Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Levigate (-gat) adjective [ Latin levigatus , past participle of levigare to lighten, from lĕvis light.] Made less harsh or burdensome; alleviated. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Elyot.
(-gāt) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Levigated
(- gā`tĕd); present participle & verbal noun Levigating
.] [ Latin levigatus
, past participle of levigare
to make smooth, from lēvis
smooth; akin to Greek lei^os
.] To make smooth in various senses
: (a) To free from grit; to reduce to an impalpable powder or paste. (b) To mix thoroughly, as liquids or semiliquids. (c) To polish. (d) To make smooth in action.
" When use hath levigated
the organs." Barrow. (e) Technically, to make smooth by rubbing in a moist condition between hard surfaces, as in grinding pigments.
Levigation (lĕv`ĭ*gā"shŭn) noun [ Latin levigatio a smoothing: confer French lévigation .] The act or operation of levigating.
[ Etymol. uncertain. Confer Leven
[ Obsolete] Spenser. Levin brand
, a thunderbolt.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Leviner (-ẽr) noun (Zoology) A swift hound.
Levir (lē"vẽr) noun [ Latin ] A husband's brother; -- used in reference to levirate marriages.
[ Latin levir
a husband's brother, brother- in-law; akin to Greek dah`r
: confer French lévirat
leviration.] Of, pertaining to, or in accordance with, a law of the ancient Israelites and other tribes and races, according to which a woman, whose husband died without issue, was married to the husband's brother.
The firstborn son of a leviratical marriage was reckoned and registered as the son of the deceased brother. Alford.
Leviration (lĕv`ĭ*rā"shŭn) noun Levirate marriage or marriages. Kitto.
Levirostres (-rŏs"trēz) noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin levis light + rostrum beak.] (Zoology) A group of birds, including the hornbills, kingfishers, and related forms.
(lĕv"ĭ*tāt) intransitive verb
[ Latin levitas
, lightness. See Levity
.] To rise, or tend to rise, as if lighter than the surrounding medium; to become buoyant; -- opposed to gravitate . Sir. J. Herschel.
Levitate transitive verb (Spiritualism) To make buoyant; to cause to float in the air; as, to levitate a table. [ Cant]
Levitation (-tā"shŭn) noun [ Latin levis light in weight.]
1. Lightness; buoyancy; act of making light. Paley. 2. The act or process of making buoyant.
Levite (lē"vīt) noun [ Latin Levites , Greek Leyi:`ths , from Hebrew Levi , one of the sons of Jacob.]
1. (Bib. Hist.) One of the tribe or family of Levi; a descendant of Levi; esp., one subordinate to the priests (who were of the same tribe) and employed in various duties connected with the tabernacle first, and afterward the temple, such as the care of the building, bringing of wood and other necessaries for the sacrifices, the music of the services, etc. 2. A priest; -- so called in contempt or ridicule.
Levitical (le*vĭt"ĭ*k a l) adjective [ Latin Leviticus , Greek Leyitiko`s .] Levitical degrees , degrees of relationship named in Leviticus, within which marriage is forbidden.
1. Of or pertaining to a Levite or the Levites. 2. Priestly. " Levitical questions." Milton. 3. Of or pertaining to, or designating, the law contained in the book of Leviticus. Ayliffe.
Levitically adverb After the manner of the Levites; in accordance with the levitical law.
[ See Levitical
.] The third canonical book of the Old Testament, containing the laws and regulations relating to the priests and Levites among the Hebrews, or the body of the ceremonial law.
[ Latin levitas
, from levis
light in weight; akin to levare
to raise. See Lever
] 1. The quality of weighing less than something else of equal bulk; relative lightness, especially as shown by rising through, or floating upon, a contiguous substance; buoyancy; -- opposed to gravity .
He gave the form of levity to that which ascended; to that which descended, the form of gravity. Sir. W. Raleigh.
This bubble by reason of its comparative levity to the fluidity that incloses it, would ascend to the top. Bentley. 2. Lack of gravity and earnestness in deportment or character; trifling gayety; frivolity; sportiveness; vanity.
" A spirit of levity
and libertinism." Atterbury.
He never employed his omnipotence out of levity . Calamy. 3. Lack of steadiness or constancy; disposition to change; fickleness; volatility.
The levity that is fatigued and disgusted with everything of which it is in possession. Burke. Syn.
-- Inconstancy; thoughtlessness; unsteadiness; inconsideration; volatility; flightiness. -- Levity
. All these words relate to outward conduct. Levity
springs from a lightness of mind which produces a disregard of the proprieties of time and place. Volatility
is a degree of levity which causes the thoughts to fly from one object to another, without resting on any for a moment. Flightiness
is volatility carried to an extreme which often betrays its subject into gross impropriety or weakness. Levity
of deportment, of conduct, of remark; volatility
of temper, of spirits; flightiness
of mind or disposition.
Levo- (lē"vo-). A prefix from Latin laevus , meaning: (a) Pertaining to, or toward, the left ; as, levo rotatory. (b) (Chem. & Opt.) Turning the plane of polarized light to the left ; as, levo tartaric acid; levo racemic acid; levo gyratory crystals, etc. [ Written also lævo- .]
Levogyrate (-jī"rat) adjective [ Levo- + gyrate .] (Chem. & Physics) Turning or twisting the plane of polarization towards the left, as levulose, levotartaric acid, etc. [ Written also lævogyrate .]
Levorotation noun [ Written also lævorotation .] [ Levo- + rotation .] (Physics & Chem.) Rotation in the direction of an outgoing right-handed screw; counter-clockwise rotation; -- applied chiefly to the turning of the plane of polarization of light.
Levorotatory (-rō"tȧ*to*rȳ) adjective [ Levo- + rotatory .] (Chem. & Physics) Turning or rotating the plane of polarization towards the left; levogyrate, as levulose, left-handed quartz crystals, etc. [ Written also lævorotatory .]
Levulin (lĕv"u*lĭn) noun (Chemistry) A substance resembling dextrin, obtained from the bulbs of the dahlia, the artichoke, and other sources, as a colorless, spongy, amorphous material. It is so called because by decomposition it yields levulose . [ Written also lævulin .]
Levulinic (-lĭn"ĭk) adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or denoting, an acid (called also acetyl-propionic acid ), C 5 H 8 O 3 , obtained by the action of dilute acids on various sugars (as levulose). [ Written also lævulinic .]
Levulosan (-lō"s a n) noun (Chemistry) An unfermentable carbohydrate obtained by gently heating levulose.
[ See Levo-
.] (Chemistry) A sirupy variety of sugar, rarely obtained crystallized, occurring widely in honey, ripe fruits, etc., and hence called also fruit sugar . It is called levulose , because it rotates the plane of polarization to the left.
[ Written also lævulose
.]> » It is obtained, together with an equal quantity of dextrose, by the inversion of ordinary cane or beet sugar, and hence, as being an ingredient of invert sugar
, is often so called. It is fermentable, nearly as sweet as cane sugar, and is metameric with dextrose. Confer Dextrose
; plural Levies
(-ĭz). [ A contr. of elevenpence
or elevenpenny bit
.] A name formerly given in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia to the Spanish real of one eighth of a dollar (or 12½ cents), valued at eleven pence when the dollar was rated at 7s. 6d.
[ French levée
, from lever
to raise. See Lever
, and confer Levee
.] 1. The act of levying or collecting by authority; as, the levy of troops, taxes, etc.
A levy of all the men left under sixty. Thirlwall. 2. That which is levied, as an army, force, tribute, etc.
" The Irish levies
." Macaulay. 3. (Law) The taking or seizure of property on executions to satisfy judgments, or on warrants for the collection of taxes; a collecting by execution. Levy in mass
[ French levée en masse
], a requisition of all able-bodied men for military service.
Levy transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Levied
(lĕv"ĭd); present participle & verbal noun Levying
.] 1. To raise, as a siege.
[ Obsolete] Holland. 2. To raise; to collect; said of troops, to form into an army by enrollment, conscription, etc.
Augustine . . . inflamed Ethelbert, king of Kent, to levy his power, and to war against them. Fuller. 3. To raise or collect by assessment; to exact by authority; as, to levy taxes, toll, tribute, or contributions.
If they do this . . . my ransom, then, Shak. 4. (Law) (a) To gather or exact; as, to levy money. (b) To erect, build, or set up; to make or construct; to raise or cast up; as, to levy a mill, dike, ditch, a nuisance, etc.
Will soon be levied .
[ Obsolete] Cowell. Blackstone. (c) To take or seize on execution; to collect by execution. To levy a fine
, to commence and carry on a suit for assuring the title to lands or tenements. Blackstone.
-- To levy war
, to make or begin war; to take arms for attack; to attack.
Levy intransitive verb To seize property, real or personal, or subject it to the operation of an execution; to make a levy; as, to levy on property; the usual mode of levying , in England, is by seizing the goods. To levy on goods and chattels , to take into custody or seize specific property in satisfaction of a writ.
Levyne (lĕv"ĭn), Lev"yn*ite (- ĭn*īt) noun [ From Mr. Levy , an English mineralogist.] (Min.) A whitish, reddish, or yellowish, transparent or translucent mineral, allied to chabazite.
Lew (lū) adjective [ Confer lee a calm or sheltered place, luke warm.] Lukewarm; tepid. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.
[ Compar. Lewder
(-ẽr); superl. Lewdest
.] [ OE
, lay, ignorant, vile, Anglo-Saxon lǣwed
laical, belonging to the laity.] 1. Not clerical; laic; laical; hence, unlearned; simple.
For if a priest be foul, on whom we trust, Chaucer.
No wonder is a lewed man to rust.
So these great clerks their little wisdom show Sir. J. Davies. 2. Belonging to the lower classes, or the rabble; idle and lawless; bad; vicious.
To mock the lewd , as learn'd in this as they.
[ Archaic] Chaucer.
But the Jews, which believed not, . . . took unto them certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, . . . and assaulted the house of Jason. Acts xvii. 5.
Too lewd to work, and ready for any kind of mischief. Southey. 3. Given to the promiscuous indulgence of lust; dissolute; lustful; libidinous. Dryden. 4. Suiting, or proceeding from, lustfulness; involving unlawful sexual desire; as, lewd thoughts, conduct, or language. Syn.
-- Lustful; libidinous; licentious; profligate; dissolute; sensual; unchaste; impure; lascivious; lecherous; rakish; debauched. -- Lewd"ly
Lewdster (-stẽr) noun A lewd person. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Lewis (lū"ĭs), Lew"is*son (- sŭn) noun Lewis hole , a hole wider at the bottom than at the mouth, into which a lewis is fitted. De Foe.
1. An iron dovetailed tenon, made in sections, which can be fitted into a dovetail mortise; -- used in hoisting large stones, etc. 2. A kind of shears used in cropping woolen cloth.
; plural Leges
(lē"jēz). [ Latin See Legal
.] Law; as, lex talionis , the law of retaliation; lex terræ , the law of the land; lex fori , the law of the forum or court; lex loci , the law of the place; lex mercatoria , the law or custom of merchants.
Lexical (-ĭ*k a l) adjective Of or pertaining to a lexicon, to lexicography, or words; according or conforming to a lexicon. -- Lex"ic*al*ly , adverb
(- ĭ*kŏg"rȧ*fẽr) noun
[ Greek lexikogra`fos
dictionary + gra`fein
to write: confer French lexicographe
. See Lexicon
.] The author or compiler of a lexicon or dictionary.
Every other author may aspire to praise; the lexicographer can only hope to escape reproach; and even this negative recompense has been yet granted to very few. Johnson.
Lexicographic (-ko*grăf"ĭk), Lex`i*co*graph"ic*al (-ĭ*k a l) adjective [ Confer French lexicographi que.] Of or pertaining to, or according to, lexicography. -- Lex`i*co*graph"ic*al*ly , adverb
Lexicographist (-kŏg"rȧ*fĭst) noun A lexicographer. [ R.] Southey.
Lexicography (-fȳ) noun [ Confer French lexicographie .] The art, process, or occupation of making a lexicon or dictionary; the principles which are applied in making dictionaries.
Lexicologist (-kŏl"o*jĭst) noun One versed in lexicology.
Lexicology (-jȳ) noun [ Greek lexiko`n lexicon + -logy : confer French lexicologie .] The science of the derivation and signification of words; that branch of learning which treats of the signification and application of words.
[ Greek lexiko`n
), neut. of lexiko`s
of or belonging to words, from le`xis
a speaking, speech, a way of speaking, a single word or phrase, from le`gein
to say, to speak. See Legend
.] A vocabulary, or book containing an alphabetical arrangement of the words in a language or of a considerable number of them, with the definition of each; a dictionary; especially, a dictionary of the Greek, Hebrew, or Latin language.
Lexiconist noun A writer of a lexicon. [ R.]
Lexigraphic (-grăf"ĭk) adjective [ Confer French lexigraphique .] Of or pertaining to lexigraphy.
Lexigraphy (lĕks*ĭg"rȧ*fȳ) noun [ Greek le`xis word + -graphy : confer French lexigraphie .] The art or practice of defining words; definition of words.
Lexiphanic (lĕks`ĭ*făn"ĭk) adjective [ Greek lexifa`nis a phrase monger; le`xis speech + fai`nein to show.] Using, or interlarded with, pretentious words; bombastic; as, a lexiphanic writer or speaker; lexiphanic writing.
Lexiphanicism (-ĭ*sĭz'm) noun The use of pretentious words, language, or style.