Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Sulphur-bottom noun (Zoology) A very large whalebone whale of the genus Sibbaldius , having a yellowish belly; especially, S. sulfureus of the North Pacific, and S. borealis of the North Atlantic; -- called also sulphur whale .
Sulphuration noun [ Confer French sulfuration , Latin sulphuratio , sulfuratio , a vein of sulphur.] The act or process of combining or impregnating with sulphur or its compounds; also, the state of being so combined or impregnated.
Sulphurator noun An apparatus for impregnating with, or exposing to the action of, sulphur; especially, an apparatus for fumigating or bleaching by means of the fumes of burning sulphur.
Sulphureity noun The quality or state of being sulphureous. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
[ Latin sulphureus
.] Consisting of sulphur; having the qualities of sulphur, or brimstone; impregnated with sulphur.
Her snakes united, sulphureous waters drink. Pope.
Sulphuret noun (Chemistry) A sulphide; as, a sulphuret of potassium. [ Obsoles.]
Sulphureted adjective (Chemistry) Combined or impregnated with sulphur; sulphurized.
[ Written also sulphuretted
.] Sulphureted hydrogen
. (Chemistry) See Hydrogen sulphide , under Hydrogen .
[ Confer French sulfurique
.] 1. Of or pertaining to sulphur; as, a sulphuric smell. 2. (Chemistry) Derived from, or containing, sulphur; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a higher valence as contrasted with the sulphurous compounds; as, sulphuric acid. Sulphuric acid
. (a) Sulphur trioxide (see under Sulphur ); -- formerly so called on the dualistic theory of salts.
[ Obsolete] (b) A heavy, corrosive, oily liquid, H 2 SO 4 , colorless when pure, but usually yellowish or brownish, produced by the combined action of sulphur dioxide, oxygen (from the air), steam, and nitric fumes. It attacks and dissolves many metals and other intractable substances, sets free most acids from their salts, and is used in the manufacture of hydrochloric and nitric acids, of soda, of bleaching powders, etc. It is also powerful dehydrating agent, having a strong affinity for water, and eating and corroding paper, wood, clothing, etc. It is thus used in the manufacture of ether, of imitation parchment, and of nitroglycerin. It is also used in etching iron, in removing iron scale from forgings, in petroleum refining, etc., and in general its manufacture is the most important and fundamental of all the chemical industries. Formerly called vitriolic acid , and now popularly vitriol , and oil of vitriol .
-- Fuming sulphuric acid
, or Nordhausen sulphuric acid
. See Disulphuric acid , under Disulphuric .
-- Sulphuric anhydride
, sulphur trioxide. See under Sulphur .
-- Sulphuric ether
, common anæsthetic ether; -- so called because made by the catalytic action of sulphuric acid on alcohol. See Ether , 3 (a) .
Sulphurine adjective Sulphureous. [ R.]
Sulphuring noun Exposure to the fumes of burning sulphur, as in bleaching; the process of bleaching by exposure to the fumes of sulphur.
Sulphurize transitive verb (Chemistry) To combine or impregnate with sulphur or any of its compounds; as, to sulphurize caoutchouc in vulcanizing.
[ Latin sulphurosus
: confer French sulfureux
.] 1. Of or pertaining to sulphur. 2. (Chemistry) (a) Derived from, or containing, sulphur; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a lower valence as contrasted with the sulphuric compounds. (b) Having the characteristic odor of sulphur dioxide, or of hydrogen sulphide, or of other sulphur compounds. Sulphurous acid
. (a) Sulphur dioxide. See under Sulphur .
[ Obsolete] (b) An acid, H 2 SO 3 , not known in the free state except as a solution of sulphur dioxide in water, but forming a well- known series of salts (the sulphites ).
-- Sulphurous anhydride (Chemistry)
, sulphur dioxide. See under Sulphur .
Sulphurwort noun (Botany) The hog's fennel. See under Fennel .
Sulphury adjective Resembling, or partaking of the nature of, sulphur; having the qualities of sulphur.
Sulphuryl noun [ Sulphur + -yl .] (Chemistry) The hypothetical radical SO 2 ; -- called also sulphon . Sulphuryl chloride , a chloride, pungent, fuming liquid, SO 2 .Cl 2 , obtained by the action of phosphorus pentachloride on sulphur trioxide. On treatment with water it decomposes into sulphuric and hydrochloric acids, and is hence called also sulphuric chloranhydride .
Sulphydrate noun (Chemistry) A compound, analogous to a hydrate, regarded as a salt of sulphydric acid, or as a derivative of hydrogen sulphide in which one half of the hydrogen is replaced by a base (as potassium sulphydrate , KSH), or as a hydrate in which the oxygen has been wholly or partially replaced by sulphur.
Sulphydric adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, hydrogen sulphide, which is regarded as an acid, especially when in solution.
Sulpician noun [ So called after the parish of St. Sulpice in Paris, of which the founder, Jean Jacques Olier, was pastor in 1643.] (R. C. Ch.) One of an order of priests established in France in 1642 to educate men for the ministry. The order was introduced soon afterwards into Canada, and in 1791 into the United States. [ Written also Sulpitian .]
[ French sultan
(cf. Spanish soldan
, Italian sultano
), Arabic sultān
sultan, dominion. Confer Soldan
.] A ruler, or sovereign, of a Mohammedan state; specifically, the ruler of the Turks; the Padishah, or Grand Seignior; -- officially so called. Sultan flower
. (Botany) See Sweet sultan , under Sweet .
Sultan-red adjective Having a deep red color.
[ Italian ] 1. The wife of a sultan; a sultaness. 2. plural A kind of seedless raisin produced near Smyrna in Asiatic Turkey. Sultana bird (Zoology)
, the hyacinthine, or purple, gallinule. See Illust. under Gallinule .
Sultanate noun [ Confer French sultanat .] The rule or dominion of a sultan; sultanship.
Sultaness noun A sultana.
Sultanic adjective Pertaining to a sultan.
Sultanry noun The dominions of a sultan. Bacon.
Sultanship noun The office or dignity of a sultan.
Sultany noun Sultanry. [ Obsolete] Fuller.
Sultrily adverb In a sultry manner.
Sultriness noun The quality or state of being sultry.
[ Compar. Sultrier
; superl. Sultriest
.] [ From Sweltry
.] 1. Very hot, burning, and oppressive; as, Libya's sultry deserts.
Such as, born beneath the burning sky Dryden. 2. Very hot and moist, or hot, close, stagnant, and oppressive, as air.
And sultry sun, betwixt the tropics lie.
When in the sultry glebe I faint, Addison.
Or on the thirsty mountain plant.
Sulu noun [ Malay Suluk .] A member of the most prominent tribe of the Moro tribes, occupying the Sulu Archipelago; also, their language.
[ Middle English summe
, Old French sume
, French somme
, Latin summa
, from summus
highest, a superlative from sub
under. See Sub-
, and confer Supreme
.] 1. The aggregate of two or more numbers, magnitudes, quantities, or particulars; the amount or whole of any number of individuals or particulars added together; as, the sum of 5 and 7 is 12.
Take ye the sum of all the congregation. Num. i. 2.
is now commonly applied to an aggregate of numbers, and number
to an aggregate of persons or things. 2. A quantity of money or currency; any amount, indefinitely; as, a sum of money; a small sum , or a large sum .
of forty pound." Chaucer.
With a great sum obtained I this freedom. Acts xxii. 28. 3. The principal points or thoughts when viewed together; the amount; the substance; compendium; as, this is the sum of all the evidence in the case; this is the sum and substance of his objections. 4. Height; completion; utmost degree.
Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought Milton. 5. (Arith.) A problem to be solved, or an example to be wrought out. Macaulay.
My story to the sum of earthly bliss.
A sum in arithmetic wherein a flaw discovered at a particular point is ipso facto fatal to the whole. Gladstone.
A large sheet of paper . . . covered with long sums . Dickens. Algebraic sum
, as distinguished from arithmetical sum , the aggregate of two or more numbers or quantities taken with regard to their signs, as + or -, according to the rules of addition in algebra; thus, the algebraic sum of - 2, 8, and -1 is 5.
-- In sum
, in short; in brief.
[ Obsolete] " In sum
, the gospel . . . prescribes every virtue to our conduct, and forbids every sin." Rogers.
Sum transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Summed
; present participle & verbal noun Summing
.] [ Confer French sommer
, Late Latin summare
.] 1. To bring together into one whole; to collect into one amount; to cast up, as a column of figures; to ascertain the totality of; -- usually with up .
The mind doth value every moment, and then the hour doth rather sum up the moments, than divide the day. Bacon. 2. To bring or collect into a small compass; to comprise in a few words; to condense; -- usually with up .
"Go to the ant, thou sluggard," in few words sums up the moral of this fable. L'Estrange.
He sums their virtues in himself alone. Dryden. 3. (Falconry) To have (the feathers) full grown; to furnish with complete, or full-grown, plumage.
But feathered soon and fledge Milton. Summing up
They summed their pens [ wings].
, a compendium or abridgment; a recapitulation; a résumé; a summary. Syn.
-- To cast up; collect; comprise; condense; comprehend; compute.
Sumac, Sumach noun
[ French sumac
, formerly sumach
(cf. Spanish zumaque
), from Arabic summāq
.] [ Written also shumac
.] 1. (Botany) Any plant of the genus Rhus , shrubs or small trees with usually compound leaves and clusters of small flowers. Some of the species are used in tanning, some in dyeing, and some in medicine. One, the Japanese Rhus vernicifera , yields the celebrated Japan varnish, or lacquer. 2. The powdered leaves, peduncles, and young branches of certain species of the sumac plant, used in tanning and dyeing. Poison sumac
. (Botany) See under Poison .
Sumatra leaf A thin, elastic, uniformly light- colored tobacco leaf, raised in Sumatra and extensively used for cigar wrappers.
Sumatran adjective Of or pertaining to Sumatra or its inhabitants. -- noun A native of Sumatra.
Sumbul noun [ Pers.] The musky root of an Asiatic umbelliferous plant, Ferula Sumbul . It is used in medicine as a stimulant. [ Written also sumbal .] - - Sum*bul"ic , adjective
Sumerian adjective [ Written also Sumirian .] Of or pertaining to the region of lower Babylonia, which was anciently called Sumer , or its inhabitants or their language.
Sumerian noun [ Written also Sumirian .] A native of lower Babylonia, anciently called Sumer.
Sumless adjective Not to be summed up or computed; so great that the amount can not be ascertained; incalculable; inestimable. "Sumless treasure." Pope.
Summarily adverb In a summary manner.
Summarist noun One who summarized.
Summarize transitive verb To comprise in, or reduce to, a summary; to present briefly. Chambers.
[ Confer French sommaire
. See Sum
.] 1. Formed into a sum; summed up; reduced into a narrow compass, or into few words; short; brief; concise; compendious; as, a summary statement of facts. 2. Hence, rapidly performed; quickly executed; as, a summary process; to take summary vengeance. Syn.
-- Short; brief; concise; compendious; succinct.
; plural Summaries
. [ French sommaire
, or Latin summarium
. See Summary
] A general or comprehensive statement; an abridged account; an abstract, abridgment, or compendium, containing the sum or substance of a fuller account.
[ Confer French sommation
. See Sum
, transitive verb
] The act of summing, or forming a sum, or total amount; also, an aggregate.
Of this series no summation is possible to a finite intellect. De Quincey.