Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Middle English licour
, Old French licur
, French liqueur
, from Latin liquor
, from liquere
to be liquid. See Liquid
, and confer Liqueur
.] 1. Any liquid substance, as water, milk, blood, sap, juice, or the like. 2. Specifically, alcoholic or spirituous fluid, either distilled or fermented, as brandy, wine, whisky, beer, etc. 3. (Pharm.) A solution of a medicinal substance in water; -- distinguished from tincture and aqua .
» The U. S. Pharmacopœia includes, in this class of preparations, all aqueous
solutions without sugar, in which the substance acted on is wholly soluble in water, excluding those in which the dissolved matter is gaseous or very volatile, as in the aquæ or waters. U. S. Disp. Labarraque's liquor (Old Chem.)
, a solution of an alkaline hypochlorite, as sodium hypochlorite, used in bleaching and as a disinfectant.
-- Liquor of flints
, or Liquor silicum (Old Chem.)
, soluble glass; -- so called because formerly made from powdered flints. See Soluble glass , under Glass .
-- Liquor of Libavius
. (Old Chem.) See Fuming liquor of Libavius , under Fuming .
-- Liquor sanguinis
, the blood plasma.
-- Liquor thief
, a tube for taking samples of liquor from a cask through the bung hole.
-- To be in liquor
, to be intoxicated.
Liquor transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Liquored
(-ẽrd); present participle & verbal noun Liquoring
.] 1. To supply with liquor.
[ R.] 2. To grease.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
Liquor fishermen's boots. Shak.
(lĭk"ẽr*ĭs) noun See Licorice .
Liquorish adjective See Lickerish .
[ Obsolete] Shak.
(-ŭs) adjective Eagerly desirous. See Lickerish .
[ Obsolete] Marston.
; plural Lire
(-ra). [ Italian , from Latin libra
the Roman pound. Confer Livre
.] An Italian coin equivalent in value to the French franc.
Lirella (li*rĕl"lȧ) noun [ New Latin , dim. of Latin lira a furrow.] (Botany) A linear apothecium furrowed along the middle; the fruit of certain lichens.
Lirelliform (-lĭ*fôrm) adjective [ Lirella + -form .] (Botany) Like a lirella. [ Written also lirellæform .]
; plural Liriodendra
(- drȧ). [ New Latin , from Greek lei`rion
lily + de`ndron
tree.] (Botany) A genus of large and very beautiful trees of North America, having smooth, shining leaves, and handsome, tuliplike flowers; tulip tree; whitewood; -- called also canoewood . Liriodendron tulipifera is the only extant species, but there were several others in the Cretaceous epoch.
[ Obsolete] See Liripoop .
[ Old French liripipion
, Late Latin liripipium
. Said to be corrupted from Latin cleri ephippium
, lit., the clergy's caparison.] 1. A pendent part of the old clerical tippet; afterwards, a tippet; a scarf; -- worn also by doctors, learned men, etc.
[ Obsolete] 2. Acuteness; smartness; also, a smart trick or stratagem.
[ Obsolete] Stanihurst. 3. A silly person.
A liripoop , vel lerripoop , a silly, empty creature; an old dotard. Milles. MS. Devon Gloss.
Liroconite (li*rŏk"o*nīt) noun [ Greek leiro`s pale + koni`a powder.] (Min.) A hydrated arseniate of copper, occurring in obtuse pyramidal crystals of a sky-blue or verdigris-green color.
Lisbon (lĭz"bŏn) noun A sweet, light-colored species of wine, produced in the province of Estremadura, and so called as being shipped from Lisbon, in Portugal.
Lisle (līl) noun A city of France celebrated for certain manufactures. Lisle glove , a fine summer glove, made of Lisle thread. -- Lisle lace , a fine handmade lace, made at Lisle. -- Lisle thread , a hard twisted cotton thread, originally produced at Lisle.
Lisne (līn) noun [ Prov. English lissen , lisne , a cleft in a rock.] A cavity or hollow. [ Obsolete] Sir M. Hale.
(lĭsp) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lisped
(lĭspt); present participle & verbal noun Lisping
.] [ Middle English lispen
, Anglo-Saxon wlisp
stammering, lisping; akin to D. & Old High German lispen
to lisp, German lispeln
, Swedish läspa
, Danish lespe
.] 1. To pronounce the sibilant letter s imperfectly; to give s and z the sound of th ; -- a defect common among children. 2. To speak with imperfect articulation; to mispronounce, as a child learning to talk.
As yet a child, nor yet a fool to fame, Pope. 3. To speak hesitatingly with a low voice, as if afraid.
I lisped in numbers, for the numbers came.
Lest when my lisping , guilty tongue should halt. Drayton.
Lisp transitive verb 1. To pronounce with a lisp. 2. To utter with imperfect articulation; to express with words pronounced imperfectly or indistinctly, as a child speaks; hence, to express by the use of simple, childlike language.
To speak unto them after their own capacity, and to lisp the words unto them according as the babes and children of that age might sound them again. Tyndale. 3. To speak with reserve or concealment; to utter timidly or confidentially; as, to lisp treason.
Lisp noun The habit or act of lisping. See Lisp , intransitive verb , 1.
I overheard her answer, with a very pretty lisp , "O! Strephon, you are a dangerous creature." Tatler.
Lisper (-ẽr) noun One who lisps.
Lispingly adverb With a lisp; in a lisping manner.
Liss (lĭs) noun [ Anglo-Saxon liss .] Release; remission; ease; relief. [ Obsolete] "Of penance had a lisse ." Chaucer.
Liss transitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon lissan .] To free, as from care or pain; to relieve. [ Obsolete] " Lissed of his care." Chaucer.
Lissencephala (lĭs`sĕn*sĕf"ȧ*lȧ) noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek lisso`s smooth + 'egke`falos the brain.] (Zoology) A general name for all those placental mammals that have a brain with few or no cerebral convolutions, as Rodentia, Insectivora, etc.
[ For lithesome
.] 1. Limber; supple; flexible; lithe; lithesome.
Straight, but as lissome as a hazel wand. Tennyson. 2. Light; nimble; active. Halliwell.
[ French lice
, Late Latin liciae
, plural, from Latin licium
thread, girdle.] A line inclosing or forming the extremity of a piece of ground, or field of combat; hence, in the plural ( lists ), the ground or field inclosed for a race or combat. Chaucer.
In measured lists to toss the weighty lance. Pope. To enter the lists
, to accept a challenge, or engage in contest.
List transitive verb To inclose for combat; as, to list a field.
List intransitive verb
[ See Listen
.] To hearken; to attend; to listen.
[ Obsolete except in poetry.]
Stand close, and list to him. Shak.
List transitive verb To listen or hearken to.
Then weigh what loss your honor may sustain, Shak.
If with too credent ear you list his songs.
List intransitive verb
[ Middle English listen
, Anglo-Saxon lystan
, from lust
pleasure. See Lust
.] 1. To desire or choose; to please.
The wind bloweth where it listeth . John iii. 8.
Them that add to the Word of God what them listeth . Hooker.
Let other men think of your devices as they list . Whitgift. 2. (Nautical) To lean; to incline; as, the ship lists to port.
1. Inclination; desire. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. 2. (Nautical) An inclination to one side; as, the ship has a list to starboard.
[ Anglo-Saxon līst
a list of cloth; akin to Dutch lijst
, German leiste
, Old High German līsta
, Icelandic lista
, Swedish list
, Danish liste
. In sense 5 from French liste
, of German origin, and thus ultimately the same word.] 1. A strip forming the woven border or selvedge of cloth, particularly of broadcloth, and serving to strengthen it; hence, a strip of cloth; a fillet.
"Gartered with a red and blue list
. " Shak. 2. A limit or boundary; a border.
The very list , the very utmost bound, Shak. 3. The lobe of the ear; the ear itself.
Of all our fortunes.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 4. A stripe.
[ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne. 5. A roll or catalogue, that is, a row or line; a record of names; as, a list of names, books, articles; a list of ratable estate.
He was the ablest emperor of all the list . Bacon. 6. (Architecture) A little square molding; a fillet; -- called also listel . 7. (Carp.) A narrow strip of wood, esp. sapwood, cut from the edge of a plank or board. 8. (Rope Making) A piece of woolen cloth with which the yarns are grasped by a workman. 9. (Tin-plate Manuf.) (a) The first thin coat of tin. (b) A wirelike rim of tin left on an edge of the plate after it is coated. Civil list
(Great Britain & U.S.), the civil officers of government, as judges, ambassadors, secretaries, etc. Hence, the revenues or appropriations of public money for the support of the civil officers. More recently, the civil list , in England, embraces only the expenses of the reigning monarch's household.
-- Free list
. (a) A list of articles admitted to a country free of duty. (b) A list of persons admitted to any entertainment, as a theater or opera, without payment, or to whom a periodical, or the like, is furnished without cost. Syn.
-- Roll; catalogue; register; inventory; schedule. -- List
. A list
is properly a simple series of names, etc., in a brief form, such as might naturally be entered in a narrow strip of paper. A roll
was originally a list containing the names of persons belonging to a public body (as Parliament, etc.), which was rolled
up and laid aside among its archives. A catalogue
is a list of persons or things arranged in order, and usually containing some description of the same, more or less extended. A register
is designed for record or preservation. An inventory
is a list of articles, found on hand in a store of goods, or in the estate of a deceased person, or under similar circumstances. A schedule
is a formal list or inventory prepared for legal or business purposes.
(lĭst) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Listed
; present participle & verbal noun Listing
.] [ From list
a roll.] 1. To sew together, as strips of cloth, so as to make a show of colors, or form a border. Sir H. Wotton. 2. To cover with list, or with strips of cloth; to put list on; as, to list a door; to stripe as if with list.
The tree that stood white- listed through the gloom. Tennyson. 3. To enroll; to place or register in a list.
Listed among the upper serving men. Milton. 4. To engage, as a soldier; to enlist.
I will list you for my soldier. Sir W. Scott. 5. (Carp.) To cut away a narrow strip, as of sapwood, from the edge of; as, to list a board. To list a stock (Stock Exchange)
, to put it in the list of stocks called at the meeting of the board.
List intransitive verb To engage in public service by enrolling one's name; to enlist.
List transitive verb
1. To plow and plant with a lister. 2. In cotton culture, to prepare, as land, for the crop by making alternating beds and alleys with the hoe. [ Southern U. S.]
[ French listel
, dim. of liste
fillet, list. See List
the edge.] (Architecture) Same as List , noun , 6.
(lĭs"'n) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Listened
(-'nd); present participle & verbal noun Listening
.] [ Middle English listnen
, Anglo-Saxon hlystan
; akin to hlyst
hearing, Old Saxon hlust
, Icelandic hlusta
to listen, hlust
ear, Anglo-Saxon hlosnian
to wait in suspense, Old High German hlosēn
to listen, Greek kly`ein
, and English loud
. √41. See Loud
, and confer List
to listen.] 1. To give close attention with the purpose of hearing; to give ear; to hearken; to attend.
When we have occasion to listen , and give a more particular attention to some sound, the tympanum is drawn to a more than ordinary tension. Holder. 2. To give heed; to yield to advice; to follow admonition; to obey.
Listen to me, and by me be ruled. Tennyson. To listen after
, to take an interest in.
Soldiers note forts, armories, and magazines; scholars listen after libraries, disputations, and professors. Fuller. Syn.
-- To attend; hearken. See Attend
Listen transitive verb To attend to. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Listener (-ẽr) noun One who listens; a hearkener.
Lister (lĭst"ẽr) noun One who makes a list or roll.
(lĭs"tẽr) noun Same as Leister .
[ Confer List
a strip, border, probably applied to the furrow or the ridge of earth along the furrow.] A double-moldboard plow which throws a deep furrow, and at the same time plants and covers grain in the bottom of the furrow.
Listerian (lĭs*tē"rĭ* a n) adjective (Medicine) Of or pertaining to listerism.
Listerism (lĭs"tẽr*ĭz'm) noun (Medicine) The systematic use of antiseptics in the performance of operations and the treatment of wounds; -- so called from Joseph Lister , an English surgeon.
Listerize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle -ized
; present participle & verbal noun -izing
.] (Medicine) To make antiseptic.
Listful (lĭst"ful) adjective Attentive. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
1. The act or process of one who lists (in any sense of the verb); as, the listing of a door; the listing of a stock at the Stock Exchange. 2. The selvedge of cloth; list. 3. (Carp.) The sapwood cut from the edge of a board. 4. (Agriculture) The throwing up of the soil into ridges, -- a method adopted in the culture of beets and some garden crops. [ Local, U. S.]
[ Middle English listles
. See Lust
.] Having no desire or inclination; indifferent; heedless; spiritless.
" A listless
Benumbed with cold, and listless of their gain. Dryden.
I was listless , and desponding. Swift. Syn.
-- Heedless; careless; indifferent; vacant; uninterested; languid; spiritless; supine; indolent. -- List"less*ly
(lĭt), a form of the imperfect & past participle of Light .
; plural Litanies
(- nĭz). [ Middle English letanie
, Old French letanie
, French litanie
, Latin litania
, Greek litanei`a
, from litaney`ein
to pray, akin to li`tesqai
, to pray, lith`
prayer.] A solemn form of supplication in the public worship of various churches, in which the clergy and congregation join, the former leading and the latter responding in alternate sentences. It is usually of a penitential character.
Supplications . . . for the appeasing of God's wrath were of the Greek church termed litanies , and rogations of the Latin. Hooker.
Litarge (lĭt"ȧrj) noun Litharge. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.