(sŭk"ẽr) noun 1. One who, or that which, sucks; esp., one of the organs by which certain animals, as the octopus and remora, adhere to other bodies. 2. A suckling; a sucking animal. Beau. & Fl. 3. The embolus, or bucket, of a pump; also, the valve of a pump basket. Boyle. 4. A pipe through which anything is drawn. 5. A small piece of leather, usually round, having a string attached to the center, which, when saturated with water and pressed upon a stone or other body having a smooth surface, adheres, by reason of the atmospheric pressure, with such force as to enable a considerable weight to be thus lifted by the string; -- used by children as a plaything. 6. (Botany) A shoot from the roots or lower part of the stem of a plant; -- so called, perhaps, from diverting nourishment from the body of the plant. 7. (Zoology) (a) Any one of numerous species of North American fresh-water cyprinoid fishes of the family Catostomidæ ; so called because the lips are protrusile. The flesh is coarse, and they are of little value as food. The most common species of the Eastern United States are the northern sucker ( Catostomus Commersoni ), the white sucker ( C. teres ), the hog sucker ( C. nigricans ), and the chub, or sweet sucker ( Erimyzon sucetta ). Some of the large Western species are called buffalo fish , red horse , black horse , and suckerel . (b) The remora. (c) The lumpfish. (d) The hagfish, or myxine. (e) A California food fish ( Menticirrus undulatus ) closely allied to the kingfish (a) ; -- called also bagre . 8. A parasite; a sponger. See def. 6, above.
They who constantly converse with men far above their estates shall reap shame and loss thereby; if thou payest nothing, they will count thee a sucker , no branch. Fuller. 9. A hard drinker; a soaker.
[ Slang] 10. A greenhorn; one easily gulled.
[ Slang, U.S.] 11. A nickname applied to a native of Illinois.
[ U. S.] Carp sucker
, Cherry sucker
, etc. See under Carp , Cherry , etc.
-- Sucker fish
. See Sucking fish , under Sucking .
-- Sucker rod
, a pump rod. See under Pump .
-- Sucker tube (Zoology)
, one of the external ambulacral tubes of an echinoderm, -- usually terminated by a sucker and used for locomotion. Called also sucker foot . See Spatangoid .
Sucker Suck"er transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Suckered ; present participle & verbal noun Suckering .] To strip off the suckers or shoots from; to deprive of suckers; as, to sucker maize.
Sucker Suck"er intransitive verb To form suckers; as, corn suckers abundantly.
Sucker State Suck"er State Illinois; -- a nickname.
Sucket Suck"et noun [ Confer Suck , transitive verb , Succades .] A sweetmeat; a dainty morsel. Jer. Taylor.
Suckfish Suck"fish` noun (Zoology) A sucker fish.
Sucking Suck"ing adjective Drawing milk from the mother or dam; hence, colloquially, young, inexperienced, as, a sucking infant; a sucking calf.
I suppose you are a young barrister, sucking lawyer, or that sort of thing. Thackeray. Sucking bottle
, a feeding bottle. See under Bottle .
-- Sucking fish (Zoology)
, the remora. See Remora . Baird.
-- Sucking pump
, a suction pump. See under Suction .
-- Sucking stomach (Zoology)
, the muscular first stomach of certain insects and other invertebrates which suck liquid food.
Suckle Suc"kle noun A teat. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Herbert.
Suckle Suc"kle transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Suckled
; present participle & verbal noun Suckling
.] [ Freq. of suck
.] To give suck to; to nurse at the breast. Addison.
The breasts of Hecuba Shak.
When she did suckle Hector, looked not lovelier.
They are not weak, suckled by Wisdom. Landor.
Suckle Suc"kle intransitive verb To nurse; to suck. [ R.]
Suckler Suc"kler noun (Zoology) An animal that suckles its young; a mammal.
Suckling Suck"ling noun [ Middle English sokeling . See Suck , transitive verb ] 1. A young child or animal nursed at the breast. 2. A small kind of yellow clover ( Trifolium filiforme ) common in Southern Europe.
Sucrate Su"crate noun (Chemistry) A compound of sucrose (or of some related carbohydrate) with some base, after the analogy of a salt; as, sodium sucrate .
Sucre Su"cre noun A silver coin of Ecuador, worth 68 cents.
Sucrose Su"crose` noun [ French sucre sugar. See Sugar .] (Chemistry) A common variety of sugar found in the juices of many plants, as the sugar cane, sorghum, sugar maple, beet root, etc. It is extracted as a sweet, white crystalline substance which is valuable as a food product, and, being antiputrescent, is largely used in the preservation of fruit. Called also saccharose , cane sugar , etc. By extension, any one of the class of isomeric substances (as lactose , maltose , etc.) of which sucrose proper is the type. » Sucrose proper is a dextrorotatory carbohydrate, C 12 H 22 O 11 . It does not reduce Fehling's solution, and though not directly fermentable, yet on standing with yeast it is changed by the diastase present to invert sugar ( dextrose and levulose ), which then breaks down to alcohol and carbon dioxide. It is also decomposed to invert sugar by heating with acids, whence it is also called a disaccharate . Sucrose possesses at once the properties of an alcohol and a ketone, and also forms compounds (called sucrates ) analogous to salts. Confer Sugar .
Suction Suc"tion noun [ Latin sugere , suctum , to suck; confer Old French suction . See Suck , transitive verb ] The act or process of sucking; the act of drawing, as fluids, by exhausting the air. Suction chamber , the chamber of a pump into which the suction pipe delivers. -- Suction pipe , Suction valve , the induction pipe, and induction valve, of a pump, respectively. -- Suction pump , the common pump, in which the water is raised into the barrel by atmospheric pressure. See Illust. of Pump .
Suctoria Suc·to"ri·a noun plural [ New Latin See Suction .] (Zoology) 1. An order of Infusoria having the body armed with somewhat stiff, tubular processes which they use as suckers in obtaining their food. They are usually stalked. 2. Same as Rhizocephala .
Suctorial Suc·to"ri·al adjective [ Latin sugere , suctum , to suck.] 1. (Zoology) Adapted for sucking; living by sucking; as, the humming birds are suctorial birds. 2. (Zoology) Capable of adhering by suction; as, the suctorial fishes.
Suctorian Suc·to"ri·an noun 1. (Zoology) A cartilaginous fish with a mouth adapted for suction, as the lampery. 2. (Zoology) One of the Suctoria.
Suctorious Suc·to"ri·ous adjective Suctorial. [ R.]
Sudamina Su·dam"i·na noun pl , sing. Sudamen [ New Latin sudamen , - inis , from sudare to sweat. See Sweat .] (Medicine) Minute vesicles surrounded by an area of reddened skin, produced by excessive sweating.
Sudarium Su·da"ri·um noun [ Latin , a handkerchief.] (Eccl.) The handkerchief upon which the Savior is said to have impressed his own portrait miraculously, when wiping his face with it, as he passed to the crucifixion.
Sudary Su"da·ry noun [ Latin sudarium , from sudare to sweat. See Sweat .] A napkin or handkerchief. [ Obsolete or R.] Wyclif. R. Browning.
Sudation Su·da"tion noun [ Latin sudatio , from sudare to sweat: confer French sudation .] A sweating. [ Obsolete]
Sudatorium Su`da·to"ri·um noun
; plural Sudatoria
. [ Latin ] A sudatory. Dunglison.
Sudatory Su"da·to·ry adjective [ Latin sudatorius , from sudare to sweat: confer French sudatoire . See Sweat .] Sweating; perspiring.
Sudatory Su"da·to·ry noun
; plural Sudatories
. [ Latin sudatorium
.] A bagnio; a sweating bath; a vapor bath.
These sudatories are much in request for many infirmities. Evelyn.
Sudd Sudd (sŭd) noun [ Arabic sadd barrier.] A tangled mass of floating vegetal matter obstructing navigation. [ Central Africa]
Sudden Sud"den adjective
[ Middle English sodian
, Old French sodain
, French soudain
, Latin subitaneus
, from subitus
sudden, that has come unexpectedly, past participle of subire
to come on, to steal upon; sub
under, secretly + ire
to go. See Issue
, and confer Subitaneous
.] 1. Happening without previous notice or with very brief notice; coming unexpectedly, or without the common preparation; immediate; instant; speedy.
"For fear of sudden
Sudden fear troubleth thee. Job xxii. 10. 2. Hastly prepared or employed; quick; rapid.
Never was such a sudden scholar made. Shak.
The apples of Asphaltis, appearing goodly to the sudden eye. Milton. 3. Hasty; violent; rash; precipitate.
[ Obsolete] Shak. Syn.
-- Unexpected; unusual; abrupt; unlooked-for. -- Sud"den*ly
Sudden Sud"den adverb Suddenly; unexpectedly.
Herbs of every leaf that sudden flowered. Milton.
Sudden Sud"den noun An unexpected occurrence; a surprise. All of a sudden
, On a sudden
, Of a sudden
, sooner than was expected; without the usual preparation; suddenly.
How art thou lost! how on a sudden lost! Milton.
He withdrew his opposition all of a sudden . Thackeray.
Suddenty Sud"den·ty noun [ Confer French soudaineté .] Suddenness; a sudden. [ Scot.] On a suddenty , on a sudden. [ Scot.] Sir W. Scott.
Sudoral Su"dor·al adjective [ Latin sudor .] Of or pertaining to sweat; as, sudoral eruptions.
Sudoriferous Su`dor·if"er·ous adjective [ Latin sudor sweat + -ferous .] (Physiol.) Producing, or secreting, sweat; sudoriparous. Sudoriferous glands (Anat.) , small convoluted tubular glands which are situated in the subcutaneous tissues and discharge by minute orifices in the surface of the skin; the sweat glands.
Sudorific Su`dor·if"ic adjective [ Latin sudor sweat (akin to English sweat ) + facere to make.] Causing sweat; as, sudorific herbs. -- noun A sudorific medicine. Confer Diaphoretic .
Sudoriparous Su`dor·ip"a·rous adjective [ Latin sudor sweat + parere to produce.] (Physiol.) Same as Sudoriferous .
Sudorous Su"dor·ous adjective [ Latin sudorus , from sudor sweat.] Consisting of sweat. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Sudra Su"dra noun [ Sanskrit ç...dra .] The lowest of the four great castes among the Hindoos. See Caste . [ Written also Soorah , Soodra , and Sooder .]
Suds Suds noun plural [ Akin to sodden , seethe . See Seethe .] Water impregnated with soap, esp. when worked up into bubbles and froth. In the suds , in turmoil or difficulty. [ Colloq.] Beau. & Fl.
Sue Sue transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sued
; present participle & verbal noun Suing
.] [ Middle English suen
, Old French sivre
(pres.ind. 3d sing. il siut
, he follows, nous sevons
we follow), Late Latin sequere
, for Latin sequi
; akin to Greek ..., Sanskrit sac
to accompany, and probably to English see
, v.t. See See
, transitive verb
, and confer Consequence
in religion, Sequence
.] 1. To follow up; to chase; to seek after; to endeavor to win; to woo.
For yet there was no man that haddle him sued . Chaucer.
I was beloved of many a gentle knight, Spenser.
And sued and sought with all the service due.
Sue me, and woo me, and flatter me. Tennyson. 2. (Law) (a) To seek justice or right from, by legal process; to institute process in law against; to bring an action against; to prosecute judicially. (b) To proceed with, as an action, and follow it up to its proper termination; to gain by legal process. 3. (Falconry) To clean, as the beak; -- said of a hawk. 4. (Nautical) To leave high and dry on shore; as, to sue a ship. R. H. Dana, Jr. To sue out (Law)
, to petition for and take out, or to apply for and obtain; as, to sue out a writ in chancery; to sue out a pardon for a criminal.
Sue Sue intransitive verb 1. To seek by request; to make application; to petition; to entreat; to plead.
By adverse destiny constrained to sue Pope.
For counsel and redress, he sues to you.
Cæsar came to Rome to sue for the double honor of a triumph and the consulship. C. Middleton.
The Indians were defeated and sued for peace. Jefferson. 2. (Law) To prosecute; to make legal claim; to seek (for something) in law; as, to sue for damages. 3. To woo; to pay addresses as a lover. Massinger. 4. (Nautical) To be left high and dry on the shore, as a ship. R. H. Dana, Jr.
Suède Suède (swad or swâd) noun [ French, Sweden.] Swedish glove leather, -- usually made from lambskins tanned with willow bark. Also used adjectively; as, suède gloves.
Suent Su"ent adjective Uniformly or evenly distributed or spread; even; smooth. See Suant . Thoreau.
Suently Su"ent·ly adverb Evenly; smoothly.
Suer Su"er noun One who sues; a suitor.
Suet Su"et noun [ Middle English suet , dim. from Old French seu , suif , French suif , Latin sebum . Confer Soap , Sebaceous .] The fat and fatty tissues of an animal, especially the harder fat about the kidneys and loins in beef and mutton, which, when melted and freed from the membranes, forms tallow.
Suety Su"et·y adjective Consisting of, or resembling, suet; as, a suety substance.
Suf- Suf- A form of the prefix Sub- .
Suffer Suf"fer transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Suffered
; present participle & verbal noun Suffering
.] [ Middle English suffren
, Old French sufrir
, French souffrir
, (assumed) Late Latin sofferire
, for Latin sufferre
under + ferre
to bear, akin to English bear
. See Bear
to support.] 1. To feel, or endure, with pain, annoyance, etc.; to submit to with distress or grief; to undergo; as, to suffer pain of body, or grief of mind. 2. To endure or undergo without sinking; to support; to sustain; to bear up under.
Our spirit and strength entire, Milton. 3. To undergo; to be affected by; to sustain; to experience; as, most substances suffer a change when long exposed to air and moisture; to suffer loss or damage.
Strongly to suffer and support our pains.
If your more ponderous and settled project Shak. 4. To allow; to permit; not to forbid or hinder; to tolerate.
May suffer alteration.
Thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him. Lev. xix. 17.
I suffer them to enter and possess. Milton. Syn.
-- To permit; bear; endure; support; sustain; allow; admit; tolerate. See Permit
Suffer Suf"fer intransitive verb 1. To feel or undergo pain of body or mind; to bear what is inconvenient; as, we suffer from pain, sickness, or sorrow; we suffer with anxiety.
O well for him whose will is strong! Tennyson. 2. To undergo punishment; specifically, to undergo the penalty of death.
He suffers , but he will not suffer long.
The father was first condemned to suffer upon a day appointed, and the son afterwards the day following. Clarendon. 3. To be injured; to sustain loss or damage.
Public business suffers by private infirmities. Sir W. Temple.
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