Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Leave-taking noun Taking of leave; parting compliments. Shak.
Leaveless adjective Leafless. [ Obsolete] Carew.
[ Middle English levain
, French levain
, Latin levamen
alleviation, mitigation; but taken in the sense of, a raising, that which raises, from levare
to raise. See Lever
] 1. Any substance that produces, or is designed to produce, fermentation, as in dough or liquids; esp., a portion of fermenting dough, which, mixed with a larger quantity of dough, produces a general change in the mass, and renders it light; yeast; barm. 2. Anything which makes a general assimilating (especially a corrupting) change in the mass.
Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. Luke xii. 1.
Leaven transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Leavened
; present participle & verbal noun Leavening
.] 1. To make light by the action of leaven; to cause to ferment.
A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump. 1 Cor. v. 6. 2. To imbue; to infect; to vitiate.
With these and the like deceivable doctrines, he leavens also his prayer. Milton.
1. The act of making light, or causing to ferment, by means of leaven. 2. That which leavens or makes light. Bacon.
Leavenous adjective Containing leaven. Milton.
Leaver (lēv"ẽr) noun One who leaves, or withdraws.
, plural of Leaf .
[ Fr. Leaf
Leavings noun plural
1. Things left; remnants; relics. 2. Refuse; offal.
Leavy adjective Leafy. [ Obsolete] Chapman.
Leban, Lebban noun Coagulated sour milk diluted with water; -- a common beverage among the Arabs. Also, a fermented liquor made of the same.
Lecama noun (Zoology) The hartbeest.
Lecanomancy noun [ Greek leka`nh bowl or basin + -mancy .] Divination practiced with water in a basin, by throwing three stones into it, and invoking the demon whose aid was sought.
Lecanoric adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, an organic acid which is obtained from several varieties of lichen ( Lecanora , Roccella , etc.), as a white, crystalline substance, and is called also orsellic, or diorsellinic acid , lecanorin , etc.
Lech transitive verb
[ French lécher
. See Lick
.] To lick.
Leche noun See water buck , under 3d Buck .
[ Middle English lechur
, Old French lecheor
, gormand, glutton, libertine, parasite, from lechier
to lick, French lécher
; of Teutonic origin. See Lick
.] A man given to lewdness; one addicted, in an excessive degree, to the indulgence of sexual desire, or to illicit commerce with women.
Lecher intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lechered
; present participle & verbal noun Lechering
.] To practice lewdness.
Lecherer noun See Lecher , noun Marston.
Lecherous adjective Like a lecher; addicted to lewdness; lustful; also, lust-provoking. "A lecherous thing is wine." Chaucer. -- Lech"er*ous*ly , adverb -- Lech"er*ous*ness , noun
[ Middle English lecherie
, Old French lecherie
. See Lecher
.] 1. Free indulgence of lust; lewdness. 2. Selfish pleasure; delight.
[ Obsolete] Massinger.
Lecithin noun [ Greek le`kiqos the yolk of an egg.] (Physiol. Chem.) A complex, nitrogenous phosphorized substance widely distributed through the animal body, and especially conspicuous in the brain and nerve tissue, in yolk of eggs, and in the white blood corpuscles.
; plural Lecticæ
. [ Latin ] (Rom. Antiq.) A kind of litter or portable couch.
[ Latin lectio
, from legere
, to read. See lesson
.] 1. (Eccl.) A lesson or selection, esp. of Scripture, read in divine service. 2. A reading; a variation in the text.
We ourselves are offended by the obtrusion of the new lections into the text. De Quincey.
; plural -ries
. [ Late Latin lectionarium
: confer French lectionnaire
.] (Eccl.) A book, or a list, of lections, for reading in divine service.
[ Latin See Lection
.] (Eccl.) A reader of lections; formerly, a person designated to read lessons to the illiterate.
Lectual (-tu* a l) adjective [ Late Latin lectualis , from Latin lectus bed.] (Medicine) Confining to the bed; as, a lectual disease.
(-tur; 135) noun
[ French lecture
, Late Latin lectura
, from Latin legere
, to read. See Legend
.] 1. The act of reading; as, the lecture of Holy Scripture.
[ Obsolete] 2. A discourse on any subject; especially, a formal or methodical discourse, intended for instruction; sometimes, a familiar discourse, in contrast with a sermon. 3. A reprimand or formal reproof from one having authority. 4. (Eng. Universities) A rehearsal of a lesson.
Lecture transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lectured
(-turd); present participle & verbal noun Lecturing
.] 1. To read or deliver a lecture to. 2. To reprove formally and with authority.
Lecture intransitive verb To deliver a lecture or lectures.
Lecturer (-ẽr) noun One who lectures; an assistant preacher.
Lectureship noun The office of a lecturer.
Lecturn (lĕk"tŭrn) noun [ Late Latin lectrinum , from lectrum ; confer Latin legere , lectum , to read.] A choir desk, or reading desk, in some churches, from which the lections, or Scripture lessons, are chanted or read; hence, a reading desk. [ Written also lectern and lettern .] Fairholt.
Lecythis (lĕs"ĭ*thĭs) noun [ New Latin , from Greek 3 an oil flask.] (Botany) A genus of gigantic trees, chiefly Brazilian, of the order Myrtaceæ , having woody capsules opening by an apical lid. Lecythis Zabucajo yields the delicious sapucaia nuts. Latin Ollaria produces the monkey-pots, its capsules. Its bark separates into thin sheets, like paper, used by the natives for cigarette wrappers.
(lĕd) imperfect & past participle of Lead . Led captain
. An obsequious follower or attendant.
[ Obsolete] Swift.
-- Led horse
, a sumpter horse, or a spare horse, that is led along.
[ Anglo-Saxon lēden
, language, speech. Confer Leod
.] Language; speech; voice; cry.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. Spenser.
[ Akin to Anglo-Saxon licgan
to lie, Icelandic liggja
; confer Icelandic lögg
the ledge or rim at the bottom of a cask. See Lie
to be prostrate.] [ Formerly written lidge
.] 1. A shelf on which articles may be laid; also, that which resembles such a shelf in form or use, as a projecting ridge or part, or a molding or edge in joinery. 2. A shelf, ridge, or reef, of rocks. 3. A layer or stratum.
The lowest ledge or row should be of stone. Sir H. Wotton. 4. (Mining) A lode; a limited mass of rock bearing valuable mineral. 5. (Shipbuilding) A piece of timber to support the deck, placed athwartship between beams.
nt) noun See Ledgment .
[ Akin to Dutch legger
layer, daybook (fr. leggen
to lay, liggen
to lie), English ledge
. See Lie
to be prostrate.] 1. A book in which a summary of accounts is laid up or preserved; the final book of record in business transactions, in which all debits and credits from the journal, etc., are placed under appropriate heads.
[ Written also leger
.] 2. (Architecture) (a) A large flat stone, esp. one laid over a tomb. Oxf. Gloss. (b) A horizontal piece of timber secured to the uprights and supporting floor timbers, a staircase, scaffolding, or the like. It differs from an intertie in being intended to carry weight.
[ Written also ligger
.] Ledger bait
, fishing bait attached to a floating line fastened to the bank of a stream, pond, etc. Walton. J. H. Walsh.
-- Ledger blade
, a stationary shearing blade in a machine for shearing the nap of cloth.
-- Ledger line
. See Leger line , under 3d Leger , adjective
-- Ledger wall (Mining)
, the wall under a vein; the foot wall. Raymond.
Ledgment (-m e nt) noun (Architecture) (a) A string-course or horizontal suit of moldings, such as the base moldings of a building. Oxf. Gloss. (b) The development of the surface of a body on a plane, so that the dimensions of the different sides may be easily ascertained. Gwilt. [ Written also ledgement , legement , and ligement .]
Ledgy (-ȳ) adjective Abounding in ledges; consisting of a ledge or reef; as, a ledgy island.
Lee (lē) intransitive verb , To lie; to speak falsely. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
; plural Lees
(lēz). [ French lie
, perhaps from Latin levare
to lift up, raise. Confer Lever
.] That which settles at the bottom, as of a cask of liquor (esp. wine); sediment; dregs; -- used now only in the plural.
[ Lees occurs also as a form of the singular.] "The lees
of wine." Holland.
A thousand demons lurk within the lee . Young.
The wine of life is drawn, and the mere lees Shak.
Is left this vault to brag of.
[ Middle English lee
shelter, Icelandic hlē
, akin to Anglo-Saxon hleó
, shelter, protection, Old Saxon hlèo
, Dutch lij
lee, Swedish lä
, Danish læ
.] 1. A sheltered place; esp., a place protected from the wind by some object; the side sheltered from the wind; shelter; protection; as, the lee of a mountain, an island, or a ship.
We lurked under lee . Morte d'Arthure.
Desiring me to take shelter in his lee . Tyndall. 2. (Nautical) That part of the hemisphere, as one stands on shipboard, toward which the wind blows. See Lee , adjective By the lee
, To bring by the lee
. See under By , and Bring .
-- Under the lee of
, on that side which is sheltered from the wind; as, to be under the lee of a ship.
Lee adjective (Nautical) Of or pertaining to the part or side opposite to that against which the wind blows; -- opposed to weather ; as, the lee side or lee rail of a vessel. Lee gauge
. See Gauge , noun (Nautical)
-- Lee shore
, the shore on the lee side of a vessel.
-- Lee tide
, a tide running in the same direction that the wind blows.
-- On the lee beam
, directly to the leeward; in a line at right angles to the length of the vessel and to the leeward.
Leeangle, Liangle noun [ From native name.] A heavy weapon of the Australian aborigines with a sharp-pointed end, about nine inches in length, projecting at right angles from the main part.
Leeboard (lē"bōrd`) noun A board, or frame of planks, lowered over the side of a vessel to lessen her leeway when closehauled, by giving her greater draught.