Sympathize Sym"pa·thize transitive verb 1. To experience together. [ Obsolete] "This sympathized . . . error." Shak. 2. To ansew to; to correspond to. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Sympathizer Sym"pa·thi`zer noun One who sympathizes.
Sympathy Sym"pa·thy noun
; plural Sympathies
. [ French sympathie
, Latin sympathia
, Greek ...; sy`n
with + ... suffering, passion, from ..., ..., to suffer. See Syn-
, and Pathos
.] 1. Feeling corresponding to that which another feels; the quality of being affected by the affection of another, with feelings correspondent in kind, if not in degree; fellow- feeling.
They saw, but other sight instead -- a crowd Milton. 2. An agreement of affections or inclinations, or a conformity of natural temperament, which causes persons to be pleased, or in accord, with one another; as, there is perfect sympathy between them. 3. Kindness of feeling toward one who suffers; pity; commiseration; compassion.
Of ugly serpents! Horror on them fell,
And horrid sympathy .
I value myself upon sympathy , I hate and despise myself for envy. Kames. 4. (Physiol.) (a) The reciprocal influence exercised by the various organs or parts of the body on one another, as manifested in the transmission of a disease by unknown means from one organ to another quite remote, or in the influence exerted by a diseased condition of one part on another part or organ, as in the vomiting produced by a tumor of the brain. (b) That relation which exists between different persons by which one of them produces in the others a state or condition like that of himself. This is shown in the tendency to yawn which a person often feels on seeing another yawn, or the strong inclination to become hysteric experienced by many women on seeing another person suffering with hysteria. 5. A tendency of inanimate things to unite, or to act on each other; as, the sympathy between the loadstone and iron.
[ R.] 6. Similarity of function, use office, or the like.
The adverb has most sympathy with the verb. Earle. Syn.
-- Pity; fellow-feeling; compassion; commiseration; tenderness; condolence; agreement. -- Sympathy
is literally a fellow-feeling with others in their varied conditions of joy or of grief. This term, however, is now more commonly applied to a fellow-feeling with others under affliction, and then coincides very nearly with commiseration
. In this case it is commonly followed by for
; as, to feel sympathy
for a friend when we see him distressed. The verb sympathize
is followed by with
; as, to sympathize
with a friend in his distresses or enjoyments. "Every man would be a distinct species to himself, were there no sympathy
among individuals." South.
Acknowledged and deplored, in Adam wrought
Sympathy Sym"pa·thy noun (Physiol. & Med.) (a) The reciprocal influence exercised by organs or parts on one another, as shown in the effects of a diseased condition of one part on another part or organ, as in the vomiting produced by a tumor of the brain. (b) The influence of a certain psychological state in one person in producing a like state in another.
Sympetalous Sym·pet"al·ous adjective [ Prefix sym- + petal .] (Botany) Having the petals united; gamopetalous.
Symphonic Sym·phon"ic adjective 1. Symphonious. 2. (Mus.) Relating to, or in the manner of, symphony; as, the symphonic form or style of composition.
Symphonious Sym·pho"ni·ous adjective
[ From Symphony
.] 1. Agreeing in sound; accordant; harmonious.
Followed with acclamation and the sound Milton. 2. (Mus.) Symphonic.
Symphonious of ten thousand harps.
Symphonist Sym"pho·nist noun [ Confer French symphoniste .] A composer of symphonies.
Symphonize Sym"pho·nize intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Symphonized ; present participle & verbal noun Symphonizing .] To agree; to be in harmony. [ R.] Boyle.
Symphony Sym"pho·ny noun
; plural Symphonies
. [ French symphonie
(cf. Italian sinfonia
), Latin symphonia
, Greek ...; sy`n
with + ... a sound, the voice. See Phonetic
.] 1. A consonance or harmony of sounds, agreeable to the ear, whether the sounds are vocal or instrumental, or both.
The trumpets sound, Dryden. 2. A stringed instrument formerly in use, somewhat resembling the virginal.
And warlike symphony in heard around.
With harp and pipe and symphony . Chaucer. 3. (Mus.) (a) An elaborate instrumental composition for a full orchestra, consisting usually, like the sonata, of three or four contrasted yet inwardly related movements, as the allegro, the adagio, the minuet and trio, or scherzo, and the finale in quick time. The term has recently been applied to large orchestral works in freer form, with arguments or programmes to explain their meaning, such as the "symphonic poems" of Liszt. The term was formerly applied to any composition for an orchestra, as overtures, etc., and still earlier, to certain compositions partly vocal, partly instrumental. (b) An instrumental passage at the beginning or end, or in the course of, a vocal composition; a prelude, interlude, or postude; a ritornello.
Symphyla Sym·phy"la noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek sy`n with + ... a clan.] (Zoology) An order of small apterous insects having an elongated body, with three pairs of thoracic and about nine pairs of abdominal legs. They are, in many respects, intermediate between myriapods and true insects.
Symphyseal Sym·phys"e·al adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to to symphysis.
Symphyseotomy Sym`phy·se·ot"o·my noun [ New Latin symphysis pubis + Greek ... to cut.] (Surg.) The operation of dividing the symphysis pubis for the purpose of facilitating labor; -- formerly called the Sigualtian section . [ Written also symphysotomy .] Dunglison.
Symphysis Sym"phy·sis noun
; plural Symphyses
. [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to make to grow together; sy`n
with + ... to cause to grow; to grow.] (Anat.) (a) An articulation formed by intervening cartilage; as, the pubic symphysis . (b) The union or coalescence of bones; also, the place of union or coalescence; as, the symphysis of the lower jaw. Confer Articulation .
Symphysotomy Sym`phy·sot"o·my noun Symphyseotomy.
Symphytism Sym"phy·tism noun
[ Greek ... grown together.] Coalescence; a growing into one with another word.
Some of the phrasal adverbs have assumed the form of single words, by that symphytism which naturally attaches these light elements to each other. Earle.
Sympiesometer Sym`pi·e·som"e·ter noun [ Greek ... compression (fr. ... to press together; sy`n with + ... to press, squeeze) + -meter .] A sensitive kind of barometer, in which the pressure of the atmosphere, acting upon a liquid, as oil, in the lower portion of the instrument, compresses an elastic gas in the upper part. » The column of oil of a lower part BC of a glass tube compresses hydrogen gas in the upper part AB , and is thus measured on the scale pq by the position of a surface of the oil in the tube. The scale pq is adjustable, and its index must be set to the division on the scale rs corresponding to the temperature indicated by the termometer t , in order to correct for the effects of temperature on the gas. It is sensitive, and convenient for use at sea, but inferior in accuracy to the mercurial barometer.
Symplectic Sym·plec"tic adjective [ Greek ... plaiting together, from ... to plait together.] (Anat.) Plaiting or joining together; -- said of a bone next above the quadrate in the mandibular suspensorium of many fishes, which unites together the other bones of the suspensorium. -- noun The symplectic bone.
Symploce Sym"plo·ce noun [ Latin , from Greek ... an interweaving, from ... to twine together; ... + ... to twine.] (Rhet.) The repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning and another at the end of successive clauses; as, Justice came down from heaven to view the earth ; Justice returned to heaven, and left the earth .
Sympode Sym"pode noun (Botany) A sympodium.
Sympodial Sym·po"di·al adjective (Botany) Composed of superposed branches in such a way as to imitate a simple axis; as, a sympodial stem.
Sympodium Sym·po"di·um noun
; plural Sympodia
. [ New Latin , from Greek sy`n
with + ..., dim. of ..., ..., foot.] (Botany) An axis or stem produced by dichotomous branching in which one of the branches is regularly developed at the expense of the other, as in the grapevine.
Symposiac Sym·po"si·ac adjective
[ Latin symposiacus
, Greek ....] Of or pertaining to compotations and merrymaking; happening where company is drinking together; as, symposiac meetings.
Symposiac disputations amongst my acquaintance. Arbuthnot.
Symposiac Sym·po"si·ac noun A conference or conversation of philosophers at a banquet; hence, any similar gathering.
Symposiarch Sym·po"si·arch noun [ Greek ..., ...; ... a symposium + ... to be first, to rule.] (Gr. Antiq.) The master of a feast.
Symposiast Sym·po"si·ast noun One engaged with others at a banquet or merrymaking. Sydney Smith.
Symposion Sym·po"si·on noun [ New Latin ] A drinking together; a symposium. "Our symposion last night." Sir W. Scott.
Symposium Sym·po"si·um noun
; plural Symposia
. [ Latin , from Greek sympo`sion
a drinking party, feast; sy`n
with + po`sis
a drinking. See Syn-
, and confer Potable
.] 1. A drinking together; a merry feast. T. Warton. 2. A collection of short essays by different authors on a common topic; -- so called from the appellation given to the philosophical dialogue by the Greeks.
Symptom Symp"tom noun
[ French symptôme
, Greek ... anything that has befallen one, a chance, causality, symptom, from ... to fall together; sy`n
with + ... to fall; akin to Sanskrit pat
to fly, to fall. See Syn-
, and confer Asymptote
.] 1. (Medicine) Any affection which accompanies disease; a perceptible change in the body or its functions, which indicates disease, or the kind or phases of disease; as, the causes of disease often lie beyond our sight, but we learn their nature by the symptoms exhibited.
Like the sick man, we are expiring with all sorts of good symptoms . Swift. 2. A sign or token; that which indicates the existence of something else; as, corruption in elections is a symptom of the decay of public virtue. Syn.
-- Mark; note; sign; token; indication.
Symptomatic, Symptomatical Symp`tom·at"ic, Symp`tom·at"ic·al adjective
[ Confer French symptomatique
, Greek ... causal.] 1. Of or pertaining to symptoms; happening in concurrence with something; being a symptom; indicating the existence of something else.
Symptomatic of a shallow understanding and an unamiable temper. Macaulay. 2. According to symptoms; as, a symptomatical classification of diseases.
Symptomatology Symp`tom·a·tol"o·gy noun [ Greek ..., ..., symptom + -logy : confer French symptomatologie .] (Medicine) The doctrine of symptoms; that part of the science of medicine which treats of the symptoms of diseases; semeiology. » It includes diagnosis , or the determination of the disease from its symptoms; and prognosis , or the determination of its probable course and event.
Syn- Syn- [ Greek sy`n with.] A prefix meaning with , along with , together , at the same time . Syn- becomes sym- before p , b , and m , and syl- before l .
Synœcious Syn·œ"cious adjective [ Prefix syn- + Greek ... house.] (Botany) Having stamens and pistil in the same head, or, in mosses, having antheridia and archegonia on the same receptacle.
Synacme, Synacmy Syn·ac"me, Syn·ac"my noun [ New Latin synacme . See Syn- , and Acme .] (Botany) Same as Synanthesis .
Synagogical Syn`a·gog"ic·al adjective Of or pertaining to a synagogue.
Synagogue Syn"a·gogue noun
[ French, from Latin synagoga
, Greek ... a bringing together, an assembly, a synagogue, from ... to bring together; sy`n
with + ... to lead. See Syn-
, and Agent
.] 1. A congregation or assembly of Jews met for the purpose of worship, or the performance of religious rites. 2. The building or place appropriated to the religious worship of the Jews. 3. The council of, probably, 120 members among the Jews, first appointed after the return from the Babylonish captivity; -- called also the Great Synagogue , and sometimes, though erroneously, the Sanhedrin . 4. A congregation in the early Christian church.
My brethren, . . . if there come into your synagogue a man with a gold ring. James ii. 1,2 (Rev. Ver.). 5. Any assembly of men.
[ Obsolete or R.] Milton.
Synalœpha Syn`a·lœ"pha noun [ Latin ] Same as Synalepha .
Synalepha Syn`a·le"pha noun [ New Latin , from Latin synaloepha , Greek ..., from ... to melt together; sy`n with + ... to besmear.] (Gram.) A contraction of syllables by suppressing some vowel or diphthong at the end of a word, before another vowel or diphthong; as, th' army , for the army . [ Written also synalœpha .]
Synallagmatic Syn`al·lag·mat"ic adjective [ Greek ..., from ... a mutual agreement, contract, from ... to exchange, negotiate with; sy`n with + ... to change.] (Law) Imposing reciprocal obligations upon the parties; as, a synallagmatic contract. Bouvier.
Synallaxine Syn`al·lax"ine adjective [ From Greek ... to associate with.] (Zoology) Having the outer and middle toes partially united; -- said of certain birds related to the creepers.
Synangium Syn·an"gi·um noun
; plural Synangia
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... + ... a hollow vessel.] (Anat.) The divided part beyond the pylangium in the aortic trunk of the amphibian heart.
-- Syn*an"gi*al adjective
Synantherous Syn·an"ther·ous adjective [ Prefix syn- + anther.] (Botany) Having the stamens united by their anthers; as, synantherous flowers.
Synanthesis Syn`an·the"sis noun [ New Latin , from Greek sy`n with + Greek ... bloom.] (Botany) The simultaneous maturity of the anthers and stigmas of a blossom. Gray.
Synanthous Syn·an"thous adjective [ Prefix syn- + Greek ... flower.] (Botany) Having flowers and leaves which appear at the same time; -- said of certain plants.
Synanthrose Syn·an"throse" noun [ From New Latin Synantheræ the Compositæ; Greek sy`n with + ... blooming.] (Chemistry) A variety of sugar, isomeric with sucrose, found in the tubers of the Jerusalem artichoke ( Helianthus tuberosus ), in the dahlia, and other Compositæ.
Synapta Syn·ap"ta noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... fastened together; sy`n with + ... to fasten.] (Zoology) A genus of slender, transparent holothurians which have delicate calcareous anchors attached to the dermal plates. See Illustration in Appendix.
Synaptase Syn·ap"tase noun [ Greek ... fastened together + dias tase .] (Chemistry) A ferment resembling diastase, found in bitter almonds. Confer Amygdalin , and Emulsin .
Synapticula Syn`ap·tic"u·la noun
; plural Synapticulæ
. [ New Latin , dim. from Greek ... fastened together.] (Zoology) One of numerous calcareous processes which extend between, and unite, the adjacent septa of certain corals, especially of the fungian corals.
Synarchy Syn"ar·chy noun [ Greek ..., from ... to rule jointly with; sy`n with + ... to rule.] Joint rule or sovereignity. [ R.] Stackhouse.
Synartesis Syn`ar·te"sis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a fastening together, from ... to fasten together.] A fastening or knitting together; the state of being closely jointed; close union. [ R.] Coleridge.
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