Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin , a ghost, specter. So called on account of its habit of going abroad by night.] (Zoology) One of a family ( Lemuridæ ) of nocturnal mammals allied to the monkeys, but of small size, and having a sharp and foxlike muzzle, and large eyes. They feed upon birds, insects, and fruit, and are mostly natives of Madagascar and the neighboring islands, one genus ( Galago ) occurring in Africa. The slow lemur or kukang of the East Indies is Nycticebus tardigradus . See Galago , Indris , and Colugo .
(lĕm"u*rēz; E. lē"mūrz) noun plural
[ Latin See Lemur
.] Spirits or ghosts of the departed; specters.
The Lars and Lemures moan with midnight plaint. Milton.
Lemuria (le*mū"rĭ*ȧ) noun [ So named from the supposition that it was the original home of the lemurs .] A hypothetical land, or continent, supposed by some to have existed formerly in the Indian Ocean, of which Madagascar is a remnant. Herschel.
(lĕm"u*rĭd) adjective & noun (Zoology) Same as Lemuroid .
Lemuridous (le*mū"rĭ*dŭs), Lem"u*rine (lĕm"u*rĭn or *rīn) adjective (Zoology) Lemuroid.
Lemuroid (lĕm"u*roid) adjective [ Lemur + -oid .] (Zoology) Like or pertaining to the lemurs or the Lemuroidea. -- noun One of the Lemuroidea.
(lĕm`u*roi"de*ȧ) noun plural
[ New Latin See Lemur
, and -oid
.] (Zoology) A suborder of primates, including the lemurs, the aye-aye, and allied species.
[ Written also Lemuroida
Lena (lē"nȧ) noun [ Latin ] A procuress. J. Webster.
Lenard rays (Physics.) Rays emanating from the outer surface of a plate composed of any material permeable by cathode rays, as aluminium, which forms a portion of a wall of a vacuum tube, or which is mounted within the tube and exposed to radiation from the cathode. Lenard rays are similar in all their known properties to cathode rays. So called from the German physicist Philipp Lenard (b. 1862), who first described them.
Lenard tube (Electricity) A tube for producing Lenard rays.
(lĕnd) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lent
(lĕnt); present participle & verbal noun Lending
.] [ Middle English lenen
, Anglo-Saxon lǣnan
, from lǣn
loan; akin to German lehnen
to lend. See Loan
.] 1. To allow the custody and use of, on condition of the return of the same; to grant the temporary use of; as, to lend a book; -- opposed to borrow .
Give me that ring. Shak. 2. To allow the possession and use of, on condition of the return of an equivalent in kind; as, to lend money or some article of food.
I'll lend it thee, my dear, but have no power
To give it from me.
Thou shalt not give him thy money upon usury, nor lend him thy victuals for increase. Levit. xxv. 37. 3. To afford; to grant or furnish in general; as, to lend assistance; to lend one's name or influence.
Cato, lend me for a while thy patience. Addison.
Mountain lines and distant horizons lend space and largeness to his compositions. J. A. Symonds. 4. To let for hire or compensation; as, to lend a horse or gig.
» This use of the word is rare in the United States, except with reference to money. To lend a hand
, to give assistance; to help.
[ Colloq.] -- To lend an ear or one's ears
, to give attention.
Lendable (-ȧ*b'l) adjective Such as can be lent. Sherwood.
(-ẽr) noun One who lends.
The borrower is servant to the lender . Prov. xxii. 7.
(lĕnd"ĕz) noun plural See Lends .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
1. The act of one who lends. 2. That which is lent or furnished.
Lends (lĕndz) noun plural [ Anglo-Saxon lend , lenden ; akin to D. & German lende , Old High German lenti , Icelandic lend , and perh to English loin .] Loins. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.
(lēn) transitive verb
[ See Lend
.] To lend; to grant; to permit.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Lene (lē"ne) adjective [ Latin lenis smooth.] (Phonetics) (a) Smooth; as, the lene breathing. (b) Applied to certain mute consonants, as p , k , and t (or Greek π, κ, τ). W. E. Jelf.
Lene noun (Phonetics) (a) The smooth breathing (spiritus lenis). (b) Any one of the lene consonants, as p , k , or t (or Greek π, κ, τ). W. E. Jelf.
Lenger (lĕng"ẽr), Leng"est adjective Longer; longest; -- obsolete compar. and superl. of long . Chaucer.
[ Middle English lengthe
, Anglo-Saxon lengð
, from lang
, long; akin to Dutch lengte
, Danish længde
, Swedish längd
, Icelandic lengd
. See Long
] 1. The longest, or longer, dimension of any object, in distinction from breadth or width ; extent of anything from end to end; the longest line which can be drawn through a body, parallel to its sides; as, the length of a church, or of a ship; the length of a rope or line. 2. A portion of space or of time considered as measured by its length; -- often in the plural.
Large lengths of seas and shores. Shak.
The future but a length behind the past. Dryden. 3. The quality or state of being long, in space or time; extent; duration; as, some sea birds are remarkable for the length of their wings; he was tired by the length of the sermon, and the length of his walk. 4. A single piece or subdivision of a series, or of a number of long pieces which may be connected together; as, a length of pipe; a length of fence. 5. Detail or amplification; unfolding; continuance as, to pursue a subject to a great length .
May Heaven, great monarch, still augment your bliss Dryden. 6. Distance.
With length of days, and every day like this.
He had marched to the length of Exeter. Clarendon. At length
. (a) At or in the full extent; without abbreviation; as, let the name be inserted at length . (b) At the end or conclusion; after a long period. See Syn. of At last , under Last .
-- At arm's length
. See under Arm .
Length transitive verb To lengthen. [ Obsolete] Shak.
(-'n) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lengthened
(-'nd); present participle & verbal noun Lengthening
(-'n*ĭng).] To extent in length; to make longer in extent or duration; as, to lengthen a line or a road; to lengthen life; -- sometimes followed by out .
What if I please to lengthen out his date. Dryden.
Lengthen intransitive verb To become longer. Locke.
Lengthful (-ful) adjective Long. [ Obsolete] Pope.
Lengthily (-ĭ*lȳ) adverb In a lengthy manner; at great length or extent.
Lengthiness noun The state or quality of being lengthy; prolixity.
Lengthways (-wāz`), Length"wise` (- wīz`) adverb In the direction of the length; in a longitudinal direction.
[ Compar. Lengthier
(-ĭ*ẽr); superl. Lengthiest
.] Having length; rather long or too long; prolix; not brief; -- said chiefly of discourses, writings, and the like.
"These would be details too lengthy
"To cut short lengthy
Lenience (lē"nĭ* e ns or lēn"y e ns; 106), Le"ni*en*cy (lē"nĭ* e n*sȳ or lēn"y e n*sȳ) noun The quality or state of being lenient; lenity; clemency.
nt or lēn"y e
[ Latin leniens
, - entis
, present participle of lenire
to soften, from lenis
soft, mild. Confer Lithe
.] 1. Relaxing; emollient; softening; assuasive; -- sometimes followed by of .
of grief." Milton.
Of relax the fibers, are lenient , balsamic. Arbuthnot.
Time, that on all things lays his lenient hand. Pope. 2. Mild; clement; merciful; not rigorous or severe; as, a lenient disposition; a lenient judge or sentence.
Lenient noun (Medicine) A lenitive; an emollient.
Leniently adverb In a lenient manner.
Lenify (lĕn"ĭ*fī) transitive verb [ Latin lenis soft, mild + -fy : confer French lénifier .] To assuage; to soften; to mitigate; to alleviate. Bacon. Dryden.
[ Latin lenimentum
: confer Old French leniment
. See Lenient
.] An assuasive.
[ Confer French lénitif
. See Lenient
.] Having the quality of softening or mitigating, as pain or acrimony; assuasive; emollient.
[ Confer French lénitif
.] 1. (Medicine) (a) A medicine or application that has the quality of easing pain or protecting from the action of irritants. (b) A mild purgative; a laxative. 2. That which softens or mitigates; that which tends to allay passion, excitement, or pain; a palliative.
There is one sweet lenitive at least for evils, which Nature holds out; so I took it kindly at her hands, and fell asleep. Sterne.
Lenitiveness noun The quality of being lenitive.
Lenitude (-tūd) noun [ Latin lenitudo .] The quality or habit of being lenient; lenity. [ Obsolete] Blount.
[ Latin lenitas
, from lenis
soft, mild: confer Old French lenité
. See Lenient
.] The state or quality of being lenient; mildness of temper or disposition; gentleness of treatment; softness; tenderness; clemency; -- opposed to severity and rigor .
His exceeding lenity disposes us to be somewhat too severe. Macaulay. Syn.
-- Gentleness; kindness; tenderness; softness; humanity; clemency; mercy.
Lenni-Lenape (lĕn`nĭ- lĕn*ä"pa) noun plural (Ethnol.) A general name for a group of Algonquin tribes which formerly occupied the coast region of North America from Connecticut to Virginia. They included the Mohicans, Delawares, Shawnees, and several other tribes.
Leno (lē"no) noun [ Confer Italian leno weak, flexible.] A light open cotton fabric used for window curtains.
Lenocinant (le*nŏs"ĭ*n a nt) adjective [ Latin lenocinans , present participle of lenocinari to pander, cajole; akin to leno pimp.] Given to lewdness. [ Obsolete]
; plural Lenses
(-ĕz). [ Latin lens
a lentil. So named from the resemblance in shape of a double convex lens to the seed of a lentil. Confer Lentil
.] (Opt.) A piece of glass, or other transparent substance, ground with two opposite regular surfaces, either both curved, or one curved and the other plane, and commonly used, either singly or combined, in optical instruments, for changing the direction of rays of light, and thus magnifying objects, or otherwise modifying vision. In practice, the curved surfaces are usually spherical, though rarely cylindrical, or of some other figure.
(lĕnt), imperfect & past participle of Lend .
Lent noun [ Middle English lente , lenten , leynte , Anglo-Saxon lengten , lencten , spring, lent, akin to Dutch lente , Old High German lenzin , langiz , German lenz , and perhaps from Anglo-Saxon lang long, English long , because at this season of the year the days lengthen.] (Eccl.) A fast of forty days, beginning with Ash Wednesday and continuing till Easter, observed by some Christian churches as commemorative of the fast of our Savior. Lent lily (Botany) , the daffodil; -- so named from its blossoming in spring.
[ Latin lentus
; akin to lenis
soft, mild: confer French lent
. See Lenient
.] 1. Slow; mild; gentle; as, lenter heats.
[ Obsolete] B. Jonson. 2. (Mus.) See Lento .
Lentamente (lan`tȧ*man"ta; E. lĕn`tȧ*mĕn"te) adverb [ Italian ] (Mus.) Slowly; in slow time.
(lan*tän"do; E. lĕn*tăn"do) adjective
[ Italian , present participle of lentare
to make slow. See Lent
] (Mus.) Slackening; retarding. Same as Rallentando .