Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Substantially adverb In a substantial manner; in substance; essentially.
In him all his Father shone, Milton.
The laws of this religion would make men, if they would truly observe them, substantially religious toward God, chastle, and temperate. Tillotson.
Substantialness noun The quality or state of being substantial; as, the substantialness of a wall or column.
Substantials noun plural Essential parts. Ayliffe.
Substantiate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Substantiated
; present participle & verbal noun Substantiating
.] 1. To make to exist; to make real. Ayliffe. 2. To establish the existence or truth of by proof or competent evidence; to verify; as, to substantiate a charge or allegation; to substantiate a declaration.
Observation is, in turn, wanted to direct and substantiate the course of experiment. Coleridge.
Substantiation noun The act of substantiating or proving; evidence; proof.
Substantival adjective Of or pertaining to a substantive; of the nature of substantive. -- Sub`stan*ti"val*ly , adverb
[ Latin substantivus
: confer French substantif
.] 1. Betokening or expressing existence; as, the substantive verb, that is, the verb to be . 2. Depending on itself; independent.
He considered how sufficient and substantive this land was to maintain itself without any aid of the foreigner. Bacon. 3. Enduring; solid; firm; substantial.
Strength and magnitude are qualities which impress the imagination in a powerful and substantive manner. Hazlitt. 4. Pertaining to, or constituting, the essential part or principles; as, the law substantive . Noun substantive (Gram.)
, a noun which designates an object, material or immaterial; a substantive.
-- Substantive color
, one which communicates its color without the aid of a mordant or base; -- opposed to adjective color .
Substantive noun [ Confer French substantif .] (Gram.) A noun or name; the part of speech which designates something that exists, or some object of thought, either material or immaterial; as, the words man , horse , city , goodness , excellence , are substantives .
Substantive transitive verb To substantivize. [ R.] Cudworth.
1. In a substantive manner; in substance; essentially. 2. (Gram.) As a substantive, name, or noun; as, an adjective may be used substantively .
Substantiveness noun The quality or state of being substantive.
Substantivize transitive verb To convert into a substantive; as, to substantivize an adjective. Fitzed. Hall.
[ Latin substituens
, present participle See Substitute
.] (Chemistry) Any atom, group, or radical substituted for another, or entering a molecule in place of some other part which is removed.
[ Latin substitutus
, past participle of substituere
to put under, put in the place of; sub
under + statuere
to put, place: confer French substitut
. See Statute
.] One who, or that which, is substituted or put in the place of another; one who acts for another; that which stands in lieu of something else
; specifically (Mil.)
, a person who enlists for military service in the place of a conscript or drafted man.
Hast thou not made me here thy substitute ? Milton.
Ladies [ in Shakespeare's age] . . . wore masks as the sole substitute known to our ancestors for the modern parasol. De Quincey.
Substitute transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Substituted
; present participle & verbal noun Substituting
.] [ See Substitute
] To put in the place of another person or thing; to exchange.
Some few verses are inserted or substituted in the room of others. Congreve.
Substituted adjective Substituted executor (Law) , an executor appointed to act in place of one removed or resigned.
1. Exchanged; put in the place of another. 2. (Chemistry) Containing substitutions or replacements; having been subjected to the process of substitution, or having some of its parts replaced; as, alcohol is a substituted water; methyl amine is a substituted ammonia.
[ Latin substitutio
: confer French substitution
.] 1. The act of substituting or putting one person or thing in the place of another; as, the substitution of an agent, attorney, or representative to act for one in his absense; the substitution of bank notes for gold and silver as a circulating medium. 2. The state of being substituted for another. 3. The office or authority of one acting for another; delegated authority.
[ R.] Shak. 4. (Civil Law) The designation of a person in a will to take a devise or legacy, either on failure of a former devisee or legatee by incapacity or unwillingness to accept, or after him. Burrill. 5. (Theol.) The doctrine that Christ suffered vicariously, being substituted for the sinner, and that his sufferings were expiatory. 6. (Chemistry) The act or process of substituting an atom or radical for another atom or radical; metathesis; also, the state of being so substituted. See Metathesis .
Substitutional adjective Of or pertaining to substitution; standing in the place of another; substituted. -- Sub`sti*tu"tion*al*ly , adverb
Substitutionary adjective Of or pertaining to substitution; substitutional.
Substitutive adjective [ Confer French substitutif , Latin substitutivus conditional.] Tending to afford or furnish a substitute; making substitution; capable of being substituted. Bp. Wilkins.
Substract transitive verb
[ French suostraire
; Latin subtus
below (from sub
under) + trahere
to draw. See Substract
.] To subtract; to withdraw.
[ Obsolete] Barrow.
[ Old French substraction
, French soustraction
. See Subtract
.] 1. Subtraction; deduction.
[ Obsolete] 2. (Law) See Subtraction , 3.
1. One who subtracts. 2. A detractor; a slanderer. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Substrate noun A substratum. [ R.]
Substrate adjective Having very slight furrows. [ R.]
Substrate transitive verb
[ Latin substratus
, past participle of substrahere
. See Substratum
.] To strew or lay under anything.
The melted glass being supported by the substrated sand. Boyle.
; plural Substrata
. [ Latin substratus
, past participle of substernere
to strew under; sub
under + sternere
to strew. See Stratum
.] 1. That which is laid or spread under; that which underlies something, as a layer of earth lying under another; specifically (Agriculture) , the subsoil. 2. (Metaph.) The permanent subject of qualities or cause of phenomena; substance.
Substruct transitive verb
[ See Substruction
.] To build beneath something; to lay as the foundation.
He substructs the religion of Asia as the base. Emerson.
[ Latin substructio
, from substruere
, to build beneath; sub
under + struere
to build.] (Architecture) Underbuilding; the foundation, or any preliminary structure intended to raise the lower floor or basement of a building above the natural level of the ground.
It is a magnificent strong building, with a substruction very remarkable. Evelyn.
[ Prefix sub-
.] 1. (Architecture) Same as Substruction . 2. An under structure; a foundation; groundwork.
Substylar adjective Pertaining to the substyle.
Substyle noun (Dialing) A right line on which the style, or gnomon, of a dial is erected; being the common section of the face of the dial and a plane perpendicular to it passing through the style. [ Written also substile .] Hutton.
Subsulphate noun (Chemistry) A sulphate with an excess of the base.
Subsulphide noun (Chemistry) A nonacid compound consisting of one equivalent of sulphur and more than one equivalent of some other body, as a metal.
Subsultive adjective Subsultory. [ R.] Berkley.
[ Latin subsilire
, to spring up; sub
under + salire
to leap.] Bounding; leaping; moving by sudden leaps or starts.
[ R.] -- Sub*sul"to*ri*ly
Flippancy opposed to solemnity, the subsultory to the continuous, -- these are the two frequent extremities to which the French manner betrays men. De Quincey.
[ New Latin See Subsultory
.] (Medicine) A starting, twitching, or convulsive motion.
Subsumable adjective Capable of being subsumed. J. B. Stallo.
Subsume transitive verb
[ Prefix sub-
+ Latin sumere
to take.] To take up into or under, as individual under species, species under genus, or particular under universal; to place (any one cognition) under another as belonging to it; to include under something else.
To subsume one proposition under another. De Quincey.
A principle under which one might subsume men's most strenuous efforts after righteousness. W. Pater.
Subsumption noun 1. The act of subsuming, or of including under another.
The first act of consciousness was a subsumption of that of which we were conscious under this notion. Sir W. Hamilton. 2. That which is subsumed, as the minor clause or premise of a syllogism.
But whether you see cause to go against the rule, or the subsumption under the rule. De Quincey.
Subsumptive adjective Relating to, or containing, a subsumption. Coleridge.
Subtangent noun (Geom.) The part of the axis contained between the ordinate and tangent drawn to the same point in a curve.
Subtartarean adjective Being or living under Tartarus; infernal. " Subtartarean powers." Pope.
Subtectacle noun [ Prefix sub- + Latin tectum a roof.] A space under a roof; a tabernacle; a dwelling. [ Obsolete] Davies (Holy Roode).
Subtegulaneous adjective [ Latin subtegulaneus ; sub under + tegulare tiles for a roof.] Under the roof or eaves; within doors. [ R.]
Subtenant noun (Law) One who rents a tenement, or land, etc., of one who is also a tenant; an undertenant.
Subtend transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Subtended
; present participle & verbal noun Subtending
.] [ Latin subtendere
under + tendere
to stretch, extend. See Tend
.] To extend under, or be opposed to; as, the line of a triangle which subtends the right angle; the chord subtends an arc.
[ Latin subtendere
. See Subtend
] (Geom.) A line subtending, or stretching across; a chord; as, the subtense of an arc.