Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Middle English suet
, dim. from Old French seu
, French suif
, Latin sebum
. Confer Soap
.] The fat and fatty tissues of an animal, especially the harder fat about the kidneys and loins in beef and mutton, which, when melted and freed from the membranes, forms tallow.
Suety adjective Consisting of, or resembling, suet; as, a suety substance.
Suf- A form of the prefix Sub- .
Suffer transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Suffered
; present participle & verbal noun Suffering
.] [ Middle English suffren
, Old French sufrir
, French souffrir
, (assumed) Late Latin sofferire
, for Latin sufferre
under + ferre
to bear, akin to English bear
. See Bear
to support.] 1. To feel, or endure, with pain, annoyance, etc.; to submit to with distress or grief; to undergo; as, to suffer pain of body, or grief of mind. 2. To endure or undergo without sinking; to support; to sustain; to bear up under.
Our spirit and strength entire, Milton. 3. To undergo; to be affected by; to sustain; to experience; as, most substances suffer a change when long exposed to air and moisture; to suffer loss or damage.
Strongly to suffer and support our pains.
If your more ponderous and settled project Shak. 4. To allow; to permit; not to forbid or hinder; to tolerate.
May suffer alteration.
Thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him. Lev. xix. 17.
I suffer them to enter and possess. Milton. Syn.
-- To permit; bear; endure; support; sustain; allow; admit; tolerate. See Permit
Suffer intransitive verb 1. To feel or undergo pain of body or mind; to bear what is inconvenient; as, we suffer from pain, sickness, or sorrow; we suffer with anxiety.
O well for him whose will is strong! Tennyson. 2. To undergo punishment; specifically, to undergo the penalty of death.
He suffers , but he will not suffer long.
The father was first condemned to suffer upon a day appointed, and the son afterwards the day following. Clarendon. 3. To be injured; to sustain loss or damage.
Public business suffers by private infirmities. Sir W. Temple.
Sufferable adjective [ Confer French souffrable .]
1. Able to suffer or endure; patient. [ Obsolete] "Ye must be sufferable ." Chaucer. 2. That may be suffered, tolerated, or permitted; allowable; tolerable. -- Suf"fer*a*ble*ness , noun -- Suf"fer*a*bly , adverb
[ Middle English suffrance
, Old French sufrance
, French souffrance
, Latin sufferentia
, from sufferens
, - entis
, present participle of sufferre
. See Suffer
.] 1. The state of suffering; the bearing of pain; endurance.
He must not only die the death, Shak. 2. Pain endured; misery; suffering; distress.
But thy unkindness shall his death draw out
To lingering sufferance .
The seeming sufferances that you had borne. Shak. 3. Loss; damage; injury.
A grievous . . . sufferance on most part of their fleet. Shak. 4. Submission under difficult or oppressive circumstances; patience; moderation. Chaucer.
But hasty heat tempering with sufferance wise. Spenser. 5. Negative consent by not forbidding or hindering; toleration; permission; allowance; leave. Shak.
In their beginning they are weak and wan, Spenser.
But soon, through sufferance , grow to fearful end.
Somewhiles by sufferance , and somewhiles by special leave and favor, they erected to themselves oratories. Hooker. 6. A permission granted by the customs authorities for the shipment of goods.
[ Eng.] Estate of sufferance (Law)
, the holding by a tenant who came in by a lawful title, but remains, after his right has expired, without positive leave of the owner. Blackstone.
-- On sufferance
, by mere toleration; as, to remain in a house on sufferance . Syn.
-- Endurance; pain; misery; inconvenience; patience; moderation; toleration; permission.
1. One who suffers; one who endures or undergoes suffering; one who sustains inconvenience or loss; as, sufferers by poverty or sickness; men are sufferers by fire or by losses at sea. 2. One who permits or allows.
Suffering noun The bearing of pain, inconvenience, or loss; pain endured; distress, loss, or injury incurred; as, sufferings by pain or sorrow; sufferings by want or by wrongs. "Souls in sufferings tried." Keble.
Suffering adjective Being in pain or grief; having loss, injury, distress, etc. -- Suf"fer*ing*ly , adverb
Suffice intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sufficed
; present participle & verbal noun Sufficing
.] [ Middle English suffisen
, Old French soufire
, French suffire
, present participle), Latin sufficere
to put under, to substitute, to avail for, to suffice; sub
under + facere
to make. See Fact
.] To be enough, or sufficient; to meet the need (of anything); to be equal to the end proposed; to be adequate. Chaucer.
To recount almighty works, Milton.
What words or tongue of seraph can suffice ?
Suffice transitive verb 1. To satisfy; to content; to be equal to the wants or demands of. Spenser.
Let it suffice thee; speak no more unto me of this matter. Deut. iii. 26. 2. To furnish; to supply adequately.
The power appeased, with winds sufficed the sail. Dryden.
Sufficience noun Sufficiently. [ Obsolete]
[ Latin sufficientia
: confer French suffisance
. See Suffice
.] 1. The quality or state of being sufficient, or adequate to the end proposed; adequacy.
His sufficiency is such that he bestows and possesses, his plenty being unexhausted. Boyle. 2. Qualification for any purpose; ability; capacity.
A substitute or most allowed sufficiency . Shak.
I am not so confident of my own sufficiency as not willingly to admit the counsel of others. Eikon Basilike. 3. Adequate substance or means; competence.
"An elegant sufficiency
." Thomson. 4. Supply equal to wants; ample stock or fund. 5. Conceit; self-confidence; self- sufficiency.
Sufficiency is a compound of vanity and ignorance. Sir W. Temple.
[ Latin sufficiens
, present participle of sufficere
: confer French suffisant
. See Suffice
.] 1. Equal to the end proposed; adequate to wants; enough; ample; competent; as, provision sufficient for the family; an army sufficient to defend the country.
My grace is sufficient for thee. 2 Cor. xii. 9. 2. Possessing adequate talents or accomplishments; of competent power or ability; qualified; fit.
Who is sufficient for these things? 2 Cor. ii. 16. 3. Capable of meeting obligations; responsible.
The man is, notwithstanding, sufficient . . . I think I may take his bond. Shak. 4. Self-sufficient; self-satisfied; content.
Thou art the most sufficient (I'll say for thee), Beau. & Fl. Syn.
Not to believe a thing.
-- Enough; adequate; competent; full; satisfactory; ample.
Sufficiently adverb To a sufficient degree; to a degree that answers the purpose, or gives content; enough; as, we are sufficiently supplied with food; a man sufficiently qualified for the discharge of his official duties.
Sufficing adjective Affording enough; satisfying. -- Suf*fi"cing*ly , adverb -- Suf*fi"cing*ness , noun
[ French See Sufficiency
.] Sufficiency; plenty; abundance; contentment.
He could in little thing have suffisaunce . Chaucer.
Suffisant adjective Sufficient. [ Obsolete]
[ Latin suffixus
, past participle of suffigere
to fasten on, to affix; sub
under + figere
to fix: confer French suffixe
. See Fix
.] 1. A letter, letters, syllable, or syllables added or appended to the end of a word or a root to modify the meaning; a postfix. 2. (Math.) A subscript mark, number, or letter. See Subscript , adjective
Suffix transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Suffixed
; present participle & verbal noun Suffixing
.] To add or annex to the end, as a letter or syllable to a word; to append.
Suffixion noun The act of suffixing, or the state of being suffixed.
Suffixment noun Suffixion. [ R.] Earle.
Sufflaminate transitive verb [ Latin sufflaminatus , past participle of sufflaminare to hold back by a clog, from sufflamen a clog.]
1. To retard the motion of, as a carriage, by preventing one or more of its wheels from revolving, either by means of a chain or otherwise. [ Obsolete] 2. Hence, to stop; to impede. [ Obsolete] Barrow.
Sufflate transitive verb [ Latin sufflatus , past participle of sufflare to blow up, inflate; sub under + flare to blow.] To blow up; to inflate; to inspire. [ R.] T. Ward.
Sufflation noun [ Latin sufflatio .] The act of blowing up or inflating. [ R.] Coles.
[ Latin suffocatus
, past participle of suffocare
to choke; sub
under + fauces
the throat. Confer Faucal
.] Suffocated; choked. Shak.
Suffocate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Suffocated
; present participle & verbal noun Suffocating
.] 1. To choke or kill by stopping respiration; to stifle; to smother.
Let not hemp his windpipe suffocate . Shak. 2. To destroy; to extinguish; as, to suffocate fire.
Suffocate intransitive verb To become choked, stifled, or smothered. "A swelling discontent is apt to suffocate and strangle without passage." collier.
Suffocating adjective & noun from Suffocate , v.
Suffocation noun [ Latin suffocatio : confer French suffocation .] The act of suffocating, or the state of being suffocated; death caused by smothering or choking. » The term suffocation is sometimes employed synonymously with asphyxia . In the strict medico-legal sense it signifies asphyxia induced by obstruction of the respiration otherwise than by direct pressure on the neck (hanging, strangulation) or submersion (drowning). Quain.
Suffocative adjective Tending or able to choke or stifle. " Suffocative catarrhs." Arbuthnot.