] A whiffletree, or whippletree. See Singletree .
Swingling adjective & noun from Swingle , transitive verb Swingling tow
, the coarse part of flax, separated from the finer by swingling and hatcheling.
Swingtree noun The bar of a carriage to which the traces are fastened; the whiffletree.
Swinish adjective Of or pertaining to swine; befitting swine; like swine; hoggish; gross; beasty; as, a swinish drunkard or sot. " Swinish gluttony." Milton. -- Swin"ish*ly , adverb -- Swin"ish*ness , noun
Swink intransitive verb
[ imperfect Swank
; past participle Swonken
; present participle & verbal noun Swinking
.] [ Anglo-Saxon swincan
, akin to swingan
. See Swing
.] To labor; to toil; to salve.
[ Obsolete or Archaic]
Or swink with his hands and labor. Chaucer.
For which men swink and sweat incessantly. Spenser.
The swinking crowd at every stroke pant "Ho." Sir Samuel Freguson.
Swink transitive verb 1. To cause to toil or drudge; to tire or exhaust with labor.
And the swinked hedger at his supper sat. Milton. 2. To acquire by labor.
[ Obsolete] Piers Plowman.
To devour all that others swink . Chaucer.
Swink noun [ As. swinc , ge swinc .] Labor; toil; drudgery. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. Spenser.
Swinker noun A laborer. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Swinney noun (Far.) See Sweeny .
[ Confer Sweep
.] 1. A swape or sweep. See Sweep . 2. A strong blow given with a sweeping motion, as with a bat or club.
Swipes [ in cricket] over the blower's head, and over either of the long fields. R. A. Proctor. 3. plural Poor, weak beer; small beer.
[ Slang, Eng.] [ Written also swypes
Swipe transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Swiped
; present participle & verbal noun Swiping
.] 1. To give a swipe to; to strike forcibly with a sweeping motion, as a ball.
Loose balls may be swiped almost ad libitum . R. A. Proctor. 2. To pluck; to snatch; to steal.
[ Slang, U.S.]
[ See Swipe
.] That part of a flail which strikes the grain in thrashing; a swingel.
[ Written also swipel
, and swipple