Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin sui
of one's self (akin to suus
one's own) + caedere
to slay, to kill. Confer So
.] 1. The act of taking one's own life voluntary and intentionally; self-murder; specifically (Law) , the felonious killing of one's self; the deliberate and intentional destruction of one's own life by a person of years of discretion and of sound mind. 2. One guilty of self-murder; a felo-de- se. 3. Ruin of one's own interests.
"Intestine war, which may be justly called political suicide
." V. Knox.
Suicidical adjective Suicidal. [ Obsolete]
Suicidism noun The quality or state of being suicidal, or self-murdering. [ R.]
Suicism noun [ Latin suus one's own.] Selfishness; egoism. [ R.] Whitlock.
[ Old French souillage
, from souiller
. See Soil
to stain, and confer Sullage
.] A drain or collection of filth.
[ Obsolete] [ Written also sulliage
, and sullage
.] Sir H. Wotton.
Suilline adjective [ Latin sus hog.] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to a hog or the Hog family ( Suidæ ).
[ Confer Suint
.] A mixture of oleomargarine with lard or other fatty ingredients. It is used as a substitute for butter. See Butterine .
Suing noun [ Confer French suer to sweat, Latin sudare .] The process of soaking through anything. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
[ See Sue
to follow.] In succession; afterwards.
[ Obsolete] Sir T. More.
Suint (sū"ĭnt) noun [ French] (Chemistry) A peculiar substance obtained from the wool of sheep, consisting largely of potash mixed with fatty and earthy matters. It is used as a source of potash and also for the manufacture of gas.
Suiogoths prop. noun plural
[ Latin Suiones
(a Teutonic tribe in what is now Sweeden) + English Goth
.] The Scandinavian Goths. See the Note under Goths .
Suist noun [ Latin suus belinging to himself or to one's self.] One who seeks for things which gratify merely himself; a selfish person; a selfist. [ R.] Whitlock.
[ Middle English suite
, French suite
, Old French suite
, from suivre
to follow, Old French sivre
; perhaps influenced by Latin secta
. See Sue
to follow, and confer Sect
.] 1. The act of following or pursuing, as game; pursuit.
[ Obsolete] 2. The act of suing; the process by which one endeavors to gain an end or an object; an attempt to attain a certain result; pursuit; endeavor.
Thenceforth the suit of earthly conquest shone. Spenser. 3. The act of wooing in love; the solicitation of a woman in marriage; courtship.
Rebate your loves, each rival suit suspend, Pope. 4. (Law) The attempt to gain an end by legal process; an action or process for the recovery of a right or claim; legal application to a court for justice; prosecution of right before any tribunal; as, a civil suit ; a criminal suit ; a suit in chancery.
Till this funereal web my labors end.
I arrest thee at the suit of Count Orsino. Shak.
In England the several suits , or remedial instruments of justice, are distinguished into three kinds -- actions personal, real, and mixed. Blackstone. 5. That which follows as a retinue; a company of attendants or followers; the assembly of persons who attend upon a prince, magistrate, or other person of distinction; -- often written suite , and pronounced swēt. 6. Things that follow in a series or succession; the individual objects, collectively considered, which constitute a series, as of rooms, buildings, compositions, etc.; -- often written suite , and pronounced swēt. 7. A number of things used together, and generally necessary to be united in order to answer their purpose; a number of things ordinarily classed or used together; a set; as, a suit of curtains; a suit of armor; a suit of clothes.
"Two rogues in buckram suits
." Shak. 8. (Playing Cards) One of the four sets of cards which constitute a pack; -- each set consisting of thirteen cards bearing a particular emblem, as hearts, spades, clubs, or diamonds.
To deal and shuffle, to divide and sort Cowper. 9. Regular order; succession.
Her mingled suits and sequences.
Every five and thirty years the same kind and suit of weather comes again. Bacon. Out of suits
, having no correspondence.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
-- Suit and service (Feudal Law)
, the duty of feudatories to attend the courts of their lords or superiors in time of peace, and in war to follow them and do military service; -- called also suit service . Blackstone.
-- Suit broker
, one who made a trade of obtaining the suits of petitioners at court.
[ Obsolete] -- Suit court (O. Eng. Law)
, the court in which tenants owe attendance to their lord.
-- Suit covenant (O. Eng. Law)
, a covenant to sue at a certain court.
-- Suit custom (Law)
, a service which is owed from time immemorial.
-- Suit service
. (Feudal Law) See Suit and service , above.
-- To bring suit
. (Law) (a) To bring secta , followers or witnesses, to prove the plaintiff's demand.
[ Obsolete] (b) In modern usage, to institute an action.
-- To follow suit
. (Card Playing) See under Follow , transitive verb
Suit transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Suited
; present participle & verbal noun Suiting
.] 1. To fit; to adapt; to make proper or suitable; as, to suit the action to the word. Shak. 2. To be fitted to; to accord with; to become; to befit.
Ill suits his cloth the praise of railing well. Dryden.
Raise her notes to that sublime degree Prior. 3. To dress; to clothe.
Which suits song of piety and thee.
So went he suited to his watery tomb. Shak. 4. To please; to make content; as, he is well suited with his place; to suit one's taste.
Suit intransitive verb To agree; to accord; to be fitted; to correspond; -- usually followed by with or to .
The place itself was suiting to his care. Dryden.
Give me not an office Addison. Syn.
That suits with me so ill.
-- To agree; accord; comport; tally; correspond; match; answer.
Suitability noun The quality or state of being suitable; suitableness.
Suitable adjective Capable of suiting; fitting; accordant; proper; becoming; agreeable; adapted; as, ornaments suitable to one's station; language suitable for the subject. -- Suit"a*ble*ness , noun -- Suit"a*bly , adverb Syn. -- Proper; fitting; becoming; accordant; agreeable; competent; correspondent; compatible; consonant; congruous; consistent.
[ French See Suit
] 1. A retinue or company of attendants, as of a distinguished personage; as, the suite of an ambassador. See Suit , noun , 5. 2. A connected series or succession of objects; a number of things used or clessed together; a set; as, a suite of rooms; a suite of minerals. See Suit , noun , 6.
Mr. Barnard took one of the candles that stood upon the king's table, and lighted his majesty through a suite of rooms till they came to a private door into the library. Boswell. 3. (Mus.) One of the old musical forms, before the time of the more compact sonata , consisting of a string or series of pieces all in the same key, mostly in various dance rhythms, with sometimes an elaborate prelude. Some composers of the present day affect the suite form.
Suiting noun Among tailors, cloth suitable for making entire suits of clothes.
Suitor noun 1. One who sues, petitions, or entreats; a petitioner; an applicant.
She hath been a suitor to me for her brother. Shak. 2. Especially, one who solicits a woman in marriage; a wooer; a lover. Sir P. Sidney. 3. (a) (Law) One who sues or prosecutes a demand in court; a party to a suit, as a plaintiff, petitioner, etc. (b) (O. Eng. Law) One who attends a court as plaintiff, defendant, petitioner, appellant, witness, juror, or the like.
Suitress noun A female supplicant. Rowe.
Suji noun [ Hind. s...fī .] Indian wheat, granulated but not pulverized; a kind of semolina. [ Written also soojee .]
[ New Latin , from Icelandic s...la
the gannet. See Solan goose
.] (Zoology) A genus of sea birds including the booby and the common gannet.
Sulcate, Sulcated adjective [ Latin sulcatus , past participle of sulcare to furrow, from sulcus a furrow.] Scored with deep and regular furrows; furrowed or grooved; as, a sulcated stem.
Sulcation noun A channel or furrow.
Sulciform adjective Having the form of a sulcus; as, sulciform markings.
; plural Sulci
. [ Latin , a furrow.] A furrow; a groove; a fissure.
Suleah fish (Zoology) A coarse fish of India, used in making a breakfast relish called burtah .
Sulk noun [ Latin sulcus .] A furrow. [ Obsolete]
Sulk intransitive verb
[ See Sulkiness
.] To be silently sullen; to be morose or obstinate. T. Hook.
Sulker noun One who sulks.
Sulkily adverb In a sulky manner.
Sulkiness noun [ For sulkenness , from Anglo-Saxon solcen slothful, remiss, in ā solcen , be solcen , properly past participle of sealcan in ā sealcan to be weak or slothful; of uncertain origin.] The quality or state of being sulky; sullenness; moroseness; as, sulkiness of disposition.
Sulks noun plural The condition of being sulky; a sulky mood or humor; as, to be in the sulks .
[ Compar. Sulkier
; superl. Sulkiest
.] [ See Sulkiness
, and confer Sulky
] Moodly silent; sullen; sour; obstinate; morose; splenetic. Syn.
-- See Sullen
; plural Sulkies
. [ From Sulky
; -- so called from the owner's desire of riding alone.] A light two-wheeled carriage for a single person.
is used adjectively in the names of several agricultural machines drawn by horses to denote that the machine is provided with wheels and a seat for the driver; as, sulky
Sull noun [ Anglo-Saxon suluh , sulh , a plow; confer Old High German suohili a little plow.] A plow. [ Obsolete] Ainsworth.
[ Confer Suillage
.] 1. Drainage of filth; filth collected from the street or highway; sewage.
The streets were exceedingly large, well paved, having many vaults and conveyances under them for sullage . Evelyn. 2. That which sullies or defiles.
It is the privilege of the celestial luminaries to receive no tincture, sullage , or difilement from the most noisome sinks and dunghills here below. South. 3. (Founding) The scoria on the surface of molten metal in the ladle. 4. (Hydraul. Engin.) Silt; mud deposited by water. Sullage piece (Founding)
, the sprue of a casting. See Sprue , noun , 1 (b) .
[ Middle English solein
, lonely, sullen; through Old French from (assumed) Late Latin solanus
solitary, from Latin solus
alone. See Sole
] 1. Lonely; solitary; desolate.
[ Obsolete] Wyclif (Job iii. 14). 2. Gloomy; dismal; foreboding. Milton.
Solemn hymns so sullen dirges change. Shak. 3. Mischievous; malignant; unpropitious.
Such sullen planets at my birth did shine. Dryden. 4. Gloomily angry and silent; cross; sour; affected with ill humor; morose.
And sullen I forsook the imperfect feast. Prior. 5. Obstinate; intractable.
Things are as sullen as we are. Tillotson. 6. Heavy; dull; sluggish.
"The larger stream was placid, and even sullen
, in its course." Sir W. Scott. Syn.
-- Sulky; sour; cross; ill-natured; morose; peevish; fretful; ill-humored; petulant; gloomy; malign; intractable. -- Sullen
. Both sullen
show themselves in the demeanor. Sullenness
seems to be an habitual sulkiness, and sulkiness
a temporary sullenness. The former may be an innate disposition; the latter, a disposition occasioned by recent injury. Thus we are in a sullen
mood, and in a sulky
No cheerful breeze this sullen region knows; Pope.
The dreaded east is all the wind that blows.
1. One who is solitary, or lives alone; a hermit. [ Obsolete] Piers Plowman. 2. plural Sullen feelings or manners; sulks; moroseness; as, to have the sullens . [ Obsolete] Shak.
Sullen transitive verb To make sullen or sluggish.
Sullens the whole body with . . . laziness. Feltham.
Sullevate transitive verb
[ Latin sublevare
to raise up. Confer Sublevation
.] To rouse; to excite.
[ Obsolete] Daniel.
[ Confer Sullage
, or Sully
, transitive verb
] Foulness; filth.
Though we wipe away with never so much care the dirt thrown at us, there will be left some sulliage behind. Gov. of Tongue.
Sully transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sullied
; present participle & verbal noun Sullying
.] [ Middle English sulien
, Anglo-Saxon sylian
, from sol
mire; akin to German suhle
to wallow, Swedish söla
to bemire, Danish söle
, Goth. bi saulijan
to defile.] To soil; to dirty; to spot; to tarnish; to stain; to darken; -- used literally and figuratively; as, to sully a sword; to sully a person's reputation.
Statues sullied yet with sacrilegious smoke. Roscommon.
No spots to sully the brightness of this solemnity. Atterbury.
Sully intransitive verb To become soiled or tarnished.
Silvering will sully and canker more than gilding. Bacon.
; plural Sullies Soil; tarnish; stain.
A noble and triumphant merit breaks through little spots and sullies in his reputation. Spectator.
.] (Chemistry) An acid in which, to a greater or less extent, sulphur plays a part analogous to that of oxygen in an oxyacid; thus, thiosulphuric and sulpharsenic acids are sulphacids ; -- called also sulphoacid . See the Note under Acid , noun , 2.
Sulphamate noun (Chemistry) A salt of sulphamic acid.
Sulphamic adjective (Chemistry) Of or pertaining to a sulphamide; derived from, or related to, a sulphamide; specifically, designating an amido acid derivative, NH 2 .SO 2 .OH, of sulphuric acid (analogous to sulphonic acid) which is not known in the free state, but is known in its salts.
Sulphamide noun (Chemistry) Any one of a series of amido compounds obtained by treating sulphuryl chloride with various amines.