Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Liken (līk"'n) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Likened (-'nd); present participle & verbal noun Likening .] [ Middle English liknen . See Like , adjective ]


1. To allege, or think, to be like; to represent as like; to compare; as, to liken life to a pilgrimage.

Whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man which built his house upon a rock.
Matt. vii. 24.

2. To make or cause to be like. [ R.] Brougham.

Likeness noun [ Anglo-Saxon gelīcnes .]
1. The state or quality of being like; similitude; resemblance; similarity; as, the likeness of the one to the other is remarkable.

2. Appearance or form; guise.

An enemy in the likeness of a friend.
L'Estrange.

3. That which closely resembles; a portrait.

[ How he looked] the likenesses of him which still remain enable us to imagine.
Macaulay.

4. A comparison; parable; proverb. [ Obsolete]

He said to them, Soothly ye shall say to me this likeness , Leech, heal thyself.
Wyclif (Luke iv. 23).

Syn. -- Similarity; parallel; similitude; representation; portrait; effigy.

Likerous (lĭk"ẽr*ŭs) adjective , Lik"er*ous*ness noun [ Obsolete] See Lickerish , Lickerishness . Chaucer.

Likewise (līk"wīz`) adverb & conj. [ See Wise , noun ] In like manner; also; moreover; too. See Also .

Go, and do thou likewise .
Luke x. 37.

For he seeth that wise men die; likewise the fool and the brutish person perish.
Ps. xlix. 10.

Likin noun [ Written also lekin .] [ Chin. li kin ; li the thousandth part of a tael + kin money.] A Chinese provincial tax levied at many inland stations upon imports or articles in transit.

" Likin ," which used to be regarded as illegal, as one of the many, "squeezes" imposed by the mandarins, is, in Jamieson's opinion, just as legal as any other form of taxation.
A. R. Colquhoun.

Liking (līk"ĭng) p. adjective Looking; appearing; as, better or worse liking . See Like , to look. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Why should he see your faces worse liking than the children which are of your sort ?
Dan. i. 10.

Liking noun
1. The state of being pleasing; a suiting. See On liking , below. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]

2. The state of being pleased with, or attracted toward, some thing or person; hence, inclination; desire; pleasure; preference; -- often with for , formerly with to ; as, it is an amusement I have no liking for.

If the human intellect hath once taken a liking to any doctrine, . . . it draws everything else into harmony with that doctrine, and to its support.
Bacon.

3. Appearance; look; figure; state of body as to health or condition. [ Archaic]

I shall think the worse of fat men, as long as I have an eye to make difference of men's liking .
Shak.

Their young ones are in good liking .
Job. xxxix. 4.

On liking , on condition of being pleasing to or suiting; also, on condition of being pleased with; as, to hold a place of service on liking ; to engage a servant on liking . [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]

Would he be the degenerate scion of that royal line . . . to be a king on liking and on sufferance ?
Hazlitt.

Lilac (lī"l a k) noun [ Also lilach .] [ Spanish lilac , lila , Arabic līlak , from Persian līlaj , līlanj , līlang , nīlaj , nīl , the indigo plant, or from the kindred līlak bluish, the flowers being named from the color. Confer Anil .]
1. (Botany) A shrub of the genus Syringa . There are six species, natives of Europe and Asia. Syringa vulgaris , the common lilac, and S. Persica , the Persian lilac, are frequently cultivated for the fragrance and beauty of their purplish or white flowers. In the British colonies various other shrubs have this name.

2. A light purplish color like that of the flower of the purplish lilac.

California lilac (Botany) , a low shrub with dense clusters of purplish flowers ( Ceanothus thyrsiflorus ).

Lilacin (lĭl"ȧ*sĭn) noun (Chemistry) See Syringin .

Liliaceous (lĭl`ĭ*ā"shŭs) adjective [ Latin liliaceus , from lilium lily. See Lily .] (Botany) (a) Of or pertaining to a natural order of which the lily, tulip, and hyacinth are well-known examples. (b) Like the blossom of a lily in general form.

Lilial (lĭl"ĭ* a l) adjective (Botany) Having a general resemblance to lilies or to liliaceous plants.

Lilied (lĭl"ĭd) adjective Covered with, or having many, lilies.

By sandy Ladon's lilied banks.
Milton.

Lill (lĭl) intransitive verb To loll. [ Obsolete or Prov.] Spenser.

Lilliputian (lĭl`lĭ*pū"sh a n) noun
1. One belonging to a very diminutive race described in Swift's "Voyage to Lilliput."

2. Hence: A person or thing of very small size.

Lilliputian adjective
1. Of or pertaining to the imaginary island of Lilliput described by Swift, or to its inhabitants.

2. Hence: Of very small size; diminutive; dwarfed.

Lilly-pilly (lĭl"lȳ- pĭl`lȳ) noun (Botany) An Australian myrtaceous tree ( Eugenia Smithii ), having smooth ovate leaves, and panicles of small white flowers. The wood is hard and fine-grained.

Lilt (lĭlt) intransitive verb [ Confer Norw. lilla , lirla , to sing in a high tone.]
1. To do anything with animation and quickness, as to skip, fly, or hop. [ Prov. Eng.] Wordsworth.

2. To sing cheerfully. [ Scot.]

Lilt transitive verb To utter with spirit, animation, or gayety; to sing with spirit and liveliness.

A classic lecture, rich in sentiment,
With scraps of thundrous epic lilted out
By violet-hooded doctors.
Tennyson.

Lilt noun
1. Animated, brisk motion; spirited rhythm; sprightliness.

The movement, the lilt , and the subtle charm of the verse.
F. Harrison.

2. A lively song or dance; a cheerful tune.

The housewife went about her work, or spun at her wheel, with a lilt upon her lips.
J. C. Shairp.

Lily (lĭl"ȳ) noun ; plural Lilies (-ĭz). [ Anglo-Saxon lilie , Latin lilium , Greek lei`rion . Confer Flower-de- luce .]


1. (Botany) A plant and flower of the genus Lilium , endogenous bulbous plants, having a regular perianth of six colored pieces, six stamens, and a superior three- celled ovary.

» There are nearly fifty species, all found in the North Temperate zone. Lilium candidum and Latin longiflorum are the common white lilies of gardens; Latin Philadelphicum is the wild red lily of the Atlantic States; Latin Chalcedonicum is supposed to be the "lily of the field" in our Lord's parable; Latin auratum is the great gold-banded lily of Japan.

2. (Botany) A name given to handsome flowering plants of several genera, having some resemblance in color or form to a true lily, as Pancratium , Crinum , Amaryllis , Nerine , etc.

3. That end of a compass needle which should point to the north; -- so called as often ornamented with the figure of a lily or fleur-de-lis.

But sailing further, it veers its lily to the west.
Sir T. Browne.

African lily (Botany) , the blue- flowered Agapanthus umbellatus . -- Atamasco lily (Botany) , a plant of the genus Zephyranthes ( Z. Atamasco ), having a white and pink funnelform perianth, with six petal-like divisions resembling those of a lily. Gray. -- Blackberry lily (Botany) , the Pardanthus Chinensis , the black seeds of which form a dense mass like a blackberry. -- Bourbon lily (Botany) , Lilium candidum . See Illust. -- Butterfly lily . (Botany) Same as Mariposa lily , in the Vocabulary. -- Lily beetle (Zool.) , a European beetle ( Crioceris merdigera ) which feeds upon the white lily. -- Lily daffodil (Botany) , a plant of the genus Narcissus , and its flower. -- Lily encrinite (Paleon.) , a fossil encrinite, esp. Encrinus liliiformis . See Encrinite . -- Lily hyacinth (Botany) , a plant of the genus Hyacinthus . -- Lily iron , a kind of harpoon with a detachable head of peculiar shape, used in capturing swordfish. -- Lily of the valley (Botany) , a low perennial herb ( Convallaria majalis ), having a raceme of nodding, fragrant, white flowers. -- Lily pad , the large floating leaf of the water lily. [ U. S.] Lowell. -- Tiger lily (Botany) , Lilium tigrinum , the sepals of which are blotched with black. -- Turk's-cap lily (Botany) , Lilium Martagon , a red lily with recurved sepals; also, the similar American lily, Latin superbum . -- Water lily (Botany) , the Nymphæa , a plant with floating roundish leaves, and large flowers having many petals, usually white, but sometimes pink, red, blue, or yellow. [ See Illust. of Nymphæa .]

Lily noun (Auction Bridge) A royal spade; -- usually in plural See Royal spade , below.

Lily-handed (-hănd`ĕd) adjective Having white, delicate hands.

Lily-livered (-lĭv`ẽrd) adjective White-livered; cowardly.

Lilywort (-wûrt`) noun (Botany) Any plant of the Lily family or order. Lindley.

Lim (lĭm) noun [ See Limb .] A limb. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Lim næa (lĭm*nē"ȧ) noun [ New Latin , from Greek limnai^os pertaining to a marsh, from li`mh a marsh.] (Zoology) A genus of fresh-water air-breathing mollusks, abundant in ponds and streams; -- called also pond snail . [ Written also Lymnæa .]

Lima (lē"mȧ or lī"mȧ) noun The capital city of Peru, in South America.

Lima bean . (Botany) (a) A variety of climbing or pole bean ( Phaseolus lunatus ), which has very large flattish seeds . (b) The seed of this plant, much used for food. -- Lima wood (Botany) , the beautiful dark wood of the South American tree Cæsalpinia echinata .

Limaceous (li*mā"shŭs) adjective [ Latin limax , limacis , slug, snail: confer French limacé .] (Zoology) Pertaining to, or like, Limax, or the slugs.

Limacina (lĭm`ȧ*sī"nȧ) noun [ New Latin , from Latin limax , limacis , a slug.] (Zoology) A genus of small spiral pteropods, common in the Arctic and Antarctic seas. It contributes to the food of the right whales.

Limaçon (le`mȧ`sôN") noun [ French limaçon , lit., a snail.] (Geom.) A curve of the fourth degree, invented by Pascal. Its polar equation is r = a cos θ + b .

Limaille (lī"māl; F. le`mä"y') noun [ French, from limer to file. See Limation .] Filings of metal. [ Obsolete] "An ounce . . . of silver lymaille ." Chaucer.

Liman (lī"m a n) noun [ French limon , from Latin limus slime.] The deposit of slime at the mouth of a river; slime.

Limation (li*mā"shŭn) noun [ Latin limatus , past participle of limare to file, from lima file : confer French limation .] The act of filing or polishing.

Limature (lī"mȧ*tur; 135) noun [ Latin limatura . See Limation .]
1. The act of filing.

2. That which is filed off; filings. Johnson.

Limax (lī"măks) noun [ Latin ] (Zoology) A genus of airbreathing mollusks, including the common garden slugs. They have a small rudimentary shell. The breathing pore is on the right side of the neck. Several species are troublesome in gardens. See Slug .

Limb (lĭm) noun [ Middle English lim , Anglo-Saxon lim ; akin to Icelandic limr limb, lim branch of a tree, Swedish & Danish lem limb; confer also Anglo-Saxon lið , Old High German lid , gilid , German glied , Goth. liþus . Confer Lith , Limber .]
1. A part of a tree which extends from the trunk and separates into branches and twigs; a large branch.

2. An arm or a leg of a human being; a leg, arm, or wing of an animal.

A second Hector for his grim aspect,
And large proportion of his strong-knit limbs .
Shak.

3. A thing or person regarded as a part or member of, or attachment to, something else. Shak.

That little limb of the devil has cheated the gallows.
Sir W. Scott.

4. An elementary piece of the mechanism of a lock.

Limb of the law , a lawyer or an officer of the law. [ Colloq.] Landor.

Limb transitive verb
1. To supply with limbs. [ R.] Milton.

2. To dismember; to tear off the limbs of.

Limb noun [ Latin limbus border. Confer Limbo , Limbus .] A border or edge, in certain special uses. (a) (Botany) The border or upper spreading part of a monopetalous corolla, or of a petal, or sepal; blade. (b) (Astron.) The border or edge of the disk of a heavenly body, especially of the sun and moon. (c) The graduated margin of an arc or circle, in an instrument for measuring angles.

Limbat (lĭm"băt) noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] A cooling periodical wind in the Isle of Cyprus, blowing from the northwest from eight o'clock, A. M. , to the middle of the day or later.

Limbate (lĭm"bat) adjective [ Latin limbatus , from limbus border, edge. See Limbus .] (Bot. & Zoology) Bordered, as when one color is surrounded by an edging of another.

Limbec (-bĕk) noun [ Abbrev. of alembic .] An alembic; a still. [ Obsolete] Spenser. Shak.

Limbec transitive verb To distill. [ Obsolete] Dryden.

Limbed (lĭmd) adjective Having limbs; -- much used in composition; as, large -limbed ; short -limbed .

Innumerous living creatures, perfect forms,
Limbed and full grown.
Milton.

Limber (lĭm"bẽr) noun [ For limmer , Icelandic limar branches, boughs, plural of lim ; akin to English limb . See Limb a branch.]
1. plural The shafts or thills of a wagon or carriage. [ Prov. Eng.]

2. (Mil.) The detachable fore part of a gun carriage, consisting of two wheels, an axle, and a shaft to which the horses are attached. On top is an ammunition box upon which the cannoneers sit.

3. plural (Nautical) Gutters or conduits on each side of the keelson to afford a passage for water to the pump well.

Limber boards (Nautical) , short pieces of plank forming part of the lining of a ship's floor immediately above the timbers, so as to prevent the limbers from becoming clogged. -- Limber box or chest (Mil.) , a box on the limber for carrying ammunition. -- Limber rope , Limber chain , or Limber clearer (Nautical) , a rope or chain passing through the limbers of a ship, by which they may be cleared of dirt that chokes them. Totten. -- Limber strake (Shipbuilding) , the first course of inside planking next the keelson.

Limber transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Limbered (-bẽrd); present participle & verbal noun Limbering .] (Mil.) To attach to the limber; as, to limber a gun.

To limber up , to change a gun carriage into a four-wheeled vehicle by attaching the limber.

Limber adjective [ Akin to limp , adjective √125. See Limp , adjective ] Easily bent; flexible; pliant; yielding. Milton.

The bargeman that doth row with long and limber oar.
Turbervile.

Limber transitive verb To cause to become limber; to make flexible or pliant. Richardson.

Limberness noun The quality or state of being limber; flexibleness. Boyle.

Limbless (lĭm"lĕs) adjective Destitute of limbs.

Limbmeal (-mēl`) adverb [ See Limb , and Piecemeal .] Piecemeal. [ Obsolete] "To tear her limbmeal ." Shak.