Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Light-ship (līt"shĭp`) noun (Nautical) A vessel carrying at the masthead a brilliant light, and moored off a shoal or place of dangerous navigation as a guide for mariners.

Light-winged (-wĭngd`) adjective Having light and active wings; volatile; fleeting. Shak.

Lights (līts) noun plural [ So called from their lightness .] The lungs of an animal or bird; -- sometimes coarsely applied to the lungs of a human being.

Lightsome (līt"sŭm) adjective
1. Having light; lighted; not dark or gloomy; bright.

White walls make rooms more lightsome than black.
Bacon.

2. Gay; airy; cheering; exhilarating.

That lightsome affection of joy.
Hooker.

-- Light"some*ly , adverb -- Light"some*ness , noun

Happiness may walk soberly in dark attire, as well as dance lightsomely in a gala dress.
Hawthorne.

Lightstruck adjective (Photog.) Damaged by accidental exposure to light; light-fogged; -- said of plates or films.

Lightweight noun One of less than average weight; specif.: (a) In boxing, wrestling, etc., one weighingnot more than 133 pounds (U. S. amateur rules 135 pounds, Eng. 140 pounds). (b) A person of small impotance or mental ability. [ Colloq., Chiefly U. S.]

Lightweight adjective Light in weight, as a coin; specif., applied to a man or animal who is a lightweight.

Lightwood (-wod`) noun Pine wood abounding in pitch, used for torches in the Southern United States; pine knots, dry sticks, and the like, for kindling a fire quickly or making a blaze.

Lighty (-ȳ) adjective Illuminated. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.

Lign-aloes (līn`ăl"ōz or lĭg*năl"ōz) noun [ Middle English ligne aloes , from Latin lignum wood + aloe aloe.]
1. Aloes wood, or agallochum. See Agallochum .

2. A fragrant tree mentioned in the Bible. Num. xxiv. 6.

Ligneous (lĭg"ne*ŭs) adjective [ Latin ligneus , from lignum wood. Confer Lignous .] Made of wood; consisting of wood; of the nature of, or resembling, wood; woody.

It should be tried with shoots of vines and roots of red roses; for it may be they, being of a more ligneous nature, will incorporate with the tree itself.
Bacon.

Ligneous marble , wood coated or prepared so as to resemble marble.

Ligniferous (lĭg*nĭf"ẽr*ŭs) adjective [ Latin lignifer ; lignum wood + ferre to bear: confer French lignifère .] Yielding or producing wood.

Lignification (lĭg`nĭ*fĭ*kā"shŭn) noun [ Confer French lignification . See Lignify .] (Botany) A change in the character of a cell wall, by which it becomes harder. It is supposed to be due to an incrustation of lignin.

Ligniform (lĭg"nĭ*fôrm) adjective [ Latin lignum wood + -form : confer French ligniforme .] Like wood.

Lignify (-fī) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Lignified (-fīd); present participle & verbal noun Lignifying (- fī`ĭng).] [ Latin lignum wood + -fy : confer French lignifier .] (Botany) To convert into wood or into a ligneous substance.

Lignify intransitive verb (Botany) To become wood.

Lignin (lĭg"nĭn) noun [ Latin lignum wood: confer French lignine .] (Botany) A substance characterizing wood cells and differing from cellulose in its conduct with certain chemical reagents.

» Recent authors have distinguished four forms of this substance, naming them lignose , lignin , lignone , and lignireose .

Ligniperdous (lĭg`nĭ*pẽr"dŭs) adjective [ Latin lignum wood + perdere to destroy: confer French ligniperde .] (Zoology) Wood-destroying; -- said of certain insects.

Lignireose (lĭg*nĭr"e*ōs`) noun (Botany) See Lignin .

Lignite (lĭg"nīt) noun [ Latin lignum wood: confer French lignite .] (Min.) Mineral coal retaining the texture of the wood from which it was formed, and burning with an empyreumatic odor. It is of more recent origin than the anthracite and bituminous coal of the proper coal series. Called also brown coal , wood coal .

Lignitic (lĭg*nĭt"ĭk) adjective Containing lignite; resembling, or of the nature of, lignite; as, lignitic clay.

Lignitic group . See Laramie Group .

Lignitiferous (lĭg`nĭ*tĭf"ẽr*ŭs) adjective [ Lignite + -ferous .] Producing or containing lignite; lignitic.

Lignoceric (-no*sĕr"ĭk) adjective [ Latin lignum wood + cera wax.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid of the formic acid series, found in the tar, wax, or paraffine obtained by distilling certain kinds of wood, as the beech.

Lignone (lĭg"nōn`) noun (Botany) See Lignin .

Lignose (lĭg*nōs"), Lig"nous (lĭg"nŭs) adjective [ Latin lignosus , from lignum wood: confer French ligneux . Confer Ligneous .] Ligneous. [ R.] Evelyn.

Lignose (lĭg"nōs`) noun
1. (Botany) See Lignin .

2. (Chemistry) An explosive compound of wood fiber and nitroglycerin. See Nitroglycerin .

Lignum rhodium (lĭg"nŭm rō"dĭ*ŭm). [ New Latin , from Latin lignum wood + Greek "ro`don a rose.] (Botany) The fragrant wood of several shrubs and trees, especially of species of Rhodorhiza from the Canary Islands, and of the West Indian Amyris balsamifera .

Lignum-vitae (-vī"tē) noun [ Latin , wood of life; lignum wood + vita , genitive vitæ , life.] (Botany) A tree ( Guaiacum officinale ) found in the warm latitudes of America, from which the guaiacum of medicine is procured. Its wood is very hard and heavy, and is used for various mechanical purposes, as for the wheels of ships' blocks, cogs, bearings, and the like. See Guaiacum .

» In New Zealand the Metrosideros buxifolia is called lignum-vitæ, and in Australia a species of Acacia . The bastard lignum-vitæ is a West Indian tree ( Sarcomphalus laurinus ).

Ligroin (lĭg"ro*ĭn) noun A trade name applied somewhat indefinitely to some of the volatile products obtained in refining crude petroleum. It is a complex and variable mixture of several hydrocarbons, generally boils below 170° Fahr., and is more inflammable than safe kerosene. It is used as a solvent, as a carburetant for air gas, and for illumination in special lamps.

Ligsam (lĭg"s a m) noun [ Confer Dutch liggen to lie, English lie to be prostrate, and English flotsam , jetsam , or ligan .] Same as Ligan . Brande & C.

Ligula (lĭg"u*lȧ) noun ; plural Latin Ligulæ (- lē), English Ligulas (-lȧz). [ Latin , a little tongue. See Ligule .]
1. (Botany) See Ligule .

2. (Zoology) (a) The central process, or front edge, of the labium of insects. It sometimes serves as a tongue or proboscis, as in bees. [ See Illust. under Labium , and Hymenoptera .] (b) A tongue-shaped lobe of the parapodia of annelids. See Parapodium .

Ligulate (lĭg"u*lat), Lig"u*la`ted (-lā`tĕd) adjective [ Confer French ligulé . See Ligule , and confer Lingulate .]


1. (Botany) Like a bandage, or strap; strap-shaped.

2. Composed of ligules.

Ligulate flower , a species of compound flower, the florets of which have their corollets flat, spreading out toward the end, with the base only tubular.

Ligule (-ul) noun [ Latin ligula , lingula , little tongue, dim. of lingua tongue : confer French ligule .]


1. (Botany) (a) The thin and scarious projection from the upper end of the sheath of a leaf of grass. (b) A strap-shaped corolla of flowers of Compositæ.

2. (Anat.) A band of white matter in the wall of fourth ventricle of the brain.

Liguliflorous (lĭg`u*lĭ*flō"rŭs) adjective [ Ligule + Latin flos , floris , a flower.] (Botany) Bearing only ligulate flowers; -- said of a large suborder of composite plants, such as the dandelion, lettuce, hawkweed, etc.

Ligure (lĭg"ur; 277) noun [ Latin ligurius , Greek ligy`rion , liggoy`rion , ligkoy`rion , lygkoy`rion , equiv. to Hebrew leshem .] A kind of precious stone.

The third row a ligure , an agate, and an amethyst.
Ex. xxviii. 19.

Ligustrin (li*gŭs"trĭn) noun (Chemistry) A bitter principle found in the bark of the privet (Ligustrum vulgare) , and extracted as a white crystalline substance with a warm, bitter taste; -- called also ligustron .

Likable (līk"ȧ*b'l) adjective Such as can be liked; such as to attract liking; as, a likable person. Thackeray.

Like (līk) adjective [ Compar. Liker (līk"ẽr); superl. Likest .] [ Middle English lik , ilik , gelic , Anglo-Saxon gelīc , from prefix ge- + līc body, and orig. meaning, having the same body, shape, or appearance, and hence, like; akin to Old Saxon gilīk , Dutch gelijk , German gleich , Old High German gilīh , Icelandic līkr , glīkr , Danish lig , Swedish lik , Goth. galeiks , Old Saxon lik body, Dutch lijk , German leiche , Icelandic līk , Swedish lik , Goth. leik . The English adverbial ending -ly is from the same adjective. Confer Each , Such , Which .]
1. Having the same, or nearly the same, appearance, qualities, or characteristics; resembling; similar to; similar; alike; -- often with in and the particulars of the resemblance; as, they are like each other in features, complexion, and many traits of character.

'T is as like you
As cherry is to cherry.
Shak.

Like master, like man.
Old Prov.

He giveth snow like wool; he scattereth the hoar-frost like ashes.
Ps. cxlvii. 16.

» To , which formerly often followed like , is now usually omitted.

2. Equal, or nearly equal; as, fields of like extent.

More clergymen were impoverished by the late war than ever in the like space before.
Sprat.

3. Having probability; affording probability; probable; likely. [ Likely is more used now.] Shak.

But it is like the jolly world about us will scoff at the paradox of these practices.
South.

Many were not easy to be governed, nor like to conform themselves to strict rules.
Clarendon.

4. Inclined toward; disposed to; as, to feel like taking a walk.

Had like (followed by the infinitive), had nearly; came little short of.

Had like to have been my utter overthrow.
Sir W. Raleigh

Ramona had like to have said the literal truth, . . . but recollected herself in time.
Mrs. H. H. Jackson.

Like figures (Geom.) , similar figures.

» Like is used as a suffix, converting nouns into adjectives expressing resemblance to the noun; as, man like , like a man; child like , like a child; god like , like a god, etc. Such compounds are readily formed whenever convenient, and several, as crescentlike , serpentlike , hairlike , etc., are used in this book, although, in some cases, not entered in the vocabulary. Such combinations as bell-like , ball- like , etc., are hyphened.

Like noun
1. That which is equal or similar to another; the counterpart; an exact resemblance; a copy.

He was a man, take him for all in all,
I shall not look upon his like again.
Shak.

2. A liking; a preference; inclination; -- usually in plural ; as, we all have likes and dislikes.

Like adverb [ Anglo-Saxon gelīce . See Like , adjective ]
1. In a manner like that of; in a manner similar to; as, do not act like him.

He maketh them to stagger like a drunken man.
Job xii. 25.

» Like , as here used, is regarded by some grammarians as a preposition.

2. In a like or similar manner. Shak.

Like as a father pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth them that fear him.
Ps. ciii. 13.

3. Likely; probably. " Like enough it will." Shak.

Like transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Liked (līkt); present participle & verbal noun Liking .] [ Middle English liken to please, Anglo-Saxon līcian , gelīcian , from gelīc . See Like , adjective ]
1. To suit; to please; to be agreeable to. [ Obsolete]

Cornwall him liked best, therefore he chose there.
R. of Gloucester.

I willingly confess that it likes me much better when I find virtue in a fair lodging than when I am bound to seek it in an ill-favored creature.
Sir P. Sidney.

2. To be pleased with in a moderate degree; to approve; to take satisfaction in; to enjoy.

He proceeded from looking to liking , and from liking to loving.
Sir P. Sidney.

3. To liken; to compare. [ Obsolete]

Like me to the peasant boys of France.
Shak.

Like (līk) intransitive verb
1. To be pleased; to choose.

He may either go or stay, as he best likes .
Locke.

2. To have an appearance or expression; to look; to seem to be (in a specified condition). [ Obsolete]

You like well, and bear your years very well.
Shak.

3. To come near; to avoid with difficulty; to escape narrowly; as, he liked to have been too late. Confer Had like , under Like , adjective [ Colloq.]

He probably got his death, as he liked to have done two years ago, by viewing the troops for the expedition from the wall of Kensington Garden.
Walpole.

To like of , to be pleased with. [ Obsolete] Massinger.

Like noun (Golf) The stroke which equalizes the number of strokes played by the opposing player or side; as, to play the like .

Like-minded (-mīnd`ĕd) adjective Having a like disposition or purpose; of the same mind. Tillotson.

Likeable (līk"ȧ*b'l) adjective See Likable.

Likehood (-hod) noun Likelihood. [ Obsolete] South.

Likelihood (-lĭ*hod) noun [ Likely + -hood .]
1. Appearance; show; sign; expression. [ Obsolete]

What of his heart perceive you in his face
By any likelihood he showed to-day ?
Shak.

2. Likeness; resemblance. [ Obsolete]

There is no likelihood between pure light and black darkness, or between righteousness and reprobation.
Sir W. Raleigh.

3. Appearance of truth or reality; probability; verisimilitude. Tennyson.

Likeliness noun
1. Likelihood; probability.

2. Suitableness; agreeableness. [ Obsolete]

Likely adjective [ Compar. Likelier (līk"lĭ*ẽr); superl. Likeliest .] [ That is, like- like . See Like , adjective ]
1. Worthy of belief; probable; credible; as, a likely story.

It seems likely that he was in hope of being busy and conspicuous.
Johnson.

2. Having probability; having or giving reason to expect; -- followed by the infinitive; as, it is likely to rain.

3. Similar; like; alike. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

4. Such as suits; good-looking; pleasing; agreeable; handsome. Shak. Milton.

5. Having such qualities as make success probable; well adapted to the place; promising; as, a likely young man; a likely servant.

Likely adverb In all probability; probably.

While man was innocent he was likely ignorant of nothing that imported him to know.
Glanvill.