Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Successional adjective Of or pertaining to a succession; existing in a regular order; consecutive. " Successional teeth." Flower. -- Suc*ces"sion*al*ly , adverb
Successionist noun A person who insists on the importance of a regular succession of events, offices, etc.; especially (Eccl.) , one who insists that apostolic succession alone is valid.
[ Confer French successif
. See Succeed
.] 1. Following in order or in uninterrupted course; coming after without interruption or interval; following one after another in a line or series; consecutive; as, the successive revolution of years; the successive kings of Egypt; successive strokes of a hammer.
Send the successive ills through ages down. Prior. 2. Having or giving the right of succeeding to an inheritance; inherited by succession; hereditary; as, a successive title; a successive empire.
[ Obsolete] Shak. Successive induction
. (Math.) See Induction , 5.
Successively adverb In a successive manner.
The whiteness, at length, changed successively into blue, indigo, and violet. Sir I. Newton.
Successiveness noun The quality or state of being successive.
Successless adjective Having no success.
Successless all her soft caresses prove. Pope.
[ Middle English successour
, Old French successur
, French successeur
, Latin successor
. See Succeed
.] One who succeeds or follows; one who takes the place which another has left, and sustains the like part or character; -- correlative to predecessor ; as, the successor of a deceased king. Chaucer.
A gift to a corporation, either of lands or of chattels, without naming their successors , vests an absolute property in them so lond as the corporation subsists. Blackstone.
Succiduous adjective [ Latin succiduus , from succidere to fall under.] Ready to fall; falling. [ R.]
Succiferous adjective [ Latin succus , sucus , juice, sap + -ferous .] Producing or conveying sap.
Succinamate noun (Chemistry) A salt of succinamic acid.
Succinamic adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid amide derivative of succinic acid, obtained as a white crystalline substance, and forming a series of salts.
Succinate noun [ Latin succinum , sucinum , amber, from succus , sucus , juice, sap: confer French succinate .] (Chemistry) A salt of succinic acid.
[ Latin succinctus
, past participle of succingere
to gird below or from below, to tuck up; sub + cingere
to gird. Confer Cincture
.] 1. Girded or tucked up; bound; drawn tightly together.
His habit fit for speed succinct . Milton. 2. Compressed into a narrow compass; brief; concise.
Let all your precepts be succinct and clear. Roscommon.
The shortest and most succinct model that ever grasped all the needs and necessities of mankind. South. Syn.
-- Short; brief; concise; summary; compendious; laconic; terse. -- Suc*cinct"ly
[ Confer French succinique
. See Succinate
.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, amber; specif., designating a dibasic acid, C...H....(CO...H)..., first obtained by the dry distillation of amber. It is found in a number of plants, as in lettuce and wormwood, and is also produced artificially as a white crystalline substance having a slightly acid taste.
Succinimide noun (Chemistry) A white crystalline nitrogenous substance, C 2 H 4 .(CO) 2 .NH, obtained by treating succinic anhydride with ammonia gas. It is a typical imido acid, and forms a series of salts. See Imido acid , under Imido .
Succinite noun [ Confer French succinite .] (Min.) (a) Amber. (b) A garnet of an amber color.
Succinous adjective [ From Latin succinum amber.] Succinic. [ R.]
Succinurate noun (Chemistry) A salt of succinuric acid.
Succinuric adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid amide, analogous to succinamic acid, which is obtained as a white crystalline substance by heating urea with succinic anhydride. It is known also in its salts.
Succinyl noun [ Succin ic + -yl .] (Chemistry) A hypothetical radical characteristic of succinic acid and certain of its derivatives.
[ See Succision
.] (Botany) Appearing as if a part were cut off at the extremity.
Succision noun [ Latin succisio , from succidere , succisum , to cut away below, sub under + caedere to cut.] The act of cutting down, as of trees; the act of cutting off. [ R.]
Succor transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Succored
; present participle & verbal noun Succoring
.] [ Middle English socouren
, Old French sucurre
, French secourir
, Latin succurrere
, to run under, run to the aid of, help, succor; sub
under + currere
to run. See Current
.] To run to, or run to support; hence, to help or relieve when in difficulty, want, or distress; to assist and deliver from suffering; to relieve; as, to succor a besieged city.
[ Written also succour
He is able to succor them that are tempted. Hebrew ii. 18. Syn.
-- To aid; assist; relieve; deliver; help; comfort.
[ Middle English socours
, Old French sucurs
, French secours
, Latin succursus
, from Latin succurrere
. See Succor
, transitive verb
] 1. Aid; help; assistance; esp., assistance that relieves and delivers from difficulty, want, or distress.
"We beseech mercy and succor
My noble father . . . Shak. 2. The person or thing that brings relief.
Flying for succor to his servant Bannister.
This mighty succor , which made glad the foe. Dryden.
Succorable adjective Capable of being succored or assisted; admitting of relief.
Succorer noun One who affords succor; a helper.
Succorless adjective Destitute of succor. Thomson.
[ Corrupted from chicory
.] (Botany) A plant of the genus Cichorium . See Chicory .
Succotash noun [ Narragansett Indian m'sickquatash corn boiled whole.] Green maize and beans boiled together. The dish is borrowed from the native Indians. [ Written also suckatash .]
Succoteague noun (Zoology) The squeteague.
; plural Succubæ
. [ New Latin , from Latin succubare
to lie under; sub
under + cubare
to lie down; confer Latin succuba
, one who lies under another.] A female demon or fiend. See Succubus .
Though seeming in shape a woman natural Mir. for Mag.
Was a fiend of the kind that succubæ some call.
Succubine adjective Of or pertaining to succuba.
[ See Succuba
.] (Botany) Having the leaves so placed that the upper part of each one is covered by the base of the next higher leaf, as in hepatic mosses of the genus Plagiochila .
; plural Succubi
. [ See Succuba
.] 1. A demon or fiend; especially, a lascivious spirit supposed to have sexual intercourse with the men by night; a succuba. Confer Incubus . 2. (Medicine) The nightmare. See Nightmare , 2.
Succula noun [ Latin sucula a winch, windlass, capstan.] (Machinery) A bare axis or cylinder with staves or levers in it to turn it round, but without any drum.
Succulence, Succulency noun
[ See Succulent
.] The quality or condition of being succulent; juiciness; as, the succulence of a peach.
Succulent adjective [ Latin succulentus , suculentus , from succus , sucus , juice; perhaps akin to English suck : confer French succulent .] Full of juice; juicy. Succulent plants (Botany) , plants which have soft and juicy leaves or stems, as the houseleek, the live forever, and the species of Mesembryanthemum.
Succulently adverb In a succulent manner.
Succulous adjective Succulent; juicy. [ R.]
Succumb transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Succumbed
; present participle & verbal noun Succumbing
.] [ Latin succumbere
under + cumbere
(in comp.), akin to cubare
to lie down. See Incumbent
.] To yield; to submit; to give up unresistingly; as, to succumb under calamities; to succumb to disease.
Succumbent adjective [ Latin succumbens , present participle] Submissive; yielding. [ R.] Howell.
[ Confer French succursale
. See Succor
& transitive verb
] Serving to aid or help; serving as a chapel of ease; tributary.
Not a city was without its cathedral, surrounded by its succursal churches, its monasteries, and convents. Milman.
; plural Succi (Medicine) The expressed juice of a plant, for medicinal use.
Succussation noun [ Latin succussare to jolt, v. intens. from succutere , succussum , to fling up from below, to toss up; sub under + quatere to shake.]
1. A trot or trotting. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne. 2. A shaking; succussion.
[ Latin succussio
, from succutere
: confer French succussion
. See Succussation
.] The act of shaking; a shake; esp. (Medicine) , a shaking of the body to ascertain if there be a liquid in the thorax.
Succussive adjective Characterized by a shaking motion, especially an up and down movement, and not merely tremulous oscillation; as, the succussive motion in earthquakes.
[ Middle English such
, Anglo-Saxon swelc
; akin to OFries. selik
, Dutch zulk
, Old Saxon sulic
, Old High German sulih
, German solch
, Icelandic slīkr
, OSw. salik
, Swedish slik
, Danish slig
, Goth. swaleiks
; originally meaning, so shaped. √192. See So
, and confer Which
.] 1. Of that kind; of the like kind; like; resembling; similar; as, we never saw such a day; -- followed by that or as introducing the word or proposition which defines the similarity, or the standard of comparison; as, the books are not such that I can recommend them, or, not such as I can recommend; these apples are not such as those we saw yesterday; give your children such precepts as tend to make them better.
And in his time such a conqueror Chaucer.
That greater was there none under the sun.
His misery was such that none of the bystanders could refrain from weeping. Macaulay.
» The indefinite article a
never precedes such
, but is placed between it and the noun to which it refers; as, such a
man; such an
honor. The indefinite adjective some
, etc., precede such
; as, one such
book is enough; all such
people ought to be avoided; few such
ideas were then held. 2. Having the particular quality or character specified.
That thou art happy, owe to God; Milton. 3. The same that; -- with as ; as, this was the state of the kingdom at such time as the enemy landed.
That thou continuest such , owe to thyself.
"[ It] hath such
senses as we have." Shak. 4. Certain; -- representing the object as already particularized in terms which are not mentioned.
In rushed one and tells him such a knight Daniel.
Is new arrived.
To-day or to-morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year. James iv. 13.
is used pronominally. "He was the father of such
as dwell in tents." Gen. iv. 20.
as I are free in spirit when our limbs are chained." Sir W. Scott. Such
is also used before adjectives joined to substantives; as, the fleet encountered such
a terrible storm that it put back. "Everything was managed with so much care, and such
excellent order was observed." De Foe.
Temple sprung from a family which . . . long after his death produced so many eminent men, and formed such distinguished alliances, that, etc. Macaulay. Such
is used emphatically, without the correlative.
Now will he be mocking: Shak. Such
I shall have such a life.
was formerly used with numerals in the sense of times as much
or as many
; as, such ten
, or ten times as many. Such and such
, or Such or such
, certain; some; -- used to represent the object indefinitely, as already particularized in one way or another, or as being of one kind or another.
"In such and such
a place shall be my camp." 2 Kings vi. 8.
"Sovereign authority may enact a law commanding such and such
an action." South.
-- Such like
, of the like kind.
And many other such like things ye do. Mark vii. 8.
Suchospondylous adjective [ Greek ... a crocodile + ... a vertebra.] (Zoology) Having dorsal vertebræ with long and divided transverse processes; -- applied to certain reptiles.
Suchwise adverb In a such a manner; so.