Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Layette noun [ French] (Medicine) The outfit of clothing, blankets, etc., prepared for a newborn infant, and placed ready for used.

Laying noun


1. The act of one who, or that which, lays.

2. The act or period of laying eggs; the eggs laid for one incubation; a clutch.

3. The first coat on laths of plasterer's two-coat work.

Layland noun [ Lay a meadow + land .] Land lying untilled; fallow ground. [ Obsolete] Blount.

Layman noun ; plural Laymen [ Lay , adj. + man .]
1. One of the people, in distinction from the clergy; one of the laity; sometimes, a man not belonging to some particular profession, in distinction from those who do.

Being a layman , I ought not to have concerned myself with speculations which belong to the profession.
Dryden.

2. A lay figure. See under Lay , noun (above). Dryden

Layner noun [ See Lanier .] A whiplash. [ Obsolete]

Layship noun The condition of being a layman. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Laystall noun
1. A place where rubbish, dung, etc., are laid or deposited. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

Smithfield was a laystall of all ordure and filth.
Bacon.

2. A place where milch cows are kept, or cattle on the way to market are lodged. [ Obsolete]

Lazar noun [ Old French lazare , from Lazarus the beggar. Luke xvi . 20 .] A person infected with a filthy or pestilential disease; a leper. Chaucer.

Like loathsome lazars , by the hedges lay.
Spenser.

Lazar house a lazaretto; also, a hospital for quarantine.

Lazaret fever (Medicine) Typhus fever.

Lazaret, Lazaretto noun [ French lazaret , or Italian lazzeretto , from Lazarus . See Lazar .] A public building, hospital, or pesthouse for the reception of diseased persons, particularly those affected with contagious diseases.

Lazaret, Lazaretto noun (Nautical) (Pronounced by seamen ...) A low space under the after part of the main deck, used as a storeroom.

Lazarist, Lazarite noun (R. C. Ch.) One of the Congregation of the Priests of the Mission, a religious institute founded by Vincent de Paul in 1624, and popularly called Lazarists or Lazarites from the College of St. Lazare in Paris, which was occupied by them until 1792.

Lazarlike, Lazarly adjective Full of sores; leprous. Shak. Bp. Hall.

Lazaroni noun plural See Lazzaroni .

Lazarwort noun (Botany) Laserwort.

Laze intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Lazed ; present participle & verbal noun Lazing .] [ See Lazy .] To be lazy or idle. [ Colloq.] Middleton.

Laze transitive verb To waste in sloth; to spend, as time, in idleness; as, to laze away whole days. [ Colloq.]

Lazily adverb In a lazy manner. Locke.

Laziness noun The state or quality of being lazy.

Laziness travels so slowly, that Poverty soon overtakes him.
Franklin.

Lazuli noun [ French & New Latin lapis lazuli , Late Latin lazulus , lazurius , lazur from the same Oriental source as English azure . See Azure .] (Min.) A mineral of a fine azure-blue color, usually in small rounded masses. It is essentially a silicate of alumina, lime, and soda, with some sodium sulphide, is often marked by yellow spots or veins of sulphide of iron, and is much valued for ornamental work. Called also lapis lazuli , and Armenian stone .

Lazulite noun [ From lazuli : confer French lazulite , German lazulith .] (Min.) A mineral of a light indigo-blue color, occurring in small masses, or in monoclinic crystals; blue spar. It is a hydrous phosphate of alumina and magnesia.

Lazy adjective [ Compar. Lazier ; superl. Laziest .] [ Middle English lasie , laesic , of uncertain origin; confer French las tired, Latin lassus , akin to English late ; or confer LG. losig , lesig .]
1. Disinclined to action or exertion; averse to labor; idle; shirking work. Bacon.

2. Inactive; slothful; slow; sluggish; as, a lazy stream. "The night owl's lazy flight." Shak.

3. Wicked; vicious. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] B. Jonson.

Lazy tongs , a system of jointed bars capable of great extension, originally made for picking up something at a distance, now variously applied in machinery.

Syn. -- Idle; indolent; sluggish; slothful. See Idle .

Lazyback (lā"zȳ*băk`) noun A support for the back, attached to the seat of a carriage. [ Colloq.]

Lazybones noun A lazy person. [ Colloq.]

Lazzaroni (lăz`zȧ*rō"nĭ; Italian lät`sȧ*rō"ne) noun plural [ Italian lazzarone , plural lazzaroni .] The homeless idlers of Naples who live by chance work or begging; -- so called from the Hospital of St. Lazarus, which serves as their refuge. [ Written also, but improperly, lazaroni .]

Lea noun [ Confer Lay , noun (that which is laid), 4.] (Textile Manuf.) (a) A measure of yarn; for linen, 300 yards; for cotton, 120 yards; a lay. (b) A set of warp threads carried by a loop of the heddle.

Lea noun [ Middle English ley , lay , As. leáh , leá ; akin to Prov. German lon bog, morass, grove, and perhaps to Latin lucus grove, English light , noun ] A meadow or sward land; a grassy field. "Plow-torn leas ." Shak.

The lowing herd wind slowly o'er the lea .
Gray.

Leach noun (Nautical) See 3d Leech .

Leach noun [ Written also letch .] [ Confer As. leáh lye, German lauge . See Lye .]
1. A quantity of wood ashes, through which water passes, and thus imbibes the alkali.

2. A tub or vat for leaching ashes, bark, etc.

Leach tub , a wooden tub in which ashes are leached.

Leach transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Leached ; present participle & verbal noun Leaching .] [ Written also leech and letch .]
1. To remove the soluble constituents from by subjecting to the action of percolating water or other liquid; as, to leach ashes or coffee.

2. To dissolve out; -- often used with out ; as, to leach out alkali from ashes.

Leach intransitive verb To part with soluble constituents by percolation.

Leach noun See Leech , a physician. [ Obsolete]

Leachy adjective Permitting liquids to pass by percolation; not capable of retaining water; porous; pervious; -- said of gravelly or sandy soils, and the like.

Lead (lĕd) noun [ Middle English led , leed , lead , Anglo-Saxon leád ; akin to Dutch lood , Middle High German lōt , German loth plummet, sounding lead, small weight, Swedish & Danish lod . √123.]
1. (Chemistry) One of the elements, a heavy, pliable, inelastic metal, having a bright, bluish color, but easily tarnished. It is both malleable and ductile, though with little tenacity, and is used for tubes, sheets, bullets, etc. Its specific gravity is 11.37. It is easily fusible, forms alloys with other metals, and is an ingredient of solder and type metal. Atomic weight, 206.4. Symbol Pb (L. Plumbum ). It is chiefly obtained from the mineral galena, lead sulphide.

2. An article made of lead or an alloy of lead ; as: (a) A plummet or mass of lead, used in sounding at sea. (b) (Print.) A thin strip of type metal, used to separate lines of type in printing. (c) Sheets or plates of lead used as a covering for roofs; hence, plural , a roof covered with lead sheets or terne plates.

I would have the tower two stories, and goodly leads upon the top.
Bacon

3. A small cylinder of black lead or plumbago, used in pencils.

Black lead , graphite or plumbago; -- so called from its leadlike appearance and streak. [ Colloq.] -- Coasting lead , a sounding lead intermediate in weight between a hand lead and deep-sea lead. -- Deep- sea lead , the heaviest of sounding leads, used in water exceeding a hundred fathoms in depth. Ham. Nav. Encyc. -- Hand lead , a small lead use for sounding in shallow water. -- Krems lead , Kremnitz lead [ so called from Krems or Kremnitz , in Austria], a pure variety of white lead, formed into tablets, and called also Krems, or Kremnitz, white , and Vienna white . -- Lead arming , tallow put in the hollow of a sounding lead. See To arm the lead (below). -- Lead colic . See under Colic . -- Lead color , a deep bluish gray color, like tarnished lead. -- Lead glance . (Min.) Same as Galena . -- Lead line (a) (Medicine) A dark line along the gums produced by a deposit of metallic lead, due to lead poisoning . (b) (Nautical) A sounding line. -- Lead mill , a leaden polishing wheel, used by lapidaries. -- Lead ocher (Min.) , a massive sulphur-yellow oxide of lead. Same as Massicot . -- Lead pencil , a pencil of which the marking material is graphite (black lead). -- Lead plant (Botany) , a low leguminous plant, genus Amorpha ( A. canescens ), found in the Northwestern United States, where its presence is supposed to indicate lead ore. Gray. -- Lead tree . (a) (Botany) A West Indian name for the tropical, leguminous tree, Leucæna glauca ; -- probably so called from the glaucous color of the foliage. (b) (Chemistry) Lead crystallized in arborescent forms from a solution of some lead salt, as by suspending a strip of zinc in lead acetate. -- Mock lead , a miner's term for blende. -- Red lead , a scarlet, crystalline, granular powder, consisting of minium when pure, but commonly containing several of the oxides of lead. It is used as a paint or cement and also as an ingredient of flint glass. -- Red lead ore (Min.) , crocoite. -- Sugar of lead , acetate of lead. -- To arm the lead , to fill the hollow in the bottom of a sounding lead with tallow in order to discover the nature of the bottom by the substances adhering. Ham. Nav. Encyc. -- To cast, or heave , the lead , to cast the sounding lead for ascertaining the depth of water. -- White lead , hydrated carbonate of lead, obtained as a white, amorphous powder, and much used as an ingredient of white paint.

Lead transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Leaded ; present participle & verbal noun Leading .]
1. To cover, fill, or affect with lead; as, continuous firing leads the grooves of a rifle.

2. (Print.) To place leads between the lines of; as, to lead a page; leaded matter.

Lead (lēd) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Led (lĕd); present participle & verbal noun Leading .] [ Middle English leden , Anglo-Saxon lǣdan (akin to Old Saxon lēdian , Dutch leiden , German leiten , Icelandic leīða , Swedish leda , Danish lede ), properly a causative from Anglo-Saxon liðan to go; akin to Old High German līdan , Icelandic līða , Goth. leiþan (in comp.). Confer Lode , Loath .]
1. To guide or conduct with the hand, or by means of some physical contact or connection; as, a father leads a child; a jockey leads a horse with a halter; a dog leads a blind man.

If a blind man lead a blind man, both fall down in the ditch.
Wyclif (Matt. xv. 14.)

They thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill.
Luke iv. 29.

In thy right hand lead with thee
The mountain nymph, sweet Liberty.
Milton.

2. To guide or conduct in a certain course, or to a certain place or end, by making the way known; to show the way, esp. by going with or going in advance of. Hence, figuratively: To direct; to counsel; to instruct; as, to lead a traveler; to lead a pupil.

The Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way.
Ex. xiii. 21.

He leadeth me beside the still waters.
Ps. xxiii. 2.

This thought might lead me through the world's vain mask.
Content, though blind, had I no better guide.
Milton.

3. To conduct or direct with authority; to have direction or charge of; as, to lead an army, an exploring party, or a search; to lead a political party.

Christ took not upon him flesh and blood that he might conquer and rule nations, lead armies, or possess places.
South.

4. To go or to be in advance of; to precede; hence, to be foremost or chief among; as, the big sloop led the fleet of yachts; the Guards led the attack; Demosthenes leads the orators of all ages.

As Hesperus, that leads the sun his way.
Fairfax.

And lo ! Ben Adhem's name led all the rest.
Leigh Hunt.

5. To draw or direct by influence, whether good or bad; to prevail on; to induce; to entice; to allure; as, to lead one to espouse a righteous cause.

He was driven by the necessities of the times, more than led by his own disposition, to any rigor of actions.
Eikon Basilike.

Silly women, laden with sins, led away by divers lusts.
2 Tim. iii. 6 (Rev. Ver.).

6. To guide or conduct one's self in, through, or along (a certain course); hence, to proceed in the way of; to follow the path or course of; to pass; to spend. Also, to cause (one) to proceed or follow in (a certain course).

That we may lead a quiet and peaceable life.
1 Tim. ii. 2.

Nor thou with shadowed hint confuse
A life that leads melodious days.
Tennyson.

You remember . . . the life he used to lead his wife and daughter.
Dickens.

7. (Cards & Dominoes) To begin a game, round, or trick, with; as, to lead trumps; the double five was led .

To lead astray , to guide in a wrong way, or into error; to seduce from truth or rectitude. -- To lead captive , to carry or bring into captivity. -- To lead the way , to show the way by going in front; to act as guide. Goldsmith.

Lead intransitive verb
1. To guide or conduct, as by accompanying, going before, showing, influencing, directing with authority, etc.; to have precedence or preëminence; to be first or chief; -- used in most of the senses of lead , transitive verb

2. To tend or reach in a certain direction, or to a certain place; as, the path leads to the mill; gambling leads to other vices.

The mountain foot that leads towards Mantua.
Shak.

To lead off or out , to go first; to begin.

Lead noun
1. The act of leading or conducting; guidance; direction; as, to take the lead ; to be under the lead of another.

At the time I speak of, and having a momentary lead , . . . I am sure I did my country important service .
Burke.

2. Precedence; advance position; also, the measure of precedence; as, the white horse had the lead ; a lead of a boat's length, or of half a second.

3. (Cards & Dominoes) The act or right of playing first in a game or round; the card suit, or piece, so played; as, your partner has the lead .

4. An open way in an ice field. Kane.

5. (Mining) A lode.

6. (Nautical) The course of a rope from end to end.

7. (Steam Engine) The width of port opening which is uncovered by the valve, for the admission or release of steam, at the instant when the piston is at end of its stroke.

» When used alone it means outside lead , or lead for the admission of steam. Inside lead refers to the release or exhaust.

8. (Civil Engineering) the distance of haul, as from a cutting to an embankment.

9. (Horology) The action of a tooth, as a tooth of a wheel, in impelling another tooth or a pallet. Saunier.

Lead angle (Steam Engine) , the angle which the crank maker with the line of centers, in approaching it, at the instant when the valve opens to admit steam. -- Lead screw (Machinery) , the main longitudinal screw of a lathe, which gives the feed motion to the carriage.

Lead noun
1. (Music.) (a) The announcement by one voice part of a theme to be repeated by the other parts. (b) A mark or a short passage in one voice part, as of a canon, serving as a cue for the entrance of others.

2. In an internal-combustion engine, the distance, measured in actual length of piston stroke or the corresponding angular displacement of the crank, of the piston from the end of the compression stroke when ignition takes place; -- called in full lead of the ignition . When ignition takes place during the working stroke the corresponding distance from the commencement of the stroke is called negative lead .

3. (Machinery) The excess above a right angle in the angle between two consecutive cranks, as of a compound engine, on the same shaft.

4. (Machinery) In spiral screw threads, worm wheels, or the like, the amount of advance of any point in the spiral for a complete turn.

5. (Electricity) (a) A conductor conveying electricity, as from a dynamo. (b) The angle between the line joining the brushes of a continuous-current dynamo and the diameter symmetrical between the poles. (c) The advance of the current phase in an alternating circuit beyond that of the electromotive force producing it.

6. (Theat.) A rôle for a leading man or leading woman; also, one who plays such a rôle.

Leaded adjective
1. Fitted with lead; set in lead; as, leaded windows.

2. (Print.) Separated by leads, as the lines of a page.

Leaden adjective
1. Made of lead; of the nature of lead; as, a leaden ball.

2. Like lead in color, etc.; as, a leaden sky.

3. Heavy; dull; sluggish. " Leaden slumber." Shak.

Leader noun
1. One who, or that which, leads or conducts; a guide; a conductor. Especially: (a) One who goes first. (b) One having authority to direct; a chief; a commander. (c) (Mus.) A performer who leads a band or choir in music; also, in an orchestra, the principal violinist; the one who plays at the head of the first violins. (d) (Nautical) A block of hard wood pierced with suitable holes for leading ropes in their proper places. (e) (Machinery) The principal wheel in any kind of machinery. [ Obsolete or R.] G. Francis. (f) A horse placed in advance of others; one of the forward pair of horses.

He forgot to pull in his leaders , and they gallop away with him at times.
Hare.

(g) A pipe for conducting rain water from a roof to a cistern or to the ground; a conductor. (h) (Fishing) A net for leading fish into a pound, weir, etc.; also, a line of gut, to which the snell of a fly hook is attached. (i) (Mining) A branch or small vein, not important in itself, but indicating the proximity of a better one.

2. The first, or the principal, editorial article in a newspaper; a leading or main editorial article.

3. (Print.) (a) A type having a dot or short row of dots upon its face. (b) plural a row of dots, periods, or hyphens, used in tables of contents, etc., to lead the eye across a space to the right word or number.

Syn. -- chief; chieftain; commander. See Chief .

Leadership noun The office of a leader.

Leadhillite noun (Min.) A mineral of a yellowish or greenish white color, consisting of the sulphate and carbonate of lead; -- so called from having been first found at Leadhills , Scotland.

Leading adjective Guiding; directing; controlling; foremost; as, a leading motive; a leading man; a leading example. -- Lead"ing*ly , adverb

Leading case (Law) , a reported decision which has come to be regarded as settling the law of the question involved. Abbott. -- Leading motive [ a translation of German leitmotif ] (Mus.) , a guiding theme; in the modern music drama of Wagner, a marked melodic phrase or short passage which always accompanies the reappearance of a certain person, situation, abstract idea, or allusion in the course of the play; a sort of musical label. -- Leading note (Mus.) , the seventh note or tone in the ascending major scale; the sensible note. -- Leading question , a question so framed as to guide the person questioned in making his reply. -- Leading strings , strings by which children are supported when beginning to walk. -- To be in leading strings , to be in a state of infancy or dependence, or under the guidance of others. -- Leading wheel , a wheel situated before the driving wheels of a locomotive engine.

Leading noun
1. The act of guiding, directing, governing, or enticing; guidance. Shak.

2. Suggestion; hint; example. [ Archaic] Bacon.

Leading edge (Aëronautics) same as Advancing edge , above.

Leadman noun ; plural Leadmen One who leads a dance. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

Leadsman noun ; plural Leadsmen (Nautical) The man who heaves the lead. Totten.

Leadwort noun (Botany) A genus of maritime herbs ( Plumbago ). P. Europæa has lead-colored spots on the leaves, and nearly lead-colored flowers.