Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Leady adjective Resembling lead. Sir T. Elyot.
; plural Leaves
(lēvz). [ Middle English leef
, Anglo-Saxon leáf
; akin to S. lōf
, OFries. laf
, Dutch loof
foliage, German laub
, Old High German loub
leaf, foliage, Icelandic lauf
, Swedish löf
, Danish löv
, Goth. laufs
; confer Lithuanian lapas
. Confer Lodge
.] 1. (Botany) A colored, usually green, expansion growing from the side of a stem or rootstock, in which the sap for the use of the plant is elaborated under the influence of light; one of the parts of a plant which collectively constitute its foliage.
» Such leaves usually consist of a blade, or lamina
, supported upon a leafstalk or petiole
, which, continued through the blade as the midrib
, gives off woody ribs
that support the cellular texture. The petiole has usually some sort of an appendage on each side of its base, which is called the stipule
. The green parenchyma of the leaf is covered with a thin epiderm pierced with closable microscopic openings, known as stomata
. 2. (Botany) A special organ of vegetation in the form of a lateral outgrowth from the stem, whether appearing as a part of the foliage, or as a cotyledon, a scale, a bract, a spine, or a tendril.
» In this view every part of a plant, except the root and the stem, is either a leaf, or is composed of leaves more or less modified and transformed. 3. Something which is like a leaf in being wide and thin and having a flat surface, or in being attached to a larger body by one edge or end; as : (a) A part of a book or folded sheet containing two pages upon its opposite sides. (b) A side, division, or part, that slides or is hinged, as of window shutters, folding doors, etc. (c) The movable side of a table. (d) A very thin plate; as, gold leaf . (e) A portion of fat lying in a separate fold or layer. (f) One of the teeth of a pinion, especially when small. Leaf beetle (Zoology)
, any beetle which feeds upon leaves; esp., any species of the family Chrysomelidæ , as the potato beetle and helmet beetle.
-- Leaf bridge
, a draw-bridge having a platform or leaf which swings vertically on hinges.
-- Leaf bud (Botany)
, a bud which develops into leaves or a leafy branch.
-- Leaf butterfly (Zoology)
, any butterfly which, in the form and colors of its wings, resembles the leaves of plants upon which it rests; esp., butterflies of the genus Kallima , found in Southern Asia and the East Indies.
-- Leaf crumpler (Zoology)
, a small moth ( Phycis indigenella ), the larva of which feeds upon leaves of the apple tree, and forms its nest by crumpling and fastening leaves together in clusters.
-- Leaf cutter (Zoology) , any one of various species of wild bees of the genus Megachile , which cut rounded pieces from the edges of leaves, or the petals of flowers, to be used in the construction of their nests, which are made in holes and crevices, or in a leaf rolled up for the purpose. Among the common American species are M. brevis and M. centuncularis . Called also rose- cutting bee .
-- Leaf fat
, the fat which lies in leaves or layers within the body of an animal.
-- Leaf flea (Zoology)
, a jumping plant louse of the family Psyllidæ .
-- Leaf frog (Zoology)
, any tree frog of the genus Phyllomedusa .
-- Leaf green
. (Botany) See Chlorophyll .
-- Leaf hopper (Zoology)
, any small jumping hemipterous insect of the genus Tettigonia , and allied genera. They live upon the leaves and twigs of plants. See Live hopper .
-- Leaf insect (Zoology)
, any one of several genera and species of orthopterous insects, esp. of the genus Phyllium , in which the wings, and sometimes the legs, resemble leaves in color and form. They are common in Southern Asia and the East Indies.
-- Leaf lard
, lard from leaf fat. See under Lard .
-- Leaf louse (Zoology)
, an aphid.
-- Leaf metal
, metal in thin leaves, as gold, silver, or tin.
-- Leaf miner (Zoology)
, any one of various small lepidopterous and dipterous insects, which, in the larval stages, burrow in and eat the parenchyma of leaves; as, the pear-tree leaf miner ( Lithocolletis geminatella ).
-- Leaf notcher (Zoology)
, a pale bluish green beetle ( Artipus Floridanus ), which, in Florida, eats the edges of the leaves of orange trees.
-- Leaf roller (Zoology)
, the larva of any tortricid moth which makes a nest by rolling up the leaves of plants. See Tortrix .
- - Leaf scar (Botany)
, the cicatrix on a stem whence a leaf has fallen.
-- Leaf sewer (Zoology)
, a tortricid moth, whose caterpillar makes a nest by rolling up a leaf and fastening the edges together with silk, as if sewn; esp., Phoxopteris nubeculana , which feeds upon the apple tree.
-- Leaf sight
, a hinged sight on a firearm, which can be raised or folded down.
-- Leaf trace (Botany)
, one or more fibrovascular bundles, which may be traced down an endogenous stem from the base of a leaf.
-- Leaf tier (Zoology)
, a tortricid moth whose larva makes a nest by fastening the edges of a leaf together with silk; esp., Teras cinderella , found on the apple tree.
-- Leaf valve
, a valve which moves on a hinge.
-- Leaf wasp (Zoology)
, a sawfly.
- - To turn over a new leaf
, to make a radical change for the better in one's way of living or doing.
They were both determined to turn over a new leaf . Richardson.
(lēf) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Leafed
(lēft); present participle & verbal noun Leafing
.] To shoot out leaves; to produce leaves; to leave; as, the trees leaf in May. Sir T. Browne.
Leaf-footed adjective (Zoology) Having leaflike expansions on the legs; -- said of certain insects; as, the leaf-footed bug ( Leptoglossus phyllopus ).
Leaf-nosed noun (Zoology) Having a leaflike membrane on the nose; -- said of certain bats, esp. of the genera Phyllostoma and Rhinonycteris . See Vampire .
Leafage noun Leaves, collectively; foliage.
Leafcup noun (Botany) A coarse American composite weed ( Polymnia Uvedalia ).
Leafed adjective Having (such) a leaf or (so many) leaves; -- used in composition; as, broad - leafed ; four -leafed .
Leafet noun (Botany) A leaflet.
Leafiness noun The state of being leafy.
Leafless adjective Having no leaves or foliage; bearing no foliage.
, noun Leafless plants
, plants having no foliage, though leaves may be present in the form of scales and bracts. See Leaf , noun , 1 and 2.
1. A little leaf; also, a little printed leaf or a tract. 2. (Botany) One of the divisions of a compound leaf; a foliole. 3. (Zoology) A leaflike organ or part; as, a leaflet of the gills of fishes.
Leafstalk noun (Botany) The stalk or petiole which supports a leaf.
[ Compar. Leafier
.] 1. Full of leaves; abounding in leaves; as, the leafy forest.
month of June." Coleridge. 2. Consisting of leaves.
[ Confer Middle English legue
, a measure of length, French lieue
, Pr. lega
, Italian & Late Latin lega
, Spanish legua
, Portuguese legoa
; all from Late Latin leuca
, of Celtic origin: confer Arm. leo
(perh. from French), Ir. leige
(perh. from English); also Ir. & Gael. leac
a flag, a broad, flat stone, W. llech
, -- such stones having perhaps served as a sort of milestone (cf. Cromlech
).] 1. A measure of length or distance, varying in different countries from about 2.4 to 4.6 English statute miles of 5,280 feet each, and used (as a land measure) chiefly on the continent of Europe, and in the Spanish parts of America. The marine league of England and the United States is equal to three marine, or geographical, miles of 6080 feet each.
» The English land league is equal to three English statute miles. The Spanish and French leagues vary in each country according to usage and the kind of measurement to which they are applied. The Dutch and German leagues contain about four geographical miles, or about 4.6 English statute miles. 2. A stone erected near a public road to mark the distance of a league.
[ French ligue
, Late Latin liga
, from Latin ligare
to bind; confer Spanish liga
. Confer Ally
a confederate, Ligature
.] An alliance or combination of two or more nations, parties, or persons, for the accomplishment of a purpose which requires a continued course of action, as for mutual defense, or for furtherance of commercial, religious, or political interests, etc.
And let there be Denham.
'Twixt us and them no league , nor amity.
» A league
may be offensive
, or both; offensive
, when the parties agree to unite in attacking a common enemy; defensive
, when they agree to a mutual defense of each other against an enemy. The Holy League
, an alliance of Roman Catholics formed in 1576 by influence of the Duke of Guise for the exclusion of Protestants from the throne of France.
-- Solemn League and Covenant
. See Covenant ,2.
-- The land league
, an association, organized in Dublin in 1879, to promote the interests of the Irish tenantry, its avowed objects being to secure fixity of tenure, fair rent, and free sale of the tenants' interest. It was declared illegal by Parliament, but vigorous prosecutions have failed to suppress it. Syn.
-- Alliance; confederacy; confederation; coalition; combination; compact; coöperation.
League intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Leagued
; present participle & verbal noun Leaguing
.] [ Confer French se liguer
. See 2d League
.] To unite in a league or confederacy; to combine for mutual support; to confederate. South.
League transitive verb To join in a league; to cause to combine for a joint purpose; to combine; to unite; as, common interests will league heterogeneous elements.
[ Dutch leger
camp, bed, couch, lair. See Lair
, and confer Beleaguer
.] 1. The camp of a besieging army; a camp in general. b. Jonson. 2. A siege or beleaguering.
[ R.] Sir W. Scott.
Leaguer transitive verb To besiege; to beleaguer. [ Obsolete]
Leaguerer noun A besieger. [ R.] J. Webster.
[ Akin to Dutch lek
leaky, a leak, German leck
, Icelandic lekr
leaky, Danish læk
leaky, a leak, Swedish läck
; confer Anglo-Saxon hlec
full of cracks or leaky. Confer Leak
] 1. A crack, crevice, fissure, or hole which admits water or other fluid, or lets it escape; as, a leak in a roof; a leak in a boat; a leak in a gas pipe.
will sink a ship." Bunyan. 2. The entrance or escape of a fluid through a crack, fissure, or other aperture; as, the leak gained on the ship's pumps. To spring a leak
, to open or crack so as to let in water; to begin to let in water; as, the ship sprung a leak .
Leak adjective Leaky. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Leak intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Leaked
; present participle & verbal noun Leaking
.] [ Akin to Dutch lekken
, German lecken
, Icelandic leka
, Danish lække
, Swedish läcka
, Anglo-Saxon leccan
to wet, moisten. See Leak
] 1. To let water or other fluid in or out through a hole, crevice, etc.; as, the cask leaks ; the roof leaks ; the boat leaks . 2. To enter or escape, as a fluid, through a hole, crevice, etc.; to pass gradually into, or out of, something; -- usually with in or out . To leak out
, to be divulged gradually or clandestinely; to become public; as, the facts leaked out .
Leak noun (Electricity) A loss of electricity through imperfect insulation; also, the point at which such loss occurs.
Leakage noun [ Confer Dutch lekkage , for sense 1.]
1. A leaking; also, the quantity that enters or issues by leaking. 2. (Com.) An allowance of a certain rate per cent for the leaking of casks, or waste of liquors by leaking.
Leakage noun (Electricity) A leak; also; the quantity of electricity thus wasted.
Leakiness noun The quality of being leaky.
[ Compar. Leakier
; superl. Leakiest
.] 1. Permitting water or other fluid to leak in or out; as, a leaky roof or cask. 2. Apt to disclose secrets; tattling; not close.
[ Middle English leial
, another form of loial
, French loyal
. See Loyal
.] Faithful; loyal; true.
All men true and leal , all women pure. Tennyson. Land of the leal
, the place of the faithful; heaven.
Leam noun & intransitive verb See Leme .
[ Obsolete] Holland.
[ See Leamer
.] A cord or strap for leading a dog. Sir W. Scott.
[ French limier
, Old French liemier
, from Latin ligamen
band, bandage. See Lien
.] A dog held by a leam.
Lean (lēn) transitive verb [ Icelandic leyna ; akin to German läugnen to deny, Anglo-Saxon lȳgnian , also English lie to speak falsely.] To conceal. [ Obsolete] Ray.
(lēn) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Leaned
(lēnd), sometimes Leant
(lĕnt); present participle & verbal noun Leaning
.] [ Middle English lenen
, Anglo-Saxon hlinian
, intransitive verb
; akin to Old Saxon hlinōn
, Dutch leunen
, Old High German hlinēn
, German lehnen
, Latin inclinare
, Greek kli`nein
, Latin clivus
hill, slope. √40. Confer Declivity
.] 1. To incline, deviate, or bend, from a vertical position; to be in a position thus inclining or deviating; as, she leaned out at the window; a leaning column.
forward." Dickens. 2. To incline in opinion or desire; to conform in conduct; -- with to , toward , etc.
They delight rather to lean to their old customs. Spenser. 3. To rest or rely, for support, comfort, and the like; -- with on , upon , or against .
He leaned not on his fathers but himself. Tennyson.
Lean transitive verb
[ From Lean
, intransitive verb
; Anglo-Saxon hlǣnan
, transitive verb , from hleonian
, intransitive verb
] To cause to lean; to incline; to support or rest. Mrs. Browning.
His fainting limbs against an oak he leant . Dryden.
[ Compar. Leaner
(lēn"ẽr); superl. Leanest
.] [ Middle English lene
, Anglo-Saxon hlǣne
; probably akin to English lean
to incline. See Lean
, intransitive verb
] 1. Wanting flesh; destitute of or deficient in fat; not plump; meager; thin; lank; as, a lean body; a lean cattle. 2. Wanting fullness, richness, sufficiency, or productiveness; deficient in quality or contents; slender; scant; barren; bare; mean; -- used literally and figuratively; as, the lean harvest; a lean purse; a lean discourse; lean wages.
Their lean and flashy songs. Milton.
What the land is, whether it be fat or lean . Num. xiii. 20.
Out of my lean and low ability Shak. 3. (Typog.) Of a character which prevents the compositor from earning the usual wages; -- opposed to fat ; as, lean copy, matter, or type. Syn.
I'll lend you something.
-- slender; spare; thin; meager; lank; skinny; gaunt.
Lean noun 1. That part of flesh which consists principally of muscle without the fat.
The fat was so white and the lean was so ruddy. Goldsmith. 2. (Typog.) Unremunerative copy or work.
1. Having a thin face. 2. (Typog.) slender or narrow; -- said of type the letters of which have thin lines, or are unusually narrow in proportion to their height. W. Savage.
Lean-to adjective (Architecture) Having only one slope or pitch; -- said of a roof.
-- noun A shed or slight building placed against the wall of a larger structure and having a single-pitched roof; -- called also penthouse , and to-fall .
The outer circuit was covered as a lean-to , all round this inner apartment. De Foe.
Lean-witted adjective Having but little sense or shrewdness.
Leaning noun The act, or state, of inclining; inclination; tendency; as, a leaning towards Calvinism.
Leanly adverb Meagerly; without fat or plumpness.
Leanness noun [ Anglo-Saxon hlǣnnes .] The condition or quality of being lean.
Leany adjective Lean. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Leap noun [ Anglo-Saxon leáp .]
1. A basket. [ Obsolete] Wyclif. 2. A weel or wicker trap for fish. [ Prov. Eng.]
Leap intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Leaped
, rarely Leapt
; present participle & verbal noun Leaping
.] [ Middle English lepen
, Anglo-Saxon hleápan
to leap, jump, run; akin to Old Saxon āhl...pan
, OFries. hlapa
, Dutch loopen
, German laufen
, Old High German louffan
, Icelandic hlaupa
, Swedish löpa
, Danish löbe
, Goth. ushlaupan
. Confer Elope
to loiter.] 1. To spring clear of the ground, with the feet; to jump; to vault; as, a man leaps over a fence, or leaps upon a horse. Bacon.
Leap in with me into this angry flood. Shak. 2. To spring or move suddenly, as by a jump or by jumps; to bound; to move swiftly. Also Fig.
My heart leaps up when I behold Wordsworth.
A rainbow in the sky.
Leap transitive verb
1. To pass over by a leap or jump; as, to leap a wall, or a ditch. 2. To copulate with (a female beast); to cover. 3. To cause to leap; as, to leap a horse across a ditch.
Leap noun 1. The act of leaping, or the space passed by leaping; a jump; a spring; a bound.
Wickedness comes on by degrees, . . . and sudden leaps from one extreme to another are unnatural. L'Estrange.
Changes of tone may proceed either by leaps or glides. H. Sweet. 2. Copulation with, or coverture of, a female beast. 3. (Mining) A fault. 4. (Mus.) A passing from one note to another by an interval, especially by a long one, or by one including several other and intermediate intervals.
Leap year Bissextile; a year containing 366 days; every fourth year which leaps over a day more than a common year, giving to February twenty-nine days. See Bissextile .
» Every year whose number is divisible by four without a remainder is a leap year, excepting the full centuries, which, to be leap years, must be divisible by 400 without a remainder. If not so divisible they are common years. 1900, therefore, is not a leap year.