Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Suffossion noun [ Latin suffossio , from suffodere , suffossum , to dig under; sub under + fodere to dig.] A digging under; an undermining. [ R.] Bp. Hall.
[ French suffragant
, Latin suffragans
, present participle of suffragari
to support with one's vote, to be favorable. See Suffrage
.] Assisting; assistant; as, a suffragan bishop.
[ French suffragant
: confer Late Latin suffraganeus
. See Suffragan
] 1. An assistant. 2. (Eccl.) A bishop considered as an assistant, or as subject, to his metropolitan; an assistant bishop.
Suffraganship noun The office of a suffragan.
Suffragant adjective & noun Suffragan. [ Obsolete]
Suffragate intransitive verb & t.
[ imperfect & past participle Suffragated
; present participle & verbal noun Suffragating
.] [ Latin suffragatus
, past participle of suffragari
. See Suffragan
] To vote or vote with.
[ Obsolete] " Suffragating
Suffragator noun [ Latin ] One who assists or favors by his vote. [ Obsolete]
[ French, from Latin suffragium
; perhaps originally, a broken piece, a potsherd, used in voting, and from sub
under + the root of frangere
to break. See Break
.] 1. A vote given in deciding a controverted question, or in the choice of a man for an office or trust; the formal expression of an opinion; assent; vote.
I ask your voices and your suffrages . Shak. 2. Testimony; attestation; witness; approval.
Lactantius and St. Austin confirm by their suffrage the observation made by heathen writers. Atterbury.
Every miracle is the suffrage of Heaven to the truth of a doctrine. South. 3. (Eccl.) (a) A short petition, as those after the creed in matins and evensong. (b) A prayer in general, as one offered for the faithful departed. Shipley.
I firmly believe that there is a purgatory, and that the souls therein detained are helped by the suffrages of the faithful. Creed of Pope Pius IV. 4. Aid; assistance.
[ A Latinism] [ Obsolete]
Suffrage transitive verb To vote for; to elect. [ Obsolete] Milton.
Suffraginous adjective [ Latin suffraginosus diseased in the hock, from suffrago the pastern, or hock.] Of or pertaining to the hock of a beast. [ Obsolete]
Suffragist noun 1. One who possesses or exercises the political right of suffrage; a voter. 2. One who has certain opinions or desires about the political right of suffrage; as, a woman suffragist .
It is curious that . . . Louisa Castelefort should be obliged after her marriage immediately to open her doors and turn ultra liberal, or an universal suffragist . Miss Edgeworth.
Suffrago noun [ Latin , the hock, from sub under + frangere to break.] (Zoology) The heel joint.
Suffrance noun Sufferance. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Suffrutescent adjective [ Prefix suf- + frutescent .] (Botany) Slightly woody at the base.
Suffruticose adjective [ Prefix suf- + fruticose .] (Botany) Woody in the lower part of the stem, but with the yearly branches herbaceous, as sage, thyme, hyssop, and the like.
Suffruticous adjective Suffruticose.
Suffumigate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Suffumigated
; present participle & verbal noun Suffumigating
.] [ Latin suffumigatus
, past participle of suffumigare
to fumigate from below. See Sub-
, and Fumigate
.] To apply fumes or smoke to the parts of, as to the body in medicine; to fumigate in part.
Suffumigation noun [ Latin suffumigatio : confer French suffumigation .] The operation of suffumigating.
Suffumige noun [ Late Latin suffumigium .] A medical fume. [ Obsolete] Harvey.
Suffuse transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Suffused
; present participle & verbal noun Suffusing
.] [ Latin suffusus
, past participle of suffundere
to overspread; sub
under + fundere
to pour. See Fuse
to melt.] To overspread, as with a fluid or tincture; to fill or cover, as with something fluid; as, eyes suffused with tears; cheeks suffused with blushes.
When purple light shall next suffuse the skies. Pope.
[ Latin suffusio
: confer French suffusion
.] 1. The act or process of suffusing, or state of being suffused; an overspreading.
To those that have the jaundice, or like suffusion of eyes, objects appear of that color. Ray. 2. That with which a thing is suffused. 3. (Zoology) A blending of one color into another; the spreading of one color over another, as on the feathers of birds.
Sufi noun [ From the name of a dynasty of Persian kings, Safī , Safavī ; said to come from name Safī-ud-dīn of an ancestor of the family, confused with s...fī pious.] A title or surname of the king of Persia.
Sufi noun [ Arabic & Persian s...fī , wise, pious, devout.] One of a certain order of religious men in Persia. [ Written also sofi .]
Sufism noun A refined mysticism among certain classes of Mohammedans, particularly in Persia, who hold to a kind of pantheism and practice extreme asceticism in their lives. [ Written also sofism .]
Sug noun A kind of worm or larva. Walton.
[ Middle English sugre
, French sucre
(cf. Italian zucchero
, Spanish azúcar
), from Arabic sukkar
, from Sanskrit çarkarā
sugar, gravel; confer Persian shakar
. Confer Saccharine
.] 1. A sweet white (or brownish yellow) crystalline substance, of a sandy or granular consistency, obtained by crystallizing the evaporated juice of certain plants, as the sugar cane, sorghum, beet root, sugar maple, etc. It is used for seasoning and preserving many kinds of food and drink. Ordinary sugar is essentially sucrose. See the Note below.
» The term sugar
includes several commercial grades, as the white
, and the raw brown
. In a more general sense, it includes several distinct chemical compounds, as the glucoses
, or grape sugars
(including glucose proper, dextrose, and levulose), and the sucroses
, or true sugars (as cane sugar). All sugars are carbohydrates. See Carbohydrate
. The glucoses
, or grape sugars
, are ketone alcohols of the formula C 6
, and they turn the plane of polarization to the right or the left. They are produced from the amyloses and sucroses, as by the action of heat and acids of ferments, and are themselves decomposed by fermentation into alcohol and carbon dioxide. The only sugar (called acrose
) as yet produced artificially belongs to this class. The sucroses
, or cane sugars
, are doubled glucose anhydrides of the formula C 12
. They are usually not fermentable as such (cf. Sucrose
), and they act on polarized light. 2. By extension, anything resembling sugar in taste or appearance; as, sugar of lead (lead acetate), a poisonous white crystalline substance having a sweet taste. 3. Compliment or flattery used to disguise or render acceptable something obnoxious; honeyed or soothing words.
[ Colloq.] Acorn sugar
. See Quercite .
-- Cane sugar
, sugar made from the sugar cane; sucrose, or an isomeric sugar. See Sucrose .
, or Diabetic
, sugar (Med. Chem.)
, a variety of sugar (probably grape sugar or dextrose) excreted in the urine in diabetes mellitus.
-- Fruit sugar
. See under Fruit , and Fructose .
-- Grape sugar
, a sirupy or white crystalline sugar (dextrose or glucose) found as a characteristic ingredient of ripe grapes, and also produced from many other sources. See Dextrose , and Glucose .
-- Invert sugar
. See under Invert .
-- Malt sugar
, a variety of sugar isomeric with sucrose, found in malt. See Maltose .
- - Manna sugar
, a substance found in manna, resembling, but distinct from, the sugars. See Mannite .
-- Milk sugar
, a variety of sugar characteristic of fresh milk, and isomeric with sucrose. See Lactose .
-- Muscle sugar
, a sweet white crystalline substance isomeric with, and formerly regarded to, the glucoses. It is found in the tissue of muscle, the heart, liver, etc. Called also heart sugar . See Inosite .
-- Pine sugar
. See Pinite .
-- Starch sugar (Com. Chem.)
, a variety of dextrose made by the action of heat and acids on starch from corn, potatoes, etc.; -- called also potato sugar , corn sugar , and, inaccurately, invert sugar . See Dextrose , and Glucose .
-- Sugar barek
, one who refines sugar.
-- Sugar beet (Botany)
, a variety of beet ( Beta vulgaris ) with very large white roots, extensively grown, esp. in Europe, for the sugar obtained from them.
-- Sugar berry (Botany)
, the hackberry.
- - Sugar bird (Zoology)
, any one of several species of small South American singing birds of the genera Cœreba , Dacnis , and allied genera belonging to the family Cœrebidæ . They are allied to the honey eaters.
-- Sugar bush
. See Sugar orchard .
-- Sugar camp
, a place in or near a sugar orchard, where maple sugar is made.
-- Sugar candian
, sugar candy.
[ Obsolete] -- Sugar candy
, sugar clarified and concreted or crystallized; candy made from sugar.
-- Sugar cane (Botany)
, a tall perennial grass ( Saccharum officinarium ), with thick short-jointed stems. It has been cultivated for ages as the principal source of sugar.
-- Sugar loaf
. (a) A loaf or mass of refined sugar, usually in the form of a truncated cone. (b) A hat shaped like a sugar loaf.
Why, do not or know you, grannam, and that sugar loaf ? J. Webster.
-- Sugar maple (Botany)
, the rock maple ( Acer saccharinum ). See Maple .
-- Sugar mill
, a machine for pressing out the juice of the sugar cane, usually consisting of three or more rollers, between which the cane is passed.
-- Sugar mite
. (Zoology) (a) A small mite ( Tyroglyphus sacchari ), often found in great numbers in unrefined sugar. (b) The lepisma.
-- Sugar of lead
. See Sugar , 2, above.
-- Sugar of milk
. See under Milk .
-- Sugar orchard
, a collection of maple trees selected and preserved for purpose of obtaining sugar from them; -- called also, sometimes, sugar bush .
[ U.S.] Bartlett.
-- Sugar pine (Botany)
, an immense coniferous tree ( Pinus Lambertiana ) of California and Oregon, furnishing a soft and easily worked timber. The resinous exudation from the stumps, etc., has a sweetish taste, and has been used as a substitute for sugar.
-- Sugar squirrel (Zoology)
, an Australian flying phalanger ( Belideus sciureus ), having a long bushy tail and a large parachute. It resembles a flying squirrel. See Illust. under Phlanger .
-- Sugar tongs
, small tongs, as of silver, used at table for taking lumps of sugar from a sugar bowl.
-- Sugar tree
. (Botany) See Sugar maple , above.
Sugar intransitive verb In making maple sugar, to complete the process of boiling down the sirup till it is thick enough to crystallize; to approach or reach the state of granulation; -- with the preposition off . [ Local, U.S.]
Sugar transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sugared
; present participle & verbal noun Sugaring
.] 1. To impregnate, season, cover, or sprinkle with sugar; to mix sugar with.
"When I sugar
my liquor." G. Eliot. 2. To cover with soft words; to disguise by flattery; to compliment; to sweeten; as, to sugar reproof.
With devotion's visage Shak.
And pious action we do sugar o'er
The devil himself.
Sugar-house noun A building in which sugar is made or refined; a sugar manufactory.
Sugared adjective Sweetened. "The sugared liquor." Spenser. Also used figuratively; as, sugared kisses.
Sugariness noun The quality or state of being sugary, or sweet.
1. The act of covering or sweetening with sugar; also, the sugar thus used. 2. The act or process of making sugar.
Sugarless adjective Without sugar; free from sugar.
Sugarplum noun A kind of candy or sweetneat made up in small balls or disks.
1. Resembling or containing sugar; tasting of sugar; sweet. Spenser. 2. Fond of sugar or sweet things; as, a sugary palate.
Sugescent adjective [ Latin sugere to suck.] Of or pertaining to sucking. [ R.] Paley.
Suggest transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Suggested
; present participle & verbal noun Suggesting
.] [ Latin suggestus
, past participle of suggerere
to put under, furnish, suggest; sub
under + gerere
to carry, to bring. See Jest
.] 1. To introduce indirectly to the thoughts; to cause to be thought of, usually by the agency of other objects.
Some ideas . . . are suggested to the mind by all the ways of sensation and reflection. Locke. 2. To propose with difference or modesty; to hint; to intimate; as, to suggest a difficulty. 3. To seduce; to prompt to evil; to tempt.
Knowing that tender youth is soon suggested . Shak. 4. To inform secretly.
[ Obsolete] Syn.
-- To hint; allude to; refer to; insinuate.
Suggest intransitive verb To make suggestions; to tempt.
And ever weaker grows through acted crime, Tennyson.
Or seeming-genial, venial fault,
Recurring and suggesting still.
Suggester noun One who suggests. Beau. & Fl.
[ French suggestion
, Latin suggestio
.] 1. The act of suggesting; presentation of an idea. 2. That which is suggested; an intimation; an insinuation; a hint; a different proposal or mention; also, formerly, a secret incitement; temptation.
Why do I yield to that suggestion ? Shak. 3. Charge; complaint; accusation.
[ Obsolete] "A false suggestion
." Chaucer. 4. (Law) Information without oath; an entry of a material fact or circumstance on the record for the information of the court, at the death or insolvency of a party. 5. (Physiol. & Metaph.) The act or power of originating or recalling ideas or relations, distinguished as original and relative; -- a term much used by Scottish metaphysicians from Hutcherson to Thomas Brown. Syn.
-- Hint; allusion; intimation; insinuation. -- Suggestion
. A hint
is the briefest or most indirect mode of calling one's attention to a subject. A suggestion
is a putting of something before the mind for consideration, an indirect or guarded mode of presenting argument or advice. A hint
is usually something slight or covert, and may by merely negative in its character. A suggestion
is ordinarily intended to furnish us with some practical assistance or direction. "He gave me a hint
of my danger, and added some suggestions
as to the means of avoiding it."
Willing to wound, and yet afraid to strike, Pope.
Just hint a fault, and hesitate dislike.
Arthur, whom they say is killed to-night Shak.
On your suggestion .
Suggestion noun (Hypnotism) The control of the mind of an hypnotic subject by ideas in the mind of the hypnotizer.
Suggestive adjective Containing a suggestion, hint, or intimation. -- Sug*gest"ive*ly , adverb -- Sug*gest"ive*ness , noun
Suggestive medicine Treatment by commands or positive statements addressed to a more or less hypnotized patient.
Suggestment noun Suggestion.
They fancy that every thought must needs have an immediate outward suggestment . Hare.
Suggestress noun A woman who suggests. "The suggestress of suicides." De Quincey.
Suggil transitive verb [ Latin suggillare , sugillare , suggillatum , sugillatum , literally, to beat black and blue.] To defame. [ Obsolete] Abp. Parker.
Suggillate transitive verb
[ See Suggil
.] To beat livid, or black and blue. Wiseman.
Suggillation noun [ Latin suggillatio : confer French suggillation .] A livid, or black and blue, mark; a blow; a bruise.
Sui generis [ Latin ] Of his or its own kind.
Suicidal adjective Partaking of, or of the nature of, the crime or suicide. -- Su"i*ci`dal*ly , adverb